Using Selections Part 1
So today, we're going to talk about selections and smart objects, and as we learned yesterday, selections are your way of talent photoshopped hey, this next thing I want to do only do it to this one little spot in this photo and the way you do that as buy marking it off with something that's called a selection. We saw selections yesterday a little bit, they happen to look like little marching ants running around whatever the item is that you've selected. So we're going to start by looking at the various different selection tools that we have in the program, and the first thing we're going to do is we're going to create this fun little ria world digital picture frame, okay, so let's, look at our layers panel over on the right hand side of the screen and get an idea of how we're going to create this project, and then we're going to do it all together a few different times. Someone is a man on my layers panel on the right hand side of your screen, over here so you can see it and just a ti...
p. If you don't see your layers panel just trot up to the window menu and shoes layers the check mark in the case that the panel is on, so if it happens not to be on, go ahead and turn it on so let me zoom in on the layers panel let's, talk about this for just a moment. So what we have over here are two image layers. Ok, so we've got a realistic looking where actually it's a really world picture frame. Somebody has taken a photo of it and posted on I stock photo dot com and our second layer up here is a photo of ah, a wedding. Okay, and over here, the right hand side of that layer we learned yesterday that this is your layer mask in the layer mask is like digital masking tape, just like you would mask off the baseboards or the crown molding on your walls before he painted them. You can mask off items on a layer to hide them, and the great thing about using layer mask is that they're nondestructive. So if you may cooper, you decide to bring some of that item back. Whatever it is, you can absolutely do that, and yesterday we also learned a little rhyme that helps us remember what color to paint with win when we're using layer masks, and that is black, conceals white reveals some when the real world you're masking tape could be blue or cream colored and photo shop it's black, okay, so that's, what we have going on here so everywhere where you see black on this layer mass thumbnail the photo the layer content which you can see in the layer thumbnail here is being hidden so if I zoom back out we can see sure enough we're only seeing the middle portion of that photo through our frame I've also added an inter drop shadow to the photos so that it looks like it's slightly inset make it a little bit more realistic so that's what we're going to start out doing so I'm gonna go ahead and close this document and open up the two original images that I started with somebody grab the cleverly named I stuck a couple in the eye stop picture frame and I'm going to select both of those by shift clicking them or activate them rather and now I'm just going to drag them into my photo shop workspace now you could use the file open command and navigates where these files live if you'd like it doesn't matter which method you use so the first thing we're going to do is we're going tio I've got both images open in tab format here because I am using the application frame okay? So if you're set up looks a little bit different in mind and you want to make it match mine then you can choose the window menu and turn on that application frame near the bottom of that menu so what we need to do is I need to get this picture of the couple into my document that has the frame, because I need both elements on their own layers in order to blend them together, so what we're going to do it is instead of dragging from our layers panel from one open document into the open document of another one like we did yesterday, we're going to do a simple copy paste this time just to show you more ways of combining images into the same photo shopped document. So what I'm going to do is I'm gonna use keyboard shortcuts for this, so we're going to select all and that's going to give us marching answer a selection around the whole photo, so the keyboard shortcut for that is command a on a mac or control a on a pc, and actually, I'm gonna undo that in turn on my handy keyboard shortcut indicator. So when I press command a on a mac or control a on a pc, we get a selection all the way around that entire document. Now we simply need to copy it to our computers, clipboard by pressing comand see on a mac or control c on a pc, so now it's copied so that's fine, so now let's, switch back to our picture frame document, and like I said, we'll do all this again a couple of times, actually so now what we want to do our goal is to paste that what we just copied into the center portion of this frame that means we need to make a selection of the area we want to pace the photo into now if I zoom in a little bit and look at the area that we need to select and then I look at my tools panel over here on the left hand side of my screen, I've got a fantastic tool for selecting there and it is called the rectangular marquis okay, so should live at the top of your tools panel and it looks like a little dotted line and you want to click and hold down on that tool button and then go over in select rectangular marquis okay, these tools let you draw selections by shape by directing or oval so the right tangles gonna work out great for what we have because we've we're dealing with right tangle so as soon as you activate that it'll your cursor is going to turn into a little cross hair. So what you want to do is you want a position that cross hair at the top left corner of the area you want to start selecting her that you want to draw the shape around and we're going to click and drag diagonally downward and as you do, you're going to see these marching answer this little dotted line and I'm still holding down my mouse button, and I'm going to keep dragging diagonally downward until I reach the bottom of that frame, okay? No, I did a pretty good job on this because I've done this photo a hundred times, but let's say that you didn't get your selection or you're right tangle in the right spot, so I'm gonna go ahead and get rid of it and do it again and show you a couple of keyboard shortcuts from moving that selection around while you're drawing it, which is really handy. So