So we're going to finish up yesterday's retouching extravaganza with a bit of healing magic here, so let me go grab a file we're actually going to stay in the day three files for just a little bit here this morning because we finished up with dio tones yesterday, so we're going to start out with is the healing brush now, normally, when people use the healing brush they will either using on the original layer or they will dip, locate the layer and then usually healing brush on that, we're not going to do either of those things. What we're gonna do is we're going to telephone a shop that if it doesn't mind that when we do our hailing, could you please put the healing on an empty layer cake, an empty image layer? So we're gonna be starting out with this little girl is she doesn't look very happy, poor little thing and let's see if we can figure out why she doesn't look very happy if I look over here in my layers panel, then I can see we've got a lot background layer and we've got another ...
image layer that's mostly transparent, but it looks like it's got some freckles on it we're going to go ahead and toggle the visibility I off on that layer and see what's going on ik now we know why she's unhappy I think we would be unhappy team, so we're going to use the spot hailing brush, but we're going to set it toe work on an empty layer, okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and turn off the visibility I have this layer that I've created for you and again when you purchase the course and you've got these download files, trying not to save over the psd documents that I've given you, because that way you can open those things up later on and kind of reverse engineer if you forget a few steps of the technique. Ok, so the first step is to course open the image and create a new empty layer. We're going to use our keyboard shortcut trick of shift command in for new layer or shift control in on a pc, and we're going to name this one spot healing and click ok now, let's, go grab the healing brush your healing brushes live next to the paintbrush tool, the regular abreast tool that we've been using in layer masks all week long. Zoom into the tools panel see you can see the healing tools actually look like little band aids, which is handy, so the first one is the spot healing brush, which is what we're going to start out with using, and it is good for fixing things that are round. And if you have something to fix, it is not round, then we're going to have a go at it with the healing brush tool and later on we're also going to look at the patch tool so let's, go ahead and start with the spot hailing brush, and before we actually start clicking around on our document, we need to change a couple of settings in the options bar case alert museum in so you can see the options bar what we want to do is we want to put this tool in the mode called proximity match in this just us telling photo shop a photo shop when we clicked with this tool, would you please look at the pixels directly outside the edge of the brush cursor? Hey that's, where we want you to take the good skin from okay or the good background from it doesn't work just on scan, and he could get rid of ah bird in the sky with his tool, but with proximity match you're saying, hey, look at the pixels just outside of the cursor, copy them to the inside of the cursor and then smash him around so that they look real ok, so we're gonna put it in proximity, match, mood, the next thing we're going to do. Is we're going to turn on sample all layers that is going to allow for the shop to look through the empty layer that is currently active in our layers panel damn through to where the pixels live which is on the image below, so turn on sample all layers now we are ready to start zap unease blemishes so zoom in so you can see what you're doing unique and use your space bar drag trick to move over in the in the document and now it's just a matter of sizing her brush to be just a little bit bigger than the area you want to fix. So this is another good opportunity tio keep one hand on the mouse and two fingers on your bracket keys that live next to the peaky on your keyboard so the left bracket key goes down and brush size the right bracket key goes up in brush size, so you want to make it just a little bit larger than the blemish you're going to fix and then it's just a matter of single clicking and that blemishes gone so you can imagine with your fingers on those bracket keys you could very quickly come through here and fix all kinds of blemishes now if you happen to introduce a repeating pattern, just keep clicking around on that area until that repeating pattern goes away so very quickly you can come through here and clean up her skin poor little thing poor little thing now when we get down here to this little blemish right here because it is so close museum in a little bit because it is so close to the edge of her chin if we make our brush large enough to encompass that blemish we run the risk of duplicating that darker line that's the edge of her chin ok, it didn't at that time but sometimes it does it anyway if you get close to an edge of some kind when you're doing the spot healing you might have to do your spot healing in a couple of different cliques or what I would do on this one is I would position that blemish if if the