Editing with Photoshop Elements Part 2
Okay, so here we are in the expert mode and this is where this is what I love to do, so I'm going to come up here to the menu bar and click on open and I'm going to find a shot now we could have done this where we were playing around with organizer and I could have brought it in from the organizer, but and we can always go back to the organizer, too, but I'm clicking through some of the shots that we took of eric, but, you know, we also took some great shots of tammy yesterday and just to kind of mix things up let's go in and open up some shots of tammy, and she also I think, was she was smiling and some of these, but we got some really cool, interesting photos of her and there's so many things that we can do with this let's see clicking through clicking through she was looking towards the light on dh she had beautiful scarf on beautiful colors, she was laughing, I'm going to try that one just because she's showing some teeth and I wanted to show you something you can do with teeth and...
ok, so our eyes probably aren't as open as I'd prefer, but just for working on a picture sake, I'm going to choose this one and to start off with right now, if you look over on the right very right hand side, you see a blue bar and it says background on it and that is called a layer and in essence, that's what these image editing software programs are all about they you can work on images in layers, so if you think about the layers of anyone, does anyone remember those overhead projectors where you'd you go to business meetings and they they take a clear piece of acid tate and write something on it? And then they'd say enough for my next point I'd like to make and they take another piece of clear acid tate put that over that and it's actually two pieces of clear acid tate, but it looks like one image up on the screen same concept with photo shop elements or photo shop, and we're going to be working in layers here, so the great thing about that is you can leave your original image untouched if you want to do things to it in another layer, so I'm going to show you how to do that. So, erin, that actually brings up a question that was asked earlier, which is when you're working in the guided or the quick modes are those destructive editing are those just saving it directly to it there's no layers or anything like that in those guided in quick modes that's a good question first off, if there are, you can't see them because they're kind of hiding that from you to try and make it a simple is possible in the quick edit. No, there are no layers in guided at it on sometimes on some of the choices that you make there actually are layers going on back behind the scenes, but you won't see them until you bring it into the expert version of photo shop elements, so they try to kind of make it easy and not make it too confusing in the first two sectors and sometimes it's kind of a good way to progress. If you're feeling like that's the way you want to go, you don't want to dive into the deep end, maybe starting quick at it, and then go to guide it at it and then move over to expert at it. Yeah, it's it's so it's, so fun, though there's so many cool things you can do, so ok, so that's the layers palate over there on the right in the middle, obviously, is the picture we're working on and then over on the left is a tool bar or toolbox people call it both, it basically has a bunch of little icons that represent different things you can do in photoshopped photo shopped elements. And again, if I just hover my mouth's over each one, it'll tell me what it is, but they also they try to make the icons fairly intuitive speaking kind of already know and as you start to work with some of these, it'll make even more sense to you about what each one does and like the healing brush tool I use that one a lot and the stamp tool I use that one a lot so you'll learn more about some of these these tools as you go through them, but what I'm going to do over here is just show you let's say, for instance, I click on a tool it's not actually selected until you click on it and there's a gray box around it and when I click on that did you notice something different went on in the bottom of the screen? That's the tool option bar that's down below so each one of these tools has different options that go with it. So now I'm going to click on that little band aid icon right next to the red eye ball and that's called the healing brush tool. If I click on that look what happens at the bottom it changes that has different options to and I'm going to click on the little clone stamp tool that has different options, so if you're working with these tools and you're looking at your photograph you really want to pay attention to which tool um I selected on what am I doing? Because the what happens a lot when people are editing all the time whether they're beginners or professionals, you sometimes aren't paying attention to what tool you're actually clicked on you try to do something and it's not happening, so just look over to the tool bar and see what's going on all right? So those are the kind of main areas a tool bar, the area that we're working in and then the layers pallet down beneath and then this options bar that goes on down here all the areas that would kind of like our little tool tool area over on the left and everything that goes with the tools so here's, the first thing I do when I'm working on a photograph is I create a duplicate layer of that photograph and the way I like to do it is there multiple ways, but I like to hit the command key on the keyboard and then hit the j for like jelly, and what happens is I get a second layer in that layers palate and it's just a duplicate of whatever the background layer was now the first layer was called background and it has a little lock next to it and that just means they're