Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud® Intermediate: Beyond the Basics



Lesson Info

Object Styles

I want to talk really quickly about object styles. We're gonna talk about text styles in just a little while, and text styles are huge. Object styles, I forget to use sometimes, and I wish I wouldn't because they actually save me a lot of time. It's something I tend to not think about ahead of time until I'm doing the same thing for about the 20th time, and I think, "Why don't I have an object style?" Well, the great thing is, you don't have to start from the beginning. You can wait until it's suddenly a pain point and you realize, "Oh, I really need to do this," and that's what happens to me a lot, but I'll set it up so that I realize, "Wow, I have done this five times already. "Why have I done this?" Maybe it's something like a ... Let's do a text frame, and maybe we're doing a sidebar. All right, so we've got a text frame, and we've got some text in here, and I'm just going to go ahead into the Text Frame Options, and I'm gonna give it a little bit of an inset, and we'll go ahead an...

d give it a color as well. We'll give it a background color, so let's just go to my Swatches panel, make sure we're working with the fill of the container itself, and let's just do cinnamon here, and we're gonna make it lighter. Let's make it 50% cinnamon, and when I talked about color in the intro course, I said once I use a tint, I want to keep that, so I remember, what was that, 50% or 40%? As soon as I put a tint in there, I tend to hit New, New Swatch, and it gives me a 50%. I'm gonna grab it and put it right under cinnamon so that all my colors are together. Okay, that looks good, I think that's good. Maybe I'll even give it a drop shadow. When they first came out with the drop shadows in InDesign, it was like everybody had to have drop shadow on everything. It was like there was a congressional mandate, we must all have drop shadows. I'm gonna come in here to the Effects panel, and go down to Drop Shadow, and I'm gonna say, go ahead, I'm just gonna leave everything that's there and just say OK, just so I have a drop shadow. That's what my sidebar is gonna look like. Well, if I have a sidebar every three pages, I don't want to have to do this every time. I might also, in a sidebar, I'm probably gonna go back and use that auto-sizing that we did, and say, let's size it by the height from the top. I say OK, so that when I come in here, and I delete something, my sidebar auto-sizes for me. I could also set the width to be a certain width, right? So we come in here and say, let's make it a fixed width. I want it to be one column, and always five inches wide, so now I can't even make this five inches unless I jump to another one, but I don't worry about accidentally changing it, right? Even when I pull it down, because I told it to auto-size, it says, "Nope." It just snaps right back up. It says, "Nope, it's supposed to be the size of the text." As I add text here, let's go ahead and put, I think I had some text in there still, it's gonna go ahead and size it. But the great thing is, I have this set up, and now I can say, "Great, "every time I create a new sidebar, "I want to just click it and assign that." Let's actually do that. I'm gonna put a little bit of text in a frame, and that's it, and now I say, "Okay, great. "I want to make sure that that looks "exactly like the other sidebar." What I need to do is create an object style. I'm gonna go up under the Window menu, go down to Styles, and choose Object Style. What we learn here, we're gonna see, looks very similar, when we start working with paragraph styles as well, so that it's sort of the same concept. You have a basic style, and in the case of object styles, you have a basic graphics frame style, and a text frame style. Well, this is a text frame, right? So it says it's a basic text frame, which is just built into the application, but then I have this little plus, and that tells me there's also overrides. Well, the overrides are all the things I did, the drop shadow, the auto-sizing, everything I did to the frame itself, and it is built into this. So it says, if I click the option, it will get rid of my overrides, so it'll go back to exactly what we had before. I don't want that. I'm gonna undo that so it comes back. What I want to tell it is, everything I did here, let's make that a style. That's how I deal with styles. You'll see that with paragraph styles as well. When I'm working with styles here, I don't go into the style and try and create it from scratch. I create something on the page and then say, "That's what I want, make that a style," because I can always go back and keep tweaking that style. Maybe I don't like orange, maybe I don't like the drop shadow, I can keep changing it and redefining it. If I've already assigned it to five other objects in my document, as I make those changes, it changes everywhere, so we start to see the automation happening. So we're great, I have the basic text frame, and I'm gonna come down here to the Create New Style, I'm gonna hold down