Drawing Basics

Lesson 10/10 - Refining and Shading the Layered Image


Drawing Basics


Lesson Info

Refining and Shading the Layered Image

Here we go, same thing we've done with the spoons, same thing we did when we eyeballed our trophy, with all of our tracings. Can get a little bit of a softer pencil. First thing I do is I kind of erase all the things that make it look like these came from two different drawings, so I erased all those lines in there. Then I also think, he can't really stand over that thing. Okay. Somehow I missed his back leg. It's the great thing about saving your tracing, you can just go straight back in and put his back leg back in there. Okay. Now I'm gonna take a look at my dog picture that I have on here. If I can find it. Okay, there's my dog picture. And same thing, start with some lines, clean up all these weird-looking things. That was the wrong pencil. Okay, I've got some, lotta darks in here, just block out the big shapes first. I can tell that this ear is folded over, only I know that my dog's ears are always folded over, so you just make your dog look how (laughing) you want it to look if ...

you don't know that, okay. Um, just start blocking in all the darks. My pencil's getting dull, so, keep sharpening it up. Okay. His tongue goes there, his nose was so dark I couldn't even see it on the tracing, but now that I'm looking at the photograph, I can see which way it goes. Gonna color that all in pretty dark. And his chin was the same thing. Save out any of your little white lines. Okay. Draw around any highlights that you wanna save. I just keep blocking in my little guy. Keep in mind, as I said, don't stay too tied to this. If you wanna, you know, I think I'm gonna draw a little bit of a star on my dog here. 'Cause he is such a great little puppy for waking me up in the middle of the night. (laughs) Okay. This dog also happens to be epileptic, so he his very expensive. He takes five pills a day, at regular timings. But he's super cute. So I'm not getting too hung up on feet. Feet and eyeballs are these tiny little details that people start looking at too closely, and then when you look at something too closely, you draw over it and over it again, and it gets kinda dark, and then it becomes like this most noticeable spot. So I'm just roughing in a couple big shapes. Okay, going around. All right. Now, I can tell right here, where I moved my dog's legs, so I'm just gonna have to make up how his foot is landing on that. Just make it look like a little bit of a paddle shape. And also, the top of this, it was so pointy, I don't want it to be, so I'm just gonna kind of round it all out to look like he's standing on kind of a ball-shaped top to this trophy. Okay, so you're paying attention to the actual local color, 'cause he's spotted, but you're also paying attention to the light and shadow that we're getting on there. Now, you've seen us draw a trophy before, so, I'm just gonna straighten everything out, erase a bunch of these things. Also, my camera, I took this with my cell phone, and I know that my camera has like a fisheye lens on it, so I know that these ellipses are way off as well. So I'm gonna go back and redraw them. It's basically, if you keep going with this, you can end up something like this. Okay, I did really clean it up quite a bit. Now what I did up in the top, I thought this was just a little bit plain, so I just drew a star on a scrap of tracing paper. This is one of the great ways to use tracing. There's my star, right? And I knew I wanted to draw a bunch 'em around there. I don't even have to use the transfer paper for this, because there's graphite on there. I just turned it upside down, and I drew over it again. Okay. And the graphite transferred enough. Now I can flip it over, and I've got like double graphite on the other side. This is one of the ways you can really manipulate this. It's kinda like the old school version of using all those sheer and flip and transform tools. You can cut things in half, I'll often, if I'm drawing ellipses, I'll just draw half my trophy. Like this. Okay, ready? I'm trying to get this trophy straightened up. I just draw half of it. If I want a mirror image to get this exactly the same way on the other side, I just turn my paper over, and I never even draw the other half of the trophy. Then I just transfer those on, and I've got two halves of the trophy put together. So you can flip it back again, and keep going. So, I'll fold the paper in all kinds of weird ways, you know, if you wanna get quarters of something, just think of every way you can manipulate this. Maybe make a chart of that too. (laughing) Study it. Okay, so as you can see, I just kept going, and I had some pretty messy lines in there, so I erased 'em all, I cleaned 'em up. I tried to stay kind of neat, I'm just using my HB pencil this whole time, so I don't have any of these super dark smudgy things, I just have a little bit of the hatching marks. And I gotta finished drawing of a dog. Now... So how do you really turn this into learning how to draw a dog? And a trophy? Do more! (laughs) Keep doing your exercise, this is how you start to develop a style. If you like drawing your dog in a trophy, think, okay, how many different positions can I get my dog in, how many different types of trophies can I do? So here's another example of what I did. These pictures are also in the file that you downloaded, all the other dogs. Here's my dog. He was really long. He's a very long dog. So I just drew the front half of him. I traced him, and I had a different shaped trophy. I did a finer drawing here. And I thought, I wanna draw a two-headed dog. So I transferred this half of the dog on, and then, like I just showed you with the ellipses, I flipped him. I didn't even have to use my Saral transfer paper. And I just drew the other half of the dog on. And down here, I thought, well, okay, maybe I wanna have one of his feet up, I don't want him to be perfectly stagnant, so I drew one of his feet up, and I had to move it around quite a bit and figure out where it would go. And then, that's what I ended up with. (laughs) It's got a two-headed trophy. I decided instead of stars I'm gonna do a variation, 'cause I'm kinda keeping with a theme, I'm creating a body of work. So I put some tassels on him. And then, I wanted to have some flames to make this look more like a trophy. Well, I wasn't quite sure how to draw flames, so, I went on the Internet. Now, don't steal people's photographs or drawings off the Internet, but see how tiny this little picture is, and how rough this sketch is? That's about as much as you should be able to take. Your tablet has a camera on it. If you wanna draw something, take a picture. Don't instantly go and steal someone else's off the Internet. So I just like really roughed in this trophy. And then I kinda made up how I thought it would go. I just wanted something that I could position there, just to see how big I wanted it, and move it around quickly. Otherwise, I would've been hand drawing this trophy like five times and erasing it, trying to get it right. And then I thought, okay, another variation, I just did a different shape star and put it on there. So, dog trophies were really holding my interest, so I kept going. (laughs) Here's my dog again. See how long he is? It's just a super long dog. And I got a different shaped trophy, and I thought, how am I gonna put those together? Well, they weren't gonna fit on the page, because all these other ones were kinda short, so, when I did my transfer, I did this. Here's my dog. When I did my transfer, I drew the first part of his head, and then I moved up my tracing all the way up, and I took out a good quarter of his body in the middle, just to make him fit on the page. I like him how he is, but I just wanted him to fit on the page. I did the same thing with my trophy. See how long my trophy was? It was very long and skinny. I moved it up on the page, and then I did, how I showed you, I drew half of one side, and then I flipped it, but instead of flipping it right on this up and down axis, I moved it over some, so I spread my two drawings apart, and then I just drew connector lines in between the two halves, so I got a good, wide trophy. So I want you to keep on with these drawings. Lookit, now I got three dog trophies, all drawn out. Look at 'em. This is what we call a body of work. And it's basically just creating an exercise for yourself, and doing all the different variations, it's just like the charts that we drew. How many variations on these elements that I have before me can I do? And you get practice, and you get kinda good at it. Cleo, could I ask you, with one of those, if you would pull out the little chart you did on your line quality and shading? And could you just point out for us on one of those as an example, like perhaps what line quality you used on different parts of that, or what shading techniques, just by way of example? Yeah, so we'll start with the first one. As you can see, I kept it really simple. 'Cause I wanted these to be kind of plain, conservative drawings, nothing really wild. So, I've got a little bit of my sharp drawing in the really fine ones, and my dull drawing, my dull lines are in here. Got some scrubbing in the very, very darkest spots. You can see I scrubbed in there. The light pressure, any time I'm gonna circle a highlight, I try and do it in the lightest pressure I possibly can, just so it stays very light. And I would say the rest of it, you know, there's a few chicken scratches, there always is. The rest of it was really just shading techniques. I think I stayed pretty much, I used the weighted line, I guess. There's a very light one, there's a heavier one. So it's kind of a combination of weighted line, and this hatching. And a little bit of dark scrubbing and a little bit of very sharp drawing.

