Fundamentals of Photography


Fundamentals of Photography


Lesson Info

Photographic Characteristics

So if you want to become a photographer there's a lot of things to think about and a lot of things that you're gonna need to kind of adjust about the way you think about the world. And so I thought about what does it take to be a good photographer? And so I thought about what are the characteristics that I would attribute to other great photographers and people who enjoy photography and are good at it. And so, I'm going to bring these up. I'm not going to talk about every single one of these, but I think this is just about being an involved human on this planet. You need to be curious and interested in things that are going on. You need to be a problem solver that really gets in and investigates everything. Sometimes, you need to be very patient with things, because they take a while. You know, the baby's crying, and you're trying to get this baby ... Don't worry about it, we're just going to ease him in, and maybe in 20 minutes we're gonna be able to get that shot. Or, sunset's not go...

nna happen for an hour. Let's scout out the location, and really work through these things. And so, these are attributes that you need to embrace and maybe you're not the best at something, but you're saying, "Okay, I'm meticulous. Okay, really detail oriented, not my best thing, but I'm going to work on it, and try to make it better." So, if you want to get great at photography, here are the steps that you need to go through. First, you need to learn the fundamentals of photography. And, as somebody who has taught a lot of classes, somebody who has read a lot of books, and have taken a lot of classes myself, I always get a kick out of the people who say, "I'm a self-taught photographer." And I think it's great, because it is something you can pick up and you can just learn on your own. But, you know, there is this invention many years ago, called school, and we still send our kids to school because we don't want to just send them out in the world, "Oh, they'll pick up things as you go along." School has proven to actually work. There are ... I'm pretty sure there are scientific tests that kids who go to school tend to learn more than kids who run around the woods and don't learn anything from somebody. There are many different ways to learn, and this is going to be a good class for it. So I'm gonna try to help you as much as I can with step number one. Step number two is learning how to operate your camera. Like it or not, this is based on technology, and knowing how to work your camera, it's not really that complicated. I do know a number of highly successful nameless photographers who don't know the technology that well. But you know what? It doesn't matter. They learned what they need to learn, and that's it. You don't need to learn everything, you don't need to learn all the cameras, just learn your camera and the tools that you use. That's all that's important. You need to learn how to see like a photographer. That'll come over time, this class will help. Section 10 of the class will help. You need to learn the field skills. Now what this means is there's a lot of different genres of photography. And this class is general. We're not gonna be talking about specific things for the most part. And you're gonna need ... If you want to be a wedding photographer, you need this class, plus a wedding photography class, or wedding photography experience. If you want to shoot architecture, this class is good, it's a good start, but then you're gonna need some architecture-specific skills. And so every type of photography is gonna need it's own specialized skills. And so, in photography, you got the base level down here, and then you start shooting off in other directions depending on what your needs are. And finally, you need to get out there and shoot. And it's not just shooting. It's reviewing what you have done. It's not just blindly shooting. You need to look at what you're doing and be honest about the mistakes that you've made and edit your stuff. Go through it, look at it, what are you doing, review it, what's going right, and going wrong. And that process over and over and over again in my sight, always leads to success. You will always get better if you follow those steps. Now the stuff that you need to know, your foundation of knowledge, is like this gigantic pyramid. And to start with, it's technical, because photography is technical and it's artistic, but it's based on technology. And so, when you go out there, you want to get the focus and the exposure correct for what you want. Whatever that is, it can be a wide variety of things, but it's what you want correct. Which means you need to have a rock-solid foundation of aperture, shutter speeds and ISOs. You need to know those forward and backwards, you need to know them like you know your kitchen, and how to find your house, and how you get from your house to work, and all those sorts of things. That is what you're doing here, is you need to know this really, really well. There's a bunch of other camera settings we'll talk about as well, as far as focus points and white balance and file types and things like that. And we'll be talking about most all of the camera settings here in this first section and over the first three sections those aperture, shutter speeds, and ISOs. Now we're starting get a little bit of a balance between art and technology. That's your choice of lens that you want to use, what type of light you're gonna work with and how you deal with it, and your choice and use of depth of field. So there are technical things to achieve those artistic goals of yours. Composition, we'll talk about that in an entire section. Timing, that's more with your field skills, for your particular subject. Whether you're a portrait photographer, when do you want to shoot your portraits, the timing of them, how you set them up. Or a landscape photographer. What time of day do you go out? Is this a morning location or is it an evening location? But, I want all of you at home and here in the audience, just to think for a moment, about something that you want to photograph really good. What would you like to get a great, great photograph of? All right, some of you are saying a family relative, it might be your boyfriend or girlfriend, or your mom or your dad, or your dog. It might be a trip that you're gonna take. You're like, "I'm going to Rome, and I would like to love to get a great picture of Rome." Or maybe some of you are going to start a business and you wanna shoot something in that realm. What you need to be an expert in to get that photograph is whatever that subject is. And all of you are experts in things that I am not an expert in. Some of you have access to great locations and knowledge of people that I don't know that you could get great shots of them that I, and the rest of the world out there, can't get any shots of. And they often talk about if you're a writer, what should you write about? Write about what you know. And it's true with photography. You should photograph things that you know. You'll have an advantage on that. But I also agree with the exact opposite. And there's a lot of things in photography that are like it's either this, or this, but maybe not in between. And so, photograph things you don't know. You don't know about this. I bet if you photograph it you're gonna learn about it. And that encourages you to learn and find out more about that subject. So, this is what you're gonna need to know for taking great photos going forward.

