Selective Adjustment : Graduated and Radial Filters
So let's, take a look at the before and after of this image, so selective adjustments simply means that you can apply an adjustment teo on ly a certain part of a photo it so the whole thing well, there are three, four different tools in light room that you can use to apply selective adjustments. They include thie spot removal tool, so that would be great to use on an image, a portrait you know, for example, I go back to the original here if we wanted to get rid of things that around or in light room five you can click and drag with this tool to remove objects so that's a spot removal tool so that's one of them that you've got in your bag of tricks, another one that you have is thea bility to and we're gonna go through all these and do it is the ability to paint on your adjustments in a certain area, so that is the adjustments fresh, so if I a toggle the visibility of that brush often on if you look down at the lower left corner of that pyramid, see how with the adjustments brush turned...
off, you can tell that I've done something that darkens just that area the other two selective adjustment tools that you have our filters and their filters that you click and drag to apply to your image one of them is a graduated filter that will let you make a change it's kind of horizontal or you can rotate it that's the graduated filter so if I show you my before and after well actually let me just click on the adjustment self this is a graduated filter so it allows me to make a change that's gradual and in this case I and used it to darken the sky so you really got a look at your image and think all right is the area that I want to change a certain shape will it fit easily inside of a round brush cursor to remove it will can I can I with a brown brush pressure can I paint across it to maybe remove it or does it not lend itself? Do I just need to be ableto paint you know is the adjustment than you to make in several different areas? You know in that case you would use the adjustments brush or is the area you want to just kind of rectangular in shape and if it's rectangular in shape than the graduated filter would be really great is the area you want to adjust circular in shape but not something that you want to remove so right now we're just looking an overview of what we've got to work with and then we'll start actually using the tools if the area that you want to effect is circular in shape and not anything you want to remove. Then the radial filter might be what you want because you can make adjustments that are gradual, but yet they're circular in shape. So all four of these tools right here, we'll let you make selective adjustments. We're not gonna talk about the red, I told right now we're just talking about spot removal which will do a healing or cloning and what's the difference between those two one has no blending. The cloning is a straight coffee that's how you get a third eyeball on your x if you want right there and the healing tool will do a copy of the pixels and then blend them a little bit so that they the retouch looks realistic. But we've also got these other tools here in light room, so if the area you want to effect is circular in shape, so on this one, what I did was I added an exposure adjustment outside of that circle side dark and the exposure just to draw the viewer's eye straight to the one a piece of that flower that I wanted them to look at. So that's thie radial filter that one's new light room five the other filter that we have available to us is the graduated filter. And that one will let me make an exposure change or anything that I can change with east siders right here, that happens in a more rectangular fashion. But that being said, I could spin this adjustment around so that it happen in a more vertical fashion rather than horizontal. So this this filter right here, the graduated filters, is really great for fixing skies. It's really, really nice for that. And the other tool that we have is just the adjustments brush, that one will be the most flexible, but that will also be the most time consuming tool for you to reach for, because that's seriously detailed stuff. We're we're talking about zooming in and fixing teeth, not fixing teeth, because there's nothing wrong with teeth that are super bright white, but if you want them, we find that image for you. If you want to create lighter teeth, then you would paint that adjustment on with the adjustments fresh. And once you start using these tools, you get little pins that show you where that tool was used. And if you point your curse or two, let me zoom. Zoom into my screen a little bit if you point your cursor to a pin with that particular tool active in the area in which you use the tool on will appear as a red overlay, so it lets you know, oh, well, that must be skin softening police. We hope that sure shouldn't be teeth whitening all over the face, and if we point our cursor at this pin and we see the teeth, get an overlay so let's, you know where that tool was used. You can delete any of these pins and therefore delete the adjustment in those specific areas whenever you want you khun lower or increase the intensity of what you've done with these pins after the fact so it's all about just if you want to retouch a certain area of your photo, does it lend itself because of the shape of the area or the size to using one of these tools versus the other one? Because you want to spend as little time doing this level every touching as possible, because this is really where you're going to spend, ah, lot of time, it's selective adjustments because you can't. You can't make presets for these things, there's no way to make a preset for you could make a preset for teeth whitening in so far is what the adjustment will do once you paint with it, but teeth are going to be in different places on every single photo you take. So