bottom right corner of my brush cursor because I just don't want that cursed her to be so close to that line because if you think about what it's doing put the tool in proximity match it is copying pixels that are directly on the outside of that brush cursor pasting them to the inside of the brush cursor and swirling them around so that they look really well if we get the edge of our brush close to a line then we run the risk of repeating that line somewhere else you know inside the brush cursor so you just want to be aware that so since I am kind of close to edge of her face I'm in a position that blemish on the lower right quadrant of that brush cursor give it a click and then I don't have to worry about, you know, copying over the edge of her face, ok, some mallets come up here and fix her little forehead. Now I've just been clicking single clicking with this tool. You can absolutely click and drag with it if you want, in fact, that's what we're going to do when we get into using this tool in its new mode and see us five, which is called content aware. Now, up here, I have to be careful because there are some strands of hair on either side of the brush cursor, so I can't make my brush pressure too big or I will repeat those strains of hair, not the end of the world, if it happens, because you could just keep clicking around until you get rid of the little strands of hair that it repeated and again, don't drive yourself insane by striving to create perfection when you're doing this kind of thing do keep in mind the size of the photo should it print? Okay? So while you're zoomed in it's really easy to get carried away and think, oh, my goodness! I think I may have repeated a tiny little whisp of hair up here it's probably not going to be that big of a deal ok so in other words don't drive yourself crazy trying to make it perfect because if you're printing this image nine times out of ten is going to be too small for anybody else but you to notice okay so really quickly we got rid of those blemishes okay so here's our before and here's our after I don't want to get rid of every single imperfection in her face I still wanted to look like a little girl you know if she's got malls some of us were covered with moles that's totally fine but we just wanted to remove enough of those blemishes so that that's not the first thing you notice when you look at her sweet little picture. Okay, so here again over here in the layers panel if I turn off the visibility eye on the little girl then you can see what photo shop has done here is all of our healing and it took place on an empty layer it's more efficient for your photo shot file size van duplicating your whole photo because there's just no reason to do that okay and we're gonna be using the spot hailing brush again so I would I will give you one little quick tip an extra bonus retouching tip since we have cleaned up her blemishes I think she could be happier than she is right now so we're going to pop into the liquefy filter really quickly and we're going to turn up the edges of her lips ever so slightly to give her the slightest grin okay yesterday I mentioned we were talking about smart filters you're running filters on smart objects and I happen to mention that liquefy was one of about two or three that unfortunately will not work on a smart object so the only way he can run the liquid five filter non destructively is to duplicate the background layer ok so I'm going to go ahead and duplicate that real quick now gonna trot up to the filter menu and she's liquefy now you'll notice the blemishes came back there only back because the dip lick it later that I just created a sitting below the healing layer that we made ok so we're going to come up here and grab this first tool which is forward warp not just let you grab pixels and move them around pushed the's pixels around so I'm gonna come down here and just grab the corners of her lips and dragged them up ever so slightly press ok and now she's a tiny bit happier than she was there's the before there's the after and this is kind of fun to you just to sit here and turn that layer often on yes changed the shape of your brush when you're doing the spot healing I've seen some people use like an angled brush sometimes I don't change the anything about the breast at all ok? So let's try this out on another image actually we're going to dip into the healing brush and then we're going to open up an image and were to get going to do both spot healing and healing brush within the same image, so we'll be back to spot healing in just a second so here's an image and if we look in our layers panel let's see what's going on over here we've got our background layer and then we've got another layer cleverly called bags and there's not a whole lot on it looks my two little dots, so we have put the healing brush here in exactly the same kind of mode we've told it hey healing brush, I know I'm on an empty layer, but could you please look through this empty layer to the layer underneath because that's where the pixels are so let's go ahead and turn off the visibility I of the bags layer so the same we're going to the same stuff again we're going to create a new layer onto which we're going to do our healing so press shift command in on a man or shift control in on a pc I'll name this one healing brush and