How to Get Better at Lightroom® Over Time
And here we are with the final episode of Lightroom CC Photo Editing. And so this is where we're going to wrap thing up. Before we get into kind of a wrap up session, let's look at three features we just didn't have time to cover in the other sessions, then we'll try to summarize things and just kind of wrap it up. So, if you by chance just joined us today for the first time you happen to go to Creative Live, you happen to click on hey what's live and you saw this class, know that this has been a 20 day long class that happens over four weeks of time. And so for those that didn't see all the previous sessions I just want to give you an idea of what we've covered thus far. The first week we tried to give you a firm foundation of knowledge for just how to think about Lightroom as a whole. We talked about how it works differently than other programs and we also talked about things like the Lightroom catalog file, what is it, what's contained within it, and should you have one of them or m...
ore than one? We also talked about basic adjustments and things like printing that first week. The second week we covered adjusting and organizing your pictures, so if you want to organize projects, that type of thing, we showed you how to do it during the second week. The third week we ended up covering special features in Lightroom. That's where we learned how to view all of our images on a map or have Lightroom recognize people's faces within our photographs so it can tell us who's in our photos and we also looked at how to merge multiple images together into let's say a panorama or a high dynamic range image. Then this week, the first day we talked about searching for your images, where if you had done some of the work that we talked about in previous sessions, that if you know how to use the search features within Lightroom it should take you only a few seconds to find any particular memorable photograph. We then looked at some start to finish examples of images where we just looked at what were all the features that might have been used to take a raw capture that came out of my camera that didn't look all that great and turn it into something that looked dramatically better and we just explored what were all the features used. Then we looked at how to extend Lightroom by adding plug-ins to it that adds additional functionality and we covered a bunch of tips and tricks. Then yesterday we covered troubleshooting, 'cause there's a whole bunch of things that can go wrong when you're working with any program, and so we try to look at as many of the different issues you could run into so you knew how to fix them before you run into them. Then we come to today and today was just called how to get better at Lightroom over time. It's just pretty much where should we go from now and a little summary. But before we do that, I want to get into Lightroom and show you three features that we simply did not have time to cover in any other session. So, let's switch on over to Lightroom. If you have a tablet in this case I have an iPad Pro, this could be any kind of iPad, there is a mobile version of Lightroom and I'm not sure how many platforms it's available on, but I'm assuming it's available on others. It's been available on the iPad for quite some time. I want to show you how to get your images from the desktop version of Lightroom to the version that's on my iPad and how I can adjust my images on the iPad and do other things and have those changes sync right back to Lightroom and how some of the fundamental design principles of Lightroom makes that possible. So, first I'm going to create a collection, or I can work with an existing collection, and what I'm going to do is find a collection of images that I'd like to be able to see on this device. And here I have a bunch of images that I captured in an area called the Palouse which is just visually interesting images like this one. I want to get those onto my iPad, now to do so there's a couple different steps I need to do. The first is I need to tell Lightroom that I want to use Lightroom mobile, the mobile version of it and one way of doing that is to go up to the upper left corner of your screen where you have what's called your identity plate and if you click on your identity plate this can drop down, this is where you can pause Lightroom trying to recognize faces in your images, this is where you can pause Lightroom so that it no longer looks up the GPS data from your photos to find out what country and what state and city they were captured in, and right above that I can either turn on or pause Lightroom mobile. We need to have that so it does not have the word paused here, it therefore it knows that we want to use Lightroom mobile. Then I believe also in our preferences there's a preference section right up here called Lightroom mobile. So, I went to the Lightroom menu and chose preferences, if I was on Windows that would be under the edit menu and here is where it knows what my username is, and this is where I could sign in to my Lightroom mobile account. All that is in general is it's you typing in your Adobe ID, that's a username and a password that identifies who you are as far as your Adobe account goes. Once you've done that and you've gone to your identity plate to make sure it does not have the word paused over here, next thing you can do is go to a collection in your collections list, and on the left side there will be a tiny little square, if you hover over it you'll see almost like a little lightening bolt appear on top, if you click that area then it's going to start syncing that particular collection to Lightroom mobile. You can either click on that little square in the far left or I believe if you were to right click on one of your if you were to right click on one of your collections you also have the choice right here called sync with Lightroom mobile. It does the exact same thing as clicking the small square on the left. Now you should be aware though that that little square is not available for smart collections. If you remember when we talked about collections a smart collection is in essence a search that automatically collects images that match those search results and that little area will not be available if it's a smart collection. And if you're not used to using smart collection, a smart collection looks like this. It's like a normal collection icon but in the corner it looks like a gear and if that's what you see then you'll find that you cannot click on the left edge of it to make it sync. Now, when I click on one of those and turn it on, up in my identity plate you'll find that it says it's syncing a certain number of photographs and as long as you're on the internet that number should slowly count down. When it's syncing a series of photographs what it's doing is it's creating a smart preview of each of those images. The same kind of smart preview you could manually create yourself by selecting your photographs going to the library menu and coming down here to previews where you say build smart previews. It makes those. The next thing is does is it takes those smart previews and it sends them onto Adobe's servers on the internet, you can call it the Adobe cloud if you want. And then the next time I take my device here and I launch Lightroom mobile it ends up connecting to the same server and it looks to see which series of collections have I told it to sync up to the cloud and after some time, after it's done getting all those images up they should eventually appear over here. Now, just so you know I've already done that to a few of these because the internet in this particular room is not the fastest on earth and so I didn't want to wait too long for it to happen, so if you look at my list of collections, you'll find that i have this one called the Palouse that's the one I just turned on, and if you notice the little icon that it put there, do you see three little periods under it? That means that it's in progress, it's not done sending all those images up to the internet but down here I have another one and you notice it doesn't have three periods, that I believe means that it is still, I mean it's completely up there. I have another one up here for Iceland and I also have it turned on, so I have it turned on for a total of three of my collections. Now what I'm going to do is I'm going to switch to my iPad and in my iPad I have already launched Lightroom mobile. The first time you launch Lightroom mobile, it will ask you to sign in. And all it will ask you for is your username and password and if you use the same username and password that you have for your Adobe ID, that's the same thing we're signed in from this desktop machine for, then it knows what account you should be working with. Now here I see I have my