you can't really automate this level, you can save the adjustments that you make so that you can paint to apply them whenever you want, but you can't automate the actual doing a bit simple, because your skies aren't always going to need fixing and at the very top of your photo, and the teeth aren't always going to be in the same place and so on and so forth, so it is more time consuming, but also very rewarding. This is where you can really take the images you have and turn them into the images that you need or want or that your client needs or wants. Okay, so now let's, go back, and we'll start with the what is, in my opinion, the easiest of the selective adjustment tools to use and that's that graduated filter, so we're going to start out by fixing a rather rectangular sky so close, my little photo been here, so now I'm gonna go ahead and delete the adjustment that I made for you. So as you click with these tools, if you've made an adjustment with them, then you're going to see that little pin, so just click the panned, activate it, and when it's active, it gets a little black circle inside of it, and I could just press the delete key, and I get that fun little cloud. Okay so let's say I've changed the exposure in the basic panel and I'm happy with this photo but the sky is still too light so let's come over here to our tools and the graduated filter came along I believe in light room for then you also have that in camera off seven so give it a click to activate it you know it's active because it has that white border around it and then light room has some useful presets already built into the program for these selective adjustment tools so to get to them just click that tiny little triangle right here next to the word darken and you can see the pre sess thes guys right here so there's already one to darken which really if you're usedto film and being in the dark room it's burning your image so burning darkens a little bit then we've got a preset for lighten which is really just applying dodge to your photo and then we've got an iris in hand so that's going to add most likely clarity and sharpening maybe a little vibrance theirs are softened skin preset there's our teeth whitening preset but for this particular tool in this particular problem all we really want to do is dark in the exposure so we could start with this burn or darken or we could go up here and these items right here are really just turning on the sliders so you can either choose the setting that you want to change from this menu or you can come in here and just change the setting yourself manually it doesn't matter which one that you do, but the usefulness of this poppet many are these presets right here and these air really handy preset your use these five a lot these five will suit you just fine if you're starting out in light room for at least three, four, five months really they're real givens and of course you all know from yesterday that once you get a tool or anything set up the way you want if you want to say that as a preset let's say you come up with your own uh sky perfecting magic combination of these sliders maybe darkened the exposure a little bit and you you give it a little bit of saturation in you'd dark and the highlights a little bit if you in your own photography. If you find that that combination of sliders is just the ticket for fixing your skies, then you're going to come up to that poppet menu and you're going to come down to the bottom and say save current setting za za preset and if you do that you're going to get a naming opportunity and you can call this lisa's sky darkened or something that's meaningful to you and then from that point on that becomes a preset in this poppet menu so that's really where this poppet menus handy is for presets, even though you can use it to get to those individual sliders. So now that we've got some settings changed over here, we can come over here to our image and our cursor turns into across here and it's just a matter of shift clicking and what it's doing is it's applying the settings that we made over here in the right hand side but in a gradual manner as a grady int and that's great for skies and you can see as I click and drag down, then it's getting wider, wider, wider, taller, rather and also, as I move my mouse around, you'll see that I don't have to use that as a horizontal adjustments, it could be vertical, I can spin it around, it could be anything it just lends itself easily disguise if you want to constrain this graduated filter to be perfectly horizontal or perfectly vertical desprez and hold the shift key and that will keep you from spin it around so I can't spin it while I've got the shift key held down, but this is fantastic go for skies so let's say, I like that I can continue to tweak my adjustments over here on the left hand side will say, well, maybe you know that sky's looking pretty given this still not as dark as I wanted and maybe it's a little too saturated so I could back off of that a little bit so now we could flip the switch of just this one adjustment and see before and then after now let's say we liked the look of that but it's just a little too strong come over here to the panel the tool that you're using sand know what toland using has got that white outline around it see this little triangle right here? This is gonna be easy for economist but it's important? So click that little triangle that makes all of the individual settings disappear and we've got an amount slider so if we had everything just about right but it's just a little too much then we can back off of it using that amount slider so now when we flick our switch here's the before and there's the after it looks a little bit more like we think it should now you can have as far as I know is many graduated filter adjustments and a single images you want how do you make another graduated filter adjustment in the same