go ahead and click ok now, the regular healing brushes you saw a moment ago lives within that same tool, said is the spot hailing brush? So we're going to come over here chart tools panel, give it a click, hold down our mouse button so that we get the fly out many of extra tools and scoot on over to the healing brush again. If you're a fan of keyboard shortcuts, this letter over here to the right is the keyboard shortcut for that tool set into cycle through all of them, you can press and hold down the shift key and then repeatedly pressed that tools keyboard shortcut. So in this situation, it would be shift jay, I would let you cycle through all those different tools. Now, with the healing brush, we're not going to try to fit the area we want to fix inside of a round brush cursor. Okay, with this one, we're going to click in drag to fix an area, but with this tool, because we're not going to fit it into fit the problem. Mary inside a round brush cursor, we have to telephone a shop where to get the good skin from we have to play a plastic surgeon, so the way you do that is you set a sample point, okay think sample point, a campaign, a sample pixels from this area over here, and then we're gonna copy and paste them to another area and photo shop is going to mush them around so that it all blends in well together. So the way you said simple point is you hold on a modifier key and on a mac it's option and on a pc is all, and I'll zoom in here before I do that, so you can see my cursor change so let's say that we're going to fix this area right here. We just want to lighten up the area underneath her eyes and kind of lessen the deepness of those wrinkles under there. So we're going to set a sample point that as that is as close to the area we want to fix this possible because we want the fix to match in tone and texture, okay, color and texture, because, arguably, if you were fixing skin underneath an eye, you wouldn't go grab skin from anethe ok, that would look very funky and bad, so we're going to press and hold the option can't amend or all tom a pc, and when you do that, your cursor turns into a target. Ok, so here's, what it looks like as soon as you see that you're going to keep holding down that modify our key. And you're going to click to set a sample point you just have to click once and then you can release the modifier key now we're gonna mouse over actually we need to make sure we set our tool up here real quick so let's pick up in the options bar we've got the healing brush activated come over here and from the sample menu we're going to choose current and below or all layers depends on how many layers you got going on in your layers panel but we just have the two right now so we're going to say current and below there we go almost forgot to do that ok so now come back over to her image I'll zoom in again we're going to set our sample point by pressing and holding down the option chiana mac or all time a pc once you see that little target give it a click then you can release all of your keys including your mouse button now you're going to mouse over to the area you want to fix and notice what's inside my brush cursor as I'm dragging around see that little dot of color that's following my cursor that is a preview of the sample point kind of superimposed on top of the area you're about to fix that was new in cs four ok yes great question how is the healing brush different than cloning with the cloning tool? There is no blending it's a straight copy okay so for example let me fix this the's bags and then I'll show you a good example of the cloning tool ok so now we're ready to go I'm going to go ahead and click and hold down my mouse button and as I drag see that faint little plus sign that's moving along with my cursor that is showing you where that sample point is so it showing you where the skin is coming from as you paint okay so you can keep an eye on that and make sure that that plus son doesn't go into an area that you don't want a copy okay we don't want to go into her hair over here because that would be copying the hair over and as you can see as soon as you release your mouths but photo shot blends those two areas together so it's gonna look terrible while you're clicking and dragging but as soon as you release your mouse button then it's gonna look really great so now I'll zoom back out come over to the other eye and let's do the same thing again you need to set another sample point because the tone and texture from her from this cheek is not going to match this cheek okay so you always want to set a sample point as close to the area you're fixing as possible so now come over here and start my sample point about here so option or all to click single click to set the sample point, release the modifier key and then began to paint and as soon as you release your mouse button photo shops and blend those two areas together and that's the part that does not happen with the clone tool sistah straight copy so now I'm gonna go ahead and said another sample point in, depending upon the photo that you're working within the area that you're trying to fix, you may have to set several sample points. Ok, now I'm not worried at all that this does not look perfect. Why? Because when it comes to fixing, uh, bags or dark circles or whatever you want to call them under your