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Lesson 7 from: How to Draw

Cleo Papanikolas


Lesson 7 from: How to Draw

Cleo Papanikolas

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Lesson Info

7. Measurement

Lesson Info


Here's your trophy. You're gonna look at it. You're say, huh? How do I draw that? I think I'm gonna use a to be pencil. Gonna show up a little bit better. Normally, I'd go for the H because I'm used to it. But don't you b four b show it better s. So the first thing you do is just, like block something in. You know how we just put something down trace around it. Just to get something on the paper is like, Okay, so I know it's got a circle up there and that Scott, a couple of arms and something goes down and there's a base. And I'm not sure what's going on with this circle in that circle, There's a There's a cylinder. I know. So I marked that out, and then there are some other kind of They're all right. I've got that blocked in. Now what? I definitely need to straighten something up, don't I? Okay, well, how do I send or something? And straighten it up. Now, if you're used to using illustrator photo shop, all of these online drawing tools, you say, Oh, well, you just drag, drag guide. Or...

maybe you hit, You know, click it to make it go to center. Um, we could do that to this analog way, so I mean, to use the edge of my finger, put it on the edge of the paper, get a little fuel for it because you don't want to get a paper cut on your finger. It feels like it's gonna be too sharp. I'm not eyeball where I think the center is. Fortunately, I have a clip right there. I'm like, OK, that's the center. I'm not gonna move my hand. Page over. Ready? Put that down. Oh, I was pretty close. Look at that. Was only that far off. So now I know where the center is. Right in between those two lines. Okay, Now I'm gonna look it. I'm not gonna trace this one. I'm really gonna measure it. So here we go. Ready? And see if we can measure of this. Have you ever seen people doing this? Ok, real artists, this is what they're doing. You have to lock your elbow. You have to lock your wrist. You have to sit still straight and keep your head in the same position. Because this is going to be your point of reference Measurement. This is your ruler. It's always stays the same. And it's like the one consistent thing. If you go like this and the next thing you measure, you go like this. You're not gonna get the same measurement cause you're using two different rulers. So So they're sitting straight. We're locking it. We're looking to this. We're going, I think my whole ruler from the top to the bottom. But when I close and I'm always closing the same I zbig So you can I kind of like, dig my fingernail into my pencil a little bit. So I've got a line. Now you have two choices. One is you can take that measurement and you can set it exactly down on your paper. And you can decide this is how tall my trophy is. Yes. Hey, held that up and I'm putting the top of it on the highest thing I see. And I'm putting the bottom mark on the very lowest thing. I see. I don't It doesn't matter if it's like the front thing or the back thing. And I make that mark my dog wife, pencil my fingernail in there. So I know that I put it on there. That is how big the trophy is that. I see. Okay, we have one measurement drawing from eyeballing. Something is really just all about measuring now, I would say Okay, how big is just this silver part? Do the same thing. I'm gonna think I'm gonna start on the back here and I'm gonna go to the front. Hold that there. Okay? I can set it down here if I want. And I could make a line or if you don't always want to draw things that are exactly the same Ties is your pencil. You may want to branch out a little bit. You this as a whole, and then you have to use, like, ratios. So I think my whole is going to be this big. And I'm looking at this. I think it kind of looks like quarters. Or doesn't it? So, as it turns out, let's see, that's how big the top of minus. So it's 12 there's or thirds so 2/3. If this is the height as a whole, what is 2/3 of that? I think it's gonna be maybe more like here? Yeah. The base of my trophy is going to be more like here. Look at that. I just eyeball that really pretty far off. I thought the base was down here, but actually, that base is very tall. So you're checking up on all your measurements? Okay. You don't need to leave all the extra lines. Okay, so I've got a center line, I've got the base of my trophy and I've got the top of my trophy. Okay, now, let's see. I think I want to dio just the round part. That's that's from here to here. OK, so if my whole trophies are big, just the round part, it's probably about that big. Okay, let's fix that up a little to race ones doesn't work. And what about just to this part of my trophy? Uh, let's see. Now you can start. Once you get some good basic ones down, you can start comparing if I know the inner bowl of my trophy is that same size. I put it down here, say, Oh, this measurement is just a little bit smaller than this measurement. So that's that big. That's that big. Okay, so that's the base of my trophy. Okay, I've got some good basics. Okay. I know this comes out like that, you know, that comes out like that. So then that must be there. If