Questions & Answers Part 3
In this session, I will announce the winner of the contest that we had, plugin contest, and also I'll do a general Q and A. Kind of a wrap up where I'll cover the topics that I'm interested in covering, and then we'll look at any questions that come in during the live broadcast, and we'll get to those if they are appropriate. And so in general, we're going to get going here. I'm just going to talk a little bit at the beginning here because I know it takes a while for people to tune in, and therefore if I waste a little bit of time at the beginning we'll get more people tuned in and that kind of stuff. So first off you should know that during the class I announced that I was releasing a product called my full keyword set. The official name is Lightroom Mastery Keywords. And the sales page for that is now finally live on my website, so if you visit DigitalMastery.com you can find a section on keywords. Also for those of you that purchased my keyword set already, at the time you purchased...
you didn't get a manual, an ebook that showed you how to use keywords. And that has now been posted and if you check your email if you have purchased the keywords, you should have gotten an update that allows you to download the PDF guide. So alright, then let's see. I would like to announce the winner to our contest. The contest was that you should pick one of your own images and use the presets that came with purchase of the class, apply one or more presets to an image, and then post the before and after images. And so I want to let you know that the winner is, and I'll look because I want to make sure I try to pronounce his name right. It's Walter Ikikowa-Doyle. He is in Alberta, Canada. And he sent an image, which I'll post when we're done with this Q and A, that was taken at sunset, and it was in the Japanese Alps near Nagano, Japan, a place I haven't been to yet, so I don't know how to pronounce it precisely. But he ended up applying two presets to it. First he applied the preset called overall 500, which uses I believe exposure, shadows, and I'm not sure what else. Also he applied the sunset seven preset, which ended up changing the white balance on the image to really make it come out with these blues, greens, and yellows which I thought was really interesting. And if you compare the original photo to the end results, remember I'll post that after this Q and A, or if Jim's watching and he has them he can post them right now. Anyway, the original image, it's one of those images where you're like well the sky doesn't have much detail, the shadows are looking really dark and it's not that exciting to begin with. It looks like it's an interesting place to capture a photograph, but after applying those presets, the image just really came out and kind of started to sing with color and I thought looked really interesting. So I chose his image to be the winner of the contest and with that, if I remember correctly, don't quote me on this. I think he gets a refund on this class, so he doesn't have to pay for it. He gets my entire Creative Live catalog, back catalog, and he also gets some extra prizes as well as two hours of personal consulting time with me. And so I'm looking forward to that, and it was great to see his image and see what you guys did with the presets. Now let's get into a general Q and A and let's see what I came up with some ideas. Well first thing is I want to kind of go back to basics with a little bit of information because it's easy after going over a lot of detail with Lightroom to end up forgetting about some extremely important kind of basic concepts. So in general, Lightroom, the way it deals with your images, is really simple in that when you import your images, remember that all it's doing is creating a new record in your Lightroom catalog file. And that record simply includes the name of the image you're importing, the location it is on your hard drive, and it makes a preview. And so if you ever come in the Lightroom and suddenly all your images are missing, it's not that they won't show up it's that they'll have question marks on them. If that happens, the first thing I would do is not think about Lightroom. I would think about your images and where are they. Imagine you couldn't find them. The question mark means Lightroom can't find them, so if you go manually looking for them on your hard drive, you might not be able to find them either. So that's the first thing I would do is go and look for any picture you can remember where it's stored and look for it on your hard drive. It could mean that that drive is not connected, or in the case of Lightroom, it could be that if you're on a PC and you hook your hard drive up, the PC keeps track of hard drives based on letters, so you have the G drive or the H drive or whatever, and if that changes where when you cataloged your images, the only thing you had was one external drive hooked up, then the next time you instead have an SD card and another hard drive plus your image hard drive on there, the name of the drive might not be the same. And so you need to get it to be the same in order to have Lightroom recognize it or you need to tell Lightroom where those folders have moved to. Then if I find the images, but Lightroom still has those question marks on it. Then I would look within Lightroom and look at what hard drive does it think they're on, make sure the hard drive is still named that, also see what folder it thinks it's in and go and make sure there's actually a folder called that, that you didn't rename that folder in your operating system. And then if Lightroom ever says there's a corrupt image, which can happen, then I wouldn't think about