eyes, I like to be extremely subtle with it. So not on lee in this technique, not only did we not have to duplicate our background layer, we're doing all of our healing on on an empty image layer that also gives us opacity control so I can drop the opacity of this fix down to something that looks realistic, which to me is going to be down around forty, fifty percent. Ok? So even though my healing brush strokes did not look perfect while I'm zoomed in at one hundred percent and I'll just show you that see it doesn't look perfect, you know there's something that happened in that area I can see that but since I know that I'm going to drop the capacity to down around forty percent anyway it's not going to matter so I tell you this again so that you won't sit there at home and drive yourself insane trying to get this stuff perfect because you're feeling and drop a pass it e way back it's not going to matter okay so here's our before and after look museum back out so you can see here's our before here's are after she still got a few lines it's still a little bit darker underneath there but effectively what you've done is you've given her a couple of more hours sleep last night then she actually got what would that be great to do under alive I'd like some more sleep please yes so when he picked the current and below layers isn't on looking at the active layers or is it looking at all layers that are current on below it's looking at anything that that that you're on and underneath it wouldn't look at anything that's above because it can't see that it was turned on or turned off so it was if it's turned off but it's still below would it be included as part of that sampling I don't believe chef the layers hidden no it won't be included good question okay so we were wondering how this is different from the clone tool let me just get on my original background layer here and show you what the clone tool does so the clone tool lives underneath the healing tool said it looks like a stamp that you had pressed down with ink so I'm gonna go ahead and grab that tool come over here to my image and you didn't have to set a sample point with the clone tool is well, you got to tell it what area and you want a copy I'm gonna make my brush fairly large and I'm going to set my sample point right here on her I now I'm gonna come up to the area between her eyebrows and as I paint photo shop is copying the area that I set for my sample point onto the area that I'm painting and cross and as you can see when I released my mouse but ain't no blending going on with that one so the clones still clone tool is just a straight copy no blending that was really awful but that's a nice thing to do for maybe family reunion photos, breakup divorces that kind of being is really great I always tell people hey needs therapy when you've got photo shop ok? So let's close this image and now let's do spot healing and healing brush it's all in the same image and we're even incorporate the patch tool, so we're gonna use image number twenty nine and exercise files and with this image, we're going to use the spot hailing brush, too, to get rid of some really distracting moles. I'm not against malls, obviously we're also going to use the healing brash to lighten the dark circles under his eyes. So I'm turning off the individual layers that I made for you as I'm showing you this, and we're also going tio delete a little piercing. Oh yeah, maybe he hasn't told the parental units about the piercing it. We want to hide that until he gets a chance to tell him so that's, what we're going to create, I'm gonna go ahead and delete all these layers, but I do want you to keep them hanging around at home so you can see how this was created, so the first thing we're going to do is we're going to get rid of the piercing. We're going to use the patch tool with that the third healing tool that you've gotten photoshopped and unfortunately, there is no way to tell the patch tool to work on an empty layer. Dad, come in so we have to duplicate her image layer. I really look at duplicating your image later, like a game. And I think that I have won if I don't have to do it, so I'm always turned find ways where I don't have to keep duplicating my layer over and over and over is that it makes my layers panel so confusing and has a lot of file size to the documents, so but this one, I haven't been able to figure out how to do without duplicating the layer, so I pressed command j on a mac, or control j on a pc to duplicate the layer, and remember that keyboard shortcut will duplicate ah, whole layer, if you don't have a selection, if you have a selection, meaning you've got marching its trotting around your screen somewhere, then put a shop will duplicate the area that selected in the way I remember the keyboard shortcut is, I think of it as, ok, photo shop is jumping either a layer or a selection up to another layer, so I think of it as a jump that's how I remember it, yes, knowing what you're worth, and he layers that just simply trial and error, or just or is there a way to actually know that if you look in the options bar, great question, how do you know if a tool work on an empty layer in the options bar? It'll have some kind of sample papa menu sample all air sample current below or the spot hailing brush has a check box and the options of our