New document in InDesign - what is bleed & slug?
alright in this video we're going to create our flyer document. We're going to have the page size, this little red liner on the outside which is bleed and our margins all set up ready to go let's go and do that. Okay, so create our document. Your welcome screen might look a little different. I've got all these documents that have previously worked on. So I'm going to go up to here and go to new. You might be on cc files or something else. Weird. Okay. I'm going to click on new if you can't see that go up to file new document, we all end up in the exact same place which is here. Okay. So what we're gonna do is you're probably going to be working in print. Okay. We are in this case and it gives you some presets you can see here view all presets. There's a bunch of stuff we can use we'll probably never use you compact disc anymore. But anyway it's in there. Okay. Business cards, some useful sizes in terms of web and mobile sizes are done in here as well. Okay. So if you're designing in de...
sign for web it's not primarily used for that but hey, how you can so we're gonna use print in our case we're going to use us we're going to do like a flyer size we're going to do a half letter Ok If you're following in a country that uses millimeters in the A sizes. This would be an A five. Okay, so we use it as half an A four so we're going to do half hour us letter. Okay. And we're going to make sure you can see you can override it over here. It still thinks I am in europe, which I am. You can change it over here. Next thing is the orientation. Okay. I want to put it landscape facing pages. We're going to turn off. Okay. And facing pages will go into a lot more detail when we start building our like multiple page brochure further on in this course. But for the moment, if you're just doing like a one page thing, turn off facing pages, the primary text frame as well. It's a little bit complicated and we'll do that in a later video as well. Okay. But just make sure they're off for the moment. Number of pages, you can add them later if you want. We're going to start with one columns. Okay, We're only gonna have one column in this case. We'll look at multiple column layout when we get into some more text heavy documents. Later on, margins will leave as the default and yours might be a little bit different. So you can see here, I can see margins and bleed. Okay? You might just twirl those down if you can't see them. Okay. And I'm gonna go to this bleed one here. So I've done my margins left them as the default bleed. What I'll do is I'll get the real damn to jump out and show you this because it's better in person, take it away dan. So apparently I am the real dan. And this real dan would like to explain bleed and slug this is my example book. Okay now what happens when they're printing, we all know that like say this image of the frontier goes right to the edge. Okay the black is right to the edge, the ad on the back, right to the edge, pretty much all of these pages. Okay all these ads here go to the edge of the page but we know that when we're printing say at home or at the office we can never print right to the edge of a white better paper right? Because the printed just doesn't go that close to the edge. That's the same air for big commercial offset printers as well. So it doesn't really matter. You can't print right to the edge. So what happens is you print on a little bit of paper that's a little bit bigger. Okay so say it needs to be letter or a four. What they do is they print it on a on a on a sheet called S. I. For which is just a little bit bigger. Okay and then they print inside of that and then they guillotine it off afterwards down to the original size. Now that guillotine is never perfect. Okay they try and line it up perfect but you need a little bit of wiggle room for the guillotine to maybe like slice a little bit higher, a little bit lower. You don't want it right on the edge because they might end up with a little white strip. Okay, so they, what you do and then design is you add a little bit of bleed, Okay, three millimeters for metric or an eighth of an inch for imperial. Okay. Or 30. of an inch if you're using decimal places. And what happens is you just make your document that teeny bit bigger. Okay, All the way around so that the guillotine has got something to cut off and it ends up in the bin, so nothing important there because it'll end up in the bin. Okay, but it gets cut down to this final size happens, especially with magazines, magazines are printed and bound and often they don't look this nice, this has got a really sharp, you know, kind of crisp edge but that never happens when it gets bound, that only happens after it's been guillotine. It's quite messy if you ever see a magazine that's been printed, that doesn't yet, that hasn't been yet been trimmed up. Okay. It's actually the pages are all kind of like messed up and not lined up nicely. It's not until guillotine happens. That's uh yeah, and the bleeders cut off before they look nice and tidy now in terms of slug. Now, the cool thing about slug is you just won't use it. Okay. People doing the design side often don't use slug. It's more the printing or production side of things. Let's say that. So the bleed is just like, remember just a little bit around the outside the slug is the is a bigger chunk, like an inch around the outside and in that you can write notes. Okay? So if you're the printer and you know that this cover is a bit special and it has something that needs to be glued to it on a special spot. You could, right here's where this gets glued to or maybe this bit gets stapled to this bit and folded over or something special. Okay. Or just anything that maybe helped the production later on after it comes off the printer. It says maybe this gets put with part A and part B. So it's kind of a terrible explanation but it's just notes that the printer adds, it'll be trimmed off and chucked in the bin. I've never had to put bleed on in my entire career and you probably won't do either unless you're working maybe behind the scenes in an offset printer. A big commercial printer might be adding blood blood. You might be adding slug afterwards and adding these notes to it. So bleed definitely slug. Pretty much never did that help. Hope it helped. You can go back to the other dan, The disembodied voice talking over the screen. Right, so we know we need a bleed. Okay of um 0. inches, okay. Or an eighth of an inch. Okay? Or if you're a metric, you can just type in three millimeters. You can see I can type in three millimeters and just click somewhere else and it does the conversion for me. I know it's not exactly the same, but that's just the way it is. Okay, different people use different sized bleeds. Okay? And the slug, we don't use you. So we're going to leave that as is okay? And let's click create stand back. We have a document. Okay. So I'm going to zoom out a little bit. Zooming is command minus on a mac or control minus on your keyboard. Okay. If you're on a pc and what I want to do is show you the different parts here. So the edge of the big white box is the edge of our page. In our case it's the us half letter. Okay. And we've got these two other colored boxes here. We've got the red one and this magenta one here. Okay, so the magenta is the margins, they don't do anything. They're just a visual guide to keep everything inside and away from the edges of the page because we all know that our printers don't print right to the edge. So there's like a consistent box around the edge there. Okay. The other one we're gonna look at is this red one here and that is the bleed we discussed. So everything that goes over this edge here prepared to get chopped off and put in the bin before we go any further. Let's go and save this document. Okay. So let's go up to file and let's go to save where we're going to save it. I'm going to save one on my desktop. I'm gonna make a new folder. Okay? If you're using a Mac and it's a new Mac, you might be looking like this looks a little different. Okay, click this little arrow here, find your desktop on the left hand side. Making new folder. I'm going to call this one in design right class files, click create and we'll stick everything we make during this long course into that folder. In terms of the naming. Okay. We're gonna call this one good at heart because that's the client. Okay. I'm gonna put a hyphen in and we're going to put in flyer and this is going to be V one. Always give it a version number. Okay. Because you're going to make changes, People can come back. A V one. V two or a B C is just fine. Okay. Never call it final finals. Like the kiss of death. If you call it final the universe will send you adjustments and you'll have to call it like final two. Final revisited. There's some people chuckling because you've probably got files just like that all over your computer. Okay. So we're gonna use the V system. Let's click save, and that's it for this video, my friends. Let's get on to the next one.