image you come over here to the panel in the clique knew see how now that pin doesn't have a black circle inside of it that means it's not active so now if I wanted to let say apply a different graduated filter adjustment to the bottom portion of this image or forever, then I just click and drag, you see, now I have two pins that was not active. This one is active now by default. I'm just going to click to expand this triangle, so we see our settings again by default. When you add another adjustment from the same tool, it picks up the original setting. So that's, why that got really dark, but all you do is just come back over here and then change them to dio what you want in that particular area. Now, this one, because it's a graduated filter it's really affecting some of this up here, too, so but you can change the settings. Also, you don't have to set these settings up before you applied the filter or the tool. It just makes it easier to see where the heck it's affecting, because you have all these set to zero, and you start painting with the adjustments brush, or you click and drag teo position your graduated filter. If you've not changed anything, it's darn difficult to know where the heck to place the thing, if you're not letting it change anything, so just go ahead and make some kind of a change. In some cases, it will be easier for you to make a drastic change, and then create the filter and then go back and tweak it just so you can see the difference in order to see exactly where on your photo to place that particular filter least it really quick and the chat rooms are asking if there's a command key to make this filter go vertical similar that the crop question I don't know, I thought maybe the excuse that the crop overly I don't know a keyboard shortcut tio to go from horizontal to vertical, but if you set up one filter and this one will work in the er and the radio filter is well, that was new every five if you want to copy a filter like this, then it's an option dragon um acker ault drag on a pc so let's say, for whatever reason you wanted that exact same filter, but just in another position on your photo and that's when you would option are all to drag. Well, we're going to do that in a minute with the radio filter just to show you that one. So now I have to these filter's going on if I decide I don't need one of them, I can this click to activate it and then press the delete key on a mac or back space on a pc and it goes away I still got my original right here now if you're working with these filters and you're making adjustment changes we'll go hand dark that just a little bit more if you want to temporarily hide this overlay of the control of the filter this tap the h g h for hide however, once you have a hidden that tool it stays hidden hidden that adjustment from your image then it stays hidden so what's gonna happen to you is you're going to forgot that you head the pans and you're go do other things and then develop module and then you're going to come back to this radio or a graduated filter tool and because the pen is hidden you're going to think you didn't apply the investment so if you know that you applied an adjustment with any one of these tools but yet you're not seeing the pin or the control or whatever that marks where you apply the adjustment that means you have hidden it so tap the h key for it to come back that will trip you up I absolutely promise okay so let's look at that on another image here take a ticket are before and after with the waikiki so this is another great candidate for the radial filter or the I'm getting the two confused graduated filter radial circular it's really just a graduated filter that's round okay so now let's come back in here closet my detail panel come up to the graduated filter and on this one doesn't look like we actually I haven't applied one yet so that's good so that's another great indicator if you go to the tool and you think you've already applied the adjustment but you don't see any of its pins and you tap the h key and that doesn't seem to be doing anything then you can always just flip the switch of that panel and if you really have applied that adjustment you'll see the change and go well I really did but in this case flipping the switch doesn't do anything so we haven't applied it here okay so let's go ahead and reset this one best is defaults put the tool away for a second here make just a couple of changes warmer up a little bit maybe dark and just a hair and dark inner highlights just a little bit maybe add a little bit of vibrance okay so now we think that well that sky is still just not doing it for me so he come over here to the graduated filter choose a preset ifyou'd like start with burned darken well let's do that and then you can come over here to the image and shift drag if you want to constrain the filter to be perfectly horizontal or perfectly vertical depending upon which way you're dragging it and then adjust the settings or adjust the settings beforehand and then go in and apply the filter so I could darken the sky a little bit that way darken my highlights a little bit more and maybe add a little clarity to make the mid tones in those clouds a little bit more noticeable and see where that gets us so now let's press the y ki tto look at our before and after that's the original vs are changed version but if we just want to see the difference between what we did in this one tool, then we can turn the little flippy switch off and on so in some cases that might be all you need to fix the sky I'm gonna show you one other way to do that it's really skipping ahead just a little bit but we're gonna we're gonna hop to another panel for me to show you how you can use it on this particular image but we're going to spend more time in that panel later on this afternoon so let's put our tools away so we can get rid of this so you could do that either buy clicking