Fundamentals of Photography


Fundamentals of Photography


Lesson Info

Flash & Lighting

So, next up, we're gonna get in to a few flash accessories here. So we're gonna talk more about lighting in an upcoming section, but a little word on some of all those additional flash units that you can add to your camera. So if you don't have a flash, we do have little low end, very simple flashes, which are kind of nice, just to add a little bit of fill light straight in front of the camera. They're not very powerful, so I don't really recommend them in most cases. I think the mid-range flash is pretty good for most people who want some versatility and a little bit more power. If you're photographing social events, weddings, things like that, where you need more power, you need to use wide angle lenses where you're spreading the light out more, or you're gonna be shooting a lot of shots where you're gonna be shooting in sequence. The power systems on this are a little bit faster in their recycling time, and they will also have some special effects modes in there, we'll talk a little...

bit about in the flash section, but for most people, I think the mid-range is where you're gonna be looking for a basic flash, but if you really get into it, the advanced ones are very nice and offer a lot of features. If you get any sort of flash, one of the most important things for getting better quality flash is getting the flash off the camera. If you want to do that in the simplest way, you want to get one of the TTL cords, and this is an offshoot cord that allows you to shoot fully automatic with the flash away from the camera, and it's just about as long as you can reach with your hand, or if you want to mount it on one of these brackets here. There's a number of different flash brackets. This is an older one I have, I don't think they sell this one anymore, but it's got a nice wood handle on it, feels good in the hand, and than what it enables me to do is rotate the camera, so the lens stays in the same position, and we'll talk more about that in the flash settings. The flash diffuser is a way for you to increase the light source. I got one of those over here, somewhere, right here, and this one allows me to point the flash up in here. It gets the flash a little bit further away from the camera. It also spreads it out in a slight manner, and so this is gonna get you a little bit softer shadows around your subject's face for instance, and so, I prefer to use this. It decreases the power of the flash, but if I'm relatively close, than power's not the major issue, it's getting a nice soft light, that's important. Very special tool here, this is for bird photographer's in most cases. It's where you want to throw the light in a very narrow beam far forward. I was out at one of our local parks here, Discovery Park, and there was a family of owls there, and this is where a flash helped illuminate these birds under low light in the forest. You're able to get a little (mumbles) light in their eyes, and see their feathers, and them just a little bid better, and you don't have the normal problem with flash with a shadow on the back wall, 'cause there is no wall right behind him, and so you don't get to see those shadows quite the same way, and so that can really help on subjects that are much further away from there. The flash bracket is something that I have found very handy because when you don't have this, when you shoot verticals, the flash gets thrown off to the side, where it looks less attractive. Having the flash top and center in consistent in your photographs will help out, and so these rotating flash brackets can be very, very handy to keep the lens in the right place, and I've shot a few weddings in my time, and I know, you all know about Uncle Bob, hopefully you know about Uncle Bob. Uncle Bob is the Uncle at the wedding, who happens to have a professional DSLR, and wants to take photos, and kind of wants to be the professional photographer there, but when you have one of these devices, Uncle Bob shrinks down and moves away, because there is no doubt when you step in to the situation that you are the photographer in that case, and I know it sounds a little corny, but it works. It works (mumbles). But it also gets you better quality shots, which is the real reason you're using it, and so, getting that flash in a high centered position so it's even for horizontals and verticals, and getting you better light. For those of you who do want to get in to Macro, getting light in close can be a real problem, and so they do make special macro lights that can actually mount on the front of your lens, and when we get in to light, we're gonna talk a lot about distance. How far away is the light from the subject its illuminating? And you'll want to get that light in really close for power reasons, 'cause you need that power in there. So this is how you get the flash as close as possible without getting it in the way of the camera, and so these are available for many of the different lenses that are out in the market.

Class Description

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


1Class Introduction
2Photographic Characteristics
3Camera Types
4Viewing System
5Lens System
6Shutter System
7Shutter Speed Basics
8Shutter Speed Effects
9Camera & Lens Stabilization
10Quiz: Shutter Speeds
11Camera Settings Overview
12Drive Mode & Buffer
13Camera Settings - Details
14Sensor Size: Basics
15Sensor Sizes: Compared
16The Sensor - Pixels
17Sensor Size - ISO
18Focal Length
19Angle of View
20Practicing Angle of View
21Quiz: Focal Length
22Fisheye Lens
23Tilt & Shift Lens
24Subject Zone
25Lens Speed
27Depth of Field (DOF)
28Quiz: Apertures
29Lens Quality
30Light Meter Basics
32Quiz: Histogram
33Dynamic Range
34Exposure Modes
35Sunny 16 Rule
36Exposure Bracketing
37Exposure Values
38Quiz: Exposure
39Focusing Basics
40Auto Focus (AF)
41Focus Points
42Focus Tracking
43Focusing Q&A
44Manual Focus
45Digital Focus Assistance
46Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF)
47Quiz: Depth of Field
48DOF Preview & Focusing Screens
49Lens Sharpness
50Camera Movement
51Advanced Techniques
52Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance
53Auto Focus Calibration
54Focus Stacking
55Quiz: Focus Problems
56Camera Accessories
57Lens Accessories
58Lens Adaptors & Cleaning
60Flash & Lighting
63Being a Photographer
64Natural Light: Direct Sunlight
65Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight
66Natural Light: Mixed
67Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light
68Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light
69Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light
70Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light
71Quiz: Lighting
72Light Management
73Flash Fundamentals
75Built-In & Add-On Flash
76Off-Camera Flash
77Off-Camera Flash For Portraits
78Advanced Flash Techniques
79Editing Assessments & Goals
80Editing Set-Up
81Importing Images
82Organizing Your Images
83Culling Images
84Categories of Development
85Adjusting Exposure
86Remove Distractions
87Cropping Your Images
88Composition Basics
89Point of View
90Angle of View
91Subject Placement
92Framing Your Shot
93Foreground & Background & Scale
94Rule of Odds
95Bad Composition
96Multi-Shot Techniques
97Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction
98Human Vision vs The Camera
99Visual Perception
100Quiz: Visual Balance
101Visual Drama
102Elements of Design
103Texture & Negative Space
104Black & White & Color
105The Photographic Process
106Working the Shot
107What Makes a Great Photograph?