Photoshop and Lightroom Intro and Layers
Ten things that late room users still needed photo shop so this is, I get asked the question a lot most photographers these days, they're using light room for the most part, there's a lot of overlap between light room and photo shop, and so the question always comes is what I do in light room. What am I doing? Photo shop? So you're going to find that there's still a lot of overlap, but what I hope to do with this class is just give you ten things and it's actually more than ten things as I get in there, you'll see me using different tools, but ten general principles and things that I think you'd make the move to photo shop for that light room just wouldn't do or wouldn't be as good at doing, and I'll try to even show you things that you can do in light room that are close. But then when to make that move to photo shop. Okay, a cz we I know for the online audience asked questions away, and we'll go to russ and russell helpless out there, and I spread the live audience. I'll stop every s...
o often and grab your questions there as well, okay, uh, let's see here, so we're going to jump over into late room. And before we before we get too far into what you might want to jump over to photo shopped for there's a couple things in light room just to know how it gets over to photo shop how it works with photos job on day I'll try to cut off a question ahead of time I know a lot of people will ask about photoshopped elements so if you're in elements user light room will still integrate with elements you know it's got layers it's got layer methods got most of this stuff that that photo shop has but there's a lot of things it doesnt so as we go through if if the question comes up I'll try to answer but also try to remember to tell you what elements could do so as it pertains to getting from light room the photo shop if you go appear to the light room menu and this would be the edit menu on a pc if you go down here to preferences, you're going to see that there's external editing preferences so when you install a vermin you install photo shop they kind of automatically hook together and they're ready to tow work with each other. These external editing preferences tell light room what type of file to send over the photo shop so I can go through each one of them I'll start out by giving you the cliff notes version which is don't change anything but for the people that liked a little a little bit about the why behind it a ce faras file format? This one seems weird because you think your default is tiff and you think well psd that's photoshopped happy place, right? So it's a photoshopped file for all I know is when you click on psd you see that tiny see that tiny little one line sentence there it changes to an entire paragraph of warnings so mike you is let's go back to the tiny paragraph apparently they want you to use tiff all right um color spaces same thing. So if you look at the color space you'll see here they will be rgb srg b and pro photo rgb um light room if you want to get a little bit technical for a second light room is a pro photo managed color space program all right, you can't change it that's that's the way it works if you were to think of these color spaces pro photos got the most colors adobe rgb has the next most colors the nest rgb has the least colors out of him if I could tell you anything it's don't sweat this part too much because it's all plenty of colors you'll never ever see the difference ok? You'll never visibly see the difference and a lot of places eventually you might like if you're going to send off to an online printing lab you might send them an s rgb file. You're thinking well, that's got you, he said that's got the least amount of college it's still thousands upon thousands of colors. You're not going to worry about it, but the way to think of this is pro photo is the biggest color space you're starting out it's like you know, if you ever worked with high resolution lowers loose shin files, we'd always create big and then we can make it smaller. But if you make a lo rez file, you can't ever make it bigger is the same thing with color spaces. If you start off with the lower color space, you can't go bigger, but if you start off with a bigger one, you can go down, so just leave it at pro photo and just understand them light room, you can actually change it. This is just saying when I go over to photo shop what I send it there as a bit that so you got a pits sixteen bits again a pits gives you a paragraph of why you shouldn't do it. Sixteen bits does not so it's just more information, more stuff in the file and it's, will you see the difference? Probably not most of the time visibly will you ever see it, but at least to get the option there? Resolution just leave it at the default, which is to forty and then for this is just the tip compression, I wouldn't worry about this one just leave it as the default there, so those are your default that's what comes with light room? I wouldn't suggest changing it if you have another external program that you want to jump into from light room let's say there's a plug in that you use or another editor whatever happens to be, you can choose that right from within here, so as you install your different plug ins, you'll see they pop up and you could say I want, you know, perfect effects to b and when you go up to your photo menu in light room that will show up right under edit and photoshopped, you'll see another one there. All right? So let's, go ahead and clear that one out closed