Cloning and Retouching
So let's, go ahead and, uh, reset to get rid of all of the changes that I made, so this is a single manta ray and not going to spend a whole lot of time talking about it, but I was in a helicopter and it's that big for it to be that big in the picture from a helicopter pretty dead good big manta ray, this one was probably somewhere between five and ten feet inside's really disturbingly large and at some points flying over this was on the coast of molokai e, which is across from the alley, and there were a bunch of them in the water, and that was both awesome to see and really freaking scary now that I'm scared of them, but they're just it's a shape that you don't normally see in nature like that. Okay, so let's, grab the spot brush. Now we're going to make this brush large enough to encompass the whole thing that you want to duplicate and for this one, since I want to do a straight duplication, I wanna have the opacity set two hundred and then I'm just going to click, and if you click ...
on the object, then light room is going to go find an area in your photo that it can use to do a straight copy to get rid of it, so if you want to duplicate so I'll command z or control zito undo then I could just click where I want the object to be zoom out enough where I can see my source point and just move the source point so it's atop the thing that you want a coffee so again if I want another manta ray to appear down here I would just klick with a tool go grab the source point that light room chose for me and drag a top the other item so pretty quickly like I promised earlier we can have a herd of man torri really useful thing to know how to dio no but there will be times when you want to duplicate things in your photo it could be flowers it could be texture I mean there's all kinds of situations where you might wanna duplicate something like this also just a little designed tip for those of you who have not yet bought graphic design for everyone a fantastic three day class that I recommend for everybody will teach you how to design business cards everything that a normal everyday person would need to know graphic design principles for you'll know that odd numbers of things are more visually pleasing than even numbers of things. So if you find yourself in a situation like this where you've got to have something if you know that rule for guidelines say then that would be a little bit more visually pleasing composition then if there are only two manta rays rather than three so that's this another idea for you to use this this cloning thing? So we'll quickly again I'm gonna click reset to get rid of what I did we've got the spot removal tool set to clone mode I've got the opacity set all the way to one hundred percent if you want to get rid of the thing, then click on the thing and then light rooms going toe pick a portion of your photo to use nearby, but if you want to copy a thing than click where you want the item to g o and then click and drag that source point, I topped the item itself and that's it so that is our cloning lesson for today now let's get into doing some retouching here so I'm going to show you this photo right here this is a night this couple is in their nineties I don't know exactly ninety what? But they're not ninety and they're not ninety five I don't think so there's somewhere in between and they have been going to this little motel that we stay out in hawaii and it really is a motel for realism motel, not a hotel and e took this picture of them in sentencing them for christmas, but I did a little bit of skins moving, you know, because my goodness we're in our nineties people not that I mean that's fantastic, but out in a lot of sun, a little bit of texture gets introduced into the skin. So for this one, am I going to use the spot removal tool? Not really. If there were some spots on the photo that I wanted to destroy it removed, then we could do that just like we did on the flower, the spot removal tool set to healing mo so there's some blending going on, but for this one, what I did was I used the adjustment sprechen the adjustments brash is another selective adjustment tool, so we're going to paint on different adjustment, so let's, go ahead and switch to that tool now, so it's the tool in the far right we've had the adjustments brush for several versions of light room now, however, in light room four, I think we got twice a cz many selective adjustments that we could apply with the brush than it had in previous versions of the program. So if you're using something like light ring three earlier, you're not going to see this number of sliders, you have something you will have all of them. So this is a tool over here it's active canal fi mouse over to the image and click the little pin I can pinpoint teo I can see exactly where I applied that adjustment and this was just a skin softening preset that lives in light room when you install it so let's go ahead and click to delete it now we can come over here and from the preset menu we're gonna choose softened skin and once again because it bears repeating thes built in presets air fabulous learning tools because then once you choose a preset just look to see what settings have been changed on that we'll also help you learn how to use the program so we discussed earlier that the clarity slider was really like a nun sharp mask cider and increases con increases or decreases contrast in the mid tones if you drag the clarity slider all the way to the left you get an extreme softening look