Lightroom, I'd think about the image, because Lightroom is complaining it can't load that file. It doesn't mean necessarily that anything is wrong within Lightroom itself, it means the file itself if you attempt to open it, it might not open. And that can happen if part of your hard drive goes bad, which can happen, that's why we keep backups. So if Lightroom tells you than an image is corrupt, I would locate that image on your hard drive and try to open it with something other than Lightroom. If it can open in something other than Lightroom, then I'd start thinking about well what could be unique to Lightroom that would cause it to have an issue with it, but most likely if Lightroom says it's corrupt, the file, the original is corrupt. And you'll probably have to get a duplicate off your backups. But anyway, I would go and look at that, make sure you try it in other software. Another thing is if you ever find all the question marks on your folders or images is make sure you're working with the right catalog file. If you happen to have just, let's say your computer bombed and you just refreshed from a backup, make sure you're not on an old catalog file. If it was a catalog file that you were using before you renamed all your images and before you started moving them into sub folders such as In Progress and Outtakes, well then of course it will think your images are missing because they're in a different location. Also just keep in mind that the original images are needed if you want to export your images at high quality or if you want to print them. So just because you can see them in Lightroom and if you have smart previews you can adjust them when that drive's not connected. You still need those original images and you're still going to need to connect that drive when you want to print or export. So just sometimes you get a little too confident where you're used to working on your images and it just feels like they're there. No, you have smart previews there and you still need those originals to do really high quality work, so make sure you can plug in that drive when you need to export. Also a few things about RAW versus JPEG. For me personally, I shoot for the most part only RAW files, but I just want to make sure there's a little bit of information about why. A JPEG file gets processed in your camera, and so there's a lot of settings in your camera that are applied at the time you take the picture. Settings that have to do with sharpening, settings that have to do with how vivid the image is, and settings like white balance are applied in a more permanent way. That JPEG file is trying to save space, and so it only saves just over 250 brightness levels. Between black and white you get just over brightness levels. When you save a raw file, it saves all the data that your camera captured without messing with it. And because it doesn't mess with it it means it doesn't look as sharp as a JPEG. It doesn't look as vivid as a JPEG, it doesn't look as contrasty than a JPEG because those settings have not been applied. But unlike a JPEG which only saves just over 250 brightness levels, a RAW file saves a minimum of 4,000 brightness levels. And in fact many cameras will save 16, brightness levels. That's a lot, and that gives you a lot more information to manipulate when you're adjusting your image in Lightroom. And so if your image looks subpar on the back of your camera screen, then I would really rather have a raw file than a JPEG. Also, a RAW file will include additional highlighted shadow detail that you wouldn't get out of a JPEG. If you move the sliders in Lightroom for highlights and shadows, you can get the extra detail to show up that you wouldn't be able to get out of a JPEG. So in general I just wanted to make sure I mention that 'cause there seems to be some discussion on the group page about it. And for instance, there is a reason why the choices under the white balance menu are different for JPEGs than they are RAWs. Since RAWs have never been processed yet, you have more options there, more choices, and the results will look a lot better if you have a raw file when you're adjusting that. One other thing related to a kind of simple level of Lightroom is if you've ever imported something from a folder, there is in general not much reason to import things to that folder again unless you're adding new pictures, like off of an SD card and you need to copy them into that same folder. If instead you've manually moved some pictures into a folder that's already in Lightroom, then you don't need to hit the import button to get them to show up in Lightroom. Instead, if it's a folder that's already in Lightroom, you've added some pictures in there that you didn't add within Lightroom. Just right click on the folder and choose synchronize. Synchronize gets Lightroom to check and compare what it is currently showing you in your Lightroom catalog to what's actually on your hard drive so that you can see any differences. And if it notices any missing pictures in there, it will import them for you. So it's just one thing that can mess you up on occasion 'cause if you try to import you'll find a lot of the images will be grayed out because they're already in your catalog and it can be a little bit confusing. So if you're just dragging images over from your operating system into a folder that's already into Lightroom, in Lightroom, right click on that folder and choose synchronize to get it in there. Just looking at my notes here. Also, if you happen to have purchased my keyword set, and you were thinking of installing it, one thing I always do in Lightroom if I'm ever going to make any big change is always make a backup before you do so. You