preferences so that'll take care of getting us over into photo shop. One last thing just to talk about before we start looking at the examples is when we go to the photo menu when we go down here to edit in, by the way there's a keyboard shortcut for which is commander control eighty when we go down there, if you have anything else but a raw file, you're going to see that dialog box okay, so what this says is so I want to edit a copy with light room adjustments just ended a copy, it won't have light room adjust our ended the original so what's going to happen here is we're going to go into we're going to go into a photo and we go to the developed module and, you know, go ahead and process the photo as shadows highlights whatever it happens to be, and then we come appear the photo menu we say we want to edit this and photo shop, we go to edit in photo shop it's not a raw file, we're going to get that dialogue box, so edit the original means you're actually going to be physically editing the original because it's a j peg, or maybe a psd file and in a copy will make just a separate copy of it so it'll actually duplicate the file as a tiff file because it, based on what our preferences were, will duplicate the file, bring us over into photo shop, and now we're working on a copy so that's the safer version if you're not working with raw files, is to make a copy of it. If it's a raw file so you'll see here here's, a raw file fits a raw file when I go to photo edit in you say I don't get that option, okay, it's automatically making a copy for me because it's, the only option that I can do, I can't edit the raw file inside of photo shop, so if I jump over there, there you go. Two seats and photos so it's automatically made a copy that's why it doesn't show me that dialogue, all right, so let's get into reason one of our ten reasons, so reason one and the big one is layers by far layers are are the most asked about feature inside of light room, and if you look at some of the polls out there and you know what features people I want to see, layers is going to be one of the big features because we can't we can't take two images and combine them inside of light. We can process some it's, greater processing, but we can't combine them together in any way so there's a couple of different ways we could want to use layers. The basic way is just combining two exposures to images, so I've got one image here where I pretty much exposed for the foreground, and I've got another one where it's it's under exposed, but it captures all that detail up in the sky, all right, there's a lot of dramatic clouds and whatnot up there, the problem is is both neither one of them is really going to give me what I need for the photo and if you watch my my photo shopped for landscape photographers class yesterday you saw that were able to push and poll quite a bit from our photos when it comes to shadow and highlights sometimes there's going to be those times where you just can't you know you take two exposures one to capture the shadows one to capture the highlight I always do that in the field just to cover myself every once in a while you're going to get into like room and you can't pull out what you need to from it so that's going to be a time where you want to use the layers and like I could show you hear you no matter how much I reduce that exposure you could see that sky is shot all right there's it's not coming back so what we can do is just select both photos go appeared in the photo man you edit in and we can edit in photo shop but it'll open him up a separate documents but if you go down to open as layers and photoshopped it'll actually stack them on top of each other so that will make it a lot easier for us because then we don't have to go to the documents and do it ourselves so hop over the photo shop there we are and you'll see the bright versions on top of the dark versions on the bottom. If you're new to photo shop, the easy way would be just press e for the eraser tool and erase away everything of top right? I choose a smaller brush and try to be a little bit more selective about it, but if you're new to photo shop that's the option just about everybody in here I know it's not new to photo because you were in my class yesterday so if you're not new to photo shop if you are new to photo shop, go what's the basic class from yesterday but if you're not new to photo shop, you probably want to do it more of a non destructive way, which would be to add a layer mask because that's another tool that we get in photoshopped that we don't get inside of like so you get layers but you also get layer masks and we could even take our quick selection tool here and just make a real quick selection of the sky and if I zoom in, you'll see it even selected part of that lighthouse so few hold down your option kia mac all key on a pc we could just remove the selection from the areas that we don't want and once we have a selection active if we go to the layer mass care if you recall from yesterday layer masks get white and black from the basics class. So if the layer mask is white there's only one color that we can paint on it with and that's black, I could grab my brush tool and paint on it with black. Or just go appear to edit phil and change that. The black click ok. And so now it's brought in the sky, and then the nice part about layers is with layers. We also get opacity so we can reduce the capacity of that top layer thie other thing is, is if you look down here at the bottom, you could see that that layer it's pulling in