Showcasing Your Work with Slideshows & Books in Lightroom®
Hello and welcome back to another session of Lightroom CC Photo Editing. Let's take a look back at what we've covered thus far. We have a total of 20 classes over four weeks of time. And in the first week, we tried to develop a firm foundation of knowledge about Lightroom as a whole, kind of the big picture. And that's where we learned that every image you see in Lightroom is in a catalog and what exactly is contained in that catalog, how do you think about catalogs, should you work with one or multiple. We also talked about working with collections, making general adjustments, and printing. Then we moved on to the second week where we mainly concentrated on organizing and adjusting your pictures. There we learned how to perform retouching and how to really refine the look of our images. And we talked about working with projects and keywording our images so we can search for them. And ideally we should be able to find any memorable image in just a few seconds if we do it right. Then af...
ter week two, we got into week three. On the first day of week three, we got into facial recognition. And that's where we have Lightroom try to identify the people in our photographs. If I just show one particular individual in a few different photos, suddenly Lightroom will learn what they look like and be able to find that person in all of our photos. We also learned how to view our images on a map. That's just another way of being able to find and browse our photographs. And after that, we got into adjusting black and white images, doing high-dynamic range images, and stitching panoramas. We kept going and we got into organizing our keywords in such a way where we can tag a single word onto an image. And in doing so, suddenly you can search for that photograph using not just that one word that you tagged, but suddenly maybe a dozen other words could be used to search for it. So if I tag Coit Tower, suddenly it's searchable on San Francisco, on California, on North America, and all those types of things. So we made it a lot more powerful. Well today, what we're gonna get into is showcasing our work by showing them in slideshows and also in books. So let's jump over to Lightroom and let's get started. Here I have some images from Spain that I might want to turn into a book or a slideshow. If I'd like to turn this into a slideshow, what I'm going to do is at the top right of my screen, I'll find the word Slideshow. And that's going to send me into the Slideshow module. And on the right side of my screen will be all sorts of different headings for how I can customize a slideshow. Now I don't usually start on the right edge of my screen, though, because if I do, it's similar to many other areas of Lightroom where there seems to be a gazillion settings related to something, and it feel like you have to look at every one. Instead, I usually start on the left side of my screen. And on the left side is where I find templates. If I mouse over these templates, just above that, there's a preview area. And if you have the preview expanded so you can see it, then you can hover over each of these previews and see if you can find a slideshow that is close to what you want. Once you find one that is close to what you want, click on it and then all the settings for that particular template will be loaded on the right side of your screen. So you're not starting from scratch. It just filled in all the settings. So hopefully you're somewhere close to what you need. But let's look at what all the settings do on the right side of our screen. So if you don't find a template for what you need, you can customize it. So if we start at the bottom, here's where you can play back your slideshow and choose options for it. You can either have an automatic slideshow where it plays all by itself, where you're simply telling it how long should a particular slide stay on screen and if there should be any kind of fading out between the slides. Or you can have a manual slideshow where you have to use your keyboard or your mouse to control it. Therefore you might want to talk between each slide and you're not sure exactly how much time it'll take you to talk, so therefore you want to control it manually. Then there are a few other options down here but we'll get to those once we've looked at the other options that are here. The main thing to note is that at the very bottom there are two buttons. And the preview button will preview your slideshow without hiding the Lightroom interface. So right now where you see that preview of the first slide on the left, if I hit Preview, it's going to start thinking about putting together my slideshow, and it will start to play it. But I can still see Lightroom on the rest of the screen. If, on the other hand, I were to hit the Play button, which I'll do now, it's going to take over my screen and play the slideshow fullscreen. That would be like if I was hooked up to a projector or an HD TV where someone else might want to view it and not know that I'm in Lightroom. So preview means I might still want to tweak it and I still want to be able to see the Lightroom interface, whereas play means take over the screen and play the whole thing. Now I can tell I don't really like what's going on with this slideshow because my images are being cropped. I can manually move through my slideshow. At the very bottom edge, there's a play button there. There's also left and right arrows where I can cycle through and I can see that is cropping a lot of my images. So what I'm going to do now is go up here to the various choices on the right side of my screen and we'll figure out how we can fine-tune what we have. Under Layout, we have margins. If we want to make it so the image does not fill the entire screen, instead we have a slight margin around the edges, we can adjust it here. And if you look at this, there is a choice down here called Link All. And that means that when that's turned on, if I move one of these sliders over, all of 'em move together. If I turn off Link All, then I can move these individually, because maybe I wanna make some room at the bottom because eventually I'm gonna add a title down there that might describe what the slide is of, that type of thing. And at any time, I can cycle through this and see what it looks like on different images by using the arrows that are in the lower left. And I can see that I really don't like that it's cutting off these images. It's cropping them to fill this space. So let's zoom up here and find out why. Under this choice called Options is a check box called zoom to fill frame. And that means once we've defined those margins, it's gonna try to use all the space in between those borders, and that's because of the zoom to fill frame. I'll turn that off and now it's gonna scale down the image to fit within those margins. And I might fine tune the margins to lessen some of them. If you see these gray lines, they're not actually gonna show up