there's a couple of ways you khun d select andy select simply means get rid of the marching is you can click somewhere else in the document that's outside of that selection. So if you just sing, click, the selection will go away or all the strong another one, so we have it to work with. You can choose the select menu and in the selective, and you have every thing that you could possibly ever want to do involving selections. Okay, so d select is the second option of there. You can also press command e or control d two d select and get rid of a selection and start over if you'd like ok, so let's say that. Drew my selection like this but see how I didn't get it quite to the top of the area that I wanted to select because my goal is to draw selection around that white part on the inside of the frame well, I've still got my mouse button held down what I want to do is move that selection up into the left and then continue drawing it well, you can do that as long as you keep her mouse button held down, then press the space bar and as soon as she pressed the space bar and again I'm holding down the mouse button and pressing the space bar then if you drag your mouse around you can move that selection while you're drawing it ok, that is your one and only chance to move the selection around as your drawing it is while you still have the mouse button held down okay, once you release your mouse button it's more difficult to move okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and release my space bar since I have nudged it back up to the top and the left corner like I like released the space bar still holding down the mouse button then I can continue to draw my selection so with that keyboard shortcut you don't have to worry about getting that first click point in exactly the right spot, which is helpful I'm going to show you another way teo find in your selection while you're drawing it so I'm gonna de select by using a keyboard shortcut this time command e or control d on a pc so it's gone now I've been dragging diagonally downward to make these selections there is another way to create and selection and that is from the center out okay and that requires a modifier key so here we go with more keyboard shortcuts on a mat if you hold down the option key on a pc it would be all too when we do that when a position my cursor in the center of the area I want to select and as I do that now I'm dragging diagonally downward while holding my mouse button down and the selection is happening from the inside out I use this a lot it seems that I have better luck drawing these things more accurately from the center out then starting diagonally ok, so I'm going to go ahead and add my space bar to this keyboard combo here so I'm still holding down option I've still got my mouse button held down now I'm gonna add this space bar because I want to scoot this selection up and when I get it in the right spot I'm going to release on lee the space far so I'm still holding down option still holding down my mouse button and then I can continue drawing it to get it in just the right place. There we go. And I released my my option key. So now I have to start over, so it'll take you a little bit of practice to get really good at drawing these selection, marqise, but it won't take that long so soon as you get this election in the right spot, then you can release all of your various keyboard shortcuts. Now, at this point, you can use the arrow keys to nudge that selection around. What you don't want to do is switch to the move tool, because if you switch to the move, told a move that selection it's going to grab whatever artwork is underneath that selection and move it as well, and we don't want to do that, ok, we just want to nudge our selection itself, so you want to stay on the rectangular marquis tool that was active, and then if you don't get it in just the right spot, but it is the right size, then you can go ahead and nudge it around with the arrow keys on your keyboard to get it in just the right spot. Okay, so we're going to call this one done, all right, now, we already have our couple photo. Copied onto our clipboard ok, so we can actually close that photo because we don't need to use it anymore now what we need to do is pace that photo inside of this selection well, you might be tempted to dis press control of the to paste or command viana matt to paste but that would pace the item on another layer not inside the selection we wanted to appear inside the selection as well as being on another layer so there is a special command that very, very few folks use for this and it's hiding up in the edit menu so we're going to choose edit page iced especial so we're going to choose at it paced special and we're going to scoot over and we're gonna select paste into now there is a keyboard shortcut but again it's four keys and I'm unwilling to go past three keys but if you're game and maybe you have an extra set of fingers on each hand then you can use this keyboard shortcut right here if you'd like so reaches edit, pay special paste into and now watch the layers panel and see what photoshopped does with this command and if you get an air message or is not really a wr messages telling me hey the color space that this photo was created in doesn't match the color space that I'm currently working in just go ahead and press ok if you encounter that here we go did you see what happened there? Let's take a peek in our layers panel that museum in so you can see it so what happened was not on lee did photoshopped paced the couple photo on its own layer it added a layer mask automatically that hid the edges of the photo and on lee revealed the photo inside the selected area which is really, really handy okay, if you need to move the photo around within the frame you can grab the move tool ok? And you can move it around see how the photo itself is the only thing that's moving. I thought this wedding picture was so cute I love the fact that she's taller than him and I love that she's being goofy during the wedding shot that's just great. Okay, so the next thing we can do to make this look more realistic is to add a layer style we're going to add just the slightest inner shadow teo the photo layer of the couple to make it look like it's slightly inset just gives it a little bit another level of realism there. So we're going to do that by using a little button at the bottom of the layers panel it's called effects and it's a little