ISO, F-Stop, and Shutter Speed
So at this point, I'm getting perfect light. I'm getting a nice crest of light on the cactus. I'm getting that beautiful light back on the mountain. So, I have highlights on one side, I have shadows on the other side. The lake is a beautiful blue because the light is hitting at that perfect angle, and I'm getting this crest of light on all of my foreground elements. So, I'm ready to take the shot and what I'm doing here is I'm exposing at 100 ISO because I want to have the absolute cleanest photograph I can. The higher the ISO, the more grain, the more noise. The lower the ISO, the cleaner the shot's going to be. And I want this to be as clean as possible so I can blow it up as big as possible. So, you wanna keep your ISO as low as you possibly can. The second thing I have is my aperture. So, the aperture is what's going to determine how much I have in focus here. I want the cactus to be in focus but I also want the background to be in focus and they are a long way apart which means I ...
need a really large depth of field. So, I'm gonna take my aperture up, the number, up. I'm at F11. The higher that number goes, the more depth of field I have. If I take it all the way down to, like, 2.8 or F4, I'm gonna have very little depth of field and only the cactus will be in focus. I want the foreground, I want the cactus and I want the background all in focus. So, I choose F11, which means, I've got ISO 100 at F11. The only other thing I have is my shutter speed. That's what's going to determine my exposure because the other two control how clean it is and how much depth of field I have. And I'll determine what shutter speed I'm gonna use based on my histogram. Now the shutter speed is simply the amount of time that the camera opens up the shutter to receive light, and the longer that shutter speed is open, the more blur you get. The faster that shutter speed is, the more it will freeze action. Because I'm on a tripod, which I don't normally use but when I'm doing landscape, I will often do it. Because I'm on a tripod, I can take that shutter speed as low as I want. Meaning, I can go to a 50th of a second, or a 20th of a second, or an hour if I want. And so, right now, I'm going to choose an 80th of a second and the reason I'm choosing an 80th is because I can see inside of my histogram right here, that at an 80th of a second, I don't have any shadows clipping on the left-hand side of my histogram and I don't have any highlights clipping on the right side of my histogram.
AFTER THIS CLASS YOU’LL BE ABLE TO:
- Understand how to use your camera in manual mode
- Observe your setting, time of day, and whether to apply appropriate settings on your camera
- Shoot and edit images in HDR
- Make quick adjustments to take your photos from good to great
- Navigate within and between Lightroom and Photoshop with ease
ABOUT JARED’S CLASS:
Nature photography can be awe striking - a seemingly impossible combination of serendipity, expensive gear, and finesse. However, you don’t need to have to be Guy Tal, Gary Hart, Frans Lanting or a National Geographic photographer to capture beautiful images in the natural world.
In How to Capture and Edit Landscapes in Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop, professional photographer and educator Jared Platt gives you a jumpstart into the world of outdoor photography. In practical and focused lessons, Jared takes you on location to shoot in natural light and back into the studio to learn simple adjustments and tricks to make your images truly stand out.
WHO THIS CLASS IS FOR:
- Photography enthusiast
- People who want to take better pictures on their travels
Adobe Photoshop CC 2019, Adobe Lightroom CC 2019
ABOUT YOUR INSTRUCTOR:
Jared Platt is a professional wedding and lifestyle photographer from Phoenix, Arizona. Jared holds a Masters of Fine Arts in the Photographic Studies and a Bachelors of Fine Arts in Photography from Arizona State University and has been a professional photographer and college educator for the past 12 years. His attention to detail and craft make him a demanding photography instructor. Jared has lectured at major trade shows and photo conferences as well as at universities around the world on the subjects of photography and workflow. Currently, Jared is traveling the United States and Canada teaching and lecturing on photography and post-production workflow. Join him online for monthly "Office Hours" at www.jaredplattworkshops.com.