when you play your slideshow. They're there just so you can see why is it scaling the image down to this size. They're simply showing you what the margins are that you've established. There's a check box under layout where you can turn it off. So show guides is off and therefore you see more of a clean-looking result. I usually leave them on at the beginning, just so I get an idea of why exactly is my image the size it is. And therefore I can come in here and fine tune these settings and it gives me a better idea for exactly what kind of change I'm making. Other options we have near the top of my screen is there is a choice called stroke border. If I ever have images where the background on the slideshow, let's say may be white, and I'll show you how to change that in a few minutes, and there's anything near the edge of my photographs that touches the edge of the photograph that is also white, then it's hard to tell where the photo ends and that white background begins. So I'll turn on this check box here called Stroke Border and it'll draw a line around my picture to better define where the edge is. And therefore it doesn't look like that white object on the edge of my frame just blends in with the background. Instead it's easier to tell where the picture ends. If you turn on Stroke Border, to the right is a rectangle you can click on. And if you do, you can choose the color of that particular border, if you'd like it to be bright or dark. For now I'm going to keep that turned off because I like to keep things simple. You could also have a cache shadow appear underneath your picture. You're not gonna notice that when you have a black background like this one. But if you did have a white one, or I'll show you how to make the background more of a texture, or even a photograph back there, and therefore having a drop shadow on the edge could be helpful. So let's go down here and see what we can control for the rest of this. Well, so far we have a black backdrop, let's change that. Here's a heading called backdrop and I have many different choices in here, one of which is color wash. I can either use that, which is gonna make a gradient between two different colors, you see how it's lighter on the right side, darker on the other. I can choose which color it fades out to over here. Or instead, if I just want a simple background, down here is a choice called background color. And again on the right side, I can choose any color I want. I'll just do a simple white one. You could also use a photograph as a background. In order to use a photo, you can come down here and just grab a photo and drag it to this box you see on the right side. And then it will fill that background with the photo. Most of the time that I do that, I will end up using textures. I capture textures all over the world whenever I see them because I often like to use them as backdrops. If for some reason I do want to use a photograph, what I might want to do is first go to the develop module and I might end up making a virtual copy, because I don't want to mess up the original photograph. And after making a virtual copy, I might choose to blur and lighten the picture. So if I come in here, I can take one of these images and I'm gonna type D to go to Develop just for a moment. And if I right-click on the photo, one of the choices within this menu should be to create a virtual copy, which means I'll have the original and this will be a secondary one. And if I wanna use this as a background, what I'll most likely do to it is I might take the clarity slider and move it to the left. That will soften the image. And I might come down here to detail and bring my sharpening down. And I can lighten the image. There are many different ways of lightening it. The main thing is I would lessen all things like contrast, to mellow out the image. And if I really wanna lighten it, you can go to this area called the tone curve. And there's two different ways of working with a tone curve. One is where there's little sliders in here, which would look like this. And the other is where you can pull on a line. To switch between the two, you click this icon, and that's what I'm gonna do. And just grab this bottom edge and pull it over. That's gonna darken the dark parts, or pull it straight up. And if you do that, you should be able to lighten, what's known as screen back your image. Just be careful because if you pull your mouse too far away from the edge, it will suddenly let go, you could say. But there, I've lightened it up. So now I could use that as my backdrop. I did that with a virtual copy just so I could still use the original picture somewhere within my slideshow if I wanted to. If I go back to my slideshow, now I can come down here to my image that I've created and just drag it again over there where it says background image and put it in. So now you can see the images with that kind of a backdrop. For this particular slideshow, though, I'd like it to look simple, so I'm gonna turn off that background image. And let's look at the other options we have. We could overlay things on our images. If I turn on this check box called identity plate, now it's going to take whatever I usually have in the upper left of my Lightroom interface, this, which is known as my identity plate, and overlay it on my picture. It'll start by putting it in the upper left corner. But if I click on it, I can drag it around the screen. And as I drag it, you'll find a little square snapping to various areas within my screen. And that wants to know what exactly should it snap it to or should it anchor it to. Should it always anchor it to the bottom center of the picture? If so, then I need to get that square at the bottom center. Should I get it to be in the upper left corner, relative to that on every picture? And if so, then when every single image comes up, it will be in this position relative to the upper right of that photo. I can scale it by grabbing the corner and pulling and that type of thing. In this case, I might want to put it at the bottom center of the screen, right there. So that stays in there. Now you're not stuck using the normal identity plate that's up here. If you go to the right side of your screen there's a little down-pointing arrow here. And if you click on it, you can get into any identity plates that you've defined in the past. You can define an identity plate by choosing the word edit. If I use that right now, I could type in anything I'd like right now. And if I click OK, now I can change the text that was on there. So it might be based on the text that's in the upper left of your screen. But you can edit it. And when you're editing it, part of what you can change is what font it is and other settings. If the identity plate you're using is made out of text, 'cause there's two kinds, text or a graphic. If it's text, there's a check box called override color. If you turn that on, you can choose any color without having to go in and edit the identity plate manually. And when you