we remember we had that on the waterfall were we drive clarity all the way the left and it kind of looks like a painting was very, very soft so that will help us soft skin so let's go ahead and mouse over to our image of the brush controls air down here all zoom in this a little bit here we've got the sides slider again which aren't going to use that one because you're going to use those left and right bracket keys we've got a feather cider again that just changes the softness of the edges of the brush to make the retouch blend in a little bit better with surrounding pixels and the flow is important because that controls how much, how much I'm going to say paint, but it's really not paint, but we're going to go with paint for a moment how much paint you're laying down with each breast stroke, so if I have my flow set to one hundred, then I'm getting one hundred percent strength of the paint or the adjustment at this point. But if I lower the flow, then it's like having a lighter touch so that I can create a build effect so the flow control can be important when you start adjusting skin tones and so on and so forth. And even when you're doing selective lightning and darkening, it could be handy just to be able tio at a little bit of adjustment, assess it and a little bit more assess it and so on and so forth, rather than going overboard with just your first few breaststroke. So that's, what the flow setting is the autumn ask setting is going to be really handy in the minute when we do our selective color effect, where we create what looks to be a black and white, and then we bring back color in certain areas when you turn on auto mask light room looks for the edges of the surrounding pixels to try to help you, not color outside of the edge. That it's detecting so that could be very useful in this particular case it's not gonna help us hill of beans and then density is like oh pass opacity of the auto mask okay so let's do make out a little bit andry position where you can see everything and we deleted our adjustment so we've already got our preset loaded right here and we're going to put our fingers on the left and right bracket keys and we're just going to begin to paint and I've got my flow down so I'm gonna crank it up a little bit where we can actually see the change happening y'all seen a little bit of that skin softening occurring and go down and burst size a little bit let zoom in a little bit with command plus and knees are space bar to reposition within the image that I might go in here and soften that just a little bit team back out reposition our image just to touch and now let's click the flippy switch of this tools panel now this one this particular tool has the largest panel so it's flippy switch is way down here so just look around for it will be there if you don't say that the top what for it at the bottom so watch the skin area where we just painted so there's the before there's the after that's a little bit overdone so what are we gonna do we're going to click that little triangle to the right of the preset menu for that particular tool and then we get an amount slider and then I can back off of that just to touch where it looks more realistic scenario so here's our before and they're after so a little bit of a softer touch all right so let's try it again on another shot the beautiful the lovely karen wilmore reposition the image so here you can see the different pans of the adjustments that I applied so we can come over here to the tool it's already active aiken this click reset I can just click reset I didn't do it didn't do it okay I didn't see it okay good all right so we can do the same thing we come up here and we can choose softened skin from our preset menu mouse over to the image and we can do some skin softening their didn't really get rid of all of them I guess it did okay e think I did some of it with another brush that's what happened? I think we removed a little darkness from under her eyes or we're here with the spot removal tool yes there's the pen that I was looking for okay so we can start there just to give you an idea of really how you would go about retouching a porcher in this way so teo lighten that area you could either use the spot removal tool set to hell or you could try the skin softening but as you know the skin softening preset is just a clarity drop so that I might not give you the results that you want so let's go ahead and use a spot removal tool set to hell so I'm gonna go down and brush size carrying so pretty she's got no she's got nothing to fix I mean look she doesn't even have any you need dishes between her eyebrows right here so here again we're clicking and dragging with a spot removal tool which is new in light room five can all light room did was go grab a source part of the skin but you can scoop that around anywhere you want so I like to position it as close to the area that I'm adjusting as possible so it matches and tone and texture and then of course to make it look realistic we can lower the opacity just a touch we don't want to remove it completely we just want to lighten it just a hair and then I also did a little a little spot removal right there okay so now let's go back over here to the adjustments brush and well softened skin but while resumed in we may as well go ahead and accept those irises right? So for the preset menu we have an iris and hands that's built into the program if we expand that panels settings, we can see what's in that pre set so it's an increase in clarity so it's really like