the tool again here in the tool bar or by clicking the close button. So now I know I've applied an adjustment with that tool, but I don't see the pen taft h key okay, so it's closes tool back up now let's go look at another way to fix skies that's the hs l panel if you have a situation where that graduated filter does not fix your sky then you can come in and you khun darken individual colors you can also come in and darken or lighten the intensity of light so I'm gonna show you two things here in this particular panel so I clicked the hs l button that stands for hugh saturation and luminant hugh being what color is it saturation being intensity of color luminant being intensity of the light so the luminant is really neat because you can lighten her dark and something without changing the color of it so really when you're adjusting luminous like this you're just lowering or increasing the intensity of light and you won't get a color shift so for skies you can come down here to this hs cell panel and there's two things that you can do it does it's up to you which order you doom and you khun first try clicking the hugh button here and grab this little tool right here you wouldn't even know that it's a tool unless you point your cursor at it but that's a targeted adjustment tool so rather than me trying to sit here in waste twenty minutes of your time and try to guess exactly which color sliders air involved in this area of the image I'm simply going to click and grab the targeted adjustment tool then I can come over to the offending area and I can click and hold down my mouse button dragged downward too dark in that particular color that's underneath my pointer or drag it up actually dragging down lightens and dragging up darkens, I think but you can see what's happened over there in the sliders because could I just go over here and grab the blue swat slider? Sure, but as you can see here there was a little bit of aqua in that sky as well, so that's to say that you might not be able to tell what all sliders air involved in affecting a certain swath of your image so it's easier just to grab that tired an adjustment tool and come over here and start clicking and dragon with it. So that's one way that you might affect just the colors that are involved in the sky another way or it may be used them in combination with each other is to grab the luminous sections that has clicked the word eliminates and since we had the target adjustment tool active over here or in texas over here then it's still active over here so now what you can do is click on the area of your image you want to effect, press and hold down your mouse button and dragged down to darken or drag upto lighten so oftentimes that king bring a sky the misbehaving sky back into the line so for skies to summarize I would start with the graduated filter see if you can fix it that way it might be faster it really just depends you know either use the graduated filter tool or come down here to the hs cell panel and either try adjusting the hue but do make sure to use that targeted adjustment tool or come over here or in addition to come over here to the loo eminence section and then click and drag downward to darken on that sky in some combination of that's going to bring that sky back into line with what you think it should be so that's very very helpful we're going to spend a lot more time in this panel later on any questions on that fargo further um when you adjust the h slr you just adjusting that filter that you originally put on or is it completely separate great question is completely separate yep completely separate so the six tools that you've got here in light room you'll know if you're still using them because they'll be highlighted in white so while we had that graduated filter on it's white and we've got a completely different pay melis open right here so when we close that panel or put that tool away they both do the same thing then we're back to all the panels that we having the developed module so this hs cell panel is something completely independent of that filter but you might try the two in conjunction with each other to fix something like a sky okay and then again that panel all of them had a little flippy switch to see the before and after useful yes, yes, lisa okay, now let's take a look at the radio filter its exact same thing it's round instead of rectangular in shape so let's take a look at closes panel up let's come up to our radio filter now this one is new light room five so we're using any other version you're not gonna have that so here I can see that I got a single pan right here and as soon as I clicked to activate that tool then I get a little flippy switch for it so I can show you the before and after for just this tool not going all the way back to the original image so here's the before and here's the after. So what exactly did we do here? Well, let's, look at our tool panel. I'm not seeing very many sliders. Can anybody tell me why that isthe giving you a hint right here we've collapsed the sliders in order to get a strength or an amount slider so if you reach for these tools really, any of these three right here and suddenly you're not seeing all of your settings then that means you have to expand that particular said with that little triangle I cannot tell you how long were probably several hours in one day I was just screaming because I could not like where my savings for my settings and I forgot that I had collapsed on like that so just be aware that that will get you okay so let's go ahead and look at what I did on this particular adjustments I'm gonna click the panto activate it and at that point then my panel highlights over here and I can see exactly what changes I made so what do we have here? We've got a darkened exposure and we've got increased sharpness actually that should have been like that we have a darkened exposure and a decreased