Lightroom mobile and I currently see two of my collections, I see Iceland and I see Yoga Karen 'cause those are the two that I did previously when I was on faster internet and it was able to get them up there. Eventually I'm going to see the other one that I told it to sync. So, hopefully by the end of this demo we might see one that says Palouse. I see it still has two more photos that it's syncing, one more photo, it's almost done getting them up onto the cloud, but while we're waiting for that to happen, let's look at what happens with images I already have here. So, here are my collections and on the left side here I'm gonna click on the one called Iceland and when I do you see one of my pictures and the other ones aren't quite there yet, that's because right now it's trying to get on the cloud, the Adobe servers and download what we need. Now, there is a cloud icon near the upper left of my screen and if I tap on it, right now it says syncing is paused, it looks like I don't have a network connection. That means while we were waiting here, this particular iPad somehow slipped off of wi-fi. So, it will take me just a second, I'm gonna actually connect to wi-fi. And once I get on wi-fi that's when it's gonna be able to look up on the cloud and start to download those images. Hopefully that just takes a second, yup, switch right back, if you're not used to switching between apps quickly, if you press the button on the front of an iPad twice you can switch between apps, but notice once I got on wi-fi and I got in here it relatively quickly loaded all these images. Now, the problem with this is if I were to click on one of these images to view it, you will find that often times as you're switching between these, I'll swipe between them, sometimes it will come in looking like a kind of blurry or low quality image and it will take a while for it to load and that's because it's going on the internet and it's requesting a higher resolution preview and so on occasion you'll find when you try to switch between these that it might take a while for the sharp version. There is a way around that which I'll show you here in a moment. In the upper left there is a left pointing arrow and that means go back a level, so if I tap that left pointing arrow, I just went back to the thumbnails of these images, I tap the same arrow again and now I'm back to the collection list that I had. And you can see now that the Palouse, that other collection I told it to sync is now appearing if I tap on it, you can see it can take a little bit of time so when I tap on a photograph it's not always going to look sharp at the first moment. I'm gonna go back a few levels, back to my list of collections and there's a few settings that we have related to this. If I go to any one of these collections you'll notice three periods over near the right side, if I do that then I'm going to see some options appear and one of the options within this popup is enable offline editing. If that's turned off, then it means it's gonna get the thumbnail images for these images and the larger sized previews on demand, meaning only when I try to review those photographs. So, if I tap on enable offline editing then it's going to go up to Adobe servers and it's gonna specifically request every image that's in this collection to download the full preview and therefore I can work on these images even when I'm not on the internet. So, if I'm flying on a plane and I don't have wi-fi on that plane I can still view and work with my pictures. But if I didn't turn on enable offline editing, then if I'm not on the internet, I probably won't be able to at least edit those pictures. So, I'm gonna tap that and it will give me an idea of how much space that will take up on my device because you only have so much storage and I'm gonna choose download. While I'm doing that you'll see that it is downloading them, I see a blue progress bar, do you see the word Iceland, and just below it the blue progress bar, and there's a number on the right side telling me how many of them it's finished downloading. So, if I was about to leave my office, I was about to get where there was no wi-fi, I can't get on the internet I would be tapping on the three periods and I would choose enable offline editing for each one of these and I wouldn't leave my home until that progress bar was done and if it was then I'd be able to edit these images later. So, what it's doing in that case is it's downloading smart previews for all of these images and smart previews is what allows us when we're in the desktop version of Lightroom to edit our pictures when the hard drive that contains them is not connected. Well, having the internet not connected is the equivalent to that when it comes to the iPad version. So, let's go in and look at some of what we can do here when we're in the iPad version of Lightroom. I'm gonna tap on this collection here and I'm gonna choose one of the photographs and down at the bottom of my screen there's some options. First you'll find three periods near the lower left corner. If I tap that, that toggles in between being able to rate and flag my images and the three periods on the right side of my screen now, it will switch over to allowing me to adjust the pictures. So, to control what's on the bottom, tap the little triple period thing to switch between rating and adjusting. When it comes to adjusting on the far left will be a choice called filmstrip which will act just like the filmstrip on the desktop version of Lightroom so that if I want to switch between images quickly I can do so just with a tap like this. The next icon over is cropping and if I tap on that, this is looking at the data that Lightroom sent it which was a smart preview which represents the original image and you can see that this image has already been cropped. I cropped it when I was in Lightroom but it remembers the rest of the information that's in there just like Lightroom would because remember Lightroom does not change your original pictures at all, it only writes down what you've done with some text and that's what this is reading in. I could always change the cropping here if i wanted to. The next icon over is called presets and if I tap on that now we have different categories of presets down here near the bottom and let's say I tap on the one called B&W for black and white, it will give me little previews of what various presets would do to my images. These are not the same presets I have in Lightroom like if I create my own and all that, this is a special kind of set that's in there. But each one has a preview and all you need to do is tap to apply it. Now when I make that change, if I'm on the internet, Lightroom is right now taking a tiny text file that's about seven to ten K in size and it's sending it up to their servers and as long as this computer is online it's downloading onto this computer so if I were to view the exact same image here on my desktop in a few moments it should update to show me that it's being black and white. We don't need to switch that screen yet 'cause it hasn't updated yet, I can let you know when it does. But because of the way Lightroom works where it writes everything you do down in simple text and it leaves the original pictures untouched, then as long as it's transferred to the smart preview over to this machine, when I make any change to it, the only thing it needs to send back to my desktop machine is just a tiny little amount of text and then this machine creates a new preview by interpreting that text which tells it the changes I've made. And so it's really nice that you can adjust your pictures on the iPad if you want it to. So far we've only used presets, let's tap on the next icon over which is called adjust. When I choose adjust on the left side of my screen will be an icon and if I tap that icon, these are the various sections of adjustments I can apply. These are some of the same general names that you might find in the desktop version of Lightroom and they work the same way, they are the exact same adjustments. So, I can come in here and we'll work with the basic adjustments here. If I drag my finger across near the bottom of the screen I can see all the various choices that are usually found under the basic tab. If I tap on one of them, then just above those names, you'll find a little kind of scale that's there, almost like a ruler with a little white dot on it. I'll tap on the white dot and drag and as I do I'm changing the setting that's there and the picture is updating so I can fine tune this image and I can use the same basic adjustments that are found in Lightroom. Now we don't have all of the adjustments that would be in Lightroom, if I tap on that icon on the far left there's only a select few. But over time they've been adding more and more, so who