turn it on, there's simply a little rectangle right here you could click on to change the color. If that identity plate is overlapping your picture, then you might want to lower its opacity so it's more like a little watermark or something where it's not showing up fully. If I do that here, it's just gonna look like it's getting to a lighter shade of gray. But let's say that I had that background image we had in there earlier. It might be nice then to lower the opacity. There is also a choice called watermarking where you could have a graphic put on top of your image. And this is where it's going to access presets again. These we showed you how to define in an earlier session. I believe it was a session when we talked about printing on the first week. And if I choose edit watermarks, I could choose exactly how this is put in. Right now at the current settings, my watermark is really small. But this could be huge. It could be that this says anything you'd like it to, but there's all sorts of special effects you can do when using things like watermarks. Let's see if I can think of one off hand. It would work best with a square photo, the thing I'm thinking of at the moment. I'm not sure if I have a square one in this particular slideshow, but let's see if I happen to. If not, I'll just pick one close to square. We'll look at this one. Let's say I didn't want to have this crisp-edged rectangular image in there, instead, I wanted to spice it up, make it look a little different. Well, I could go into watermark and say I want to edit my watermark. And when I edit my watermark, I can say I want a graphic one. I'm gonna hit this button called choose, and I'm gonna choose a graphic that I have on my desktop. The graphic looks like this. All it is is a document I made in Photoshop that contains white out here. And the center is empty. And I saved that in PNG format. Now if I wanted to use this on a non-square document, I would usually make this graphic so it's not square. I'd make a rectangular one as well. But in this case it's square. I'm gonna choose choose. And then I can adjust its size. And I can come up here and say why don't we make that fill or fit the space. And if I bring the opacity all the way up, then when I do this I could make it so it's in essence cropping my picture into a different shape. This particular one, though, is set up for a square image. And we don't have a square image, so it looks a little odd with the picture hanging out. So if I had a square image, this one would work fine. If I don't, I would have to make a custom graphic for the right proportions. That just gives you an idea where it's not just a normal watermark. You might use something else to put a different kind of edge on your image. There's a bunch of other information we can have it display on our images. It could be that you show your star ratings that you've applied, because maybe you're gonna do a slideshow and discussed this with your clients. And they would want to see what you've rated. If so, just like when I had the other text, I can click on this and decide where exactly would it display that and exactly how large should it be. Or instead of showing star ratings, there's also a choice called text overlays. And when you choose text overlay, down at the bottom of your screen will be these letters, ABC. And if you click on it, you could type in the text you would like for each slide. You could type in whatever text you'd like to appear on this one, then click on the right arrow key to go to the next photo and type in other text. Or if you click on the words custom text, you have other settings. This is where you can have it add the date, your exposure information, file name, and other things. What can be nice is some of the choices in here are caption and title. And caption and title is found when you're in the library module on the right side of your screen. Over where you have the date of your photograph, the file name of your photograph, and you'll find caption and title. So you could have typed it in there. And with that, you can also drag it around. I wanted to keep it simple. There is another section called titles. And you can think of titles as a start screen and an ending screen, so that when you're about to start your slideshow, instead of showing the very first image from the slideshow, you could come in here and say you'd like a start screen. And I could make it so it just starts with a black screen. So maybe I'm about to play my slideshow and I just don't want them to see the first slide yet. Or I could turn on my identity plate, any one I'd like, and use that. I can also turn on an ending screen, and that's what's gonna happen at the very end of my slideshow. And what I would usually do there is I would turn on an identity plate, get it to be an okay size, and then I'm gonna edit that identity plate. And I'm just gonna say something like for more visit my website, or just put in my website. So then at the end of the slideshow, instead of ending with the last slide just sitting there, it's gonna see that graphic. So then they'll know it's over and there'll be some sort of message of where to go to see more, which can be nice. But that's where the titles are, just if you want anything to appear before or after your slideshow. Below that we have a section for music. And you can toggle your music on and off. You'll find with this little check box, or not check box, light switch on the left side. It won't let you add any music if that's turned off. So make sure that's in the up position. And then if you want to add music, there's simply a plus sign right there. And that will allow you to navigate your hard drive. If you're not sure where your music are, are found on your drive, you could go up here to all my files. And if you did, it's gonna search only for sound files. And therefore you're not gonna see pictures and everything else. It will isolate the sound. Or at the very bottom is a choice called media. And this is where I could possibly get into my iTunes library or I can go and sort things out by artist and then song and pick something out. But you do need to make sure that when you do this, that you are using only images that you have the rights to use. Otherwise if you play these slideshows publicly, you can get in trouble for using other people's music, just like if someone used one of your photographs without your permission. I have some royalty-free music here. If you'd like to find any, search with Google for Creative Commons music. Creative Commons is a type of licensing where artists will often make their music available for free and they simply have a requirement that when you use that music, you give them attribution, meaning credit, where it tells where the music came from. And that's why oftentimes when you see videos on YouTube or anything, at the very end it gives you a music credit. And that's why. So here I'm gonna choose this song. I'll hit the choose button. I'm not sure why it says it couldn't be added. I