trying to keep it is safe as possible for you locked up in a safe so you don't actually do something to it, but you can change it, teo and their limited things you can do on that background layer to if you wanted to change it to a regular layer, you can just by double clicking on this little lock but that's not that important right now. So right now the top layer one is highlighted in blue, that means that's, the layer that's active that's, the layer I'm working on and the first thing I'm going to dio is I'm going to zoom in on her, and I'm going to do what I like to do to my pictures and that's fixed the wrinkles, okay, so I'm gonna hit the z button for zoom, and I'm just going to click on the wrinkles like that and make him bigger so I can see. And you know what? Wrinkles aren't a bad thing just by the way, I want to point that out, but sometimes people don't want them to be is defined as they are in high definition photographs. There's nothing wrong with that. Ok, so I've got the second layer, the duplicate layer. I've zoomed in on her wrinkles, and now I want to choose a tool to get rid of those wrinkles here's an easy one to use its this little band aid called the healing brush tool, I'm going to click on it and then down below in the options bar. I've got two different options for this healing brush. I could use the regular band aid, or I could use the band aid with a little dots around it, and that's actually called the spot healing brush. And what that does is it leaves me it's like the lazy way to get rid of dots and bumps and wrinkles and lines. I don't have to do anything else other than just drag my mouse over whatever I think is wrong, okay, the way I'm going to do that first, I've got to make my brush big enough so if you see my little mouse little round thing happened and right there over her cheek, it just looks like a little round circle, but it's, very tiny, and I needed to be bigger. I need to have a bigger brush so I could come down here and the options bar underbrush and there's a little slider, and I can move it up and as I do numerically, you can see the pixels go up twenty eight thirty p x thirty one p x that's, representing pixels the size of the brush noticed it's gotten a little bit larger. Well, I like to do again is use my keyboard, and I like to use the right and left bracket key to make the brush bigger or smaller, depending on what I'm doing, and this is what you can learn this as a beginner start using a couple keyboard commands because they just come in so handy and they're easy to remember, like, for instance, I always remember I don't want to be looking for that magnifying glass and clicking on the magnifying glass tool. I just want to hit the z on my keyboard that I know is gonna help me zoom in and izzy selects that tool. Well, um, you can you can use your keyboard commands here too, so what I'm going to do is make my brush bigger by hitting the right bracket key just a couple times, so now I feel like the brush is big enough. I'm just going to click holding drag over those lines. Oh, I'm an instant dermatologist look covered wrinkles, but sometimes it like what it does is this is taking pixels from the surrounding area and kind of motion them together and trying to get rid of the wrinkles and sometimes as you click hold and dragged over the imperfections because this is kind of a lazy way to do it, it is grabbing pixels maybe in other areas you don't want so you have to be a little cautious and sometimes you might have to go back and redo it or maybe make your brush a little bit smaller so I'm going to just like, drag it over those lines there and maybe drag it over this and see if I can get rid of that little for that I made and look hey, look at this hair on her cheek that's distracting I want to get rid of that so I'm gonna click hold on drag right over that hair poof it's gone look how easy that is now that is something newer that's been going on with photo shop and adobe photoshopped elements the last couple versions is it's this spot healing brush tool, which is the band aid with the little dots on it, but they have something called content aware and if you look down on the options bar down here that's a little radio button that I have selected and for whatever reason it just is like magic it like it can see behind the hair can matt magically max mash up all the pixels in just the right area? But it's perfect for drawing over pieces of hair, a little bumps dot sometimes wrinkles and you could just kind of go over it easily like this now notice I'm I'm getting rid of everything and maybe it's not gonna look that natural because people know that, you know, everybody's got something going on, right? And or hey, you know that that person is in their eighties. I know they have some wrinkles, so we gotta put some back in. So how do you do that? Well, now I've kind of smoothed out this area it's not totally perfect in there. If I was going perfect that, um, I might come over here to the other healing brush tool, make my brush a little bit bigger, and this is the not lazy healing brush tool. What I have to do now is actually pick up pixels over here on her cheek and put him over here. So to do that, I have to what's called target this area of the good smooth pixels so that I can kind of suck him up and then put him down in the area to cover up the wrinkles and that sort of dark area under her eye. And it gives me more control. So I'm gonna target by just pressing the option key on the keyboard, and now the mouth looks like a target. I just kind of double click to pick up some some smooth pixels, and I'm just going to brush him over here and it sort of brushes out that dark area and brushes in some smooth, some smoothness so there you go so I've gotten rid of the gotten rid of wrinkles, but I know it doesn't look quite natural does it what's a little fake so here's