knows, a year from now maybe we'll have almost the whole set, it's hard to say. Then when I'm done adjusting the image if I want to get back to looking at my thumbnail images in the upper left is where we have that left pointing icon or arrow, it brings me back to to my thumbnails and if I tap it one more time it brings me back to my list of collections, so that's how you navigate. And you can freely adjust any of these images, you can rate them, all that kind of stuff which can be rather nice. Now there are a few options when you go to the upper left of the screen. First off there's that little cloud icon and it tells you what's going on. Right now it's still syncing and it says it's downloading 16 images and because it's downloading 16 images is why it took a moment for my laptop to update. I can see that the image now on my laptop looks black and white. So, that change did make it over there. It would have gone much faster if it wasn't trying to send these pictures to my iPad at the same time. If you know you're about to get on a wi-fi that has limited bandwidth like you use a cellular connection, maybe you're sharing the connection from your phone to your iPad and you don't want to use up a lot of your bandwidth, you can pause the syncing and do other things if you tap on the letters LR that's the Lightroom icon up there, you're gonna find some options in here, one of which is sync only over wi-fi and I have that turned on, that way if you have a cellular connection on your device it's not gonna suck up that, it'll only do it when you're on wi-fi. Couple other options that are in here, there's a choice called auto add photos and auto add videos. What that would do is if I take a photograph using this device, using my iPad, it would automatically add that photograph to Lightroom and since Lightroom syncs up with my desktop, it means I would automatically find it in my desktop version after a while. It would send it up to the Adobe servers and eventually send it down here to my laptop so I'd have it on both places. If you would like to organize the images that you're shooting from this device, then in the upper right you'll find a plus sign and if I tap there, that's where we can create a brand new collection. Tap okay and now I have an empty collection, doesn't have any photos in it yet. Go to the collection on the right side, you see the three periods, I'll tap that and look at the options, there is a choice called add photos which would send me to my camera roll, you know the actual photos that are on this device and I could pick which ones I want to add or right there it says enable auto add. I'll tap that and hit enable and now anytime I take a brand new photograph, that's the collection it's gonna go into. So, now it knows where the picture should go and all I did was go to the upper right of my screen, that's where I found the plus sign to create a new collection, I tapped on the little periods next to it and said enable auto add. You could also in the same menu rename or remove a collection. And you can create a bunch of collections in here if you'd like, want to organize your images. So, now I'm gonna come in here and see if this works at the very bottom of my screen, there's also a choice called add photos and that would mean add from this device, photos that are already existing or there's a camera icon here and I'm gonna click the camera icon and it's asking me if it can use my camera, I'll say yes. Let's to back to Lightroom, you only have to allow it access once. I'll hit the camera icon now, come on allow access, and I'll just take a picture to prove that that one became black and white. Now that I took my picture, and it doesn't have to be taken within Lightroom, what I'm gonna do next is in the upper left we have a left pointing arrow, that will bring you back a level and now that photo has been added to that collection that was called iPad photos. In that I can be using the normal camera app and just over time as I take more photos it will be added to the collection. Come in there to one of my images. If I want to share an image, I want to email it to a friend or do anything else, I can navigate to it in the upper right is a share icon. That one that looks like an up pointing arrow. In there I can say save it to my camera roll because the ones that are coming here from my desktop version wouldn't be in my camera roll yet. I can open it in a particular application, edit it in a different one or even remove it. Hit left pointing arrow to navigate back. So, now that it's done syncing all my pictures, let's see if it's any faster when I edit things to have them show up on my desktop. I'll tap on another image and I'll go to the bottom of my screen to the presets, I'm gonna choose a black and white preset, the only reason I'm making these black and white is because it's visually obvious. So, I make it black and white, go back a level, back a level and I'll let you know when my desktop updates, but it should be taking about a 8-12K little text file, bringing it up to the internet and as long as this computer is online it should bring it down here and then Lightroom will dial in those exact same settings in the develop panel, all it does is read the text file to figure out where they should be and right now I just saw it turn black and white on my screen over here, so what'd that take, about was that 30-40 seconds, something like that? So, it can be really nice. Then I come over here to my desktop version and I can see my two black and white images, I'm gonna hit the letter D to go to develop on them and if I look on the left side of my screen then under history, it will say the very top choice says from LR mobile, which means the last change that was made came from the mobile version of Lightroom and if I don't like that particular version the step just below it in the history should be what it looked like right before that. I click on it to say, no I want to get back to that and now it's updated the image. If I go back to the other image and do the same thing, hit D for develop and go just one step back in my history, it should come back to color and now since it realized I made a change to the image, take a while for it to update, if you look on the thumbnail you'll find the little lightening like icon right there, that means it's syncing with Lightroom mobile and you see the little tiny periods underneath that means it's in progress, sending that change over to the mobile version. And if those, see those three little dots just disappeared, that means it should be done, at least getting it up to the server, so I could close my laptop now and I know that it would be on the server. If I come back here and I view the same collection, I don't see them in color yet, I can still see them black and white. But in a few moments it should be able to get online, grab that little text file and reinterpret those two images, well if I tapped on it, it was only the thumbnail versions that weren't but now they're back in full color here. So, it's really nice being able to do that, being able to get it over here. So, if you want to have your portfolio of images here to be able to share with friends, show them whenever you'd like, you can do so. Now that's not the only way that we can get it on another device, get it off of our computer in an intelligent way where it stays synced. Let's look at another. I'm gonna take one of the collections that are already being synced to Lightroom mobile and what I'm gonna do to it is right click on it within the collection list on the left side of my screen. When I right click on it, that's where you see the choice of sync with Lightroom mobile, remember that does the exact same thing as clicking the icon near the left, you can toggle it off or on, but there's another choice when I right click that's just below sync with Lightroom mobile, and that's called Lightroom mobile links. And with that I have the choice of viewing these on the internet, on a web browser. So, if I choose view on web, it should launch my web browser, and send me to a special webpage where I can view the same images. Now when you first get there, the first thing it would ask you to do is sign in. It would ask you for your username and password the same that you use for your Adobe ID on your desktop and on your iPad and it would bring you to a screen that looks like this, it's called welcome, which just lets you know that you could add files right here if you wanted to by dragging and dropping, then they go up onto the cloud onto Adobe servers and when I got home, they would download to my desktop and they would download to my iPad the next time I launched those devices. And it gives you a little bit of information about different things you can do but if you really want to look at your photos, you were just looking