just never know, what if you don't like the keyword set? What if anything, who knows? But I'll back it up and I'll go into the folder where the backup is and I'll give it a name. Right on the folder itself I'll just add some text and I'll say before keyword loading or something like that so I can recall just in case something happens months later where I'm like wait, I really didn't like what was going on with that, I want to go back to my old catalog. So that's some good stuff. Alright, so those are some kind of revisiting the basics of Lightroom, and now what I'd like to do is I'm gonna take a look here on my phone, hopefully I don't move it around too much to see if there's any questions coming in. If you guys have any questions, put them in the comments and I'm reading those comments right now to see if there's anything special I should think about. Somebody's saying it was an awesome prize, I think it was an amazing prize. You get my entire Creative Live catalog, you also get some products, I think there was a color checker passport, you also got some Michael Tape's designs, little gray cards which are great. Let's see. Ah, and Walter came in there and he just commented to say he was overwhelmed to have been named the winner, that's awesome, great job Walter. We'll be able to see his images soon. If Jim hasn't posted them already I'll post them as soon as I shut down here. And Ajit was asking winner for what? We had a contest as part of the class where if you purchased the class you could enter this contest and the person that won got a great little prize package. But we needed to announce it which was one of the reasons for this. Yes, and Joni I don't look bright white, and that's because I'm wearing a white shirt. I usually wear dark colors and if I do that I found on Facebook's camera that it just makes my face blow out to nothing. Alright, looking at a couple questions here. Don't forget to type yours in if you have any. Someone was asking about exporting to Facebook and saying that it cannot add their logo to their images. What you can do is when you create an export preset, you go to the file menu and choose export, that's where you find the settings for an export preset. There will be an area called watermarking, and under the watermarking section is where you can either add text or a logo to your image and it will be ghosted on top of the image where it will partially obstruct the person's view of the image, but that's where I would go to look. Once you create an export preset that has that watermark on it, on the left side of the export dialog will be an area where you can save it as a new preset. I think there's just a button with either a plus sign or the word new where you can type to save that so you can use it in the future without having to go back into that export dialogue. Whoa, he he. Let's see, we're back, sorry that was me knocking my iPhone off of the thing that was holding it up. It wasn't the most professional setup so I'll hand hold here which I know makes some of you dizzy. But let's see what else we can do here. Someone is asking will we have a similar contest for our Photoshop class? And we're working on the details of that. Pretty much right now for the next week, I'm gonna meet with Jim on Monday about various things we can do and a contest is one of those options, so we'll announce that closer to the start of that class. My assumption at the moment is most likely, but I can't guarantee anything right now. Just so you know, the group that I'll end up posting this video to will be the same group used for the Photoshop class, and you guys can stay in it even if you don't use Photoshop. And you can tell all your friends about it, it is a closed group but the only thing closed means is when you make a post to this group, no one else can read it except for members of the group. And we did that because otherwise if it's an open group, then when you post to it, any of your followers can see what you post, so if you post that you don't know how to retouch a photo and they're a client, you don't want to let them know that. So by having a closed group it makes it so you can comment on here and only members see your comments. Now, but we let just about anybody in here, so anybody that requests to be a member we usually let in, so if your client happened to want to become a member of the group and got approved, then they would be able to see your posts. But it is one level of kind of protection where you can feel a little safer in here where not everybody knows what we're talking about in here. Someone else asked if we have Q and As from the past two Fridays. Last Friday I didn't have one. I was at the Palm Springs photo festival and it just wasn't going to be able to have a reliable enough internet connection so we chose not to do one and that's one reason why we're doing this one. The first, it's either two or three of my Q and As were on Facebook and if you go back long enough in the history or I'm sure somebody here knows where the links are and they could post them. You can view those and the last Q and A before this one was a live one where we did it right through Creative Live itself and that one you get with purchase of the class, you can watch the video. Or, if the class is looping this weekend, I don't know if it was. Well it's Monday, so that would be over. You'd be able to see it as part of the broadcast. If you have sound and no picture, that is a common problem with Facebook Live. If that's the case, just so you know, the only picture you would see is my ugly mug and so the only thing you're missing is my lips moving and things, you're not seeing Lightroom, you're not seeing pictures or anything, so