Getting Rid of Spots in Old Photos
So let's, start off with a really difficult one and time consuming issue, and I'll show you some magic tricks. This is what I call grumpy grandma. She is my great great grandma. She had a rough life, obviously, anyway, so this is the original image, and it has tons of spot it's on it. So I want to show you a literal magic trick for getting rid of all these spots actually, let me open up the original, okay? So on this original, what I'm going to dio is zoom in, and you can see we've got tons of white spots and black spots. This could take you hours of despot, but I'm going to show you a really great trick with history. Now, history is something we typically used for undoing our mistakes, right? Well, I'm going to show you how to use history and snapshots in a really fascinating way, so I always retouch on a duplicate layer, so I'm going to hit f twelve. That is my action recorded on a function key to duplicate my layer, and it names it retouch. It makes a snapshot of what my file looks ...
like. Now, with two layers, it puts a history marker on that layer, that means anything I do to that layer, as faras retouching goes, I can go to my history brush and as long as the history marker is next to the snapshot, it will take this layer back to the way it wass literally it's just limitless undoes it's a great way to go but let's take it up one more notch what I want to do is use it to get rid of all of those dots so let me show you how so I am going to name this snapshot sharpe because my picture is sharp right now and I'm going to apply a filter so that filter is noise, dust and scratches so dustin scratches is pretty handy for this kind of thing. What I'm going to do is take these both down to zero and I'm going to take my radius up until I mean make it smaller there we go until all of the dots are gone now if I take it up enough to get these dots gone it must is it too much? But if I can do it enough to where all of the white and black dots are gone that works now it's all mushed though, so if I bring my threshold up, look how it brings the texture back now if I bring it up all the way it brings all those dots back again so the trick is to bring the threshold up to the point that the grain structure is brought back to where it wass let me see preview let me go so the grain structure is restored, but my dots are gone there's a fine line there of a radius and then the threshold where you bring back the structure of the grain, but not too far. Every image is different, it's just a little bit of ah nudging until you get the right combination for your image, so they're we've gotten rid of all the dots, but we kind of got rid of a lot of details to, so what I'm gonna do is make a snapshot of what it looks like now with destined scratches, and I'm going to call that d and s the reason is because you can't tell which one's which this thumbnails way too small in a way for you to know, so I'm going to put my history marker on gust and scratches, so when I paint with my history, it will take it back to what it looks like right now, but first I'm gonna restore it to the sharp snapshot, so notice putting the marker next to it gives the instructions for the history brush, but clicking on the name or this blue bar of the snapshot literally takes you there. It takes you to that state, so restoring the picture back tio it's sharp st I have my history brush and if I paint with my history brush at one hundred percent it's going to get rid of everything but it just makes it all mushy right way have one little detail here let's say we want to get rid of all these white dots well, if I put this in the mode of darkened then my history on lee shows up in a light spot so literally I can use a giant brush and I can just wipe away all these hundreds of little white dots. This is a million times faster than doing them one at a time so literally I'm just scribbling away that's fast now if you're doing gingham check like this it treats that is a bunch of dots so you can't really do it with a giant brush on the gingham check because it's got too many dots that way but I can go over this whole image and get rid of all the white dots that way it's just over the features of the face and gingham check and those kinds of things where I need tio watch out there you go and the things that are really big I will probably have to come in and fix another way now we have black dots too. Any guesses on what mode frightened so I gotta lighten now it wipes away all the black dots so I can go through and wipe all days away okay, you got to be really careful on the dot around the gingham check with those two. So I just make a smaller brush on those. Okay? This right here will save you so much time. It's. Ridiculous. And it doesn't just work for dots. It will also work for a heavily cracked image with lots of little bridges of highlights and shadows on all the ridges. Same story. Okay, so that's half my work right there, that's. Pretty cool. So I wanna make a snapshot where I'm at right now and move my history forward just so I have my history or what it looks like right now because if I do something and I bring my history back it's also going to bring all the dot right, so usually want to use a history state. I will make a new snapshot move the history forward. I can always revisit the other ones if I like, but this just keeps me on track, so that looks much, much better now. I would just use the patch tool or the healing brush. Tio take care of the bigger things and it's just a matter of patching. Now I'm not going to take the time to fix every little piece of this just because we'll get one image done in this segment have lots of things to show you.