think it's probably because it's already in here. Before we got started, we tested our audio levels. And in doing so, I already added that song, so it was already sitting here. We can add more than one in there. You can just hit the plus sign to stack up a bunch of songs if you like. And if you do, you'll find a list here. You can drag to change the order. Now if we have music turned on in there, then we have a couple special options. Right now we're defining how long each image will stay on screen with this slider and how long it takes to transition with this one. And the problem with that is it's gonna tell me how long my slideshow is here in the lower right corner. I have 76 slides total, it's gonna be 8 minutes and 24 seconds long. Well, if that song is not 8 minutes and 24 seconds long, then it's probably gonna have to repeat it or it's just gonna end and we'll have nothing. So why not come in here and say fit to music? If I choose fit to music, now it's gonna calculate how long could it keep each image on screen. It says here it can't fit the music because they'd have to switch so quickly between them. Like I can't have a 2 1/2 second crossfade with that number of images. But if I had a fewer number of images and I choose fit to music, it's going to simply move these sliders for me until my slideshow is the exact length of that music. And if you get that warning, it simply means you have too many images in your slideshow. You'd need to reduce the number that are there. If your slideshow includes any video files, then this will determine how loud is the audio coming from your video versus the music that you're playing. Do you want the music to dominate it? Or would you rather have the audio from your video clip dominate? That's where you can choose it. Below that is a check box called pan and zoom. And that would make it so that when you're going between images, instead of just slowly fading between one image and another, it'll look like it's moving across the image and such. I personally don't use that because oftentimes my images have critical cropping. And if they do that, oftentimes somebody's face starts drifting off the edge of the screen or something else and it doesn't look very good. If I mainly have landscape shots where it's not critical detail around the edges, it'd be okay if it got cropped out a little bit. Then pan and zoom can make for a little bit more interesting slideshow. Finally at the bottom, we have the choice of repeating our slideshow again and again, because maybe we're gonna leave it up on screen continuously. Or we could also randomize the order of our slides. So you can see that we have a whole bunch of controls over there. Once you do customize them, if you get them the way you like, what I would do is go on the left side of your screen then where you find the template browser, hit the plus sign, and give this a name. And you can tell it what folder to put it in. If you choose new folder, you can create a brand new folder to store them within. Hit create and then you're gonna find that on the left side of the screen, the next time you come into the slideshow module, so you don't have to look at all the settings on right side of your screen again. The only thing you'd need to do is click on that particular template and then think is there anything in particular you want to customize about it. Maybe you change the music or the duration of the slides. But you're all set. Then again we have the preview button. We could use that and the Lightroom interface will stay here. But when we hit preview, (upbeat music) we get our sound, we get our slideshow. But I could be over here looking at the settings to determine exactly what I'd like to change to customize this. And then I can hit the square button on the left side to get back to the beginning of the slideshow. If we hit play, it would play it full screen. Once you think you're completely done with your video, you could just leave it here in Lightroom where it's always ready to play. Or in the bottom left of your screen is where you could export this as a PDF file if you wanted to deliver it to a client where each page in the PDF would be one of your slides. Or you can export it as a video file. Therefore, somebody wouldn't need Lightroom to play it back. They could play it back in any video-related program. So those are two of your options. If you plan on playing this slideshow within Lightroom, with these exact images within it, then when you think you're done, go to the top of your screen and you will find a choice right here called create saved slideshow. If I click on that button, then on the left side of my screen, after I give it a name, I can hit create and now, on the left side of my screen you're gonna find, right here, my last trip. And at any time I want to show this slideshow, this will remember the format of the slideshow, the music that's in the slideshow, all those settings, as well as the pictures. And you're gonna see that, not only when you're in the slideshow module, but if you go back to the library module, it's just gonna be in there with your list of collections. And if you ever want to add any photographs to that, you can click on whatever photo you would like to add and simply drag it on top of that. When you let go, you'll see the number that is next to it increase. And then the next time you play the slideshow, it will include that additional picture. And if you ever want to be able to play your slideshow, you can just move down to this particular area on the right side, you have a little arrow. And clicking that arrow would send you directly into the slideshow module where you could hit the play button and immediately start playing your slideshow. So it can be really nice to have a series of slideshows all set up and ready to show. So it might be your portfolio of work, it might be then individual subjects that you shoot and you're all ready to show them at any time. So the slideshow module in Lightroom, the main thing you need to do is select the images you'd like to use first, then head over to the slideshow, choose a template to begin with, and then fine-tune the settings to get it to be exactly what you need. When you're finally done, you can save it and you can get a collection of them over on the left side of your screen. Do we have any general questions about the slideshow feature within Lightroom? Just wondering. Otherwise, I'll show you how to do a similar thing with books.
Okay, on the bottom left corner there, there's a button to export the video?
That button, right now we're in the library module, so that button's just a normal export. If you want to export the slideshow, go to the slideshow module. Then you'll find export video. And right here, I can save it out. You can tell it what size you'd like it to be in and what the name is. But you don't wanna use the normal export button that's in the library module. That would export the individual photos.
Could the slideshow be exported to social media?
