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Fundamentals of Photography

Lesson 20 of 107

Practicing Angle of View


Fundamentals of Photography

Lesson 20 of 107

Practicing Angle of View


Lesson Info

Practicing Angle of View

Come up with a very simple way of remembering what different lenses do. And so you might want to put your notes down in here because we're going to be doing some hand exercises, so you need your hands free for this, all right. Now, if you want to know what a 50mm lens looks like, what you need to do, and follow along with me, is put your hands out like this, reach them all the way out, and then bring them back so it's kinda comfortable here. Your thumbs should be about 10cm, or about 4 inches across, and you can close one eye, and what you see as you kind of an back and forth with your hands, that's about a 50mm lens. You can check this at home, and you may need to adjust your arm stretch just a little bit. But that's a 50mm lens. Now, let's do the 35mm lens. It's basically the same thing, but just move the thumbs a little bit further apart. And so this is your moderately wide-angle lens. This is a good environmental portrait lens, all right. So I've had to get a little goofy on some o...

f these. All right, so the 24mm lens, put your hands on your elbows, all right, now stick your thumbs up like this. Get your thumbs out to the edges of your elbow. Now, what you see through one eye. Yeah, do this out in public, see what people think about you there. (laughs) That's a 24mm lens. The 16mm is a little bit easier, just close one eye. And that's kinda just about everything you see with one eye, and that's gonna be your 16mm lens. Now, a little bit easier to do here. So, if you want to shoot a portrait of somebody, the thumb to pinky, arm extended. And so if I wanted to shoot a picture of Kenna here, I'd need to move up here about to get that head to belly button type portrait shot. All right, next is the 200. This is my favorite one. Here, this is the here birdy, birdy, birdy. Like you want a bird to land on your finger. Arm completely outstretched, it's the length of your finger is gonna be the width of about a 200mm lens. And so it's like, "Do I need a 200mm lens?" All right, what about a bigger lens? A 400mm lens is an arms length okay. And so I can get Kenna's head in here, fully extended. And so if I want a head shot of Kenna, just like that, I'm gonna need about a 400mm lens from here. Now, not on here, if you can completely obscure it with your thumb, it's too far away. Okay, so if there's a bird on a tree over there or something, and you're like, "I'm gonna get a photograph, and what lens? Well, let's see. Um, no, no, no, oh, too far away." if you go outside at night and you put your thumb up, you'll be able to completely obscure the moon. The moon is smaller than your thumb. And so you would need something much bigger than a if you want to photograph the moon. So I realize that there are some people out there that are still saying, "Well, wait a minute. What lens is normal for my sensor?" Sometimes people who are new kinda get confused, and so the best thing to do is to think about what is the normal lens for you? Forget about the world and everyone else, and whatever the standard is. Just what is the normal lens for you? If you shoot full-frame, it's a 50. If you shoot the 1.5 crop, it's a 35. The four thirds, it's a 25. And then you think, "Okay, that's my home base." Everything in one direction as those numbers get smaller, that's your wider angle lenses. And if you were going to cut that number in half, that's gonna be a pretty significantly wider lens. And then when you go the other direction, you can double that normal lens, and that's a short telephoto. You quadruple it, and that's a pretty good telephoto. And you can multiply it by eight, and that's a really big telephoto. And do just think what's normal for you, what's a little bit in one direction, and what's a little bit in the other direction. And then if you want to pay attention to what other people are doing, then you're gonna have to do some math. But that's what's normal for you. So your learning project for this is your focal length comparison. And so what you need to do is you need to find a penguin, or a cat, or a water bottle, or anything that you work with for a while to shoot with different lenses. Photograph it up close with a wide angle lens. Photograph it from far away with a telephoto lens, and just really get to learn how your lenses work with the cameras that you have. And so there's the project four, and this is in the learning projects workbook that comes with the class. And there's going to be a whole little checklist in here, do this, do this. And then you can practice about what aperture, you can write down what aperture you shot at. And then there's ... we have a couple of tests in here. We have a number of tests that you can run in there. And just learn about how your lenses work.

Class Description

Short on time? This class is available HERE as a Fast Class, exclusively for Creator Pass subscribers.