at the welcome screen here, you tap on photos. Now on the left side you'll see the list of all the collections that I have made available to Lightroom mobile. And do you remember when I took a photograph from my iPad, well here it is, iPad photos, I can view it. And if I want to see my images from Iceland, no problem. Now here you notice it took a little while for those images to show up, 'cause it's going online and it's saying hey we need those thumbnails, we need those smart previews and it's slowly downloading them. I'll switch between them. All right, if I click on one of these images I'll see it large and I can rate it down here at the bottom, or flag it which can be nice if you, there's gonna be a way you can send this to a client and the client could rate or flag your images if you showed them. In the upper left is an edit button and if I click the edit button, I'm gonna come into kind of a mobile version of Lightroom, it will be limited but the first time you launch it it can take a little while for it to load, but on the right side of my screen I'm gonna have a lot of the same choices that I find in the normal version of Lightroom, it will just be a more limited set of them and just like when I was on the iPad, I can adjust the picture, same general stuff and if you look in the upper right it's the same general controls, we can crop, we can use presets, or we can adjust. So, again if I go to crop, just like on the iPad I can see the rest of the photo and I could modify my cropping. Just go to presets and remember before I had black and white presets, similar kind of set up here. So, once you're used to the iPad version, it's pretty easy to get used to this version. But since everything is happening online, on occasion it feels a little bit more sluggish whereas on the iPad if I have had it, so I have it set for offline editing and it's downloaded everything, this feels much faster to work in than this does. In the upper left there's a choice called save and exit, I'll click on that, then we're out of the editing screen and in a moment it should be back to my image. If I use the arrow keys on my keyboard, I could cycle through the various images that I have here and therefore if I'm sitting with a client, the client could rate these images. But let's say I went to that black and white image we had. Down here at the bottom you'll also find a heart symbol where somebody can like it or this one is the cool one, they can comment on it. So, if I click there, over here I'm gonna be able to add comments but I don't think it knows who I am at the moment as far as being signed in, but on the right side bottom is where I can do my comment and I'm gonna say, "I'm not sure that I like it in black and white, the red really drew my eyes." So, I can write that, I just press return or enter and now check it out, it keeps track of who I am because I'm signed in with my Adobe ID, so it knows who I am, and it puts in my comment. Then, let's take this image, we're gonna close it. In the upper right you see a little X to close. So, we're down in our Creative Images, we can continue switching between different collections and doing more commenting, more adjusting, all that kind of stuff. And now let's switch over to the desktop version. Do you notice that already it's black and white? That's from the adjustment that was applied in the web browser. Not only that, but there's these icons that appear on top of an image, these and just in case you're not aware of these, I should cover them quickly because we actually haven't covered them in other classes. This one means that the image has keywords attached, so it's searchable with these keywords. The next one over means it's part of a collection, it's contained within at least one collection. This one means it's cropped. This means it's adjusted. And this last one is special, it means it has comments. You remember on the web browser I made comments, so I click on that image, in those comments along with the adjustment got transferred over here and what I'm gonna do is when I'm in the library module on the right side of my screen usually the bottom most section is called comments, but I hid that section because I was giving you tips and things about how to customize Lightroom at one point and I hid the comments 'cause I rarely use them. So, if you don't see comments down there, go to an empty area, not where the triangle is, not where the text is, but the empty area next to it and if you press the right mouse button, if you have any of these panels hidden, you could control their visibility, but right there is my comment. Now this could be comments from more than one person. So, it could be clients discussing what they do and don't like about the image. And then I can go up here to add a new comment. Maybe I'll take this image and I'll pull the black and white feature off of it, I'll say, "Fine!" since I made the change initially. So, now I can do that and if they were to go back to the web interface and look at that same picture they can see the same comment next to it and if there's more than one person logged in on different Adobe IDs, they'll have different faces and different names over here. So, I'm gonna first go to the develop module though and get our color version back, otherwise I might forget not to. I hit D for develop and again you see from Lightroom mobile, that's where the change came and I'll just click one step before that to say no I didn't like the change. Now when I do that remember whenever you see the picture, if there's three little dots just below that little lightening bolt, lightening bolt means that this is going to Lightroom mobile, the three dots means it's not done sending information there. So, if you expected to see that information, wait for the little dots to disappear before you close the laptop or you get off the internet because it's still sending info. You wouldn't lose the info if you closed the laptop, it just wouldn't show up on the web or on the iPad until you reopened your laptop and you let it sit long enough for that information to transfer over. Now if I want to share that with other people, there's a couple things I can do. If I right click on the collection, remember I first went in here and there was a choice called Lightroom mobile links and I chose view on web. Now that's a private link, that means I need to sign in with my Adobe ID to see it. I can create a public one though and there's a choice here called make collection, it would usually say public here, I've already done so, so it has the opposite word, but usually right there it will say "Make collection public" and that's what allows other people to be able to see it, people that have other Adobe IDs and therefore other people can comment. Once you chose this choice that would say make collection public, then eventually once it's done changing the setting right here, you can say copy public link. And that means copy the web address so I can email it to somebody else. So, therefore I can email a client and say hey would you go and look at these images, I paste in the link that it provides and put in your comments and rate them and then I see the results, the ratings and the comments directly in this version of Lightroom. So, I can copy my link or I can go to view on web. And this is what they would get when they paste in the link. So, in the upper right it can show me who it is that's signed in, but if I was someone else other than me signed in then usually you can have a photo attached to your profile and if they end up commenting on my images I can see exactly who it is that's commented which is rather nice. So, that is Lightroom on the web. Yes?
So, the whole thing about public, but even when it's public, only the people you send the link to can see it, is that correct or no?
But if you send the link to somebody else and then they get on Facebook and go hey my friend just sent me this link, check it out and paste it in on Facebook.
Oh, so anybody with that link could--
Anybody with that link can get to it, yeah. So, I haven't tested out all the features of it though so I don't know every little nook and cranny in unusual instance of it. But as far as i know, if somebody else forwarded that link to somebody else, they'd easily be able to get in as well, so, yes? Four, all right, number one.
In general, what is the size of a preview file?
Well, I actually would have to look it up because what is being sent here is what's known as a smart preview. It's not tiny, I would say it's most likely about the size of your screen, but I just don't know off the top of my head, so I'd actually have to look it up 'cause I don't want to give you wrong information. If you want to find out, I would do a Google search for Lightroom smart preview size and see if you can find that information out.
