Duplicating, Moving, and and Aligning Layers
Okay, so now it's opened up an image and let's talk about duplicating and re sizing and moving a little bit more. So let's say, we start out with this image and perhaps a graphic designer gave it to you or you created it or what have you but what if we want more than just two of these little hippie chicks on here? How do we get more of them? And how do we put them beside each other? Well, if we want tio have these two girls beside two similar girls are identical girls. Rather, we need to first create more space on to which we can work, so we need to increase our canvas size or our documents, eyes and what I want to do first, if I want to increase my canvas size is I want to unlock this background layer camera, zoom in so you can see it when you open up an image in photo shop, you're going to get a single layer and the layers going to bea lot that is simply photo shops way of trying to make the file you're working with, able to be opened in programs other than photo shop because no othe...
r program besides photo shop and it's cousin photoshopped elements can understand the concept of layers light room doesn't understand the concept of layers aperture does not understand the concept of layers I photo does not understand the concept of layers because they're all other photo editing programs on ly photoshopped, so the reason you get one layer with a padlock is photoshopped is trying to help you keep this file as accessible as possible about other programs, so to do much of anything with it, you're going to have to unlock it and watch carefully because this is really hard. You got a double click it and that's it just double click it photo shop is going to give it a name other than background and it's going to take off that padlock now you can name it anything you want, but for the for this purpose, I'm just going to leave it set to layer zero, so go ahead. Impressive, ok, and now you'll see that that padlock is gone, so now I can do anything I want, including add more canvas space when she saw earlier I to do with the crop tool. So I press see to grab the crop tool, take a quick peek at the options bar, make sure they don't have anything in there that I don't want in there draw a box around the image, and now I can just expand my box and press return some now I've got empty space and again that's what thes uh this checkerboard pattern is telling you it's empty space well now if I duplicate my layer then I've got room to move that difficult layer around beside my other layer so it looks like I have four hippie chicks instead of two ok? So we're going to go ahead and since I've only got one layer in the document I don't have to go click on anything over there because it's already active you cannot have no layers in the photo shop document you must always have one layer so I'm gonna choose layer duplicate layer it's going to ask me when I want to name it I'll just leave it set to copy now since I have two layers he's containing two hippie chicks I can go grab my move tool and move one of them over. Well now I've got a layer that's partially covering up another layer so I can click to activate that other layer and move it over to the right. And now I have four heavy tricks instead of two so you can keep doing that as much as you want, so in fact I'll zoom out a little bit so we have a larger space to work with and I'm gonna grab my crop till again and I'm gonna make my canvas even bigger this time I'm gonna hold down option on a mac or ault on a pc so that I'm re sizing from the inside out and affecting all for the corner handles at one time in them because photo shop has a one track mind you cannot do anything else while inactive box and any kind is happening press return or enter on your keyboard now we could continue to duplicate these layers as we want it you can even duplicate more than one layer at a time so let's say I want um eight hippie chicks okay, well I've only got one layer active right now and I know it's active because it's highlighted well if I shift click another layer it becomes active as well, so nail if I choose layer duplicate now it's his layers as she what you want to name him look ok, so now I've got two additional layers now I could go grab the mood of school and I construed these guys up and if you want in your moving around of layers if you want it to be perfectly horizontal or vertical, you can hold the shift key down and that restricts see I'm trying to move it to the left but it's not letting me okay, so if you want to restrict uh dragging a layer to be perfectly horizontal or vertical than hold down the shift key as you're dragging it okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and select these other two layers and those guys up so you can keep doing this as much as you want, so I'm going to go ahead and duplicate another layer another way to duplicate a layers with the keyboard shortcut and you can click the layer that you want to duplicate impress command j on a mac or control j on a pc that one is kind of hard to remember so here's what I think of it as I think of it as jumping the layer I've selected or activated onto another layer so I think of it as a jump and that's the only way I can remember that keyboard shortcut so if I've got, uh actually I'll click on this one right here if I've got this one activated and I pressed command j on a mac or control j on a pc it duplicated that layer and then I can grab the move tool and move these guys around if I do it again now I've got a whole bunch hippie chicks another fun little tip for you is let's say that the image is looking pretty good to you right now but what's up with all that extra space we made our canvas too big a really easy way to get rid of that extra space is to use photo shops trim command and that lives in the image menu then choose trend it photo shopped asks you what you would like to trim off the transparent pixels, which is what we want in this case. Or it could be whatever color is at the top left of the image or whatever color is at the bottom right of the image. So we're going to leave it set to transparent pixels and instantly all of that empty space is going to be trimmed away from our document. Okay, so now we mentioned re sizing and opacity changes earlier. Well, what if we want these hippie chicks right here to be smaller and lighter? Maybe? Well, first of all, how on earth do you