the sky from the darker layer so we can go down to that layer and we can even add adjustments to it. So it's let's say, turn that off and I go to like a levels adjustment and maybe brighten up just a little bit. So now I can control that sky because what's it doing it's pulling the foreground up the top, but it's showing me the sky from below. And just by moving this levels adjustment around, I can control just how bright and dark that's guy gets so really easy ways to start to blend two images together, the work flow when you're done so your in light room. You go to photo shop to make a change and want to get back to light room the work flow is you just go to file save all right don't change the name don't change location you know to say that you want to do anything because is that will actually break the link the link between late roman photo shop is there takes care of itself it manages itself so you just leave it alone and go back over here to light room and now you'll see down here in my film strip you say have the first image the second image and then you'll see right next to it there's that tip file that it just created and I can still go in here and edit that file so don't that's it's another popular question I get is people like you know, well, I can't I can't re edit and edited file guys ten years ago absolutely, you know, ten years ago like our digital was was in its infancy and these files were where they were touching you could degrade them really really easily today these raw files the kind that the file's coming from our cameras are so good that you can re edit him over and over again you're not going to see any degradation, so if you're back in light room and you're like, oh crap, I forgot to do something don't go back and re edit the whole photo just edit the edited photo and you'll be fine all right? So that's one example uh here's another layers example so we've got we've got skier dude with goggles on and then we've got a mountain photo here so we want to do a little bit of photo manipulation and let's bring these guys into photo shop we'll bring that one in so what what what I want to do here is I want to combine the two images I want to put a better reflection into his goggles so we could take our quick selection tool and just make a real quick selection of his goggles will zoom in a little bit optional all click to get rid of the top there so once we have a selection going to go over back to the sky image and select all copy it it's announced in the computer's memory I'm going to go back to this photo and I'm going to go to the edit menu go down to paste special and inside pay special is an option to paste into so what it will do is it actually paste it into the selection see that and all it did was just create a layer mask for me it just that selection automatically made the layer mask what's cool about this is it's obviously if I were to go to this top player here and go to free transform ah you will see that it is way too big but we can just scale down moving into place I get a little bit of sun in there because it looks cool and then again the big benefit of layers is we get capacity so you can bring back a little bit of the original one there all right? So that's combining images together again again file saved will bring it right back to light room and then one last example um this one this one's one of those things one of the very common thing that I get asked this if you're taking portrait's how do you get how do you get glasses, reflections and glasses and not only reflection and glass of my my prescription is so strong that I'm not actually allowed to walk by a forest on the dry day because playing but seriously my prescription is so strong that the edges of my glasses get you know when you look at me like it's you could see the distortion out there so this is one of those things I don't have I don't have a great tip for you for removing glare if you didn't do this so all I can tell you is if you're going to photograph somebody with glasses just try this all right and then just know that you can fix it later and photoshopped the idea is you take a picture of them with their glasses on have him not move. It really helps. If you have an assistant, have your carom on a tripod, have them try toe remain a still is possible and they go take another picture. Take their glasses off. So now you get to different photos. You got one with the glasses, one without the glasses. I know somebody out there saying yeah, but I told the glasses forward you ever taken a picture with somebody with their glasses tilted forward. It looks silly because I tried it on her before did it? I was like, you know, before I go through this, let me try the tilt thing, and by the time I could get the glare removed, her glasses were like they were tilted so far forward it looked silly. So and not to mention to the person it feel silly, so they're not going to be comfortable, but try it. I mean, you just killed him forward, but if it worked it, I mean that you want to try that first but let's just assume it didn't work and it didn't work in this case. So I'll select both of the layers photo edited and this one this time we'll go down to open as layers and photoshopped, and just like before, it will stack them on top of each other so here is a here is something you definitely besides layers you definitely need photo shopped for a few guys were in my my photo shopped for landscape photographers class yesterday you saw me use a different version of this for landscapes, for auto aligning and