When you create a collection from your mobile device do they behave just like the Lightroom collection where it's not duplicating the photo.
It's not duplicating the photo, that's right, there's only one original, well but it is sending the original over here and so I can access it from this side, but it is very similar to the other types of collections.
Okay, also when you create the collection that you're going to share on the web, can you watermark it?
I'm not sure that I could watermark it because it is the original that it's referring back to. So, that's not the way I would share my images with the general public. It's the way I would share it with clients, but I'd have to think about is there a way to get a watermark on it, because that's grabbing the photo direct, it's not going through things like the print module or other things, so I don't believe so. I'm not sure. Now just so you know, when I set up a collection on the iPad, you remember I created a new one and I told it it was okay to import photos, auto import them, and I took one photograph, then that showed up when I was in the web version of Lightroom, well now here I'm in my desktop version, let me show you where it shows up. If I go on the left side of my screen to my collections list in this case, it has a collection set called from LR mobile, that means it's coming from the mobile version of Lightroom and right here it says iPad photos, if I click there, there is the photo that I just took on this device, it automatically came over here and these other ones here are just because I've demonstrated this in the past and I've used these particular names. Those wouldn't usually be there if this was your first time using Lightroom mobile. This would only be ones that you've actually added to the collections from within the mobile version. And if I right click on this and say show in finder or go to folder in library, it will be able to show you where it's thinking the original is, here. And so anyway, you can see those images on your desktop version, you just need to drill down into this area called from LR mobile to see where they are. So, if you end up doing that, also there's a mobile version of Lightroom available on the iPhone as well which is where you might take more of your photographs and if you want to be able to adjust them using some of the same features of Lightroom and see them over here, that's one option for doing this. For me personally, I don't have big enough data plans for all my devices to be sending all my photos over the internet to here so I personally don't use that where it auto imports my images, but if you're around wi-fi most of the time and all that, it's no issue or if you have a huge data plan. So, that's two ways that we can get our images out of Lightroom on the desktop onto an iPad or a web browser, but all the changes that we make in those other areas come right back here, the comments, the ratings, the adjustments, all that kind of stuff. Now there's one other feature I'd like to mention and that is called publish services. We first find some images to work with here and then we'll go into publish services. Publish services is where I can automatically upload my pictures, well not automatic, I have to click a button, but directly upload my pictures from Lightroom to services like Facebook or Flickr or if you have a Smug Mug or Zenfolio account, you can get them to upload to that. And we can also have them kind of automate the way they get saved on our hard drive. Let's take a look. On the left side of my screen when I'm in the library module is a choice called publish services. If I expand that area, here's what we have. I have a few of these already set up and just to the right of the word publish services, there is a plus sign. If you click there you get a menu to appear and here it's listing the services I already set up. Here do you see it says hard drive iPad pro albums, that's the same thing that's over here. So, these here are listing the ones that are already set up and if want to create a new one, I go to the top. So, if you don't already have these choices in here, you probably don't, you choose the very top and this looks complicated but what it really is is it's an abbreviated export dialog box. When we talked on I think it was the last day of the first week, we talked about printing and exporting your pictures. When we exported our pictures we talked about making presets for it and it looked just like this. These are many of the same options. So, let's see what we can do. First let's do one to our hard drive, let's say you're gonna have a folder on your hard drive that's always for your portfolio and you don't want to have to launch Lightroom to get to it you want to have some jpegs saved out that are always sitting there ready in a folder called portfolio and the reason you want them there is because often times people ask you in email for example images and such, and you want a folder there to grab from that you could just drag over to email and very quickly send to people. So, to do that, I'm going to go over on the upper left side and there's an add button. If I click add, I can tell it what type of service we can add. I'm gonna do one that's called hard drive, which means it's gonna save it so somewhere on my hard drive and I'm gonna give this a name of portfolio for email, just so I remember why it's there. I hit create and now it's thinking about the settings on the right side of my screen and up here that's just the name, portfolio for email, below that means where on my hard drive should I have it save those images, so I'm gonna hit the choose button and I might put it in here so that maybe it's in my pictures folder or just on the base level of my hard drive, just so it's easy to get to, and I'm gonna hit choose. Then it wants to know should we put it in a sub folder? And I'll say sure, let's put it in a sub folder, just called portfolio, so it's not just sitting there right on the base level of my hard drive, it's within something else, and so we got our location set up, next is file naming, should we leave the file names the same, or would you like it to rename them? Maybe you want it to rename them so that it's the name of your business and then a number because you don't want people to know necessarily the date and the location you shot it in, whatever. For me, I'm gonna leave the names alone. Next it wants to know should you include video files? So, if I selected like 30 images in a folder and I didn't realize there was a video file, should it skip that one or not? I'm gonna have it skip video. Here's our file settings, I want it to do a jpeg file. I'm gonna make it so the quality is maybe around 80ish, so the file size isn't too big for email. And if this is not for somebody that's a professional when it comes to imaging, SRGB you should use here, even if they are a professional, it's fine to use, it's just more essential if they're a non professional. And down here I can resize to fit so instead of exporting a full size image, I'm gonna do one that's 800 pixels by 800 pixels and it means just fit within that amount of space and that should be okay size for email. You know it's just a standard kind of emailish size. Here we can choose sharpening for on screen, that's great. And metadata, this means how much of our metadata should be included, do I want to have all my keywords and my location information and all that included or do I want to have maybe just copyright and contact info. And then finally at the bottom, should I watermark the images? 'Cause that's personal choice of yours, some people just love watermarks on everything, proof only, proof copy or whatever, or your logo, that's up to you. Some people love watermarks, some people hate them. There I can put a little watermark on them. So, these are many of the same options we have when we create an export preset. It's no rocket science there. Then in the lower right, I'm gonna hit the save button. Now on the left side of my screen I should have a new publish service called portfolio for email and now if I wanted to include some images, let's say they're my travel shots, so I grab some of these, I'm just gonna drag them on top of that, and when I do watch the number on the right side of there, do you see it just went up to ten? 