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Apple Final Cut Pro X: In-Depth

Lesson 20 of 42

Audio Q&A


Apple Final Cut Pro X: In-Depth

Lesson 20 of 42

Audio Q&A


Lesson Info

Audio Q&A

Larry, I was wondering in older versions of Final Cut Pro, when I would have to audio tracks butted together. I could just right click on him, and I could do like a six frame dissolved between them really quick. What's the answer for Final Cut? 10. We can do the same thing, but it's done entirely differently. So let me show you how this works. Let us just open this sequence up a bit. See the audio and the video and let's double click. Let's work with these two clips or double click this one. A double click this one. Zoom in when we when we have two clips, audio clips that that touch but together. Okay, in the past, what we would do is we would apply a and, ah, in effect, a transition that goes between the two of them. Those don't exist anymore. Aiken do dissolves between video, but I can't do transitions like cross fades between audio the way that we would do this. And I'm not gonna play it because it doesn't make sense because it's Dr Cerf talking in both instances, but you grab the e...

dges of each clip and you overlap them Then you grab the fade dot which is always in the top right corner at the out, in the top, left corner of the end, and you look for the cursor to turn into those two left, right, pointing arrows and you do a manual cross fade. It could be argued that it would be nice if Apple gave us a a single keystroke command that we could do an audio transition between. But at this moment, although we can do that for video, we can't do it for audio. So we grabbed the edges of the clip when we overlapped. Um, and we just drag out the cross fade dot equal the dissolve between the two clips. What this does is it gives us the absolute maximum of control as we're cross fading between the audio. What it doesn't do is it doesn't give us a really efficient, fast way to do a dissolve between the two. Yeah, would be nice to have both, but frankly, the fact that we've got a precise way of doing it so it sounds exactly the way that we want is better. And if I really need to be fast, what I'm gonna be able to do is take the audio, move it from final Cut into Adobe Audition or moving into avid pro tools, and I could do a complete sound mix there, and it's easy to move files from Final Cut 10 to Pro Tools or Bullet from Final Cut 10 to Audition So we have full power of audio digital audio workstation at our disposal for doing really sophisticated mixes. Jim, you got anything we sure dio question from Echo Bach. Are all audio effects preserved on X m l export? They're all preserved in the export is part of the XML export. But depending upon where you're going with the file, the file that's reading the XML may or may not be able to deal with an audio effect, so the answer is yes on export. But it's depending upon where you're sending the file on import as to whether that effect makes the transfer or not great, thank you. And then from Skyhawk. What do you do if the clip was recorded too low and raising 20 decibels doesn't get you loud enough? Well, first, there's actually two answers. One is when you're working inside the timeline And the second is when you're adding an audio effect working inside the timeline, I'll answer now audio effects I'm going to defer to tomorrow when we're talking more about effects. What you can do is the most gain that you can increase The clip to is by grabbing the black horse on the line and raising a 12 DB, at which point you can't raise it anymore. Inside the timeline at that point, you would need to apply an audio effect or an audio filter such as the limiter filter or the gain effect to be able to increase the volume. Seymour. How we apply those effects or something going to talk about tomorrow that you can apply the effects they're stored inside the effects browser. And again, we'll talk more about the effects browser in the second segment tomorrow. All right, thank you. Um, Velocidad Acto says, Do you mind spending a second explaining how to compress audio clips that are bouncing all over the place? Try that again. Uh um, how to compress audio clips that are bouncing all over the place. Okay, Now there you're using compression in a different way than we're used to. There's two ways that we use the word compression one is to make the file smaller. This is data compression, and the second is to make the audio levels more consistent. This is audio gain compression. We're gonna talk about audio gain with filters like the limiter filter or the multi band compressing filter. And again, I'm going to defer that to tomorrow because there's parts of the interface we haven't talked about yet. And rather than take it out of order and get everybody confused, I would generally normalized my gains by using the limiter filter as a compound clip. And apply that to a range of clips and you'll see how to do that tomorrow. Thank you. And then Joe editor would like to know, Can you copy and paste the settings on audio, for instance, jewels, dual channel audio