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Faders and Panning

Lesson 3 from: Music Production in Logic Pro X: Vocal Mixing Essentials

Tomas George

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Lesson Info

3. Faders and Panning

<b>In this lesson, Tomas shows you how to start a basic mix using just volume faders and pan pots to get a good balance down when mixing in Logic Pro.</b>
Next Lesson: Flex Pitch - Vocals


Class Trailer

Introduction and Welcome to this Class


Project Organization


Faders and Panning


Flex Pitch - Vocals


Flex Time - Vocals


Editing Studio Drums


Song Mix Deconstruct - Mixing Drum Kit Designer


Mixing Files


Lesson Info

Faders and Panning

Hi and welcome to this lecture where we're going to look at mixing in its basic form. So we're not going to look at any audio effects. We're not going to look at any plugins in this lecture. We're just going to look at the basics of mixing, which is the volume faders and the pan pots. So we've already made the buses for each of these groups. So we have these tracks here such as the drums, the percussion, the bass has a track of its own simps, strings and vocals. So we can always open these up with the triangle and go through the different instruments individually if you want to change stuff around. So say, for example, we want the kick drum to be a little quieter. We could always go into here and change the volume of the kick. And also say, for example, we want to pan one of these percussions. So say this wood block, we could always go to the pan pot here and pan this percussion. So what I'm going to do now is actually listen to the track and just make a quick mix with the volume fader...

s and the pan pots. So right there, there's a load of strings entering on to make these strings sound a little bigger and a little wider. So I'm going to pan some of these strings. So let's just go to that section where the strings are playing. So it's just zoom in and the strings enter here. So we have several string parts playing, we have cellos, we have violin. So I'm just going to pan some of these to make the string sound a little wider. You can also see in the fader here that there's a lot more information coming out of the left channel than the right channel in the strings. So I'm just going to balance it a bit more and try and get a more even spread. But I have some strings panning on the left and some panning on the right just to create a wider field. So it sounds like there's a large string section playing rather than they're all coming from the same direction. OK. I'm gonna continue on. So we've made the strings sound a little wider and now I'm just going to hit this arrow. So it's just the group of the strings we can see add on you. So I'm just going to fast forward the song where it's a little busier. Yours too. So this section here, the strings really kick in. So what I want to do is actually pan some of these strings as well. We have this staccato string part, we have more of a string rif. So I'm going to pan these and make them sound even wider. So it sounds like we have a huge string section playing in the room. So let's go and open up the string section. I've just looped this section here. OK. We've got loads of strings playing here. I'm just going to solo the string section for now. I'm going to vary the panning as well. I'm going to have some string sections a lot wider. So generally I'm going to have the violins wider, the violas less wide and the cellos less wide. When panning, I normally like to have the bass instruments towards the center and then the higher I go generally, the more I pan. But you can experiment with this, this isn't a fixed rule. So I'm going to go through now and just pan some of these string parts. So I've created quite a wide pan for the violins, a reasonably wide pan for the viola and then for the cellos, just slight panning this way, it sounds like the string sections played in a large room and it creates a much wider sound. So let's continue on with the song. And this section towards the end of the song has a lot of percussion parts. So I'm going to do a similar thing here. I'm going to pan some of the percussion parts, not quite as wide as a string section because this part's not quite as epic. I don't want it as wide, but I'm still going to pan some of this. So let's just close the string section from before. So we don't get too confused. I'm just going to expand the percussion by hitting this arrow here. I'm just going to create a loop. Some of the volume levels aren't quite what I want. So I'm going to decrease the volume of the shaker. So we have this quite low orchestral drum. I'm going to leave this in the center, its lower orchestral drum. I'm going to leave that in the center as well and turn up the volume a bit. You can actually see from when I bounced this. It's actually been panned to the left. I want this more central. So I'm just going to pan it slightly to the right to even it out a bit of the symp drum. You can see that when I bounce this, I did bounce this with panning. So I'm going to leave it as it is because it's already being panned, maybe slightly less panning. So I'm just going to even out the panning here and turn up the volume or turn up the fader. The shake has already been panned when I bounced it. So I'm going to leave it as it is. And now let's just hear the percussion by itself. You can tell by the fader and it sounds like this. There's more information coming at the right side rather than the left. So I'm just going to pan some of these high instruments slightly to the left to even out the signal. And now that sounds good. A lot of this is just going through and critically listening. Do the parts sound even to you, does the bass fit with the kick drum? Is there enough padding? Does the panning match what you want to create? It really does depend on what you want to happen in the song. So I'm just going to play another part of the song now and just have a quick listen just to check if I've got the basic mixing down. I also like to look at the output level here. If it's really harsh, say there's a lot more signal coming out the right than the left, I would normally try and even this out of panning. But right now it looks kind of similar. It doesn't matter if it fluctuates between the right and the left because we do want some variation in panning. But if it's always right heavy or left heavy, it is a good idea to fix this free panning and adjusting the levels. I think I might increase the base slightly and let's find a part where the kick from so we can hear this with the base. So here we have the drums and the bass might turn the base up slightly to me that sounds like a good level. Just have a look at the drums. The hats sound a little too panned for me. I'm just going to even them out here because I did actually bounce these with panning. So I'm just going to even it out slightly and just increase the level as well. Turn the snare down slightly, just going to solo the separate kicks just to hear what they sound like with the bass. Increase. Kick two and decrease kick one. So kick two is more of a sub kick and kick one is more of a high kick, I think kick two, the sub kick is clashing a little bit with the base. I'm just going to decrease this and increase kick one which is the higher kick and now let's hear this back just going to decrease the base slightly. So now I think I've got a good overall level for the volume faders and also for the pan pots. So thank you for watching this lecture just about basic mixing with panning and volume faders.

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