Yeah, once you export it as a video file, meaning you go to the slideshow module. You go to the lower left of your screen. And right there you have export video. Click that, you'll end up with a standard video file. The file extension will be mp4. And that particular file could be uploaded to social media. All right, then let's look at another feature we can use for presenting our images, which would be creating a book. Here I have a series of images from when I visited Portugal. And I would like to actually print a book. We can order a book directly from within Lightroom if you'd like to. There's a company called Blurb which prints one-off books and we could do that. Or we could set it up so that this is going to save out JPEG files for our book. That would be if you want to use a different service that also creates books. We could supply them with JPEG files. Or I believe we'll be able to create a PDF as well. Let's take a look. I'm gonna go to the top of my screen and click on the word book. And when I do, it should send me over to the book module. And when you're in the book module, you go to the top of your screen and you'll find the word book. That's a special menu. And in there, at the bottom is where you have a choice called book preferences. And right now the default setting for my photographs is called zoom to fill. And if you look at what's happening when it's zooming to fill the cover of my books, you see how the person that's standing on the cover, his head is cut off, all that? I want to set this to zoom to fit. And therefore, when it puts in my images, it doesn't scale them up and crop the edges. Here it has a choice called start new books by autofilling, and that means you're gonna just suddenly have a complete book sitting in front of you the moment you get to the book module. And that's nice if you're in a hurry and you want to just get it done quick. Or if you turn that off, you'll end up with an empty book and you can slowly add pages individually and pick the design for each page as you go. We can always customize it, even if it autofills. I'm going to close that. And then on the right side of our screen is where all the options are for this particular book. And I can go under auto layout and hit here clear layout. We'd have an empty book. Or I can hit auto layout and it'll suddenly lay out my entire book for me. And now, since I haven't refreshed the layout, you see it's no longer cropping my pictures for the cover. Now this can show you your book, and there are a couple different ways of viewing it. First off, you probably don't need this text over here on the left side. It's telling me how much it would cost to print this book if I were to order it on Blurb and a few other choices. I believe if I go up to the view menu, there's a choice called show info overlay. Or just type the letter I for info and it'll hide that. So now when I'm looking at the pages of this book, my view options are found in the lower left. Here I can view a series of spreads where I can see many different pages. And that's what I'm seeing right now. If you want to see more pages, in the lower right is a slider for thumbnails. We can control how large those pages appear on my screen. So can I see my entire book or just a few pages at a time? The second icon in the lower left is to view a spread which is two pages side-by-side. If I click on that, it will zoom up. So I'm just seeing two pages at a time. Then if I wanna zoom up even further, the third icon in the lower left would show me just a single page, unless it is that I'm viewing my cover. But otherwise in the interior of the book, it would show me one page at a time. You can switch between the pages at the bottom center of your screen where you just find a page number sitting there. Then you go forward in your book or backward in your book. So I'm gonna start by viewing this as multiple spreads. So I can just get a good sense from my book. And let's see what we're capable of doing. You should realize that this book is template-based, meaning that I can't just drag my photos on there and have total control. Instead, each page of my book is kind of using a preset that, I can choose between the presets and make some changes but I don't have ultimate control over it. So if I click on a particular page and I don't like the layout, in the lower right corner of the page will be a down-pointing arrow. And if I click on that arrow, I can switch which template is being used. And at the top is kind of a filter area where I can filter it down to only show me layouts containing one photo, two photos, three, four, and so on. If I prefer one of these layouts, I can just click on the particular layout that I like and it will assign it to that page and then it's not gonna automatically reflow the other pages because it doesn't know if I spent a lot of time on those other pages yet or not. It doesn't remember. So I could click on an image and drag it over here to say no, I want that image over here. And I could click on another one and drag it over. Click on another, wherever it is I wanna get them from, and I can also get them from down here in the filmstrip. If you look in the filmstrip, you'll notice that your images, some of them will have numbers on them. And those numbers indicate how many times they've been used in this book. So the ones that have a one on top of them are only in my book once. But over here on the end, do you see a number two? That means somewhere in here an image is in there twice. It might be that it's on the cover of the book as well as somewhere on the inside. So you can fine-tune this as much as you want. I'm gonna just drag these images around and see which ones I think would nicely fit here. Once I get the images that I think would fit nice on the page, just by dragging around, then I'll show you how to fine-tune what we have. I dragged the four images that I thought would fit nicely on this page. Now I want to zoom up on just that page. If I double-click on the page, it'll zoom up. That's another way of getting around. But if you look at the size of these photographs, they're not consistent. They've been cropped into different proportions. So I can click on the image and when I do, I find a slider called zoom. And I can zoom in and out like this on it and I can also drag, just by clicking on the picture and dragging. And so I'm gonna click on each image, zoom until it's maybe filling and then drag it around and decide exactly what portion of that image would I like to see. You can also right-click on the image and there's a choice called zoom photo to fill cell, meaning zoom it up exactly the amount needed, no further. And then I can drag it to move it around. Then again, I can zoom by going the lower left to go back and see my spreads. And for every page, I can click on the page and in the lower right, I could choose different layouts. So you might want to switch between these because there's quite a few interesting layouts. One setting that I like is called a two-page spread. And that's where your photos are not limited to being on a single page. They can go across the gutter in the middle. And so I can have it be a single image going all the way across. If I found I had a nice horizontal, or if I look in here you'll find some kind of randomized layouts. Then it's a matter of figuring what images I think would look most appropriate there. And I can either drag from my filmstrip. Or I already see the images in a book, I can just drag 'em around. And it will swap. If there was already a photo in that area and I drag a different one on top, it will switch the position of these two. So let's go in here and figure out what we'd like to use. I'll zoom up on some of these and drag them around to figure out exactly how I'd like them laid out. Find a good horizontal for up here. Remember you can right-click to say zoom photo