Class Description

Do you want to learn how to draw but don't know where to start? In this class, professional painter & illustrator Cleo Papanikolas shares fun, beginner-friendly drawing techniques that can turn anyone into an artist. This class will help you overcome your fear of the blank page and focus on putting pencil to paper so you can draw the way you always wished you could.

In this class, Cleo will cover the fundamentals in drawing including:
  • Using different pencils for line quality
  • Applying different shading methods
  • Practice measurement and proportions in your work 
Cleo will help you embrace imperfections in your work with step-by-step exercises that apply key drawing techniques. 

Join Cleo and get started drawing today! 


Rhonda Bender

This class is about two hours long. Overall it is a friendly and accessible approach to introducing some basic drawing techniques and tools that is appropriate for those who are nervous about or just novice to drawing. It lets the student jump in by tracing a basic outline which is then detailed. Towards the end the instructor demonstrates a more advanced type of tracing using a tablet as a lightpad, and there is also helpful information on how to trace one's own work to transfer it to better paper or slightly alter the drawing to be larger/wider/etc. The middle portion has overview information on types of lines and methods of shading. These aren't super thorough examinations of those topics, but should be ample to complete the exercises and drawings included and recommended in the class. Likewise, the overview of drawing tools and papers is an overview, but strikes a good balance between overwhelming with too much information, and giving students enough info to know what tools they need for basic drawing and how to use them. There is a brief overview of how to use the sight size method to draw freehand more accurately. This is a subject that could easily be an entire class topic on its own. Some will find this enough info to get going, others might prefer expanded information and more details on this. The more complex subject of ellipses in perspective is touched on only briefly. (Perspective is also a complex subject that needs a whole class of its own, so this is understandable.) In contrast to some other reviewers, I did not have a lot of issues with the filming and camera angles. A lot of time was spent on the angle of looking at the drawing in action. However, it is clear that material was edited out from the live version. The edited version doesn't follow the drawing of every exercise through to its conclusion, and sometimes segments end or start abruptly.


I like it. it's not very in-depth but it gave me the courage to start drawing, and I had so much fun. Great for beginners.