on sharp masking the iris. And then we've got a saturation increase to boost the color and that's in a little bit of an exposure change, so a little bit of frightening there. So let's, come over to the iris and I'm gonna drop the feather amount if I zoom in a little bit, see how inside of the green circle that you won't have there's two circles around my cursor, the outermost circle, the distance between the outermost circle and the next circle in that's the feather. So as I change the feather amount, see how that outer circle is changing and there is it a keyboard shortcut for doing that over here, but I can't really what is this okay to make a little bit? So I've got the size of the brush pretty small because what I don't want to do is paint over the pupil. Now your next question will be will what's that happens. So you see down here that there isn't a race mode that you can put the tool in, but who in the heck monster mouth all the way over there, so if you just hold on option on a macro ault on the pc see how there's a plus sign in the middle of the cursor right now that lets you know that you're in ad moves so anywhere you paint, you're going to be adding that adjustment onto it but if you present hold the option chiana mac are altana pc then you get a minus sign inside of the brush her sir, and while you're holding that modifier key down and you could just paint back across the area that you didn't need to paint across to begin with, you know, maybe the cat jumped up on your computer desk or kids or the phone or what have you but that's how you can erase an adjustment that he made with the adjustments fresh now let's, zoom out a little bit or actually let's take a look at our before and after whether it will flip the switch over here on the right hand side so there's the before there's the after it looks like I didn't erase all of that little booby than I made over there, okay? So before after useful, it looks like I've got a little bit right there that I didn't mean paint okay their time charm before after perfect okay, next thing we wanted you is let's go ahead and add a little lipstick karen it's so beautiful and her scan is so perfect she never wears makeup it's a wonder that I love her as much as I d'oh so we can use the adjustments fresh too do a little selective colorization so we still have the adjustment brush active but I don't want to edit my current adjustment brush edit that we just paint it onto the iris I want to click the new button so that I get a new pin or in the background light room is really applying whatever adjustment you're adding to the whole image and then it's masking it wherever you paint so I don't want to edit my existing adjustment I want a new adjustment a new mask so I can click knew and now from the effect menu I'm just going to choose color or even has come down here to the color swatch and just click it and choose a color because by default it's going to be empty and I'll have a little x sign in it and you can just click it and that'll open this little color picker right here and then we can choose whatever color we want so again I just single clicked toe open that little girl color picker and then you just click on the color that you want to add so do something drastic while you're painting it on and then you can come back in here and fine tune that color and fine tune its saturation which would really work like opacity so let's say that color is fine now when a mouse over here to her lips adjust the feather and then just paint to add the color using your bracket keys tojust breast size and then if something terrible happens, press and hold the option key on a matter her ault on a pc and just paint back over that area that you didn't mean to paint a cross in the first place. Now we decided we don't want that color of lipstick single click that little color swatch again and the color picture will come back up and you can just go down to a lighter color let's say or you could be really crazy and really pump it up so you've got two things that you can control in here you've got the hue, which is what we're doing by picking in this larger box and then you've got the saturation level of that hugh, you gotta separate control for that. So that's, how you would add digital makeup now in light room you've got far less control over that info to shop I can make it, I can take you from having no makeup on in make you look like you had camera ready makeup, you're not going to get that effect here in light room, very subtle effects which you can do over here not say that you can't apply intense color, but I've got no power to blur it to make it look more or less realistic. You just have far more control over that kind of stuff more extreme makeup situation if you will better to do that over in photo shop, but you can do some of that here in lottery, which is really handy, so let's click a little flippy switch there's our before and there's our after, so we've got a little bit of a lightning under the eye. We've got an irish frightening, and we've got a little bit of lipstick here, so now let's go at another adjustment inducing skin softening, click new to create another adjustment another mask and now let's, take a spin through our process and see if there's anything that's in there that's going to help us softened scan then you can come over here to the image, increase our brush size and weaken simply paint. She doesn't need this in any way. It also kind of looks like a slight glamorous lou if it just to touch so there's the before and