'Cause that's the number of images I just dragged on top of this. So now it thinks that there are ten images that it should export to my hard drive into the folder where I told it to put them, at the size that I specify. But it doesn't just do it by me dragging it on top of that, I need to click on it now. And you see how where it says new photos to publish. That means these are ready, we've selected them but it hasn't actually done it. So, in the upper right is a button called publish. I'm gonna click that and as I do, now you see up here it says updating. Now it's actually running an export, it's creating those jpeg files and it's putting them into that folder on my hard drive, and as it finishes you'll notice that the images get removed from this area called new photos to publish and they get moved down here to a section called published photos, that means they already reside in that folder. Come on, keep doing it. And then once it's done, or even before it's done, if I want to add additional images at any time I can navigate my hard drive to any place I want to and I can pick a few extra images and drag it on top of there and it's not gonna automatically create those in addition. No, I'm gonna have to click on the name on the left side and they're just gonna be more photos up here called new photos to publish and in order to actually get them to save them out, I have to again hit the publish button. But it's nice that it remembers where the folder is, it remembers what size I wanted it to be, and possibly even their file names. So, now we have them and if I were to go on my hard drive to that location, that took me to the originals, let me go to the actual location where I told it to take me. But if I open portfolio, here are the actual images, these are jpegs sized to the exact size I told it. And so therefore I have them sitting there all ready, any time somebody wants me to email them or something else, they'd already be there. I don't have to launch Lightroom or anything, they're there. But what if later on I decide I'm browsing these images at some point, I get to this image and I decide I want to go to the develop module and I'd really like that to be brighter. So, I come in and maybe I grab the adjustment brush and with the adjustment brush I dial in the kind of change I think I want and I make a change. There, I like that much better let's say. And so I go back to G for the grid and now if I were to revisit that what's called publish service, and click on it, look at it, what does it say? Modified photos to re-publish. So that it knows I already have a version of that picture that's been saved out, but instead of showing it down here under published photos, it's already there on my hard drive it thinks this is the only one of those that's been modified and if I hit publish it will now replace the one that was in that folder with this updated one. But then let's say I grabbed that and again I went to the develop module and I said well this middle part's a little too bright, so I grab my adjustment brush, I come back in, and I paint in some sort of a change. And I go back and if I click on that thing again, the publish service again, it said modified photos ready to be re-publish. Well, that's such a small change it's not worth having it output another picture so I can click on it and I think I can right click, although it will take me a minute to find it 'cause it's not very often I use this. There's a way to set it as mark as up to date, here it is, mark as up to date. And that means ignore that change I just made, make it think it's up to date. So, when I choose that it goes back to the bottom where it's called published and it did not update. Now I can create additional areas in here, maybe instead of just having a generic portfolio, maybe that's my best pictures, I want to have one for landscapes, one for portraits, one for weddings and all that. I can always go over to this area where we have our publish service, I can right click and just say create published folder, which means use the same settings that are for this publish service, and if I create a new folder, just give it a name and I'll call it Landscapes. Hit create and then I'll go and try to find an image to put within it, let's call this landscape and I'll drag it on top and I'll hit publish. So, now you notice how we have portfolio and we have landscapes. Well, if I were to go back to that section of my hard drive, you can see that we have portfolio and inside of portfolio is now a sub folder called landscapes therefore I could have different subject matters in there as well. But if you look here, there's one of these that's in italic and that's like the base folder, and the other ones are not italic they'll be sub folders. I don't have to put any pictures in the base folder, that could remain empty if I want and just use those sub folders. But to do that I did a right click and say create published folder. What's cool is you can also have a smart folder, which means it does a search and it says only five star images that were made in the last year or something like that, it's the same general choices as a smart collection. So, we've done that for my hard drive but we could also do it for online services like Flickr, Facebook, or if you have where you sell your photographs through Smug Mug, that kind of thing, we can do it. And we do the same thing, you go to that plus sign to the right of the word publish services and say go to the manager and on the left side you can click add and when you do instead of choosing hard drive you can say something like Facebook. Now, I've already done that and if I click right here on the word Facebook, let's not save, there Facebook, you can see the settings I have and it's the same general settings that we were using when we did it to a folder, except for right here we have Facebook account. And in here there was a button originally called authorize in Facebook and when I clicked it my web browser launched and Facebook asked me do you want to trust Lightroom to change things on Facebook? I said yes and then it came in and came back like this, authorized, and it had the name of my account. After that then the only other things that are different in the settings are here you can tell it to put it in a particular album on Facebook as opposed to your timeline, your general timeline, in there. And I don't have any albums set up, so therefore, doesn't let me choose them. And then you could also give it a title but most of the time you can just leave that stuff blank, but other than that we have the normal options that are here. Now, I'll click cancel and let's see if it's any different when we publish to Facebook. I'll grab a photo that I'd like to publish, I'll drag it on top of this, I actually have to expand it so I can see it, there it is, it's called wall photos, I'll drag it on top and it's go the number one there just like with the folder I click on it and it says that's not published and in the upper right I'm gonna hit the publish button. And right now it's actually getting on my Facebook account and it is publishing that, it's posting it on my timeline and just like when we used the web version of Lightroom where people could comment on it and things, if they comment on Facebook, those comments would appear right over here. Now if on Facebook you end up creating other galleries, I think you can create a gallery from here if you right click in this area and say create collection, I think it will allow to like, I can create a collection, here's my album name. So, if you wanted to go into a particular album on Facebook. I have an album of of course those yoga shots I take of my wife, it's called the Yoga Gallery and I could have it set up for that as well and you can set the privacy, so is it only friends that can see these, or is it everyone? But these are settings that are specific to Facebook. If you have any existing albums, here's where you can choose them. So, here's my yoga series. Hit create, and now if I wanted to put them in a particular gallery, there's one for my yoga series. So, you can set this up, can be a nice way to work, it all depends, some people love publish services, some hate them. I just wanted to close that, I was clicking the minus side instead of the collapse icon. All right, so those were three features, the iPad version, the web version, and publish services that we didn't have time to cover in any other session. So, I just wanted to make sure they're in there somewhere. Now, let's go and think about some closing thoughts because we've been going now for what 20 days, 20 different sessions every day. So, what's really the things to think about? Well, let's think of some best practices. What are the ideal way to think about working in Lightroom? Well, first thing is consistency is key, at least for me, I found when I wasn't consistent with the way I worked, my Lightroom catalog was a mess, if I went to a folder that was a year old I'd have no clue what I'd done to that folder in the past, I'd have no