my trick to make things look riel after you've gone ahead and smooth them all out now you know I've got two layers over here in the layer palette, right? Um this top layer is what we're working on and this top player is active because we're clicked on and it's blue and it has a little eyeball to the left that means that the layer is turned on we can see it, I can turn off the layer and kind of it's still there but it's like it'll be invisible for a second by clicking on this eyeball and now there's a red line through the eyeball and look, all now we're seeing is the layer down below which has the wrinkles you see that I'm going to click on the eyeball again on the top layer, the wrinkles disappear now the wrinkles air back wrinkles disappear, the wrinkles air back so that's kind of helping you understand the essence of these layers. I've still got my my background image down here that I started with on this very first layer I didn't do anything to that I'm actually working on this top layer that's a duplicate of it and I can turn that top layer on or off maybe I've done all this retouching I think oh that's just too much let me see what that before look like which could get really depressing when you click on but it was her not at all she's like beautiful anyway so I got rid of the wrinkles it looks kind of fake here's how to make it look more riel come up above the active layer to the opacity and the capacity now is it one hundred percent meaning I can't see anything underneath it but if I want to see a little something underneath it I'll just click on that and moved to slider down to let's say maybe thirty nine percent thirty eight percent something in there and just click outside of it to make it go away now look under her eyes it's I can see some wrinkles they're just not as hard as they were so this is what's done on this top layer here and I changed the opacity to that top layer to be a little transparent so what's beneath it is showing through a little bit that makes sense let me know if you have any questions about this because I know when I first started learning photo shop it was a little confusing like layers of what mmm oh this is great it's very clear ok good so again, if you want to look at the before you just turn off the top layer and there you can see the wrinkles are a little harder and turn it back on there a little softer, and that is the key to making people look pretty fabulous is any kind of imperfection you could go in and fix now I'm going to move down her face a little bit, still keeping this picture kind of zoomed in close so I can see what I'm doing and to move the picture up and around because I'm zoomed in so close if I hold down the space bar on my keyboard like so, and my mouth's now becomes a little hand just temporarily while I'm holding down the space bar and now I can click, hold and drag my mouth and kind of move her up, and I take my finger off the space bar. So again, if you want to move something around, if you're if you're zoomed into it like that, hold down the space bar, click hold and drag your mouths and move them around the screen. So I'm seeing a couple other little things down here, I would just get rid of because they look a little distracting, like a little bump here, little mark there, so the way I would get rid of it, I'm still in this top layer, and I'm at thirty eight percent capacity still. So that means whatever I'm kind of brushing up is just gonna look probably kind of normal it's going to get rid of it a little bit so I'm gonna come back over here and I'm going to click on the healing brush tool that little band aid and this time I want to go back to the spot healing brush tool the one that's kind of the lazy way to do it and so I come down here and the options are at the bottom just click on the little band aid with the dots around it and now if I have her my mouse which is the brush still isn't quite big enough so I'm gonna make a little bit bigger and I'm just going toe click hold and drag over that bump and because of it thirty eight percent opacity it just started gets rid of it a little bit you know it doesn't completely get rid of it and so I'm just making things look a little bit better subtly I'll turn off this top player I'm working on just you can see what I just did see the subtle difference you took out the wrinkles versus there uh something that you do first then choose the percentage when you're going to go back and the other stuff is going to be kind of taken out well I'm kind of I'm doing it because I'm doing all this on the same layer but your question is that yeah, what you could do is take everything off the face and then just come back and bring back the opacity so that everything shows up that way, but maybe there's something that you want to totally get off the face, maybe there's like, uh, eyelash or something that doesn't need to be there, and you don't want that to come back a little bit. You want to get rid of that one hundred percent, so you get rid of that, and then they need create another layer, and then you could work in that. So without getting too intricate right now, what I would do is right now because this is a thirty eight percent, I would probably merge these two layers together, and I kind of wanted to point out, too. When you start to work in a photo shot fire like this is you build layers, the image size becomes bigger, doubles triples, depending on how many layers you have and so let's say I wanted to save this photograph and send it somewhere you know, an email or send it to a printer to print. I can't do it with a bunch of layers over here, I have to merge them together or flatten them. So just quickly and show you how to do that and then I'm going to create another layer so right now to flatten these two layers let's say I was ready to send this off to someone I'd come up to the top to the menu