Fundamentals of Photography


Fundamentals of Photography


Lesson Info

Camera Types

Okay, it is time be begin our official first section, which is on the camera. This is where photography starts, so we're gonna look at the camera and what is involved in it. We'll talk about the different camera types that are out there. We're gonna get into the shutter speeds. And then we'll talk about the other camera settings that you need to worry about in there. Now cameras are a funny bunch of things because there's a lot of different ways to describe what type of camera you have. In fact, there are four different ways to describe different categories of cameras. One is the image area, how large of sensor or how large of film might've been in that camera. The viewing system, how do you view your subject with this particular type of system. Then, of course, there's different lens systems. These are the different manufacturers who make cameras and lenses, there's this system and that system. And then finally there's different types of shutter units. And so we might talk about a lea...

f shutter camera. Well, that means a whole particular category of camera. And so we have four different ways, and the industry has not specifically said this is how we're gonna choose to talk about all our cameras. And so sometimes they use one and sometimes they use the other. And for the person who's new to photography, this can be very, very confusing. One of the things that's talked about quite a bit these days is the sensor size. And there's a lot of different cameras out there, and phones, gotta throw those in these days, that have different size sensors. And it's one of the most important differences. At this point it's really the heart of the camera. And so understanding the sensor size is very important. One of the most common sizes is based off of 35 millimeter film. Now 35 millimeter film, I'm guessing that a lot of you have never even shot a roll of 35 millimeter film. Why are we basing photography on some old standard that old fogies like me used to shoot with back in the day? Well, granted there's a lot of people who still shoot it now. But it was the most popular film for quite some time. It was the goldilocks film. It was small enough, but it could produce large enough results. It was just that right medium size. And so that was a very popular size. But there's a lot of other good choices, and that's not the end all, be all of photography. So we are gonna talk about these different sensors in more detail a little bit later on. So these go by kinda funny names, and they have different sizes. And obviously the smaller size sensors can be put into smaller size cameras. And so with photography there's a lot of trade-offs. And there's not a lot of things that are absolutely definitive as to what is the best camera. So when you're looking for a camera, there is no answer for that definitive what is the best camera. It's kinda what is the camera that's gonna work best for my needs? Because there's a lot of different options out there. And so we're gonna be spending the entire section two on the sensor, because there's a lot of things going on and involved with the sensor size. So more for that to come. We're just gonna kinda put a pin in it and come back later.

Class Description

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


1Class Introduction
2Photographic Characteristics
3Camera Types
4Viewing System
5Lens System
6Shutter System
7Shutter Speed Basics
8Shutter Speed Effects
9Camera & Lens Stabilization
10Quiz: Shutter Speeds
11Camera Settings Overview
12Drive Mode & Buffer
13Camera Settings - Details
14Sensor Size: Basics
15Sensor Sizes: Compared
16The Sensor - Pixels
17Sensor Size - ISO
18Focal Length
19Angle of View
20Practicing Angle of View
21Quiz: Focal Length
22Fisheye Lens
23Tilt & Shift Lens
24Subject Zone
25Lens Speed
27Depth of Field (DOF)
28Quiz: Apertures
29Lens Quality
30Light Meter Basics
32Quiz: Histogram
33Dynamic Range
34Exposure Modes
35Sunny 16 Rule
36Exposure Bracketing
37Exposure Values
38Quiz: Exposure
39Focusing Basics
40Auto Focus (AF)
41Focus Points
42Focus Tracking
43Focusing Q&A
44Manual Focus
45Digital Focus Assistance
46Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF)
47Quiz: Depth of Field
48DOF Preview & Focusing Screens
49Lens Sharpness
50Camera Movement
51Advanced Techniques
52Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance
53Auto Focus Calibration
54Focus Stacking
55Quiz: Focus Problems
56Camera Accessories
57Lens Accessories
58Lens Adaptors & Cleaning
60Flash & Lighting
63Being a Photographer
64Natural Light: Direct Sunlight
65Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight
66Natural Light: Mixed
67Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light
68Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light
69Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light
70Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light
71Quiz: Lighting
72Light Management
73Flash Fundamentals
75Built-In & Add-On Flash
76Off-Camera Flash
77Off-Camera Flash For Portraits
78Advanced Flash Techniques
79Editing Assessments & Goals
80Editing Set-Up
81Importing Images
82Organizing Your Images
83Culling Images
84Categories of Development
85Adjusting Exposure
86Remove Distractions
87Cropping Your Images
88Composition Basics
89Point of View
90Angle of View
91Subject Placement
92Framing Your Shot
93Foreground & Background & Scale
94Rule of Odds
95Bad Composition
96Multi-Shot Techniques
97Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction
98Human Vision vs The Camera
99Visual Perception
100Quiz: Visual Balance
101Visual Drama
102Elements of Design
103Texture & Negative Space
104Black & White & Color
105The Photographic Process
106Working the Shot
107What Makes a Great Photograph?