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


  1. Class Introduction
  2. Photographic Characteristics
  3. Camera Types
  4. Viewing System
  5. Lens System
  6. Shutter System
  7. Shutter Speed Basics
  8. Shutter Speed Effects
  9. Camera & Lens Stabilization
  10. Quiz: Shutter Speeds
  11. Camera Settings Overview
  12. Drive Mode & Buffer
  13. Camera Settings - Details
  14. Sensor Size: Basics
  15. Sensor Sizes: Compared
  16. The Sensor - Pixels
  17. Sensor Size - ISO
  18. Focal Length
  19. Angle of View
  20. Practicing Angle of View
  21. Quiz: Focal Length
  22. Fisheye Lens
  23. Tilt & Shift Lens
  24. Subject Zone
  25. Lens Speed
  26. Aperture
  27. Depth of Field (DOF)
  28. Quiz: Apertures
  29. Lens Quality
  30. Light Meter Basics
  31. Histogram
  32. Quiz: Histogram
  33. Dynamic Range
  34. Exposure Modes
  35. Sunny 16 Rule
  36. Exposure Bracketing
  37. Exposure Values
  38. Quiz: Exposure
  39. Focusing Basics
  40. Auto Focus (AF)
  41. Focus Points
  42. Focus Tracking
  43. Focusing Q&A
  44. Manual Focus
  45. Digital Focus Assistance
  46. Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF)
  47. Quiz: Depth of Field
  48. DOF Preview & Focusing Screens
  49. Lens Sharpness
  50. Camera Movement
  51. Advanced Techniques
  52. Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance
  53. Auto Focus Calibration
  54. Focus Stacking
  55. Quiz: Focus Problems
  56. Camera Accessories
  57. Lens Accessories
  58. Lens Adaptors & Cleaning
  59. Macro
  60. Flash & Lighting
  61. Tripods
  62. Cases
  63. Being a Photographer
  64. Natural Light: Direct Sunlight
  65. Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight
  66. Natural Light: Mixed
  67. Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light
  68. Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light
  69. Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light
  70. Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light
  71. Quiz: Lighting
  72. Light Management
  73. Flash Fundamentals
  74. Speedlights
  75. Built-In & Add-On Flash
  76. Off-Camera Flash
  77. Off-Camera Flash For Portraits
  78. Advanced Flash Techniques
  79. Editing Assessments & Goals
  80. Editing Set-Up
  81. Importing Images
  82. Organizing Your Images
  83. Culling Images
  84. Categories of Development
  85. Adjusting Exposure
  86. Remove Distractions
  87. Cropping Your Images
  88. Composition Basics
  89. Point of View
  90. Angle of View
  91. Subject Placement
  92. Framing Your Shot
  93. Foreground & Background & Scale
  94. Rule of Odds
  95. Bad Composition
  96. Multi-Shot Techniques
  97. Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction
  98. Human Vision vs The Camera
  99. Visual Perception
  100. Quiz: Visual Balance
  101. Visual Drama
  102. Elements of Design
  103. Texture & Negative Space
  104. Black & White & Color
  105. The Photographic Process
  106. Working the Shot
  107. What Makes a Great Photograph?


a Creativelive Student

Love love all John Greengo classes! Wish to have had him decades ago with this info, but no internet then!! John is the greatest photography teacher I have seen out there, and I watch a lot of Creative Live classes and folks on YouTube too. John is so detailed and there are a ton of ah ha moments for me and I know lots of others. I think I own 4 John Greengo classes so far and want to add this one and Travel Photography!! I just drop everything to watch John on Creative Live. I wish sometime soon he would teach a Lightroom class and his knowledge on photography post editing.!!! That would probably take a LOT OF TIME but I know John would explain it soooooo good, like he does all his Photography classes!! Thank you Creative Live for having such a wonderful instructor with John Greengo!! Make more classes John, for just love them and soak it up! There is soooo much to learn and sometimes just so overwhelming. Is there anyway you might do a Motivation class!!?? Like do this button for this day, and try this technique for a week, or post this subject for this week, etc. Motivation and inspiration, and playing around with what you teach, needed so much and would be so fun.!! Just saying??? Awaiting gadgets class now, while waiting for lunch break to be over. All the filters and gadgets, oh my. Thank you thank you for all you teach John, You are truly a wonderful wonderful instructor and I would highly recommend folks listening and buying your classes.


I don't think that adjectives like beautiful, fantastic or excellent can describe the course and classes with John Greengo well enough. I've just bought my first camera and I am a total amateur but I fell in love with photography while watching the classes with John. It is fun, clear, understandable, entertaining, informative and and and. He is not only a fabulous photographer but a great teacher as well. Easy to follow, clear explanations and fantastic visuals. The only disadvantage I can list here that he is sooooo good that keeps me from going out to shoot as I am just glued to the screen. :-) Don't miss it and well worth the money invested! Thank you John!


Dear John, thanks for this outstanding classes. You are not only a great photographer and instructor, but your classes are pleasant, they are not boring, with a good sense of humor, they go straight to the point and have a good time listening to you. Please, keep teaching what you like most, and I will continue to look for your classes. And thanks for using a plain English, that it's important for people who has another language as native language. Thanks again, Juan