to fit cell. So far we've been clicking on our pages and over here on the lower right corner, we've been choosing between the various templates we have. There are other things we can do as well. Let's look on the right side of our screen at some of the choices that are here. First off, if you want, you can change from outputting your book on Blurb, which is a service where you actually put in your credit card information, order your book and it would show up in the mail. Or you can save it as a PDF file, so you'd have it just on your own. You can have yourself print it or someone else. Or just leave it on maybe your iPad to view. Or can output it as separate JPEG files. That's where you can switch. And if you want to change the size, this is where you can do it as well. But if you try to change the size, you'll find you're limited in how many choices you have because most of the printing services for books have limited formats available. You can also choose what kind of cover you want, if it should have a dust jacket or soft cover, and you'll find those options are specific to Blurb. If you come in here and choose PDF, you'll find you have fewer options with that. If you're gonna save things out as JPEGs, you will be able to choose what quality you like and what resolution, all that kind of stuff. Below this, we can choose individual settings for our pages. If I want to add a blank page between things, for instance, I can click here and on the right side there's a choice called add blank. Maybe I want two blank pages next to each other because it's the end of a section and I want you to be able to move over, then I can hit the word here of add page and that will add, not a blank page, but a page that contains photos. Before I click it, this is the template we're about to use for that new page. And if that's not the one I want, I can go this little arrow on the right and we have this same little picker that allows us to choose how many pictures are on a page. And that's the setting that will be used any time you use the add page button. There's a check box for page numbers, if you turn that on, you can then choose what corner it should appear in. And when you print on Blurb, if you put any information near the edge of the page, when they print your book, they have to trim some of it away to make it have a clean edge. And the trimming isn't exact. And so if you have any important information near the edge of your page, it might get cut off when they trim it. So here there's an area called show guides. And one of the choices there is the text safe area. If you turn that on, it'll put a gray box around each page. And you should keep your text within that if you're gonna print with Blurb because otherwise they won't guarantee that it'll be maintained. Then if you have a particular photo layout, like here I have two photos on a page, maybe I find that the default there puts those photos way too close together. Well, if I click on one of the photos, there is a choice here called padding. And if I bring that in, you'll see that it's going to add space around it. And I can click on each one of these and add padding if I choose that they're a little too tight of a layout. So you do have some choice on what to do. You can also add text. If you wanna add text to a particular photo, click on that photo. There's a check box here to have photo text. And you can either have custom text or just like when we were using a slideshow, you can have it use the caption or the title that's in your metadata which is where I usually type in things like any particular text I'd like to use. When you do that, it wants to know how far should that text be from your photograph. And you'll see it actually moving on the page. If I zoom up on that page, you see my text, when I do offset, it moves it. And if I click on the little box that's here, I can move it to say, should it be at the top? Should it be at the bottom? And if so, how far from the edge? If I wanna type in custom text for each photo, I can just select it. How do you spell sliding? Sliding? (laughs) Anyway, you can put in custom text wherever you would like. Just click on the photo you wanna have the text on, and on the right side of your screen is where it says photo text. Or if you run into a photo that has some text that you don't want, click on the photo. On the right side of the screen, turn off that check box called photo text. You can also have page text which means it's attached to the page instead of attached to a photograph. And therefore if you wanted some text in the lower left corner of the page, you can turn on the page text to accomplish that. Just click on the page you're thinking of before you turn on the page text and then you would be able to type it in and drag this little thing to control where precisely on the page it appears. If you want to control the appearance of the text that you have onscreen, there is an area here to do that because when you just click on, let's say, our page, and you say you want some page text, it looks like it's just kind of a generic text that we have but there is formatting. Down here we can choose the exact typeface we'd like to use and we can choose the size, opacity, and everything else. If you want some really huge text on the screen or you would like it to be of a particular color, there's a little rectangle here to choose various colors and so it's not a problem to do so. All sorts of settings for that. These are the same types of settings you'd have in other programs. So I don't want to explain every single one. It's relatively straightforward. There is a choice at the bottom though for alignment. So if you want it to be aligned centered versus right, or if you want to put it top, bottom compared to where this little dot is. Then we can also have a background. And this is where if you want an interesting looking book with not just a white sheet of paper, it might be nice to use a background, you can go to your film strip at the bottom of your screen and drag an image to this area. Be careful though when you do that because look at the check box that's right above it. It says apply background globally. If you drag a picture here right now, it's gonna be on every single page of your book, not just this page. If you want it on just one page, then don't drag it up there yet, turn that off first so it's not gonna happen globally, then you could be able to do it on a single page. With this, since it has to do with my travels, I do want something global, and let's see what we're able to do. First off, if you turn it off and it looks like everything is grayed out, that's because it simply doesn't know what page you're thinking of. So click on the page you're thinking of then you can put a photo in there. But let's do a global one and instead of using a full photograph, I'm gonna go on the right side of my screen where I find a down-pointing arrow and if I click there, I'm going to find a template browser. And in here we have things like wedding templates, where you'll find you have little swatches that it could put on every page of your book or you could put it on individual ones. I'm gonna go to travel because I kind of like some of the map templates that they have in here. And let's put a map behind every page from our book because this is about traveling. You do have opacity control down here so if it's a little too much, you can lower it. And if you didn't want a photo to be in there, you could instead just choose different background colors for each page with this little check box at the bottom. When you've set up a book the way you like it to be, on the right side of your screen is where we find our collections. And if we want to save it into a collection just like we did before when we had that collection for our slideshow, we can get a collection for this book. And the way we do it is you go to