Understanding Lightroom Local Adjustment Tools
We are going to be inside the develop module the whole time throughout this segment so let's go there now and in the developed module there is a little area right on the top right hand corner that has a history grandma knit first off but below that there's a siri's of different tools those tools or things like crop and grady in't tools and brushes and things of that nature so we're going to go through all of those that's our job here today is to teach you all about those and they're called local adjustments everything else that you do in light room is a global adjustment so temperature intent and contrast and all that that happens on a global scale on the photo but the brushes and the grady inside and things like that those are local adjustments because you can choose where those air applied and so that's what we're going to work on today so I have a bunch of images that I've pulled in that we're just going to be playing with andi we will go through each tool individually so first off ...
when we're inside of light room I just want to call your attention to the area up here so this is the area and you have your brushes you have a radio filter you have grady ints you also have red eye reduction and uh we're going to skip this one because if you have a red eye then I don't have any red eye to show you because I don't take red eye photos um I'm just I don't know I mean it's pretty easy you just go like this and that's the two has nothing to do you just point at the eye and it takes care of it but I am going to tell you this let me just start this way if you have a problem with red eyes in your photos stop using a point and shoot with a flash right neck it's a lens that's why you have red eye the further away the flash gets fromthe lens the less you will have red eye that's all there is to it so that's the tool I really the lite remarked if you click this it ought to say stop using a flash right next year lens that's what I should say but anyway if you do have red eye you just simply opened this up click on the I and it will take care of it so that's all I would say about that then we also have the spot removal tool and then we have the crop tool so those are the things that were going to cover so let's start with crop because crop I think is one of the easiest tools to cover but it's also one of the most important things that you can do in a photograph I would say that ninety percent of every photograph uh, improvement every photograph could be improved with a crop ninety percent of aerial photograph can be improved with a crop cropping is essential because it determines not only what's shown in the photograph and what isn't shown in the photograph but it also determines the energy levels of a photograph for instance um if you are looking at let me let me just go to a a specific set of photographs here and show you the difference s oh, this is a little picnic portrait that I did uh back in a year ago or so on I want to show you say this photograph right here that provide you a feeling of kind of emptiness slow peaceful uh right. Those kind of things come to your mind is it because of the clouds? Is it because of the assault? Like what is it? And I'm going to submit to you it's the crop it's the fact that the crop is so far away from anything that there's no energy in the photograph it's peaceful it's solitude it's silent it's quiet because the crop is not engaging so that is an example of how crop a lack of a tight crop a loose crop gives you a feeling of peace gives you a feeling of serenity on the other hand, if you take a photograph um let's say this one now see there's energy now there is energy in the fact that he's moving but also noticed that he's closer to the frame he's also breaking the frame edge here so there's a frame that's created by the mountain and the horizon and he breaks that frame edge he's closer here his hand is close to the edge here his hand is close to the edge here so all of that kind of stuff creates a feeling of energy and movement because the edge of the frame is interacting with something in the photograph your eyes drawn up to this area in the frame because the mountains air intersecting with frame and becoming more active here and your eyes drawn down here because his hand is getting closer to the frame edge there you're drawn to hear because his head is intersected with this line so those types of intersections create energy and create excitement in a photograph whereas the loose crop will create a feeling of peace and serenity so let's go into the develop module right now and let's look at cropping this photo so the first thing we do is hit the archy for crop or we can just click on the button itself so our turns on the crop and inside of the crop I'm going to there's a little let's get to know this crop button or this crop right here that is the lock tool lock allows you to lock in the current ratio of the sides so your frame ratio is locked by that little thing so if I leave it unlocked aiken just I could just crop one side but if I lock it then I can crop all the sides at once and then I'm going to hit the lights out l l ke gives me lights out by hit it again it goes completely black so all I see is my crop I like to be like halfway so the lights out once one light out button allows me to crop and watch this watch how much more energetic this photo becomes as I bring the crop and there we go it's a much more energetic photo because I've cropped in closer here a cropped in closer here so now he's active he's very, very active here and so I've just increased the the vibrancy and the excitement of the photograph by creating a crop that's close to him and also notice that this is now making a play with the top so the mountain itself is becoming mohr energetic with the top of the frame is well and so we're getting a lot more energy out of this photograph because of that now when you go to the our crop again there's also on overlay on every crop and the overlay here is in the rule of thirds and you can see that I am following rule of third elements here so this is where the main subject information should be and this is where main subject information could should be. And you can see how close I am to those lines on dh that's why the rule of third works the rule of thirds doesn't work because it's just a random let's put things in these areas it's because it gets him closer to the crop. That's why? The rule of thirds works. Um if you want to change those, you can go to the view element here on dh. You can show him easy. And I never changed these things. But, uh, let me see if I can figure out where those are, uh, somewhere in here, you khun, change that there. There's the crop overlay so you can go from tools inside the tool area. Goto crop guide overlay and you can go to grid thirds diagonal triangle golden ratio of golden spiral, etcetera. So if you go the golden spiral, see that why does the golden spiral work? Do you see what's happened? Look at the golden spiral. Am I following it? Well, I would be following if I was going the opposite way, but generally and following it why? Because I'm following the edge of the crop, so all of your all of these overlays, all of these cropping guidelines work because you're getting something closer to the edge of the crop that's why they work so it's all about the crop let me go back I never use that one. I always use the rule of thirds. Okay, so, uh, let me go back out here, turn that off and so now we've done our crop, so the crop tools