my Option or my Alt key, and what that does is, instead of just assigning it a name, I get all my options, which I need to look at. It looks like a lot. I know that's a lot of things. You think, "Oh my god, it's gonna take forever," but most of the stuff we need is already done. Basically, we need to give it a name. Let's call it Sidebar. Maybe not all in caps would be good, let's do Sidebar, and I'm gonna leave pretty much everything checked that's here because it says, "Okay, you've got transparency?" I have transparency, I have a drop shadow, but it's already turned on because I created the drop shadow on the frame already, so I'm just gonna leave it, that's fine. I can make changes here if I want, but I don't need to. You'll notice almost everything is checked, but one thing has a dash in it, and what does the dash mean? Check obviously means, "Yes," there's a stroke, or a fill, or whatever, and unmarked means, "Nope," we're not gonna have an outer glow, and inner glow, whatever. So a dash means, I may use it, and I might not. It doesn't matter if whatever I have is in there. It won't show it as an override, 'cause what happens is, I make a style, and any change I make to it locally is an override. So if I say that, and I change the drop shadow just on that one frame after assigning the style, and I change the drop shadow, it's gonna go, "You have an override." Well, you don't want that. The whole point of making a style is so it exactly adheres to the style, and makes changes. What this tells me is, "You might have a paragraph style." You might be using a paragraph style in it, you might not. You might be using a different one. It doesn't matter, it's going to ignore it. But what I generally do, if I'm doing a text frame like this, and, say, the sidebar, I want to make sure that every time I use the sidebar, I also use the paragraph style that I've assigned to sidebars. Maybe it's called sidebar. In this case, we don't actually have a style set up, but I would just click this so that it says, "Yes, agree with that." Then I click on that, and this is where I choose the style. I would choose it, and there would be one already in the list because we would have set that up ahead of time, most likely. We can do it from here, but instead, I'm gonna keep clicking this 'til it goes back to a dash. I don't care if, whatever text style it uses, I don't care. Does that make sense? If it's there, it says, "Just ignore it." This one here, Frame Fitting Options. I don't have any frame fitting options on this because it's a text frame. We're not gonna really worry about it. Text wrap, so it says, "Yes," if I have assigned text wrap to this sidebar that I'm creating it from, then I want it to always have that same text wrap, but if I set this to check, it means maybe the sidebar will have text wrap, and maybe it won't, and if it does or doesn't, it won't show as an override. It still conforms to the style. Again, it just depends what you want in there, but the great thing is, everything I've created, already there. The only thing I want to do is come back here, and I want to tell it that I want to apply this style to the selection. I can look at everything here. These are just the same items here. I can see what it is that I have set up, so it even shows me, what do I have for a fill? I have 100% tint of the color 50%, right? I can actually see all that in here if I want to. I'm not gonna worry about it. I know it's there because I was basing it on that style, but I do want to apply the style to the selection, meaning, the frame that I have selected, I still have to apply that style, and it will let me do it from here. I say OK. Now that style is set. Now, I have a couple different options. I can go around, and tag everything, and change the style of each item, which I can do here to this one. When I decide this needs to be a sidebar, I select it, and I come over here to sidebar, and I just click Sidebar. Now it's formatted, so now, even if my frame was super long, let's say this was really tall and didn't even include all that text, I hit Sidebar, boom, it jumps right back up 'cause we have that built in. That's there. The other thing I can do is, I can say, "Okay, I want every new text frame I create "to be a sidebar," or whatever. Maybe I have a five-column text and I've done all that automation. I don't want to have to draw that every time I create a new text frame. I'd like it to say that every time I create a new frame, it's this style, so I grab this little icon, this is the text one, and I just drag it down to that one. That becomes my default. Every time I create a new text frame, you notice, I did text frame, it automatically changed it. I create a new text frame. Oh, look, I tried to make a tall skinny one. It didn't work 'cause it says, "Hey, it needs to be five inches." Hit some text in there, boom, it's done. Now, I did fill it with placeholder text, which gets dangerous when you have the auto-fill turned on because it kinda doesn't know where to end, right? It doesn't know when to shut up, so I'm gonna come in here and just paste some