the upper right of your screen. There's a choice called create saved book. You click on it, give this a name, or is it Spain, I don't remember, and I'm gonna say include only used photos so if there were some photos I hadn't yet put into that book or I've removed the book, they wouldn't be included, and I'm gonna choose create. Then if I look on the left side of my screen, you're gonna find a collection here that is for that project. It remembers the settings for every single page. It remembers all the photos that were used. And in the future if i ever finish another photo from this particular trip, I could always drag it on top of that collection and it would then consider it part of that book. When I'm done, in the lower right corner, is a choice called export book to PDF. If I were to click that, it will then simply allow me to save this entire book as a PDF. In the upper left we'll get a progress bar as it puts together high-resolution pages in my PDF. In that same spot where it says export to book, you'll find a different choice if, at the top right of your screen, you had it set to something other than PDF. If you told it JPEG or Blurb, then you would have different choices at the bottom that are related to it. Now the main limitation you'll find in creating books is that it's template-based. And because it's template-based, sometimes it will be difficult for you to come down here to the lower right corner and navigate through all these template pages and find the one you really want. If you find that you just can't find the type of layout you'd like and you want more control over it, consider going to the print module. Don't know if you remember or not, but in the print module, we have a bunch of templates in here and many of them are custom ones where photos can actually overlap each other. And when you're in the print module, I could drag photos onto these various areas to control what photos are in here. But not only that, I can scale them and I can move them and I can manually add more, meaning I have more of a complete control over a single page here. And what I can do then is when I go to the bottom right of the print module, I can say, instead of printing this, why don't we save it as a JPEG file? And I'd save this out as a JPEG file, you could just click the button down here called print to file and we would end up with a picture that looks like this. Then just import that resulting picture into your book. And so you can use this as a custom way of laying out an individual page within your book. By going to the print module, saying you want to print to a JPEG file and you'll say, like fine, I'm gonna manually lay out that page. And therefore you can get around a few of the limitations of the book module. Finally, let's look at a weird tip related to some of the things we talked about. Let's look at how we can get around some of the features that we usually work with here. Take me a moment to find some proper images. But so far we've talked about creating slideshows and creating books. Let's see how we can use one of those two features to create something that it wasn't designed to do. And that is to create a time-lapse movie. Books aren't designed to create movies. But slideshows are. So let's see how we might be able to cheat. Here I have a sequence of images that I captured when I was at the Albuquerque Balloon Fiesta. And if I just arrow through these images, you see it's a time-lapse where my camera was taking a picture every few seconds. And those are just individual pictures, just like any others you've taken so I can easily import them into Lightroom. I can also easily select all and go to the develop module to optimize them. Now in this case, these hot air balloons, they're eventually firing up the burner that's inside of the hot air balloon and that's what makes it light up. And then they let go and that's what makes it become dark. And this is right at the end when they were about to be done and they finally stopped using the burner. And when they do, there's no longer enough hot air in there and the thing comes down. Well what I'm gonna do is take all these images until I find the end, which looks like it's about here. Hold shift and get that. And I'm gonna think about making a slideshow out of it. And I'm probably gonna choose a template over here that's really simple. So it's just my image. Then I'm gonna set this up for playback and I'll say automatic playback. And what I wanna do is make this take up the least amount of time between frames because it's gonna be a time-lapse. I want it to be like a video rolling. Well here's the problem. The slide length determines how long each one of these frames would appear onscreen. And if I take slide length and move it around, the lowest setting it could possibly go to is one second which means that this particular slideshow, it tells me in the lower right would be five minutes long. I want it to be about 10 seconds or five seconds long, that kind of thing. So this doesn't seem like it's gonna be able to handle it. But we can totally cheat. Lightroom is special because anything you do in Lightroom is usually stored just as text. And it's actually relatively simple text in the way it stores things. So what I'm gonna do is over here on the left side of my screen, remember how we have the template browser where we can save and use templates, I'm gonna create a brand-new template. I'll just click this little plus sign and I'm gonna call this Bens Timelapse Settings. Hit create. So now we have right over here, a template. That template is simply recording all the settings that are on the right side of my screen. And one of those settings is called slide length and it's set to one second. That's the lowest we can get it, right? Well, let's cheat. What happened when I created this template is it created a little-bitty file on my hard drive. And that file's just a text file. Let's go find it or make a copy of it. To make a copy of it, I'll right-click on the template on the left side of my screen, then I'll say export. This would be like if I wanted to send this to a friend so they could use a slideshow that looks the same. I'll choose export, I'm gonna put it on the desktop, and hit save. If I go and look on my desktop and find that thing, it's right here. And if you look at it, it's just got the file name and then it says lrtemplate. That means Lightroom template. It looks like it's a fancy Lightroom preset file, doesn't it? You might be thinking that shouldn't, can't do anything with that. Well all I'm gonna do is come in here and I'm gonna change the file extension on the end. I'm gonna change it to txt. And when I do it asks, do you really wanna do that? And I'll say yes. Now you know what that thing is? It's just a text file. As long as what was in it to begin with was just text, then I haven't done anything bad to it. And now let's see if we can open this with a program. Let's try TextEdit. That's just the default program on a Mac. And if I open it, it's kind of weird. This almost looks like an HTML file or something because what's inside of it is relatively close to English. If you look at it, scroll down a bit, this says ratings. Well, do we want to have ratings visible? False, no we didn't. If we had ratings, what color should have they been? All that kind of stuff. All this is is text that describes what was going on on the right side of my screen for all of the settings that were there. And you don't wanna look at this. Your eyes start to gloss over as you see it because you'd rather see it as sliders and things. But if we can find within this, the setting called, I think it's this one, speed, that's how many seconds each slide is going to appear onscreen. Now if we can edit our speed, then let's figure out what setting we should use. Does anybody happen to know how many frames per second standard video is?