sample all layers so you just gotta look for that sample all layers kind of thing, but for some reason the paschall doesn't have that not really sure why and the adobe we want safe all layers of the patch tool ok, so now we've got our duplicate layer and I'm going to go ahead and double click the layer name and we're going to name it piercing be gone because we want to keep track of what's going on in other layers pain because we're going to end up with four, five layers with this technique. So now let's come over to the tools panel in the patch tool also lives within the healing brush sit we get that we'll tool tip out of the way okay, there we go there's the patch tool actually looks like a square with some stitching around it like a real patch. It was sewn onto the knees of blue jeans so soon as you've got that still active is a funky little cursor and it really funky, so we're gonna freehand draw a selection with this tool kind of like the lasso tools in the selection tools work you're just going to click and drag freehand draw selection around the area you want to zap and for us that is this piercing now I don't have anything against piercings this is just an illustrated technique ok so now when you've got the area you're going to zap zoomed in so you can see you're going to click and hold down your mouths but and you're going to keep your mouth spent and held there until you draw a rough selection around the thing you want to get rid of and when I say rough I mean rough it does not have to be perfect you don't have to get super super super close to the thing it doesn't have to be a precise selection so I'm going to do this click and drag in as you're painting or dragging rather you're going to see a thin great outline represent the selection in you want to go ahead and come around back to the starting point and then when you release your mouse button you're going to get marching ins now the next step is incredibly easy you're going to click inside the selection a click and a hole down your mouse button and then drag the piercing or whatever is inside your selection down to a good patch of skin or sky or what have you nearest to the area you're fixing as possible okay so just make sure to click inside your selection if you click outside this election your selection is going to go away and you'll have to start over not that big of a deal but so you want to click inside the selection and dragged down to a good patch of skin now why didn't I stop right here because I don't want to repeat that little hoo haw that's right there I didn't know what to call it ok so let's say this is gonna work out well so as soon as you release your mouse button group it's gone and now you can get rid of the marching hands so let's see that one again I'm gonna press command option z on a mac or control all z on a pc I'm going to keep holding down option command or control all and I'm gonna presidency a couple of times because I want a step backward can remember that keyboard shortcut lives right up here under the edit menu step backward that's like going backwards in time in your history panel we talked about the history panel way back on tuesday ok so now we're back to square one can I go ahead and delete my image layer again so we started out with duplicating the layer because you cannot make the patch to work on an empty layer this can't do it and we're going to duplicate our layer with the keyboard shortcut command j on a mac or control j on a pc if keyboard shortcuts aren't your bag baby then you can go up to the layer menu and choose duplicate layer ok, now we're going to go grab the patch tool. It lives in the healing tool set in the tools panel. This guy right here, nothing to set in the options bar. We're just gonna leave the setting straight from the factory. Now you're going to mouse over to the part of the image that you want to zap and we're gonna draw a ref selection. You can think of it like you're lassoing the area because the last so selection told works just like this you just freehand draw selection around the area, go ahead and release your mouse button when you've got it just right and you're going to see marching ants now you want to click inside the marching ants and hold down your mouse button and dragged to a good patch of skin as near to the one that you're fixing as possible. And as soon as you release your mouse button, the two areas the area that you sample from gets copied inside your selection in photo shot misses the pixels around to make it look real. Now we're finished with our selection. We don't need it anymore, so we compress command d for d select on the mac or control d on a pc or you can go up to the select menu and choose diesel it not bad, huh? Pretty amazing I'm gonna go ahead and quickly made my layer over here, so I know what's happening on that layer piercing be gone. Okay? Soon. Back out a little bit now let's have a go at removing just a few of those moles again don't have anything against moles it's just that I don't want moles to hit you when you first look at this photo hey, I don't want you to think oh no, no boy, will you think? Wow, what an attractive photo oh, and he's got some moles? Aren't those knives? That's? What I want you to think so we're going to add a new layer onto which we're going to use our spot hailing brush just like we did