text in there. Again, it's already set to the size that I need it to. I've told it that's the default. You might have one that's your three-column text, you know, and then that's your default, and then, when you need to change it to something else, you select it and say, change that back to a basic, change that to a sidebar. Does that make sense? Those are object styles. I also have one for graphics frames. If I have a version set up for graphics frames, I decide every time I create a new shape, I want it to be green, and I want it to have, say, a really thick stroke of a different color, let's come in here to our Swatches panel, and choose a different color for that, let's use the red one, that's beautiful, I love it, let's do that, I can say that that's what I want to be my new style. Create New Style option so it opens up, and I'll just put Shape, whatever, and I'll drag this down and say every new frame I create, whether it's a circle, or a square, or a polygon, it automatically has that ... (laughs) that shape already set up, and it did not. Why did it not? Shape, that's what I want it to be. Let's try that. Shape, and let's create a new one, shape, and for whatever reason it's ... Oh, you know what, it's overriding it probably because I had all my other settings already set up here. I just need to click with the Option or the Alt, and it will clear that and create that shape. It's because I have a default already set up. Sometimes, it interacts with each other. So those are the object styles. Does that make sense? Any questions out there about object style? I don't think we have anything for object styles. We had something come up, we've had a few people chime in on this, so maybe now is a good time to touch on it, but Jay Vidual originally posted, but Christy in the chatroom also wanted to know if you could go back a second to when you talked about using the multi-pane trick. Jay Vidual wants to know, can you use the multi-pane trick for general frames? For just creating frames? Yes, does that make sense? Yeah, I use the gridify here. I just created that. Let's actually start that from scratch. We'll do this. I just start drawing it out and use the up and down arrow keys to create those multiframes. I can let go, and those can be anything. Those, right now, are just frames. I could just leave them like that. They're actually all individual. They're not connected together. They're individual items. I can delete them, move them, do whatever I need to with them. It's just a quick way to draw those frames. I could grab this, like I said, before I put images in. I could put images in two of them. I can even change these, make those text boxes, if I want to, so I can do that as well. It's just a quick way to throw things in a nice even grid, and then they're just objects, same as if you drew them all individually with smart guides and lined them all up, absolutely. Thanks. Sure, and one thing I didn't mention on that is, when you're using that gridify, you can actually gridify text frames. I talked about using threaded text frames, say, as captions, maybe names underneath pictures all the way across. You got, you know, a grid of five by five photos on each page with names. Well, to make a quick grid of linked text frames, you can use the gridify feature on text frames. If I start drawing out a text frame, and use the up and down arrow keys, and draw those out and let go, not only are there text frames, but they are linked text frames, so if I actually show my text threads, I can see that each of those are linked, left to right and top to bottom. That's a quick way, if you just want, say, three text frames on the page, I do that all the time. When I just, all right, I want three of them, I don't really have time to think about drawing those out, boom, now I know they're threaded, and I'm ready to go. Fill with placeholder text, and I'm good to go. Yeah, they work for text frames as well. It's just a quick way to get the items on the page.

Class Description

Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud® enables you to create rich documents and layouts that combine graphic elements, images, and text. Advance your design skills with Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud® Intermediate: Beyond the Basics with Erica Gamet.

In this class, Erica will help you tackle complex design projects and share best practice techniques in Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud®

You’ll learn how to:
  • Manage multi-page documents and use master pages
  • Automate your workflow and save time
  • Select character and paragraph styles
You’ll learn about advanced exporting options and she’ll offer tips on taking advantage of the extensive selection of assets in the Creative Cloud® Libraries.

If you’ve mastered the basics are are ready to advance your design skills, don’t miss Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud® Intermediate: Beyond the Basics with Erica Gamet.

Level: Intermediate/Advanced. Recommended prerequisite: Adobe® InDesign® Creative Cloud® for Beginners

Software Used: Adobe InDesign CC 2015.1