60. That's for some, 30 is more common actually. So if I go over here and say one divided by 30, wouldn't' that tell me how long one slide would have to appear on the screen where it would be 1/30 of a second. And actually, for people experimenting, they found that 30 frames per second can be a little flicker-y from Lightroom. So they actually use 1/29.97, I think it is, frames per second, they found creates less flicker. But do you see what the end result is here, this number? Well if I can get that number and copy it, I wish I could select it right here. Maybe I can select it down here, yeah. Copy. Then I come down here to speed, select it, hit paste, hmm. Then I go over here and say save. And close that file. And now here's the tough part because I copied and pasted so I don't have the file extension on the end anymore. It used to be in my clipboard. But didn't it used to end with L-R-T-E-M-P-L-A-T-E, wasn't it?
Use that one. Now let's see if this'll work. I might have messed up on part of it, who knows, we'll find out soon. If not I'll show you how to get your own little file where somebody else did the work. But I'm gonna come in here now and go to my template list. I'll right-click and I'm gonna say import. Guess what I'm gonna import, that file. It's right there. I already have one with that name so I'm not sure what it's gonna do, if it'll replace it or put a 2 on the end. We'll find out. There we go, so it put a 2 on the end. And there it is. Now check out what happens. If I go to the original one, and I come down here to playback. You see the slide length says one second. And if I did everything correct, it's easy to screw up, so I might not have, if I click on the next one, you'll find slide length, it actually says zero because there's not enough space to say, what was it, .03, you know. But it's actually set to that. If I were to bring this up, it's still gonna be a minimum of one second. So you need to apply that particular template. Now I can click export video and I'm just gonna call this timelapse and hit export. Now I'm not actually gonna click that because it might take it three, or four, or five minutes because these are high-res pictures, it would suddenly have to scale down every one. I did that earlier today. And so I have the end result. I'm gonna come in here and find, it should be sitting right here, it's called test. I'll hit the spacebar to preview it and see what that is? That's what I just made. (laughing) So, isn't that kinda fun that we can mess with Lightroom in a way that you wouldn't otherwise expect to be able to? The only thing that I wish is in that template file, I wish they would have called it, instead of speed, slide length, because it would have been so easy to find then. I just would have been scrolling through to find it. But it was called speed and it was a number and it's how many seconds. And so what we needed to do is just figure out what is the equivalent of 30 frames per second. Although some people have claimed that if you do 30 frames per second, you get a little bit of flickering in Lightroom. So I found that they use 29.97 frames per second is less flicker-y. So we can mess with those. You can experiment if you want your time-lapse to go faster or slower by using a different number. Now what I think is funny is some people try to sell you a template file where all they did is what we just did. They open a text editor, they pasted in one number and they resave the file. So you can try the process that I just went through or if you don't like that and you just wanna be able to load a file in there. If you purchase the class, I'll include my file but don't buy it just for that little file. Instead you can go on the internet and search for Lightroom time-lapse template. And there's all sorts of people that have those files available because they're so easy to make. All right, so we did quite a bit with slideshows and books. Do you guys got any questions, by chance, about what we've done?
On the book, on the color profile, if you're sending to Blurb, does it make any difference if you're using the sRGB Adobe or ProPhoto?
I doubt you're gonna notice much of a difference with Blurb unless, the time you might notice is if you use the glossiest paper that they have available. They might be able to get a little bit more out of the image but to be honest, I haven't printed that many books with Blurb so I wouldn't know from testing. My wife mainly has done that. And you could contact them to ask, is it going to be helpful at all? Can I actually get a wider gamut? A lot of the places where you send books to, they're only gonna convert things to sRGB for you if you send the something else. All right, well, homework, you can create some slideshow templates of your own to really spice things up. You can make it so at the beginning of the template, you might have the subject matter. At the end of the template, you might have your web address. And you can even set it up so below each one of your slides, you might have a title down there. So why don't you end up creating some slideshow templates and saving them out so the next time you wanna create a slideshow, you don't have to spend any time looking at the settings 'cause you already have done your work for you. We got a week left. And in that next week, we're gonna cover plug-ins, tips and tricks, troubleshooting, and a lot more. And I think you're really gonna enjoy the tips and tricks and the troubleshooting 'cause just look at that one tip I gave you that allowed us to do a time-lapse when you wouldn't otherwise be able to. There's a whole bunch of other things we can do related to tips that we'll get into. If you want to find me online, here are all the major areas that I would send you to. The main one though, being my website at digitalmastery.com. This has been another installment of our Lightroom CC Photo Editing bootcamp, 20 full days and we're only part way through. I hope to see you in the next session.