There's a number of distractions that you can have in photographs. First off, you should try to avoid these when you shoot the photos as much as possible, but there is in some cases no way to avoid it, or you just didn't realize it and you're dealing with it after the fact. So there is a number of ways of just diminishing the things that aren't so good. Alright, so I like the big open space in this photograph but I have a couple of problems down in the right hand side, I had two different types of problems: I had sensor dust and I had a little bit of gunk in the water. And so, there's some distractions down here that I didn't really like. So I took out the sensor dust, and you can lock me up in Photoshop prison but I took out that little weed in the water, 'cause I just didn't think it was necessary there. If you go back and photograph it right now I guarantee you it's not there, alright? So for that part, it's pretty honest rendering of what this place looks like. So I did take those ...
out and you can use various cloning tools to take that out. There is a spot removal tool in Lightroom that is mainly designed for dust but can be used for other small items. It's not super versatile at getting everything out if you have a really complicated thing that you need to take out, like an ex-boyfriend or girlfriend, you're probably gonna need Photoshop for that, and that's will be on what we're doing in this class. Sometimes, there's just a lot of extra-space, you didn't have a long enough lens for what you shot, so that's distracting in some ways, so we wanna focus on our subject, so just simply cropping in is a factor that I don't like to do but sometimes you're forced into doing it because that's just the best you've got at the time. There's a Crop Overlay tool in every photo editing device, use it sparingly 'cause you are throwing away pixels at the time that you do that. So our main subjects are in the middle of the photograph and that's where I want your eyes to go, and I don't need them around the edge. It's okay if you explore the photograph here, but if I want to darken the edges a little bit it really keeps your eyes right there in the middle of the photograph. There's a number of ways of doing that adding your own vignettes. Where is the action here? And I'm just gonna add, just a very little subtle change to this. To adjust those corners to keep your eyes where I want the action to be. In order to do this, the Radial Filter can be used, you can also use the Adjustment Brush, if it's not a simple circle or oval, it's a more unusual shape that you wanna make it big. Be honest about yourself when you look at your photos, what's important, what's drawing your eye away from what's important. On the photo on the left, I felt that the sky was just a little bit too bright. It may seem very picky but I'm just adjusting those highlights and the whites down, so just that the sky is not quite as pure and stark white, as it is in the photo on the left. And it's good when you get picky, that means you're really paying attention with your photographs. Your eye is attracted to color, and the color in the background is kind of distracting from what we wanted here. It's very easy just to diminish the color a little bit, so I've selected the color and just diminished it, just a little bit so it doesn't draw your attention quite as much as before. Another way to do this is, you can add a little bit of a blur to the subjects that you don't want. This one is a little bit hard to see so let's blow this up so you can see what I'm doing here. There's a variety of ways that you can add a little bit of blur to your subject. Now, you can do a complete fake blur and do a fake shallow depth of field, but just going in, and throwing that subject just a little bit more out of focus than it already is, and it's just gonna tend for the eyes to go more to that subject that is in focus, rather than the one that's out of focus.