it doesn't really matter that you're not seeing video but if you really want to see it and you're having troubles right now, just wait until this broadcast is over and then we will post a link to the end result. And usually there you have no problem seeing both the video and audio. I've also heard that it sometimes matters which browser you're using. Some people have more success using chrome or using Firefox than using Safari, but I don't really know right now. But as long as you have sound you don't need anything else because all you'd see is my head talking. So let's see here. Somebody's not finding the class on Creative Live. Go and well, I won't be able to help you by just talking. But if you either search for my name or search for Photoshop, you should be able to eventually find it. So in general just so you guys know with the Facebook group, I will keep it open through at least the end of the Photoshop class and I don't have immediate plans of shutting it down. It's just I can't commit to something right now for what's going to happen to the group on a long term basis. But I would most likely keep it active for at least until the end of the Photoshop boot camp and most likely at least a month after that so that all questions that would relate to that class could get answered. And in here you can keep asking Lightroom questions, it's just once the other class comes to be active, I won't have as much time to answer the Lightroom related questions, we'll concentrate on the Photoshop ones, but there's enough great people in this group that pop in and answer questions before I even get a chance to read them that I think you'll get still some good benefit from it even if you don't use Photoshop and you're just going to do that. Let's see, someone is asking about, are there efficient steps for removing duplicates when cleaning up Lightroom catalog? If those duplicates are in the same folder, then you can go to the filter bar at the top of your screen and filter by file type. And therefore assuming you shot RAWs when you captured the images and the duplicates might be JPEGs that you deliver to clients, you could tell it show me only the ones with the file type of JPEG, then you could select those images and delete them if you have the original RAWs in the same folder. You can also in the filter bar search by other choices, one of which might be dimensions or megapixels, I don't recall of the top of my head, but therefore you might be able to find which images are lower resolution. Because a lot of times I find the reason for duplicates is that you send them to a client and imported them into Lightroom, so you have the original large size image and also some small size images. I would also take a look at some Lightroom plugins to see if there's any plugins to deal with duplicates. To find plugins I would do a Google search for the room Lightroom plugin and then actually put the name Jeffrey in, because there's an individual that creates a huge number of plugins for Lightroom, I find then to be the most useful I've run into, most of which can be used in some capacity for free and if you need to purchase it, it's either donationware where you come up with a price or it's a reasonable price. So I would look at that to see if he happens to have any solutions related to duplicate files, that's where I would end up looking. And then I'm looking to see what questions you guys typed in to see what else I have here. Someone who was asking about the motel picture on the site, was it processed only in Lightroom? No it wasn't. That image that i used as a promo for the Photoshop class, part of it is a light painting. A light painting is where I use a flashlight and I walk into the scene and light various elements within the scene because otherwise they would appear almost a solid black in that shot, and so that's multiple exposures combined together in Photoshop. If you want to learn more about light painting on my website, if you go to the products area there's an ebook on light painting, but if you've never light painted there's a free PDF on the same page that gives you enough information to tell you how to do your very first light painting. It's one of my favorite kinds of photography, it's really fun. Somebody was asking about the, again, the third Q and A. It's not on the Facebook, it was done on Creative Live itself. It's something that with purchase it would be in with the video files and if it's not there today, I think it might not be, I think Jim told me. It might be going up later today because they were supposed to have it edited on Thursday but they got a little bit busy. So we'll post on the Facebook page when it's in there if it's not already. Someone was asking are the class materials like the workbook available before June sixth for my Photoshop class? No, my wife Karen creates the handbook, and she creates it by watching the videos that I record, the actual lessons. If it's something we create before hand, it takes us more time and it makes it so I can easily miss things. When we go off on little side trips during the class, if I've already made the handbook and it's not in there it just wouldn't get covered. But my wife Karen watches all the broadcasts and therefore she can make sure she covers what we truly do in class. And so they are usually available, I think since she gets the classes ahead of time, we try to make them available each Monday for that week's worth of classes. And I try to do the same with the homework assignments, so each Monday you would get a whole week's worth of handbooks and homework assignments, I believe that's the plan. So hopefully that will be the same plan for the Photoshop class, it's still