sharpness so where is that being applied it's being applied to the outside of this filter outside of the shape that I jury and we're going to do that in a second you'll notice that we have an invert but right here so you can either have the adjustment apply inside the radio filter or al beside the radial filter by default light reams wants to apply it outside the radio filter which is fantastic for creating your own custom vignettes so we're gonna look at vignettes later on but the vignettes that light room can create down here through the effects panel always the same that your focal point smack dab in the middle of the image how often is that true with this you can create your own custom vigna and move the thing around wherever you want you can have multiple radio filters on the single image and this is where that that option drag on the matter all dragging the pc comes in handy because in this situation you really might want teo, you know, illuminate different areas of your image so let's say for example, I want to have that same kind of brightening effect, which is really just a darkening of the outer edge. I wanna have that somewhere else on my image and I could just option or ault drag and it should it should let me copy it, I promise you that actually works e don't know why it's not working at the current moment but it really does work, so I must not have oh, there you are clearly it's a command option drag situation which on the pc would be control all and of course you'll know that I do that on purpose. Divers have all show you that I'm human and you're going to encounter this kind of stuff so that's a great thing you know when you're dealing with keyboard shortcuts that you think you know that will work, just try adding more of them and it's usually always son combination of the four that are down there next to the z key on your keyboard z for led zeppelin or the space bar so the shift control option command on a mac or shift control ault no shift all to control on a pc it's that section just look at your fingers on your keyboard and just experiment with those if you get into situation like we just did you know it should work but oh yeah told down to the keys a senate one so that's how you can copy a filter with the same settings and apply it somewhere else in your image and to my knowledge is no limit on how many of those you could do but honestly I can't think of a situation where you really wanna have, uh like a bunch of those maybe if you did like a product shoot when you had several different products and you just wonder illuminate each one then you might want to duplicate something like that. Okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and delete that second one by clicking to activate its pan, impressing the delete key and actually let's go ahead and delete the other one so we'll start over from scratch so our first step is to activate the tool and again this is new and light one five and you want to make some change to this setting just for positioning sake or you can come up here to the preset menu and you see we've got that same set of presets here so we could start with one of these presets or we get simply just choose exposure or we could just change exposure down here this cider so if I want to darken the outer edge I'm gonna go ahead and drive that exposure donald nothing's going to change right now nothing's happening to my image because I haven't drawn the filter on the image it I've just set up my setting so that when I do draw the filter there's at least some visual change so I know where the heck to put the thing so click and drag unfortunately you cannot press the space bar in reposition that as you're clicking and dragging like I would think that you could but you cannot do that I know somebody's gonna ask that so the only way to reposition it is let go of your mouse button and then go grab the pin and then just put it where you want it so you can't reposition it while you're drawing it like you can with some tools in photo shop once you have drawn it then you can use any of these handles to change the shape of it and you can see the larger that I make this radio filter then the more vignette like it becomes so whatever shape not whatever shape but you know circular shape however big you want it to be so let's say I just want to illuminate this portion right here so I've got my nice water droplet as proud of that, and this this little flower is microscopic. I mean, maybe maybe a quarter of an end, not kidding, it was so little, it just rained in this tropical botanical gardens of the big island where I was and I have my hand has never been so sore from shooting as it was that day, I took so many pictures and my camera's heavy, and I would just got cramps in my hand because every half a step that I took, I wanted to shoot like a hundred million pictures because of stuff like this, because it's, just I don't see this kind of stuff in boulder, colorado, we dang sure didn't have it in texas, okay, so once you draw on the filter onto the image that you come over here and find teen, why don't want the outer edge to be quite that dark slackened? Brighten the exposure backup or I want to decrease sharpness on the outer edge, which I could do to ways we remember that clarity is kind of like an sharp mass, and I could drive the clarity down teo, kind of soften up the outer edges and maybe drive the sharpening down to soften up the averages all these are just tricks to draw the viewer's eye to a certain spot in your photo. And you've got a whole arsenal of things here to do with exposure brightness, contrast saturation clarity, sharpness and if you wanted to add a color overlay in the area you could apply color affects their tea I don't want to do that in this case also the other control you've got here in this tool is a feather so the feather would be you know, how soft is the transition between where