I wanted to, I could keep measuring. But I'm not that particular. I know that this comes actually, let's do a parallel line. Okay? So now I'm going to say the edge of this to the edge of that is that parallel. Hold it up straight. And then you can just kind of move it away from the trophy and look at it in relation to yourself into the world. Yeah, actually, that's pretty straight up and down. If the top of the trophy stuck out a lot more and the base was very small, I would have gone like this. Centers that Oh, look at that. That's an angle. And I could actually put my angle down, but in fact, mine's pretty straight. Okay, so I think this goes about that far, and then this I drew that really small, and actually, that was a mistake. That is pretty big because it has this extra big lump here like that. Okay. And let's just do one more measurement. Let's get how long the arm lore. Okay, that's about that big. What do I have already that I've measured? That's about that big. That's a little bit more than 2/3. So that was my 2/3. The arms were about that big. Wow, The arms, the trophy. There are a lot whiter than I thought they were just by doing my drawing, eyeballing they actually go out about that far. Okay, Now I'm going to just erase any of these ones I got really long. Okay, So that's your measuring tool in the analog world in the computer world, do you deep dragging guides and using your measuring tool. But we can dry guides here too. So remember how we centered this. Now we can also do that as many parallel lines is we want. Here's one. Here's one. I think I want the other side of the trophy to stick out as far as this side. So I'm turning around. Here's one and I want this handle to stick out as far as this one. Hey there. I'm gonna dio Hey there And then these ovals are another problem. These are called ellipses now. Ellipses are always kind of a problem for beginners because it's really hard to get what's the right angle. And it's also hard to measure them in relation to each other. So I'm gonna show you this is too advanced for you. Don't worry about it. I just want you to know that this exists when you look at something. This is your eye level. Your horizon is your eye level. Perspective on ellipses. If you held this up to your eye level, this will be totally flat. If you move it towards you are away from you these ellipses air going to change in this crazy perspective. So basically, the more you look down into something closer to a round circle, it is so yeah, like that. Okay, actually, that's upside down. Okay, so I'm gonna say my trophy, even though it's sitting on the table, I'm going to say this line across the top is pretty close to flat. Just because I wanted to be okay, erase everything else And then I know as I looked down on these things, all these ellipses are going to sequentially get a little bit whiter now. You don't have to worry about this There are so many good drawings that have totally wonky ellipses. So if you don't like doing this type of perspective, you don't have to do it. Okay? But I just thought I'd show you that it exists. This is one of those notes that you just kind of take some notes in the margins. If you want to come back to it later, check it out later, okay? And then now I've got things really lined up pretty well. So I'm just gonna fill in the rest of my drawing how I want to. Okay, Gypsies. There we go down there. Okay, so that's the basic. Got some pretty heavy lines. Now I can repeat everything we've just learned. If I want, go back, straighten up my lines as some shading make it look rounder. Follow that example where? You know, a cylinder that's a cylinder, Cohn, not to cone. That's just the basics of measuring and eyeballing it to draw from real life.

Class Materials

Bonus Materials with RSVP

Drawing Tools & Materials List
Color Tools & Materials List
Candy Drawing
Lightbox Drawing Photos

Bonus Materials with Purchase

Line Quality
Sharks Drawing

Ratings and Reviews

Lt. Cmnd. Data

This fun course is perfect for the beginner that wants to learn how to draw with pencil. Cleo had lots of great tips and techniques that are easy to employ and you can get started with whatever supplies you have around the house (back of the envelope and a #2 pencil..). It is great to have more fuel for my creative habit!


I thought this course was great! Cleo broke down the fundamentals of drawing in a way that was easy to understand. I was particularly impressed by the different tracing paper techniques and using the pencil as a measuring tool. After taking this class I can now look at drawings and identify the techniques that were used to accomplish them and that's an awesome feeling :)


This class is fantastic for getting you off and running for a daily practice of drawing and DIY exhibition. The range of techniques that Cleo goes over are easy to follow and enable you to create something that has potential! I am inspired to apply what I have learn in this class right away. I primarily work in the digital space, so spending time developing analog skills with an experienced instructor has been so valuable for me and my work. And as a side note, I loved focusing on everyday things (keys, scissors, etc.) and bringing out the character and beauty of those objects in our drawings.

Student Work