settings to multiple clips, Yes and no. Yes, you can absolutely copy and paste effects and effects attributes again. We're gonna learn that when we talk about effects tomorrow, otherwise we're not gonna have anything to talk about and nobody is going to show up. Jim is gonna be bored, But another way to deal that is when we are selecting clips. Let's just select our interview clips. Notice that I can select multiple clips at the same time. I'm just dragging a rectangle around them. Type Option X to get rid of all of my ends and out so I can select the entire clip. Whatever I have selected is what appears inside the inspector, so I can now go to the Inspector and I can change all the selected clips at the same time to, say dual channel mono, so I don't have to do it one clip at a time. I can do that as all all of my selected clips at once, so you don't necessarily want to paste the attributes inside the browser. But many times you want to set all the clips to the same setting. Again. Select the clips that you want to modify one multiple clips, all the clips with the clip selected. Go to the Inspector and make the changes you need. We'll be seeing more of this in terms of video effects, both in the last session today, when we talk about transitions and titles and all day tomorrow when we're talking about effects. Jim so another one from Kobach. How do you re link audio that has been re sampled? For instance, from 96 to 48 killers? There's two different questions here. The first question is, how do you re link clips on the second is why you would re sample it? Sounds to me and again I can't tell for sure, Jim, but it sounds to me like he's creating a separate audio clip where the original was mastered it a sample rate of 96,000 samples per second. And then he's created a second brand new stand alone audio clip using separate software. Which is it? 48. In which case what you want to do is you want to reconnect. You can't just simply make the 96 k clip disappear. But what you can do is you can select a piece of media so we'll just select this if the audio and in this particular case, you're gonna need to learn the next technique, which I'm gonna teach you, which is the concept of synchronizing dual system sound. Because I've got the audio in one clip and the video in a separate clips. We're gonna talk about how to synchronize that separate and distinct is what happens if there's a clip inside the browser or a clip inside the timeline that has a red color associated with it. It means that final cut knows there's a clip there but can't find the clip to be able to locate the clip. You select the clip that's missing. It'll have a red icon, says missing media. Go up to the file menu, go down to re link files when reeling Files has selected. It lists all the files that are either missing or all the files. Depending upon what your particular environment is, you would say, show me just the missing files and those clips that are known to final cut but that it can't find mainly because we either moved the file or rename the folder that contains the file. The file set are missing. Show up here, click on locate, navigate to wherever that new file is located on your hard drive, and it will automatically linked to it in the browser and reconnected down in the timeline. Sometimes it doesn't recognize the file is missing. It shows up with a red flag here, but when you go to reeling files nothing shows up when the missing dot is clicked. In which case click the all doctors shows all the selected clips. At that point, you're able to reconnect them. This is what we used to do in the old days, when we needed to switch from proxy files to, UM, high resolution files or high resolution proxy files, as you'll learn when I talk about multi cam, which is going to start in a few minutes.

Class Description


  • Import media into Apple Final Cut Pro X
  • Use its media management tools to organize your files
  • Explore the endless possibilities for creating amazing video effects and dig into audio.
  • Sharpen the skills you need to edit, trim, and combine clips to create a dynamic, engaging final cut.


Apple® Final Cut Pro® X has been rocking the film editing world since its initial release in 1999. Today, eleven upgrades later, the video editor's users number in the millions and its editing tools have powered major motion picture and small screen edits. Join Larry Jordan to learn what makes this video editing software so powerful, versatile, and indispensable.

Now an industry standard video editor alongside options like Adobe Premiere Pro, Apple Final Cut Pro X encompasses pro-level editing tools for Mac. Final Cut Pro is a Mac-only program with professional tools that blow the free video editing software and budget video editors like iMovie, Adobe Premiere Elements, and Movie Maker out of the water. The video software can handle everything from 360-degree video to Hollywood-level productions. But navigating those advanced editing tools is a daunting task for beginners. Pretending Final Cut Pro is an intuitive, beginners program will only leave you frustrated and missing the biggest features.