a moment ago, so we're going to add a new empty image layer so ronnie's air keyboard shortcuts for that shift, command in on a mac or shift control in for new layer on a pc, and we're going to name this one spot hailing. Okay, so if you look in the layers panel, you can see sure enough, we've got an empty later and, you know, it's empty because it's got that gray and white checkerboard pattern going on now, let's, go grab the spot hailing brush and let's take a peek in the options bar you want to make sure that you have type or the brushes mode set to proximity match because that's going to make it look at the pixels just outside the edge of the spot hailing brush copy paste them to the inside of the spot hailing brush and swirl them around so they look real so make sure that proximity matches on and the other option you want to turn on in the options bar is called sample all layers that is what makes fun of shop look or the spot healing brush look through the empty layer that you're currently sitting on or that's currently active down through to the layer underneath it that actually has pixels. Okay, now we can come over here and you just want to use your bracket keys to size the brush so it's just a little bit bigger then the area you want to fix it's fun to do, but I tell you when your family and friends get wind of this when they know you know how to do this and you know that they know that you know they will be after you to fix their photos all the time. But it is a lot of fun and also I tell you for myself, you know, I know how to do this, so when somebody takes a picture of me all posting on facebook, I'm like, why don't you send it to me and I'll post it on facebook and I'll tag you in it and I'll spend a little quality time with it first give me that picture ok, so we're going to get rid of just this one down here on his next let's not so noticeable and we'll zoom back out and we'll see what we've got going on here I didn't get rid of all of them I probably got rid of too many but for the sake of example that's okay so if we turn off our visibility I have our spot healing layer turn it off turning on you can see that it did an amazing job cleaning up this photo and it is a lot of fun but if bleep bleep bleep it is just tens of them and if you make that noise it works faster. Okay in another thing about another great thing about doing this on it's a layer is if you accidentally offend somebody where's my moles what what's wrong with me that you took out all of my malls then you can come in here with the eraser tool on the spot healing layer and you could just bring a few of them back by erasing the fix s is that live on this layer see that's those were the fixes that we may see how that's much more efficient than duplicating the whole image layer because I only need a few pixels okay, so now it's create another empty layer and let's use that. Teo, lighten up the area underneath his eyes, so we're going to create another new empty image layer shift command in or shift control in this time, we're gonna name this one feeling brush, and we're going to come over here to our tools panel and we're going to go down one tool in the healing brush set to grab the regular healing brush. And again, this one is great for fixing things that don't conveniently fit inside of a round brush cursor. So now let's, take a peek and our options bar make sure uh, see if there's any settings, we need to change and there is one so over here towards the right side, the sample pop up menu, you want to make sure that it set tio a current in below again that's going to make photo shop? Actually, we need to turn on sample all layers for this one, because if we just turn on current below it's only going to look at this layer in the one underneath, okay, so we'll turn on all layers now we're ready to go, so I'll zoom in just a little bit more, using my space bar to reposition my zoomed in document, and now I'll go up and burst size a little bit and you'll need to experiment with brush eyes to see which brush size works better for the area that you're fixing. Since this area is kind of tall, I'm gonna go ahead and use a larger brush. Okay, so now we need to sell photos shot where that good skin should come from, and we do that by setting a sample point so let's hold down the option chiana, mac or ault on a pc, and while you're holding that down, you want to click a good patch of skin as near should patch that you're fixing as possible. Release the modifier key and your mouse button now you want a mouse over to the area you're going to fix and again, you're going to see that little a preview of that skin graft, as it were inside the brush cursor, so go ahead and click and drag paint, and, depending upon the image, you may need to take a couple of different sample points. Ok, I need teo on this one, so I'm gonna go ahead and go down and bursts eyes a little bit now option or all clicked to set another sample point. Now, if I zoom in, you can see that I have introduced some repeating freckles here, here and here, and excuse me. Excuse me? Am I worried about those repeating freckles? No why's that because I already know that I'm gonna drop the opacity of this fixed down to around forty percent and you're not going to see them if you do see them then you could come back in here even with a spot hailing