the adjustment is occurring in your image and where it's not occurring your image so you can change that with the feather slider so if we increase it then it gets softer, softer, softer and it's much more subtle affects now it's not so obvious that that's is not that this is being brightness this is being darkened and I love the's controls and wiring because you don't have to worry about setting up the settings perfectly before you do the thing you can give it your best shot over here do the thing and then come back and find tune it so here's our before and are after now if you want to do a reversal if you want the filters effects to happen on the inside, not the outside, then you can do two things you compress thie apostrophe king on your keyboard keyboard shortcut see how now the inside of my filter is having the changes occur over here in the outside is thie original image so for this particular kind of adjustment, I certainly wouldn't want teo do a dark annie of exposure on my focal point, but what might you want to do? You might want to add an extra round of clarity in that area extra round of sharpening or an extra round of saturation, so what we could do is come over here and we could reset some of these sliders to zero by simply double clicking the word next to the cider so now my exposure is back to zero, so on the inside of this filter hear what I've got now is ah, negative clarity, which just means it's soft I don't want that somebody go ahead double click that and send it back to zero and I've got negative sharpness I don't want that someone to reset that back to zero, but what I could do is increase the sharpness, maybe increased the clarity a little bit and increased the saturation. So now if I zoom in e like I zoom in to this area and we turn our flippy switch often on to see just that adjustment there's the before and there's the after so several different ways you can use to draw the viewer's eye and accentuate your focal point and just remember that you can invert the behavior of this filter either with tapping the apostrophe key see how that's turning that check box on and off or you could just master of their internal check box on so that's a really handy adjustment tio keep in mind so we can come down here and do that on another images for the shank sake of repetition so with my flip the switch there's my original or my original adjusted image and there's the radio filter so click to activate the filter make a change I'll go ahead and delete that one clear to activate the filter choose one of light rooms presets what you're going to end up right here you can see a little dividing line so these are all of light rooms presets plus the one that I made and these are just short cuts to the sliders and sales so if I want justin exposer change I could either choose exposure from that poppet many or I could just come down here to the exposure slider and just drag it slightly to the left now mass over to your image click and drag to draw the filter don't worry about positioning it until you let go of the mouse button grabbed the pin, position it where you want it on your image and then used any of those uh white square handles to change the size of it and adjust the shape of it now from this point you can continue adjusting your changes here by default light room is going to apply the changes outside of the shape that you draw the circle but if you want to change that flip flop that behavior press the apostrophe key or click the invert mask button so that's one looks alright here we've just darken the exposure of the outside we want to do something completely different if we wanted to sharpen and boost color in this area that I double click exposure to turn that set that back to zero then I would grab my I would press the apostrophe key right to turn on the invert master that I'm seeing what I want to do over here and I could maybe increase the contrast increases saturation maybe a little clarity maybe a little sharpness and now when I flip the switch they'll see man a little bit reposition not that but repositioned my image with the space bar now with the flippy switch there's the before and there's the after so you can see just a little bit more sharpness a little bit more color in that specific spot and then how do we copy and paste one filter to the other we command option drag hunting the heck or control all to drag on a pc and that will duplicate the filter there we go because you want it had several flowers or what have you and then you wanted to add that adjustment in several places and then to get rid of that adjustment just click the delete key and if you want to reset all of your sliders and mass, you can just click the reset button. And if you want to create another filter with different settings, then if you had one filter already active, you know what's after because it has that black dot inside the pin, then you just come over here and click the new button and then when you draw your creating another filter as well but it's about sixty one six and one hand half dozen in the other and so far is dragging to copy a filter than changing its settings or create a new one in changing the settings that same thing, any question on either graduated or radio filters so you can control all drag within the photo if you wanted to take that filter and apply it to a different photo, could you? I don't know if you can copy in pace a filter or not, you should be able to because you could just use that copy and paste setting so let's, just try that so let's press shift command see so out of all these things right here let's see if we have that radio filter any anywhere and there it is right there, so what we would do if we just wanted to apply that radio filter at those exact same settings we would say, check none and then turn on radio filters. And then you click copy. And then you would go select the other images and then paste.