Whether you are brand new to editing, self-taught, or a seasoned pro, this course will take your editing skills and Apple Final Cut Pro X mastery to a whole new level, from upload to save.

Apple Final Cut Pro X


Larry Jordan is an internationally-renowned consultant, digital media analyst, and trainer with over 35 years of experience as a television producer, director, and editor with national broadcast and corporate credits. He is recognized as the foremost trainer in both Apple Final Cut Pro (Mac) and Adobe Premiere Pro (Mac and Windows) where his informative and entertaining teaching style provides video editors around the world with unique resources to increase productivity and enhance their skills. Jordan is on the faculty at both USC and Video Symphony and the host of the weekly podcast.


  1. Introduction

    Larry Jordan says a majority of the Final Cut Pro X technical help questions he answers stem from jumping right into editing without understanding how the software works. In the first lesson, learn what to expect in the class and why, when you edit videos, you start with organization.

  2. Key Terms

    Video editing tools are often confusing for newbies because of the terminology. Walk through the jargon you need to know and key concepts for Final Cut Pro to get started on the right foot.

  3. System Configuration and RAID Storage

    Final Cut Pro X can run on any Mac except for the Mac mini. Here, learn the best system set up for video editing and learn how to make your budget go the farthest when setting up a computer for video editing, and why storage, not the computer is most important.

  4. Q&A with Creating an Efficient Workflow

    Video editing with Final Cut Pro is just as much about the actual tools as it is about creating an efficient workflow. In this lesson, find the answers to some of the biggest questions in the workflow.

  5. Interface and Media Management

    Understanding the Final Cut Pro X interface helps you navigate through the program from one step of the workflow to the next. Explore Final Cut's single window interface and the three broad sections, as well as where to find the hidden windows and what they do.

  6. Importing Media Part 1

    Final Cut Pro will import any videos supported by your computer, from files that already exist on a hard drive to videos from a camera's SD card. Walk through the import process and options, from basic options to marking favorite locations, when working with files that already exist on the hard drive.

  7. Importing Media Part 2

    Final Cut Pro will also import your media for you from a camera. Larry walks quickly through what's the same when importing from a camera and points out the important differences when using different import methods.

  8. Ratings and Keywords

    Creating a video often means working with multiple, long video files. This lesson walks through organizing video clips to make finding the exact clip you need easy. Larry then walks you through creating the actual project and getting started in the video editing process itself.

  9. Reviewing Clips for Edit

    Time to dig into editing -- but where do you start? Reviewing the available clips to see what to include is a good place to start. Larry walks you through the process, from the keyboard shortcuts, to marking a clip.

  10. Importing Clips

    Once you've identified some clips to work with, it's time to actually add them to your timeline. Jordan walks through the different options from using keyboard shortcuts to mark the in and out to using a simple drag and drop to the timeline. Whichever option you use, Jordan says, don't worry too much about getting it exact because you can fine-tune further later on.

  11. Editing an Interview Demo

    In this essential lesson, see a finished clip and walk through how the interview was assembled. Larry outlines the fundamentals of assembling an interview -- using techniques that work with any type of video edit -- in Apple® Final Cut Pro® X.

  12. Replace Edit and Timeline Index

    Continue to work with the timeline with tricks for replacing clips. Larry walks through simple methods, like using a drag and drop, to more advanced options like the three-point edit, as well as timeline tricks for working with chroma-key. Learn replacement edits along with other timeline tricks in this lesson.

  13. Compound Clips and Auditions

    Compound clips and auditions are specialized functions inside Apple Final Cut Pro. An audition allows video editors to compare clips easily. A compound clip is a project inside of a project. Walk through the how, why and when for these advanced features.