in development, so there can be some little details that change. But the proper name for the Photoshop class is something like Photoshop: The Complete Guide, I believe. I'm sure somebody could put up a link for it on the Facebook group if you can't find it or I can do so later. I know it's a pinned post on the Facebook group if you happen to be there. Someone was asking, let's see, they've backed up their photos on a RAID they set up and they want to start organizing their photos, would it be advantageous to start with a new catalog? I want to clean my hard drive on my mac. In general I almost never create a new catalog for images that are already in a catalog because if I've put any of those images into any collections, I would lose that if I create a new catalog and reimport the images. It wouldn't know that they should be in certain collections and other things like stacking, virtual copies, and things like that would be lost because they're only contained within the catalog file, and if you create a brand new catalog file and then import them, then that wouldn't be maintained. So if I was going to move images from an internal drive into an external, I would simply drag those images, the entire folders, onto that external drive and then switch over to Lightroom. And in Lightroom you can right click on a folder and tell it to update the location of that folder and I would go point it at that new drive that you've moved them to. If you have a bunch of folders, that can be a pain to have to do it to each and every folder, so there's a trick. I think I showed it during class, if you right click on a folder, there's a choice called something like show parent folder, which means show the name of the folder that contains this folder. Which if that folder is on the base level of your hard drive, when you choose it will actually show the name of your hard drive. Then I can right click on that, which might be the name of my hard drive and say update location and point it at the external drive I just started to use so that all the folders contained within it are suddenly updated. And I would much prefer to do that than to create a new catalog. I never create a new catalog in fact for images that are already in my catalog. I don't want to lose virtual copies, I don't want to lose collections and other things, it just doesn't, unless there's some other benefit that I'm not thinking of, I'd rather not. Although if you have a good reason to, go for it. Alright, let's see I'm looking at any other, somebody posted a link to the Photoshop class, just so you know, within the comments if you scroll through. Thank you Walter for doing so. Someone's asking about how many plugins can you have in Lightroom? I don't know the actual number, but the answer is a lot. I've had dozens, so I haven't run into a limit that messes me up anyway. Any tips on digitizing old prints? Light them with two lights that are 45 degree angles, so that if you drew a line between the two lights it would make a 90 degree angle. So in other words, let's say your print is sitting on a desk and your camera is pointing straight down at it, then add one light source at 45 degrees from this side, the other light source 45 degrees from this side, and if you happen to have a polarizing filter you can put it on the lens of your camera to further reduce reflections. But hopefully those old photos don't have texture to them 'cause that's when it can be a bit of a pain. You might need to add some diffusion to your light sources and work through a lot of other things. Thanks Joni for bringing up Karen, she did do an awesome job on the handbook. And that's the thing, she works really hard behind the scenes, she really does love it when she sees your comments, so if you get a chance, be sure to let Karen know that you like the handbook if you happen to. It was over 200 pages long for this class. When it comes to skin tones and color correction, the main thing that I do is when I'm taking the photograph, I put in what I call a white balance reference and that is either something called a color checker passport, which is a little card that has many different colors on it, or I use something called a white bal card. In fact I think I have one, well probably not within total reach here. But I usually have one right over here on the side. I have a little white bal card usually dangling from my camera bag, I can grab it any time, put it into the scene. And what's important when you use one is it's a little gray card, you want to put it so the same light that is falling on your subject is falling on this little gray card. And take it where you can include that in one of your pictures, then you can remove it from your next shots and use that to click on with the white balance eyedropper in Lightroom, and that's the best way to get the color to look as good as is practical. Another step beyond that would be the product called the color checker passport which has many different colors on it and you could have your subject hold that card when you take a photograph, making sure again that the light falling on them is also falling on the card, then there's a process you can go through to make a profile for that which would make the colors as accurate as is practical. There are other things we can do in Photoshop which we would discuss during the Photoshop class. Gonna look and see if there's any other questions coming in here. Sorry the camera's moving around, I had it propped on something and I bumped that thing which made it fall. Ah, an index for the workbooks. Don't know if we'll get an index for this particular workbook on Lightroom, but it's something we might consider for Photoshop. I'll bring it up