there's the after can also help smooth out skin tones. And if it's a little too overdone, we're going to click that little flippy triangle at the top right of that panel, and we're just going to drop the amount so that it looks more realistic before after now, let's do a little selected sharpening. We haven't talked about sharpening as a whole were going to say that toe last, but if he wanted to do a little selective sharpening, then what we're going to do is click the new button okay? To create yet another adjustment and from the preset menu weaken just to sharpness. Make sure to expand the settings so you're seeing everything again that way you can affect how sharp, how much sharpness you're adding z man and I'd be tempted tio sharpen the lips a little bit tends to make it look like you've got a tiny but a little off on, and then if you really wanted to be detailed about it, you might sharpen the eyebrows just a bit. And if you really wanted to go crazy, then you could make your brush size super tiny and you could sharpen individual eyelashes now. I only have about sharpening, said a twenty five that's pretty subtle but let's click our flippy switch and you can see thes to eyelashes right here, a little bit more sharpens than the others, so those are just a few ideas for selective sharpening to really make a portrait pop and then of course, on on an image like this, we could even go so far as to sharpen the bouquet will selective uk sharpening on the image of wine on e over here on the studio wall I did some select a scharping on her head piece as well as her les so we could sharpen karen's lay right here a little bit tio so these air all selective adjustments that you're applying now do you want to show you one more thing specifically about portrait in skin? Remember that h s l panel that we used earlier so cruise on down to hear if you really want to illuminate skin then you can I think with the luminant area of this panel you can lighten the reds and lighten the oranges so you can see that I've done that already solicitous set those sliders all back to zero by double clicking luminant itself and then let's take the red slider or you could just point your mouse cursor to the the numeric field to the right and we'll get that scrubby cursor and weaken this click and drag to lighten the red's a little bit and then we can click and drag toe lighten the orange is a little bit but of course as one of our why studio audience members pointed out earlier you can also double click those fields to tap in something more specific so in this case I would lighten the two with the same two mary value so I'll do something a little bit extreme just so we can see it on screen so there's fifteen fifty did you see how those skin tones this lifted right up so now it's click they flip the switch of this panel there's the before and there's thie after notice how the hair's not being affected why's that there's not a lot of reds and oranges in that hair so there's no before and there's the after so after we finished with the adjustments brush and you could do this before and honestly if you change the luminant if you lighten the luminous values of the red in the orange pixels and the image you may not have to do skins moving again not that we had to do anything to karen because she's flawless but that's a nice a nice little thing to know how to do especially on portrait so again we did the adjustments fresh came down to the age of cell panel click luminant and then we simply dragged the red and the orange sliders to the right and why do we drive them to the right if we wanna lighten those two color values? Look at the bar that's behind the slider if we drag him to the left we're gonna be darkening if we drag him to the right, you can see here that we're going to be lightning and there's even an argument for lightening the yellow slider as well because you can see these all kind of look like skin tones over here I was giving you ideas about the different ways that you can go about selectively affecting your images. So really quick someone asked about how you would remove or correct shiny foreheads especially on men shiny foreheads I would try that, uh skin softening preset where it's basically just a clarity value decrease because that's going to soften if that didn't do it then I would use thie adjustments fresh and you could slightly let's see what would I do? I would go to the adjustments brush and I would maybe drop the exposure of tiny because what is a bright spot it's a hot spot shiny spot it lighter than everything else so you might try fixing it like that or possibly an even better solution would be to come over here to the spot removal tool set it to heal and lower the earth. I might even try cloning in lower the opacity so that it's just a small amount of clone and if you can set the clone source to a nearby a patch of skin that's not shiny that would probably give you the most realistic fix so several different ways you go about that, but now that I think about it I would go for the spot removal tool try setting it to clone lower the opacity on that cloned and in light room five you can click and drag and then just make the source part of that. Cologne is nearby to the shiny spot as you can, someone really one more really quick question about skin your ass. How can you touch up dry skin on a baby, or anyone learning doesn't do the trick? Oh, I would try that skin softener, okay, yeah, and again, it's. Just a clarity drop, so I would try that and will probably worked just fine.