flash, in my opinion, is the most complicated area of photography. We could spend not days, not weeks, months going through this. And I'm gonna spend less than five minutes. Okay, so I know a lot of you have cameras that have built in flashes. I detest these little things. I pretty much never use them. They can be handy in some situations. The fact that it's always there is very, very nice to have. There are additional flashes that you can get you can add on, and they're basically just more powerful versions of the built in flash. And these can be quite handy. If you do a lot of flash photography, they're going to give you more power. You can shoot it creator distances or bigger groups of people. They'll be faster recycling so that you can go from shot to shot a little bit more quickly. They'll also allow you to bounce off of a low white ceiling or white walls off under the side, and they will have additional features in them that we don't have time to get into. But special effects fea...
tures multiple flash, slow saying flash and a number of other things that are very good. But for somebody just getting into photography, here is the most important things to know about. Flash number one Flash has a limited distance that it can go. Yes, you'll be able to illuminate the penguins right there in front of you, but not the mountains in the distance. Okay. And so it's on. Lee, good for your built in flash is good for about 10 or 12 feet. That's it. Three meters, maybe. And yeah, there are ways of making it a little bit further, but that's how far the effective range ISS. Secondly, it works best on subjects that are fairly flat. You can't shoot pictures of a bunch of people all at different distances from you. They need to be kind of similar distances to you. You can't have one person three feet away from you and somebody else 20 feet away from you. The way light falls off falls off very, very quickly. So everyone kind of needs to be lined up if you want him illuminated evenly with the flash. Ah, good time to use built in flash or add on flash is with people photography. All right. A lot of times the eyes air in the shade, and we want to lighten things up a little bit. The camera has a system called T T L Auto Flash, and this is where your camera will automatically figure out how much power to throw out of that flash. The problem is for people photography. It's often a little bit too much, and you want to dial it back a little bit. You want to turn it down a little bit, and you will do this by something that is in pretty much all cameras called flash exposure compensation. It's Icon is usually a lightning bolt and a plus minus, so you can look for that within the controls of your camera. Now weaken, dial it down, Tu minus one minus two and let's try minus three in this case. And then let's do a comparison between all of these and what the camera does flash in this case is a light is very similar to spice that you would put on food. You want a little bit of spice, but you don't want too much. All right, and generally the cameras automatic TTCL system will put too much on and so you need to dial it back. My camera is pretty much set at minus one all the time. I'll adjust it a little bit from there, but that's kind of my baseline setting. That's where a lot of photographers leave their T TL flashes because it's just gonna look a little bit more natural on the face. Okay, I've got one other little flash tip, and I'm sorry, I'm not gonna be able to explain this, but if you want really good pictures, you got to get the flash off the camp, all right, there's a multitude of ways of doing this. We don't have time to do into it. There's cables, there's remote and there's all sorts of fancy, fancy things. But if you want really professional lighting, you need to get the flash off the camera.