cursive f with an x and it's four layer effects so let me zoom in so you can see it it's this little bitty fx damn it! The bottom of the layers panel and if you have her over any of these icons, you can see how I'm getting a little yellow tool tip that comes up so if you forget which I can't does what? Don't worry about it, just males over it. Let your mouth sit still for a second, some people that I've taught in classes in my hands, on classes back in colorado, I tell them to hover over the tool and they have her over the tool and they never let the mouse be still there. There's keep hovering, hovering, moving, moving, moving my told tips doesn't come up well, if you would take your hand off the mouse and be still for a second, it will come up so that's the key, somebody go ahead and zoom back out so you can see all the items in that menu, so give it a click and you're going to see all kinds of wonderful stuff that you can add two layers now later, styles are fantastic for a couple of reasons they're nondestructive, they happen on their own it's, not that they happen on another layer, but they happen in their own space, kind of below the layer so you can get to them, you can toggle them on and off with the visibility eye to see if you like them or not? If you decide you don't like it, you can grab the layer style on lee and drag it to the trash can at the very bottom of the layers panel to get rid of it if you add a layer style and you print out the document or what have you when you need to tweak it. If you've saved your document as a photoshopped file on native photoshopped document that carries extension of ps d, then you can always go back in and double click that layer style and your layers panel and you'll pop up all of the settings for it so you can continue to find tune it without having to start over, which is really great. Ok, so we're going to choose in her shadow, and the the layer style dialog box is going to pop open and it's got all kinds of fun controls in it, but I'm going to go ahead and grab the dark gray bar at the top of that window to scooted out of the way. Inevitably, these dialog box has always cover up the thing that you're trying to work on. I don't know how they do that, so here we have inner shadow activated over here on the left hand, a list of all of our different styles, and we have several different things that we can sit for this particular layer style straight from the factory photo shop has given us an opacity of seventy five percent if you find that too large too dark or too light you can't of course moved this slider to lighten her dark in it you can see the shadow itself in the background so I want to exaggerate that a little bit so I'm going to pump up thes settings right here so that you can see it a little bit more if I was doing this for riel I wouldn't make it this big because you need it to be a little bit more subtle so hopefully you can see that as I'm playing with the opacity so for this effect and the pixel dimensions of the photo that we're working with which is pretty small okay it's a pretty low pixel to mention image so I can get away with pretty low settings over here if you're doing this on a really honking big image straight off your digital camera let's say something that's you know, three thousands and my pixels why buy for thousands and lot of pixels in height then you will need to use higher numbers over here but because I don't have that many pixels in this image I can get away with lower numbers so don't let that throw you when you're trying this at home on your own images you may have to pump up these settings in order to see it so, in other words, don't think that it's not happening, you just need to use higher numbers because you're pixels will be, well, you'll have more of them than I do. Ok? And this preview box every here is turned on by default, but if for whatever reason, it's off, go ahead and turn it on, because that does allow you to see the effect as you're tweaking the styles, so all is good and toggle it off and on, and you can see the difference between having that inner shadow on and having it off and again, like I say thousand it for riel and not being concerned about it showing up on screen, and I would use a smaller size because you don't want a huge inner shadow, you just want a little in this little one, okay, one day thing to point out while we're in the layer style ballot box. Here is a new feature that came along and c s five, which folks have been asking for for years and it so handy, it's this little button right here, we'll zoom in so you can see it at the bottom of the layer style dialogue new, insidious five are these two buttons right here, make default and reset to default if you create a lot of drop shadows, inner shadows glows whatever layers style you like and you get certain settings that you seem to use a lot, you don't have to remember those things anymore. You can click this button after you've entered them and photoshopped will remember those settings and the next time you go to add a drop shadow or inner shadow or whatever it might be in those settings are already filled in for you, which is that huge time saver for me. So I'm gonna go ahead and click make default on there's that's going to capture our inner shadow settings when we repeat this affect a couple of times, did you question? So why wouldn't you create a new style or something? Whether using the make default? Why would I create a new style? Why wouldn't you create a new style versus cranium make default actually creating a style set up? Do you mean save the style in some way? Yes, well, you could do that. I just find this to be a quicker solution rather than, you know, saving the style, given it a name and then having to load that style the next time I want to use it. This is a real fast method tour remember frequently used settings, okay, so I'm gonna go ahead and press ok, and we're going to call that one done so, let's, give this a shot on another image. Ok, someone to go ahead and close this with my person command or control w to close the window, and I'm gonna trigger the don't say but by pressing. D and I mentioned it yesterday, but it bears repeating. I do hope that I hope all y'all keep this photoshopped document hanging around that I'd made for you that way. If you want to come back to this effect in a couple of months, you have insight into how it was created. So try not to save over the psd files that I've given you.