  1. Editing Review

    Jump back into video editing with the editing review that launches day two of this three-day class. Larry reviews the first part of the class and gives you insight into what's next.

  2. Trimming Part 1

    The way clips are assembled in the final video plays a big role on how the final video influences the viewer's emotions. Larry mixes the art of clip trimming with the tools inside Final Cut Pro.

  3. Trimming Part 2

    Trimming isn't always adjusting the beginning and end of a clip. Larry walks through the process of creating a slip trim, as well as tricks like trimming multiple clips at once.

  4. How We Hear

    Jumping into audio, learn the basic terms to audio editing, how we hear, and get started on understanding audio tracks inside Final Cut Pro.

  5. Audio Key Terms with Q&A

    Continue unraveling audio editing with key audio terms that aren't specific to Final Cut Pro. Learn how sound is visually represented and how to set levels for the best sound.

  6. Audio Basics, Meters, and Inspector

    Work with levels and audio inside the Final Cut Pro timeline by diving into the video editor's basic audio tools. Larry walks the class through levels, audio meters, keyframes and more. Learn how to eliminate a cough from the audio, how to reset parameters and more.

  7. Audio Q&A

    Audio is a big component to understanding video editing. Find the answers to the most frequently asked questions with this quick lesson using questions from students just like you.

  8. Dual System Sound and Audio Analysis

    Video and sound are sometimes recorded separately -- often when the mic built-into the DSLR or GoPro used to record the video isn't great at capturing audio. Larry walks through the process of syncing audio to the clip with double system recording along with the audio analysis tool that allows Final Cut to conduct an automatic analysis and fix some audio problems.

  9. Multicam Editing Part 1

    Editing video shot with multiple cameras is a common task in the video industry -- and Final Cut Pro has tools designed just for the task. Larry walks through the basics of multicam editing and getting started with the multicam feature. Learn how to group the cameras, create a new multicam clip and adjust the order using the angle editor to prep the workspace for working with videos from multiple cameras.

  10. Multicam Editing Part 2

    Once the footage is grouped and ready, follow Larry through the process of finessing those multiple feeds into a cohesive video. Start with setting the audio to a single camera, then move into switching the camera angles with a simple click and more advanced multicam tools.

  11. Transitions Part 1

    Transitions help make moving from multiple cuts a smooth experience. Learn the keyboard shortcuts for transitions, timing transition adjustments, and adjusting a transition with a roll trim.

  12. Transitions Part 2

    Creating transitions is an art -- learn the three main types of transitions, when to use them, what emotions transitions bring, and working with transitions in Final Cut Pro.

  13. Formatting and Animating Titles

    Titles reinforce key pieces of information, Larry says. Learn how to use titles, how long to leave titles up, where to place titles, and how to format titles in Final Cut Pro.

  1. Additional Effects

    Titles aren't the only type of special effects you can create inside Final Cut Pro. In the first lesson of the final day of the class, get a peek at what's up ahead, including how to add video stabilization, correct rolling shutter, work with images and create special effects like the Ken Burns effect.

  2. Editing and Trimming Review

    Recap the editing and trimming essentials to review what Larry says is the most essential thing to understand on using Final Cut Pro. Larry puts all the editing and trimming together in a final look at the process.

  3. Changing Speed of a Clip

    The speed of a clip can create drama. Learn how to manipulate the timeline with techniques like freeze frames, variable speed, and slow motion. Decipher the retime menu and learn the tools for manipulating time.

  4. Inspector Effects

    The Inspector inside Final Cut Pro allows video editors to make changes, from adding video stabilization to adjusting the aspect ratio. Follow Larry through the Inspector Effects to learn the special effects hiding in this menu.

  5. The Effects Browsers and Generators

    Video editors can create their own videos directly inside Final Cut Pro using Generators, a tool that's helpful for creating backgrounds for infographics and other items. Larry walks through the Generators and how to use them, along with diving into the Effects Browser interface.