clue what was ready to show the public and I'd have all sorts of issues. But the more I started developing consistency in my workflow, the more organized I became and the more confident and comfortable I was, where I now I can go to any folder of any shoot I've ever done, and literally in less than a second tell you how many images are ready to show the public and start showing a slideshow. I can tell you exactly how many are ready, still need to be adjusted, and that type of thing. But part of that's consistency, and here are some of those elements. First, I want to have a unique and useful file name for every single photograph so that there are never two photos with the same name, because otherwise when somebody tells me that the client wants this particular photo and they're saying it in text, they should be referring to one photo, not on of many with that name. And that's why I don't use the file names that came from my camera, I rename them as I import, my personal choice is to use the year, the month, the name of the shoot, and then a number. But you should think about what would be best for your situation. You might also need the day in there, you might also need the initials of the person that shot it because you have a lot of people that shoot, and in the homework I have a thing where I try to talk you into brainstorming, what are the various things that you might need to keep track of so that you can come up with your own unique filing set up. Then after having your unique file names, I work with standardized folder naming. So, we know a standardized system to use. And here are some of the aspects of mine, again in the homework, I try to walk you through how to come up with your own in case mine doesn't quite align with what you do, but I create sub folders that have the names of in progress to contain all photos that are not done yet, you know they still need to be worked on. I create another sub folder called outtakes and that's where I get an image, I've already evaluated it and it's just not ready for prime time. The public should never see this picture, the eyes are out of focus or I adjusted it and it just didn't look good when I was done. I drag it to my outtakes folder. Therefore I know exactly how many images are in the outtakes who don't need to waste any more time looking at them again. I don't throw them away yet because who knows, maybe the image of that particular scene that I thought was going to be better, just doesn't work out, and it ends up being an outtake as well. And I'm like oh man, I better go mine my outtakes to find the best even though it's not really what I wish it would be. Or sometimes I need something out of the outtakes to use for retouching. I need to grab a tree out of one of my outtakes to put on top of some thing I need to remove out of a photo. Then I have another folder called support images and that's where I put images that were used in the creation of other pictures, meaning they're the individual exposures that you ended up merging together into a panorama. The panorama is your end result, but the images that were the originals go into support images, that folder, because that tells me don't delete them. That tells me if the software ever gets better and I decide I want to restitch that panorama with newer software, I'll know where to go and find it. Or I take a raw file, I open it in Photoshop, I do retouching and other things to it, well where does the original raw file go? It goes into support images. I also have a folder called personal images which is where I put images that are only special to me that I wouldn't want to share with the general public and therefore I am ready to show a slideshow of this subject at any time and the personal images are not included. I add two dashes after a folder name if it's not included in the system, and that just means this is not using the system of in progress, outtakes, and all of that, that's where I just took pictures of my car I was about to sell. I'm never gonna expect those to be done, I just don't want to throw them away. And so two dashes means not part of this system. All right, then we're going to take advantage of as much automation as possible in Lightroom because it's going to save us time and energy. That means we're going to use smart collections and we're going to organize our key words so that they have parents and child kind of relationships to them and by doing so we're gonna save quite a bit of time because if I put every image that was a reject kind of image into a folder called outtakes, then suddenly I can have a smart collection that collects every single image that's in a folder called outtakes, even though it's in multiple hard drives worth of photographs and suddenly I can do select all and remove smart previews and free up a whole bunch of space. Those kinds of things we can do only if we're smart about our file naming and our folder naming. Then usually I think of backups and we haven't spent a lot of time on that but I try to have redundant backups that are kept up to date. My main drive that I use right now it's known as a Drobo, it's got more than one drive within it and if one drive fails it's backed up on the other drives already, so if one drive fails I haven't lost anything. And I just put in a replacement drive and it repopulates that drive with what it needs. The alternative to a Drobo, 'cause that's a particular brand is known as a RAID system. I'm about to switch as far as I know to a RAID system when I get onto my vintage bus. At the moment as far as I know I'm gonna end up with the synology 1515 plus, if you just happen to want to know what model, doesn't mean that that's the perfect one for you, but everybody asks, what do I use, so I'll let you know. I also have an onsite backup, that means a second copy because if something happens to my Drobo, somebody pours water into it or it gets kicked onto the floor, whatever, I want a drive I can just grab and go with, and I have that drive sitting right here on my desk 'cause I just grabbed my back up when I left so I have all my images if I happen to need them. That's I think a seven terabyte hard drive right there. Also I have an offsite back up, where not only this one which is usually onsite, I have one just like it that I copy to and whenever I leave to go somewhere, it's usually when I go to my in-laws, I bring that drive and put it there so that if my house burns down or whatever I haven't lost all my work, instead I have a back up of my main storage and I got a back up off site, and if so I'm starting to feel somewhat safe. Then when you're working in Lightroom it's important to keep Lightroom in the loop of everything you do. That means after you import, you make all your folder and file name changes in Lightroom, instead of in your operating system and therefore Lightroom stays in sync with what's happening there. Anything that you do in the folder area of Lightroom is also done on your hard drive, so change the name of a file there, it changed it on your hard drive, changed the name of a folder, it did the same thing on your drive. Drag images between folders and it'll move them on your hard drive. So, there's really no need to do it outside of Lightroom, if you do Lightroom is just gonna be confused and it's gonna expect pictures to be where they used to be or in their old file names. Then like I say, when you move files, do it within Lightroom. If you're going to open an image in Photoshop to edit it, do it from within Lightroom. In Lightroom if you go up to the photo menu, there's a choice called edit in and it'll say Photoshop right there as a choice that will send it to Photoshop to do some work on it. When you're done in Photoshop, you can just type command S, or control S in windows to save the image, it will save it right back to the original location and Lightroom will automatically import it, so it will just be sitting in Lightroom afterwards. Then when you save from Photoshop, let's say you chose not to open an image starting in Lightroom, instead somebody emailed you a file, it's a file that's not in Lightroom yet and you just open it in Photoshop 'cause a client wanted to talk about it, do whatever, you made changes and now you're going to save that image. There are two file formats I save my Photoshop images in. You can use either tiff or Photoshop. There's no quality difference between the two. Most of the time I use tiff for a couple reasons, one is Photoshop has a maximum file size of two gigabytes, that's Photoshop, tiff it's four gigabytes and therefore if you work on a really huge file, I work with a lot of light paintings that are multiple exposures combined together, and