bar and click on layer and just roll down to flatten image now you can see it just flattened it all back together in one layer now I can't go back and re edit that now it's been flattened if I wanted to to save something and go back and re edit it, I would say that with all those layers it's just I'm working file something I could go back to later and do more stuff too, but now that you flattened it that's it you know, unless I did the undo button right now but once you flatten it and save it, you know you can't go back and say, oh, but I didn't mean to take out her mole that she loves I did that once on a portrait for a guy and you know you have to be cautious about what you take off the face and what you leave on maybe there's a certain beauty mark or something that they really like that's part of their face you can take aways it's those air hopefully temporary and eyelashes or whatever else happened to fall in the wrong place but you want to also be careful about if there's something that, you know is about them tow, leave that intact, unless, of course, they tell you to take it off. Um, so anyway, I have flattened this, and now, if I wanted to save it, I'm going to go back and creates more layers. But if I wanted to save this, I would zoom out and see what it looked like fully, and if I wanted to save it, then I could come up to file save as and right now, this is the file name and it's been edited, and this is the window to save something on your computer, so you have to decide where you want to save it, but right now, you know it's on my desktop, and then it's in this c l shoot and then it's in the tammy folder so I could save it there if I wanted to, but that's kind of to use to how you want to organize your files or where you want to save things, but usually if I have files I've edited, oftentimes it will automatically, and photoshopped elements come up with edited on there if you've worked through it in the guided edit, or if you work through it in the expert at it, but you might want to find a separate folder to put it in just you know that that's something you've already worked on you want to kind of mix it up with everything else or if you have files that are working files that are all those layers you want to keep those in separate place but anyway back to this so if I'm saving this as a j peg there are lots of different file formats that are available to save in this is what was shot in the jpeg format on the camera so it's it's going to be saved is a j peg but if I wanted tio at this point I might save it as say, a tiff if I wanted to print it out really large and send it tio professional printer that wanted a high resolution file because what happens every time you open up a picture and then save it again as a j peg it just loses a little bit of pixels it's a compressed format file so just see no what a tiff is it's for like the high end printers it doesn't compress the file again and there's more about all kinds of file formats and everything that probably being a digital one o two class but just so you know that's what this drop down is about it's going to leave it is j peg and it's going to be in the tammy folder and I'll just say safe and then it has image quality I usually just move it all the way over to the highest quality possible and um then click ok, so that's how you would save that but let's say I want to make some more alterations to this picture I would click on command, jay, and now I've got the duplicate layer again, so I know I can work on this and not damage that bottom layer and I'm still clicked up here on my my zoom tool, which is the little magnifying glass and I can tell because I hover my mouse out over her face. It looks like the magnifying tool and just click a couple times that has a plus sign on it, and I just want to show you a little something about whitening teeth and, you know, not everybody's teeth are white and sometimes just because of whatever reason, lots of tea or maybe antibiotics at a certain age, I don't know people have discolorations on their teeth, her teeth looked pretty good, but they could even use a little more boost of brightness but still look rial and here's one way you can do it, you always want to make sure you've got this duplicate layer so I can alter the opacity on it if I want tio and I'm just going to come over here and look for the tool that it looks kind of like a lollipop, but it's called the dodge tool and for anyone that's worked in a dark room they might remember burn and dodge if you're working on prince in a dark room. So it's the same application here, if you are let's, say burning or dodging a picture, even making it lighter or darker. So with this, I'm going to make it a little bit lighter and I make my brush a little bit bigger and I'm just going to swipe over her teeth and it's making them a little bit lighter, not a lot, and I might even make my brush a little bit smaller and just kind of go through the whites of her eyes a little bit boob so it's making things just a little bit lighter and you can tell by when I turn off the layer of what I just did. Look what white not so white white, not the way. So if I turned back on this layer again, maybe I think all that's like too bright, it just looks too fake. And this is all a matter of opinion and it's all matter of your artistic judgment, so now I'm gonna, like, lower the capacity on that just a little bit to make it look a little more normal. And you just have to play with it there's no particular rule with what the opacity should be, and I'm going to turn off that layer again just to see the before after I like the after so she's looking pretty good and so I could save this with the layers if I wanted to go back in and make more changes and if I do that if I go to file, save as and save it as a layered file meaning go back in and make alterations still to those