to Karen, although she might want to shoot me when I do, 'cause it means a lot more work for her, but we'll see, we'll consider it. I doubt it's going to happen for this one though, 'cause she's kind of done and didn't consider that in her time allotted. Somebody asked about a RAW image round trip edited to Photoshop and back to Lightroom, is there any degradation? If the change you're making in Photoshop is made using Adobe Camera Raw, then it's still a RAW file, so the changes got saved into what's known as an XMP file, then the quality does not degrade whatsoever. But most of the time when you get an image to go into Photoshop, then you have to save the resulting image as a TIF or Photoshop file format image, and if that's the case, it loses the qualities of a RAW file, which means you won't be able to get additional highlight detail out if you haven't done it previously or additional shadow detail. If something is truly black, it doesn't have any detail. In changes to things like white balance will be more difficult, but there isn't really a degradation in quality, you just hope you've done as much as you can to the image beforehand in Lightroom so you don't need to do any further changes in Lightroom because it would be better done to a RAW file instead of the TIF or Photoshop file format image. But had you adjusted it just right, you took it to Photoshop, let's say, I don't know, you cropped it and you sharpened it or something and then saved it as a TIF, the quality did not go down. If you saved it as a JPEG, quality does go down. It's a good delivery file format, not a good working file format. If the next thing you need to do is open it and do more work on it, I wouldn't be using JPEG, I'd use TIF. But I use JPEG as a delivery file format when I need to see the file to a friend or a client. And just looking at a few other comments here to see if there's anything else I should answer. Are the textbooks searchable in any way? Well they're text-based PDF files, so if there happens to be the exact wording that you want to search for found within that, you can always in most PDF readers type Command + F and type in whatever you'd like to search for, but it's not intelligent searching, you're just searching the text of that handbook. But other than that there's no special kind of searching. At the beginning of the handbooks, the table of contents are clickable, so if you click on them it will bring you to the particular page that's referenced there. As far as the best specs and ratios to export for Facebook, do a quick Google search. I'm not an expert on that but there are people that are that will tell you the exact best width and height and aspect ratios for that, I'm just not the right person to answer that because all I do is Google it and regurgitate whatever I find. Alright, well I think I got all those questions answered. I got through the ones I wanted to cover as far as kind of going back to the basics. And we also got that Walter won the prize, and if the image is not already posted in the Facebook group I will post it after this so you can get a sense for what it is. Like I say, we'll keep the group open, please let me know your ideas for the upcoming Photoshop bootcamp. And just in case you were at the beginning, those of you that purchased my full keyword set, remember you got a 50% discount on that if you purchased the bootcamp, the handbook for that, it's like an ebook about keywording, is now available. It ended up being 30 densely packed pages, it has a lot more text on each page than most ebooks. And if you purchase the full keyword set, you should have received by now an email, either from us or from a company called E-Junkie that would give you a link to re-download the product. If you do that, the actual keyword set itself has not changed, so if you already loaded that you don't need to do anything with the new download, it's just that within that new download will be a PDF file that is your guidebook. And so just so you know that's there. Also, if you visit DigitalMastery.com which is my main website, you'll find now a sales page for that keyword set, please let me know if you have any problems when accessing that page or any questions or comments about it, because we just put it up and we'd love to improve it to get it to just be a nice page for the keyword set. And so I think that's about it. I wanted to thank everyone that's been in this class. I don't know about you but I've really enjoyed the class. And I really like the format, we're not trying to cover everything so quickly over just a couple days, instead it's really spread out over time. And I think the Facebook group has been great for getting our questions answered. I wanted to really put a shout out to the people that come into the Facebook group and not just ask questions but answer them. When I get to a question and I'm reading the question and I scroll down to answer and the answer is already there, that just makes me smile. Because I can't have time to answer every single question. And so those of you that have been answering questions like that, thank you so much. One final thank you to my wife Karen for making the handbook for the class, and also to Jim Kateshi, my content producer at Creative Live, he's great with the class, been overly helpful with things and he will be my content producer for the upcoming Photoshop bootcamp as well. So please stay in the Facebook group, keep comments coming and everything. I won't have as much time to answer them now because I'll be spending all my time working on the Photoshop bootcamp that's coming up, but please share your ideas there. Anyway, thanks for tuning in, thanks everybody, talk to you later.