Class Description

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


1Class Introduction
2Photographic Characteristics
3Camera Types
4Viewing System
5Lens System
6Shutter System
7Shutter Speed Basics
8Shutter Speed Effects
9Camera & Lens Stabilization
10Quiz: Shutter Speeds
11Camera Settings Overview
12Drive Mode & Buffer
13Camera Settings - Details
14Sensor Size: Basics
15Sensor Sizes: Compared
16The Sensor - Pixels
17Sensor Size - ISO
18Focal Length
19Angle of View
20Practicing Angle of View
21Quiz: Focal Length
22Fisheye Lens
23Tilt & Shift Lens
24Subject Zone
25Lens Speed
27Depth of Field (DOF)
28Quiz: Apertures
29Lens Quality
30Light Meter Basics
32Quiz: Histogram
33Dynamic Range
34Exposure Modes
35Sunny 16 Rule
36Exposure Bracketing
37Exposure Values
38Quiz: Exposure
39Focusing Basics
40Auto Focus (AF)
41Focus Points
42Focus Tracking
43Focusing Q&A
44Manual Focus
45Digital Focus Assistance
46Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF)
47Quiz: Depth of Field
48DOF Preview & Focusing Screens
49Lens Sharpness
50Camera Movement
51Advanced Techniques
52Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance
53Auto Focus Calibration
54Focus Stacking
55Quiz: Focus Problems
56Camera Accessories
57Lens Accessories
58Lens Adaptors & Cleaning
60Flash & Lighting
63Being a Photographer
64Natural Light: Direct Sunlight
65Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight
66Natural Light: Mixed
67Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light
68Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light
69Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light
70Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light
71Quiz: Lighting
72Light Management
73Flash Fundamentals
75Built-In & Add-On Flash
76Off-Camera Flash
77Off-Camera Flash For Portraits
78Advanced Flash Techniques
79Editing Assessments & Goals
80Editing Set-Up
81Importing Images
82Organizing Your Images
83Culling Images
84Categories of Development
85Adjusting Exposure
86Remove Distractions
87Cropping Your Images
88Composition Basics
89Point of View
90Angle of View
91Subject Placement
92Framing Your Shot
93Foreground & Background & Scale
94Rule of Odds
95Bad Composition
96Multi-Shot Techniques
97Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction
98Human Vision vs The Camera
99Visual Perception
100Quiz: Visual Balance
101Visual Drama
102Elements of Design
103Texture & Negative Space
104Black & White & Color
105The Photographic Process
106Working the Shot
107What Makes a Great Photograph?