Fundamentals of Photography


Fundamentals of Photography


Lesson Info

Quiz: Lighting

We're gonna take a look now and see how well our class has done at figuring out what type of light is this? It's really not that hard, it's can you recognize what type of light this is? This quiz is pretty simple and I want you to play along at home, as well. I'm gonna show you a photograph. I'm gonna give you some options as to what type of light it might be. And you tell me what you think it is. I believe we're starting with Team A. Everybody on Team A get in position to assist your captain. And here is your first shot. I think we actually saw one pretty similar to this in the future, so take a look. Your options are on the left, it is one of those choices. Okay, the consensus is Open Shade. Open Shade, give them a point for that! (cheers) Okay, so there is no sunlight in here. We would need some direct sunlight for that to be Mixed. The Twilight, we're not really getting the Twilight in there. It's a blue day, it's a blue sky day, it's before sunrise, and it's all in nice, even ...

light. It's illuminated by the sky, so you can complain to me after class. (class laughs) All right, so let's see. Who originally. It originally started over there. They stole the point, but it goes back to them. 'Cause it's their turn for the next photograph, that was originally your photograph to start with. So, Team A, what type of light do we have here? We're gonna go with Front Light. Front Light, that is correct in this case. Side Light is not terribly wrong, because if we look, there's just a tiny shadow. The sun isn't perfectly in front, but it is very much in front. If you look at his face, it is predominantly in sunlight there. So that is a Front Light situation. All right, we're going back to B (laughing) for this. Your next photograph is right here. This is ours? This is B, this is B. Be ready to steal, A, if they don't get this one right. We're gonna go with Twilight. Twilight, this one I think is a little bit easier. We can see that beautiful blue, that deep blue in the sky there. Some of these are easier, some of these are harder. Let's go to the Maasai Mara in Kenya. How is this scene illuminated? Let's go with, we're gonna go with Backlight. Backlight, Backlight is the correct answer! See, our lion here is all evenly in shade, here. I guess you could say that light is not perfectly behind; it's a little off to the side. But it's generally backlit. It's all in even shade. Look at this little rim lighting that we're getting up here. So that's what you're looking for. What type of light on this? (clears throat) (murmurs) We're gonna say Overcast. Overcast is correct. Cloudy day, nice, even lighting, there's no distinct shadows in there. There's nothing that. You could argue that some of these leaves are reflecting some of that light up there. But it's predominantly an Overcast situation. We're going back over to Team A. We're going with Reflected. Reflected light is spot on, that is right. You can tell by the really warm color. If you can look really closely into his eyes, you might be able to see that there's some strong lights there. But you can tell he's in a dark environment and that nice, warm color is kinda telling on that. All right, let's go back over to Team B. And we're heading back, in this case, where are we? We are in the Serengeti now. What is our light source? All right. We're gonna say Overhead. Overhead light is exactly right. Look at that tree and look at where that shadow is. That shadow is right below that tree, tell-tale sign that it's coming straight down on that subject. Back over to Team A. Take a little trip up to Montana in Glacier National Park. We're going with Mixed. Mixed light is correct. We've got some spotlight coming in. We've got some places in the shadows here, probably some light reflected around. There's nice, good mix in there. Very good job overall, I think. There was a couple of missed ones, but it's kinda hard to pinpoint some of these exactly into categories. Generally, I think you guys did a great job. I hope you were paying attention and following along at home, 'cause I think it just helps you think about subjects. And now you can continue to play that game on the rest of the photos that you look like. How was that illuminated?

Class Description

As a photographer, you will need to master the technical basics of the camera and form an understanding of the kind of equipment you need. The Fundamentals of Digital Photography will also teach something even more important (and crucial for success) - how to bring your creative vision to fruition.

Taught by seasoned photographer John Greengo, the Fundamentals of Digital Photography places emphasis on quality visuals and experiential learning. In this course, you’ll learn:

  • How to bring together the elements of manual mode to create an evocative image: shutter speed, aperture, and image composition.
  • How to choose the right gear, and develop efficient workflow.
  • How to recognize and take advantage of beautiful natural light.

John will teach you to step back from your images and think critically about your motivations, process, and ultimate goals for your photography project. You’ll learn to analyze your vision and identify areas for growth. John will also explore the difference between the world seen by the human eye and the world seen by the camera sensor. By forming an awareness of the gap between the two, you will be able to use your equipment to its greatest potential.


1Class Introduction
2Photographic Characteristics
3Camera Types
4Viewing System
5Lens System
6Shutter System
7Shutter Speed Basics
8Shutter Speed Effects
9Camera & Lens Stabilization
10Quiz: Shutter Speeds
11Camera Settings Overview
12Drive Mode & Buffer
13Camera Settings - Details
14Sensor Size: Basics
15Sensor Sizes: Compared
16The Sensor - Pixels
17Sensor Size - ISO
18Focal Length
19Angle of View
20Practicing Angle of View
21Quiz: Focal Length
22Fisheye Lens
23Tilt & Shift Lens
24Subject Zone
25Lens Speed
27Depth of Field (DOF)
28Quiz: Apertures
29Lens Quality
30Light Meter Basics
32Quiz: Histogram
33Dynamic Range
34Exposure Modes
35Sunny 16 Rule
36Exposure Bracketing
37Exposure Values
38Quiz: Exposure
39Focusing Basics
40Auto Focus (AF)
41Focus Points
42Focus Tracking
43Focusing Q&A
44Manual Focus
45Digital Focus Assistance
46Shutter Speeds & Depth of Field (DOF)
47Quiz: Depth of Field
48DOF Preview & Focusing Screens
49Lens Sharpness
50Camera Movement
51Advanced Techniques
52Quiz: Hyperfocal Distance
53Auto Focus Calibration
54Focus Stacking
55Quiz: Focus Problems
56Camera Accessories
57Lens Accessories
58Lens Adaptors & Cleaning
60Flash & Lighting
63Being a Photographer
64Natural Light: Direct Sunlight
65Natural Light: Indirect Sunlight
66Natural Light: Mixed
67Twilight: Sunrise & Sunset Light
68Cloud & Color Pop: Sunrise & Sunset Light
69Silhouette & Starburst: Sunrise & Sunset Light
70Golden Hour: Sunrise & Sunset Light
71Quiz: Lighting
72Light Management
73Flash Fundamentals
75Built-In & Add-On Flash
76Off-Camera Flash
77Off-Camera Flash For Portraits
78Advanced Flash Techniques
79Editing Assessments & Goals
80Editing Set-Up
81Importing Images
82Organizing Your Images
83Culling Images
84Categories of Development
85Adjusting Exposure
86Remove Distractions
87Cropping Your Images
88Composition Basics
89Point of View
90Angle of View
91Subject Placement
92Framing Your Shot
93Foreground & Background & Scale
94Rule of Odds
95Bad Composition
96Multi-Shot Techniques
97Pixel Shift, Time Lapse, Selective Cloning & Noise Reduction
98Human Vision vs The Camera
99Visual Perception
100Quiz: Visual Balance
101Visual Drama
102Elements of Design
103Texture & Negative Space
104Black & White & Color
105The Photographic Process
106Working the Shot
107What Makes a Great Photograph?