I can have a whole bunch of layers in there and sometimes the file size really gets huge, if so tiff is what I might need to use, and there's a couple other advantages, but there are no big advantages in that if you're used to using Photoshop file format, you're good to go, don't worry about it. It's only if you run into a limitation of Photoshop file format, might you decide to use tiff instead. If you ever re-edit a layered file, what that means is you made a file in Photoshop, it has layers, you see that file in Lightroom and you try to open it in Photoshop again, what that means is you click on it in Lightroom and you go up to the photo menu, there is that choice called edit in, and you say edit in Photoshop. It might ask you for some options, whenever you try to open a layered Photoshop file, a little thing comes up that just says what do you want to do and when that happens or if that happens, choose the choice called edit original. There'll be three choices and the bottom most one will be edit original and if you choose that it's going to open it as if you never closed it from Photoshop, you'll still have your layers and do everything else but the other options that are in there are special options that I would stay away from for the most part, it's the bottom most choice when you open you're image called edit original. If something doesn't seem to be in sync, you're like I know there's that picture in this folder, it's not showing up in Lightroom, or you know somebody made a change to that image, maybe using Bridge or a different copy of Lightroom and it's not showing up, then you right click on a folder and wasn't there a choice called synchronize folder. And that means compare what is showing up in lightroom to what's actually on my hard drive and make sure they're in sync. Something got out of sync, that's where you want to go. Then file formats, just a very quick mindset overview. I think there are three file formats that are good, what I call working file formats and those are a raw file, and if it's a layered file it would be a tiff or a Photoshop format image. If the next thing you're going to do is open that picture and make further changes, and those further changes are going to happen not in Lightroom where it leaves the original picture untouched, but in Photoshop, then I would limit myself to these file formats. What that means is I don't use jpeg file format as a working file format. If the next thing I'm gonna do is open it in Photoshop and make additional changes and save it again and then a week later I'm gonna open it in Photoshop, make additional changes and save it later, then I'm gonna limit myself to these file formats because jpeg file format degrades the quality of your picture every time you save over the original and close the file. So, it's a good delivery file format. When you're completely done with your picture and you want to send it to somebody else and they're not gonna open it, make more changes and save it again and open it, make more changes and save it again. Instead they're just gonna print it, or they're just gonna put it on the internet. Then jpeg is a great delivery file format. And if you're gonna deliver your files, most of the time I deliver my files in jpeg or tiff. If I want to choose between the two, jpeg is most common and tiff is if I know someone else is going to continue working on my picture and they might make radical changes 'cause it never degrades the quality. Then there is one format a lot of people ask about, it's called DNG, that stands for digital negative and it's a file format Adobe came up with and I don't use it all that often but it can be useful. I think of it as an archive file format. What do I mean by an archive file format? I mean when I'm completely done with the project. What do I do with the original files? I can convert them to DNG, it's just a menu choice in Lightroom, convert to DNG I think it's under the either library or photo menu and there's two versions of it, there's lossless and lossy. If I'm gonna use it, I would take my outtakes, your outtakes are the pictures that you probably never need to look at again and when I'm completely done with the project, I could convert them to DNG using lossy version. If I do that the file size, since it's lossy, is gonna go down dramatically and I'll save a lot of space. My original really good pictures, the ones that are on the base level folder, the ones that are ready to show the public, if I want to I can convert those to DNG as well but I would not use the lossy choice. I want to maintain as much quality as possible. So, that's just a little bit about file formats, I'll give you more detail in the handbook for this particular course. A couple ideas about finalizing a shoot or project. Let's say I have a folder of images, I have an in progress sub folder and that folder became empty, I'm done processing all the images and as I was finishing up those images that were in the in progress folder, the ones that did not end up being ready for prime time, I drug into the folder called outtakes and those that were ready for prime time, they were great images, I put on the base level folder. We talk about that when we talked in a previous session. How do I finalize that shoot? Well I don't have to finalize it, I can just let it sit there. But if you want to think about some things you could do, here are a few things. First if I delete the folder that was called in progress 'cause it's empty, that's a way for me to say this project's done, if I ever go to a folder and there just is not a sub folder called in progress I think that there's no work left to be done with that folder. The hero images, those are the ones on the main level, like if I just click on the name of the base folder, those are the ones that are ready to show the public. As I mentioned before in a previous session, I try to stack any similar images. If I took five pictures of the exact same flower, with slightly different positions, I want to make it so there's only one showing up, the others are stacked so that I'm ready to show a slide show at any point and if I show a slide show the person watching it never gets bored because they're like why am I seeing five shots of the same flower, slightly different angles. Instead they see the one best shot of each composition, we talked about that in our previous session and I also consider rating them. I try to add keywords to all of my hero images, by hero images I mean the images that are on the base level folder, those are the only folders ready to show the public. I try to make sure I add key words to all of them. That way they're all searchable, I can find all my best images. The outtakes folder, I mentioned on a previous slide I might convert them to lossy DNG, that's a possible option, but I'm definitely going to remove any smart previews that are there because they take up space. So, when I think I'm done with a folder, I'll click on the outtakes folder, do select all and I can say remove smart previews, it's library, previews, remove smart previews. Then remember how we had publish services where you have our images automatically saved to our hard drive or at least semi automatically to a folder called portfolios, but when I'm done with a folder why not take the images that are in the base level of that folder and if they're really good enough, if they're super hero images, that means images good enough where they're my best photos regardless of subject matter, then drag them over to the publish service that says hey put this in my portfolio folder. But there'll be more detail about those various steps 'cause I know it's hard to absorb all hearing one after the other in the handbook for this particular session. So, let's think about what we've done here because we're coming to the end of a 20 session bootcamp on Lightroom. We've had 20 different videos, one a day, and more importantly than the videos even is the homework, so the homework tries to make it so you figure out how to most optimize these features and adapt them to your particular way of working. Over those four weeks we covered a firm foundation on the first week, organizing and adjusting on the second, special features in Lightroom on the third, and this week we've been covering fine-tuning your workflow. A lot of the little things that are within Lightroom. So, this has been, full 20 day, Lightroom CC Photo Editing bootcamp, I want to thank you for tuning in. I hope the heck you learned a lot during this session and if you did, please tell your friends because I absolutely love teaching Lightroom and helping people and the more people we can help the better. Thanks for tuning in.