layers I worked on, then it's going to save it as the format is a photo shop format, so it's dot psd if you look up at the top so you'll know that most of the time, if you ever if you're looking at a file on a computer, this is dot psd it's probably a layered file, unless someone accidentally flattened it and saved it as a psd and didn't save it is a j peg or something, but just so you know, if you ever see dot psd it's probably a layered file somewhere. It's called the photo shot file so that's what happens when you save him is a layer I'm just going to cancel out of that let's do some cropping of this because I know we talked about that to let's say, um, we like this particular format I like this kind of it's called landscape of horizontal, but if I wanted to do cem some additional cropping to it, I'd come over here in the tool bar and look for the crop tool and um there it is down to the bottom and that sometimes the tools it seems like they move around but they don't because what happens is some tools are actually what's called stacked their other tools similar to them beneath them that you're not seeing in the toolbar. So for instance, before I get to the crop art let's say if I clicked on the eraser tool like this or hovered my mouse over there's a teeny weeny little black arrow in the upper right hand corner right next to it but you noticed some of the other tools there isn't a teeny meany little black black arrow do you see that right above the race or tool going to take my mouse away? It goes away put it back. That means if I click on the eraser tool there other tools within the eraser tool that I could click on that might show up in the toolbar that you'll be seeing the next time you look at the toolbar, you'll go where the togo she kind of have to click around sometimes if you are looking for a tool and you're not seeing it maybe it's hidden beneath one of those stacks tools you just kind of have two other tools that are related to it or stacked beneath it, like, for instance, if I click on this little raindrop it's it's called the blur tool, there are other tools that that are similar to it, that air stacks beneath it, and if I click on him than that tool shows up in the tool bar, just so you know, if you're ever working with this, you don't get too confused because the tools look like they go away, but they're still there. I'm gonna click on the crop tool, and I'm going to crop this a little bit differently this time, let's say I know I want to make a four by six print of this here's the problem sometimes new crop pictures and you print them out it's not the right format that fits in the frames that you buy at the frame store. The frame sizes are like four by six or three by five or five by seven, so if I wanted to make this exactly that size, I would come down here now that I'm on the crop tool, I have this different option bar down the bottom and click on right now it's on no restriction, meaning I could make it any size I want if I cropped it, but I'm going to choose a particular aspect ratio that basically means the measurement of the side to the the whips to the length in a particular photo so four by six so I click four by six that means that that's what size it's going to crop teo and I'm I've got my mouse hovered up here over the upper left hand corner of the picture and now it looks like the actual crop tool, which is helpful I can remember what I'm clicked on, so going to click hold and drag it from the upper left hand corner to the lower right hand corner and just let go of the mouse. And now what it's done is it's giving me the whole crop window and I've got all the little handles in here I could change it if I wanted to, but I know I wanted to be a four by six so I'm just going toe I can either click the green checkmark to commit all just double click on the picture and now this is four by six well, how would I know that? Because nothing changed right? It looks the same to be, but I could come up here just to double check it in the menu bar, click on image, roll down to resize and look at what the image size is hey, look at that the document sizes it's going to be six by four inches and just one little know right now it says the resolution is eight hundred sixty for what is that? Well, if you remember when I was talking about resolution with your camera on the first day that's the number of pixels that air in the picture and how much you need for a sharp prints you don't need eight hundred sixty four pixels for a sharp print, so if I were going to crop this again, all I would need would be, say, three hundred pixels for a sharp print, so I don't need it to be that big and what I neglected to do as I was cropping this as I came down here and I used you know, I clicked on this little drop down, I chose four by six, but over here I didn't put in a resolution there was nothing in there, so it just shows whatever resolution that the picture had after cropping it down to that size, so I'm gonna put in three hundred so now if I crop it again and commit to the crop now, it's definitely gotten a little bit smaller but that's ok, that doesn't mean that's the size it's going to be somebody's photo shop just does that it changes the size the viewable size of the image if you look in the lower left hand corner it says eight point three three percent that's that's it's only showing it in eight point three. Three percent if I just highlight that type in one hundred that's, how big it's actually going to be when it's printed out. But I wanted to fit on the screen just so I can view it. So I'm just going to click and make it a little bit smaller. But now, when I go, come back up here to double check two image resize image size. There it is. The documents going toe print out six inches by four inches at three hundred pixels per inch resolution. So that means I'm going to have a perfect print.