fairly easy, right? Let's look at a couple more options inside the crop till just so that we're aware of what else is available in there. But let me answer question first issue well, you know, maybe this is where you're going, but fletcher photos said, is there a shortcut we can set up to speed the process if cropping a lot of photos at the same ratio question. So if I wanted to crop an entire set of photographs that we're all going to have the same ratios and the same is going to be pretty much the same, I would let's go to this photograph and this photo see other fairly similar, so the first thing I would do is I would shift, click all of them. So if I'm for instance, if I was doing, say, a bunch of children's portrait's, you know, in front of a backdrop and it was all gonna be the same and I was just kind of doing a little photo line I was just, like, bring someone of vips photo, session it like a political conference or something like that is a perfect example, so I would bring all of those people in front of my backdrop, and I would shoot them, and then once they were done being photographed, then I would highlight all of the images in the entire collection, and I would go and turn on what's called auto sink and that's right here, that little button right at the bottom right hand corner is called auto sing turn it on. Anything you do now will be auto synchronized amongst all of your photos. So for instance, these two photos, I'm going to raise these up a little bit so that we can see what's happening to him, but you can see these two photos, they're going to be cropped, and if I have the auto sink on and I go in and I've again, I'm gonna lock that ratio. I want the original ratio, but if you were doing, say, all five by sevens for this photo conference, then you would then say, ok, I'm going to turn this too, all five by sevens see how the crop just changed on us a little bit, so all five by sevens, I'm gonna lock the ratio so that we're we're maintaining a five by seven ratio and then I'm going to crop it in and let's say I want to crop it really tight there now did you see this one changed too at the same time it changed so it's all set so now if I go from this one to this one it's already cropped now there's a slight difference and a lot of the times when you're doing like a viper portrait session or something you're going to be shooting like this not on a tripod and so things are changing a little bit people are moving this way and that way and whatever but generally they're all in the same general area and so you'll get the crop close to right but then you have to readjust the crop just a little bit here and there so the way you do that then is you have the crop on you highlight all your images that you want a crop ukrop them all at once you can also do any angle adjustments that you want to at the same time so for instance if I grab on so you gotto zoom in here see that little arrow how it's almost around arrow that means it's going to it's going to actually change the rotation of the image s o I'm going to grab that and then I can see that I'm going to get that horizon line in in line once I've got the horizon line in line, then I can go to this one and it's twisted this one a little bit too, but see how I was shooting slightly off. I want that horizon in line to be correct as well, so once I've got the original crop that's close to correct, then I turn auto sink off, and then I would just now that I've got auto sink off if I rotate this horizon line and get it correct and move it a little bit this way in a little bit that way, see how on lee moved this one? And then if I go to this one, that one still is the original crop that I gave it, and so what you'll do is you'll go from image to image and just slightly adjust to make it perfect. Now here's an important key stroke that you have to know if you're going to do this and the key stroke is command arrow command arrow allows you to toggle back and forth between images without getting out of the crop tool because watch what happens if I just use the arrows because if I'm outside of the crop tool, if I'm just outside of crop tool, the arrows move me from photo photo correct it's easy, but if I'm inside the crop tool, look with the arrows, do they move the crop? That's not going to help you in cycling through a bunch of photos really fast so you have command arrow will take you to the next photo and then the arrows just arrow can move the crop around for you and get it all set and then command arrow to the next image and crop that one command arrow to the next image crop that one except except except but you do the bulk of the work in one fell swoop by getting to the five by seven and getting close to the right crop on all the images and then you go to town on each image individually good perfect. All right, so now that we have our we've crossed we've got her aspect ratio here we have the angle it's everything's pretty self explanatory in there and so we're going to leave the crop tool crop tool is a really, really important tool, but it is very simple to use and probably everybody uses it really well already but that's a great I'm glad they ask that question because that's a really good time saving tip. All right, so now let's go into the next tool over which is this spot tool the spot tool is super important because otherwise we have to go to photo shop without this thing and we don't want to go to photo shop I know this is photos show week but my job is to teach you how not to go to photo shop very often right you need photo shop when you need it but you don't want to be there all the time because it also takes a lot of time to get there and back actually there that's a really good point somebody in the chat room had asked like why am I using light room versus photo shop and maybe not everybody is at a point where they're understanding when to use one of the other and I like your style because personally I like to use light room a cz much as I can and this bit that you're showing us is kind of the maximum that we can do right within the localized tools correct yeah so basically those people were going to photo shop are going there to do a lot of the things that they could do here inside of these localized adjustments eso weaken remove blemishes we can remove telephone poles we can crop we can do a lot of stuff burning and dodging stuff like that can all be done inside of light room and at the raw level and this is so there's several reasons why you use light room first and the reason use light room first is number one you're doing everything that the law raul level which is great and a lot of people say well I could do that camera and photo shop true, but you can't do it as fast. Because light room is made for speed. It is based on a very different architecture, from photographs, photo shop and so that architecture allows for speed. It allows for really efficient moving of photographs, selecting photographs, adjusting photographs and sharing photographs all in one place. Plus, it connects out to photo shop. And so when you need photo shop, which for me, when I do a wedding, I'll send three to four images to photo shop in a wedding and that's, you know, on an entire album, I might say, if someone orders an album, I might at the most out of forty images sent five of them to photo shop because the rest can be done in light room. It's. Only the close ups that really need a lot of work on the skin and whatever. And so mostly, you can do everything in light room, and it just doesn't so much faster.