brush and just click on the repeated element and it will go away. Okay all right let's zoom back out now let's, come over to the other I said another sample point option or altana pc come up to the area you want to fix some like members a little bit larger and just paint across that area and again depending upon the photo that you're doing this on you may have to set a couple of different sample points. Okay? If I want to go ahead and get rid of those repeated freckles I could just get a sample point next to them and then come over and click so you can get rid of them if they really bother you but do try not to worry about making it look perfect wait til you drop that opacity and see if it looks good then so now that's our next step is to go up to the top of the layers panel and we're going to hover our coach cursor over the text label for that field and when we do that we get that handy screaming cursor in I'm going to go all the way down to about thirty five percent or maybe thirty eight percent on this one for opacity and now I can toggle my visibility I often on to see the before and after to see if I like it so here's the before and here's the after it's a subtle retouch but what you don't want to do is you don't want to leave that fix all the way up at one hundred percent because now he looks of oriental descent because they really don't have the wrinkles in the the darkness that we have they have very smooth skin under their eyes because of their facial structure okay caucasians have these dark areas under their eyes in lines it is just natural so in my opinion this retouch is overdone and it makes him look fake or makes it look even plastic underneath there so that's why I like to drop the opacity way back because to me it looks more realistic and I'm I'm not a real fan of how you know perfect faces or being perpetuated on her magazine covers you know just not realistic so I like to be very subtle with my retouching and since we're doing everything on its own layer then you build in opacity control so you can always back off of that stuff which I think is good flexibility to have any questions on that yes you have to have the background layer below that to healing brushes but what about doesn't matter if the patch layer is blower above? Well, the reason I did the patch till first was because I knew I had to duplicate that layer and had I done my healing first and then duplicated the layer in order to get the the that duplicate layer to show up correctly would have needed to be in a different stacking order and I didn't want to mess with that so that's why I duplicated it first? Yeah, otherwise it gets a little complicated in the layers panel. Any other questions on that? Well, we have a lot of questions a couple just two or three um the captive I would like to know with regards to retouching modeling and fashion images. Any additional tips to get stylized porcelain skin look stylized porcelain skin? Look, I'm not real sure do what portraiture? I'm not real sure what he's talking about us stylized skin super smooth you could use uh, the selective blurring on technique technique that we did yesterday might be again one for that. Thank you know, in the audience, um a friend of mine who does a lot of fashion photography retouching has taken skin textures from a lot of professional models that he's shot so you could find them on other things on the internet and used those skin patches to cover over other people skin to make the's type things that's a little creepy in your question yes question from jena codes lens yesterday we showed us the the dodge tool when would you like to use the dodge to lighten under the eyes and when would you use the healing it's kind of either or situation that's up to you? Yeah um I would probably I think that the healing brush tools lt's work faster than that photo are dodging burn method that's a very, very detailed, time consuming technique that she can do but it's really a personal preference because but the thing that's not happening with that faux dodge and burn technique is you're not replacing any skin you're just you're simply lightning, you're darkening that's all you're doing with these healing tools were replacing skin where seriously messing with our pixels here? So you're going to get a little bit of a different result, but I always start out with my healing tools and then I will go in and do a faux dajun burn layer afternoon after that, you know? So I see how far I get with my healing tools and then there's other little wrinkled areas that I need to fix and I it would be more apt to do the faux dodge and burn after I've already he used my healing tools polished films would like to know if you can show how to remove double chins yeah, well, the photos and burn technique is good for that. So, really, you just need to lighten the shadows. So, again, I'm not an advocate of serious, you know, digital surgery, so I would not try tio. Delete them in any way you can just light in the shadows of a double chin, and that will make it less noticeable. But I'm not a big fan of completely doing a reconstruction of somebody's neck question. From c sean walder. Is there a need to feather edges with the patch tool? There is no need to feather edges with the patch tool, because there's a little bit of edge feathering that's happening automatically.