  6. Blend Modes

    Blend Modes originated in Photoshop, but introduce some interesting special effects for video editors as well. Learn how to use blend modes, change the opacity for regular clips and picture-in-picture, and more in this lesson.

  7. Effects Q&A

    Dive into the most frequently asked questions on special effects as Larry explores questions posed by students just like you.

  8. Simple Effects

    Final Cut Pro has a number of different special effects options. Larry walks you through the most useful special effects and how to use them, so that you'll know how to manipulate those oddball effects too.

  9. Intro to Color Correction

    Color correction is a big enough task that entire careers are dedicated to the task. Learn what you need to know on color correction basics to successfully create a color-corrected video inside Final Cut Pro.

  10. Video Scopes

    Final Cut Pro uses three main video scopes -- the waveform monitor, the vectorscope, and the histogram. Larry walks through how to use each tool in color correction.

  11. Color Correcting for Video

    Learn what colors are most essential to get right and how to manually adjust color in videos inside this lesson. Work with the vectorscope and waveform monitor to edit color in a video.

  12. Color Correcting Skintone

    If the skin color is off, the entire video looks off. Larry walks you through how to adjust skin tones. Every skin tone is different -- this lesson is designed to give you the tools and know-how to correct for every skin tone.

  13. Color Correction Q&A

    Dive into the most common questions on color correction with this short lesson taking questions from students.

  14. Audio Effects Part 1

    Visual effects are only half of the special effects equation. Walk through audio effects, from manipulating audio levels to creating a stereo mix.

  15. Audio Effects Part 2

    Continue digging into audio special effects with advanced techniques inside Final Cut Pro. Work with channel filters to mix voice and music and the limiter filter to correct audio that's too soft.

  16. Exporting and Sharing

    After all that editing, how do you share your video? Walk through the export process, from exporting an XTML and a master file to sharing to YouTube directly from Final Cut Pro. Learn about exporting to different file formats and video formats, including .mp4.


a Creativelive Student

Absolutely one of the best & easy to follow teaching / learning sessions for this product. Larry has a great approach & insight into delivering a wealth of information from his years of experience that budding video engineers will certainly benefit from with a product that is powerful & great to use. I'm enjoying the journey to better understand & use this great product, expanding my experience in producing awesome video presentations. Great work Larry, & also huge fan of creativelive Keep up the great work you all do to assist budding producers in mastering their skills. Noel Blake Melbourne Australia


Final Cut Pro with Larry Jordan has been of enormous help to me just stating in FCPX. Larry has a unique way of getting the message on the basics across in an easy to understand manner. I have not yet looked at the entire course as I am practicing the steps as I go through the course. Many programs of FCP are not presented in the easy to follow manner thatL array does so well. I am 100% delighted with my purchase. I am in Sydney, Australia, and, due to the time difference it is impractical to view courses live. So I had to purchase on trust which in this case was a good choice. It would be good if Creative Live could perhaps rerun programs so overseas folks could view them at a convenient time. The courses still need to be purchased as I find it best to run it on another monitor and put what is taught into practice. Well done and thanks for the special offer in July.

a Creativelive Student

Attending this class was really a life-changing experience. Larry is a wonderful teacher and clearly on top of the program and methodology, and the way he structured the course, did frequent reviews and constant technique reminders (naming keyboard shortcuts as he did them, for example) really added a lot to the presentation. The depth of the class was very much appreciated, and his command of a complex subject showed that it was possible. I have wanted to understand FCP for several years and have only gotten the beginnings of a handle on it in the last 6 months or so. This class was an exponential knowledge upload and I hope will allow me to do lots of things I've only wondered about. I thought Jim was a good foil for Larry and did a nice job keeping things together, even when there was a technical problem. The value for me of being able to sit through the class before deciding to purchase was huge, and I am very much looking forward to reviewing the videos as questions come up. The class was very thorough and I didn't feel anything was being left out. Thank you so much for making it available.