auto blending photos, but this is a totally different use for what we can do is rather than like, reduce the opacity and reduce the capacity and then try to move, move this around and get it perfect rather than doing that what we can do is just shift, click to select both of layers and then go appear to the edit menu and go down here to auto align. So yesterday for my landscapes class we saw auto blend wherever is blending focus stack photos where I focused up close focus behind and photoshopped blends them together auto line is kind of similar, but it just does the auto alignment for you so just clipped the auto version kind of see it moves things a little bit. The first thing I would do is just go in here and we want to crop it, get rid of the extra junk, all right? And then if you take a look, wow, all right that's an interesting one, I can't say I've ever seen it do that before, and I've been with this and we're going to try to undo and so that we don't distort her head let's just go try it again auto line on o all right good stuff it's a great tool you guys they're going to think that I'm totally being but I swear I did this this morning I swear you know what it is photoshopped since his fear that's how we know it's live yes you know what have you knew that his nose knows we're alive and it knows it's I'm honestly guy like I've never seen it do that before all right I'm gonna do one thing you know the secret keyboard shortcut to fix everything and photoshopped commander control queue for quick so we will quit we will start it again and I will give it one more chance before it goes to time out and then we'll just do with emmanuel it's just the auto weigh so much more fun it's like when you see it all right one last time shift click select edit auto align come on baby do it auto okay now all right let's go to manual so the manual way did you try that first obviously it sucks so then just go to the mailing I it's always worked for me but the manual way would be we can go change or you can you can reduce the opacity like I did before and zoom in and trying to do that another thing you can do is change the blend mode to difference again if you're in my beginner's class yesterday so I said there's only four blend mode you need I lied there's five but remember my beginner's class was things that would tell my mom I would never tell my mom to do this I say mom just don't don't worry about the glass claire but difference and so what that will do is make your photo look really creepy first but what it's doing is when everything becomes black they're the same so any time when you don't see black that means there's a difference in there so I would just kind of move this around I'm really looking at the iris of the eye and just trying to line that up so that's going to be pretty that's going to be about as close as we're going to get and at this point we're just gonna pray there's a little bit of a head tilt there you see it so I'm just going to go into free transform and just tilt it just a little better ok so now let's go ahead and we're going to add a layer mask but I'm gonna add a layer mask in a different way I mean let me just get through this part I'm gonna add a layer mask in a different way normally I add a layer mask on then you paint with black the interesting thing is is if you hold down the option or all key it as the layer mask in hyde mode so it adds of them black it's basically hid the entire layer and the reason why did that is because I wouldn't want to add a layer masking and paint black everywhere else around so this way I added in hyde mode and now I only take my brush tool and you guys know when we're working with player massive flare mess is black what color we paint on it with like america and so I'm just going to take my brush tools at my foreground colored a white and paint and there we go you probably want to zoom in and try to get a little bit closer so now we have our glare gone I guess you could always just have the person take the lenses out of their glass too cyrus tried just pop him out I would appreciate not having to do that they cost a lot of money right all right so it actually worked that are manual way worked pretty darn good considering that we didn't get the auto alignment but that's before that's after right uh you had a question yes when you were initially going to do the other line have renewed the ottawa and could you also have repositioned it if it comes in that way where it's like where they're skewed a little bit would be using the artery position with that have matched that u s o if I, if I did the auto line and it came in awkward could have gone and reposition it, I could have. What concerned me is is that it made her head and alien like did you see how it like her head kind of folds down from one side? That's what that's? Why? I don't want even work with no that's. The yeah, I guess. That's what? I was curious because there was sort of weird like that when they came together. But if you did the auto line, would that have changed that? I don't think so. It's uh, yeah, I don't know that I've never even seen it do that before usually aligns everything really good. So and that question from me, mary, what blend mode did you just use to align the photos that was called difference? Go to your blood mode difference, and if you think about it, it shows you the difference between two layers on. Everything aligns perfectly together. That means it's black, and that means they're the same. So when you see anything but black means, they're different.