figure out what layer there on and that we've got so many in? They look so similar, the only way you could tell if you wanted is by looking at the positioning of the layer thumbnail that would give you a clue, but there's an easier way while the move tool is active and again that's the arrow at the top of your tools panel, you can press and hold the control key on a mac or you can right click on the pc okay on that thing that you want to find, ok, so if my goal is to lower the opacity or resized these two girls right here, I'm gonna control or right click on that part of the image and it's going to come up with a little poppet many that tells me what later that's on. So then I simply click it, and it activated the layer down here in my layers panel automatically, so I'll do that again, so if you guys watch, I'm on this next to the last layer near the bottom of my layer stack, and they are stacked on top of each other to certain extent. So if I come over here and I'll go for these guys, let's say I want to affect them, so if I control click, I clicked the wrong key control, click or right click see how it's given me the layer that that lives on. So now when I click that watched my layers panel in a different layer will automatically activate, did you'll see that that's how you can figure out what the heck is on one layer first is another layer, so once you have activated the layer that you really want to change, I'll go back to this guy right here, you can do all kinds of things to I can drop my opacity, okay? I'm getting those transparent pixels again because I've dropped the opacity and there's nothing behind it, we'll make we'll put something behind it here in a second, another thing that I can do is change the size of just those two girls? Ok, I'll go ahead and raise the capacity for the moment I can either go up to the edit menu and choose free transformer aiken simply press command or control t t for transform I get my re sizing handles and again, since I don't want the girls to become lobby jod I'm going to hold down the shift key as I drag diagonally inward with a corner handle to reduce size I wanted to make him bigger you drag diagonally outward, okay, but let's say that works ah press return when I'm finished with that now let's say I want to change the size of these girls down here I do my control or right click to figure out what layer there on summon free transformed by pressing command tea or control t again hold down my shift key and I mean I can make them bigger. You can also do some moving while you have an active free transformed box you can without holding down any modifier keys. You can click and drag within the box and you can move that box around on your image when you're finished press return. So now I want to add I want to add a solid color layer at the bottom of my layer stag because I'm like in my composition here, but I don't want all this free space okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and I'm going to create another kind of layer myself, ok, so this is the first kind of new layer that we've made we've been duplicating layers so far, so what we're going to do is we're going to choose layer new phil layer and we're gonna choose solid color. This is a more efficient way of filling a layer with color ban creating a new image layer and then using the phil command to fill it, because if you were to do that, that layer would be filled with pixels, but because phil layers are really adjustment layers it's again a set of instructions so you can think of it as you just put a command over there in the layers panel that says, hey filled this layer with whatever color I want, okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and do that layer new layer newfield layer solid color and you can choose from grady and pattern to you, will you solid color in this instant? Ok, and you can leave it name to color, feel or you can change it to whatever you'd like. We're gonna call this one yellow background okay photo shop immediately opens the color pickers first time we've seen this in the class and it lets you tell called photoshopped what color you want to use for that action okay, so the way the color picker works is that you can use this rainbow bar over here to choose the range of colors you want so for example, if I want something in the yellow realm I need to drag that slider you know, within the yellow realm here of that range of target colors or you can't just click within the bar you don't have to drag the slider around whichever way you want to do it, okay? But I want to mash the yellow that was in our little hippie chick image well, if you watch when I mouse away from that dialog box my cursor turns into an eyedropper which will let me snatch color that's already in the image I use this trick all the time all the time so again you can set your own color by using this a range of target color slider and then once you've picked the range of colors and you have to come over to this area and you have to click again for the color to change because you have still photo shop how lighter how dark you want that color too because it has no clue ok, so but rather than trying to match that yellow which might drive you insane simply mouse away from that dialogue when your cursor turns into an eyedropper single click to pick up that color and now it matches perfectly press ok over here in the layers, panel zoom in again. Photoshopped created a new layer forest and what's happening on that layer. Look at its layer thumbnail. Right here. It's an adjustment layer because it's got the slider. So you know that no real pixels air going on in that layer and it's filled with yellow. Okay, tells you back out now, my hippie chicks disappeared. Some of them did. Why is that? They're underneath that's, right? They're underneath. So what you want to do is click and drag this layer thumbnail of the film layer we just made click and drag it down to the very bottom of your layer. Stack so that it's underneath all of our little hippie chicks that we've created here. So now if I want to go back to some of my other layers and change the opacity, we don't get that weird effects. And this control or right click trick to that layer, papa. Many layer contextual menu on ly works when you have the move tool active. If you have any other tool, you will not get that layer pop up menu. Ok, so that is what's telling me what layer those air on.