Adobe® Photoshop® Deep Dive: Blend Modes

Lesson 4 of 9

More Blend Mode Applications

 

Adobe® Photoshop® Deep Dive: Blend Modes

Lesson 4 of 9

More Blend Mode Applications

 

Lesson Info

More Blend Mode Applications

So now let's, take a look at zapping some more backgrounds, ok, just a few here and here's our original image. So this is just another situation of finding a background that is darker than white, which is not hard, so I'll go ahead and delete the layer that I made for you and drag in another layer from the mini bridge pounds and with ae ri sizing box, I can go ahead and rotated and then hold down the shift key so that I ended up with a perfect ninety degree rotation, and then we're just going to hold on the shift in option keys on the mac or shift all time a pc to resize this illustration from the center out to make it big in therefore it covers are canvas press returned to let photoshopped know that you're finished, and then what we're going to do is the same kind of thing we've been doing right before break. We're going toe trot through those dark and category limits to see which one is going to do the best job on zapping our background and it's gonna be probably darker color again b...

ecause we don't want any color shift, so all you do is change the blend movies in that little poppet menu, the very top and poof our rock star is now on am much more festive. I bet when he does carry okay, he sings kiss songs, but he does eso anyway same kind of thing let's look at one more use of that what we're going to do is build this kind of thing, okay? Great use for photo shop in conjunction with your photography business because how else would you get that little doggie up there so let's go ahead and create that we've got our eye stock family so let's go ahead and open both of those guys were all just double click to open the family, this is from my stock photo and then we're going to drag in another texture ok? So let's, go ahead and find another colorful background I'm going to make this one quite a bit bigger like so, and then when I'm going to do is make my canvas larger, ok? And a trick for making your campus larger visually is to use the crop tool. Somebody go ahead and double click my background later to make it editable and then we're going to press see to grab the crop tool and I'm gonna drag the corner handles outward little bit here, maybe a little bit too big so now bring in my campus just a little bit and interestingly enough, as I'm moving my handles on my crop box it's restraining itself to a certain proportion or measurement rather and to figure out why that's happening all you had to do is peek in the options bar and apparently the last time the crop tool was used it was set to restrict itself to a certain size so let's clear that out so in cia six all you do is click the little curved arrow in the options bar and now I can make my crop box any size I want and I'm just using the crop till here to get more canvas space that's all ok, so now let's go ahead and change the blend mode of our new background okay darker color there's our happy family right? And the next thing we're going to do is see where we've got any problem areas we've got a little bit down here okay? So we can come over here to the layer that we want to hide at a layer mask and while the mask is active, we're going to press b to activate the brush tool. Take a peek at your color ships at the bottom of your tools pain will make sure that black is on top and then you can come in and hide that new in colorful background from the areas that you don't want it to show so again I'm trying to use images that don't work out perfectly so that you have a method and when she can use to make the technique work for you when you're trying this out on your own images at home, next thing I want to do just for fun is let's bring in the family pet, right? Why not? There is nothing to keep you as photographers from taking a shot of the family, taking a shot of the pit and then offering as an additional product for an additional fee. Of course, teo, create something artistic with the pet in there, so let's go ahead and holding the shift key so that our our pet doesn't get what the job is kristen's stretched in, squished and holding down the option key on a mac or also the pc to resize from the inside out, and I'm going to go ahead and release those modifier keys, and I'm gonna clique within the bounding box, and I'm going to move the dog up on top of the girl's head, just for reference, so I kind of know how big to make the dog because the dog's head I would not be bigger than the little girl's head, right? So this looks about the right size press return. I'm going to take him and position him up top there, and we're also going to change his blood mood to darker color, and I need just a tiny bit more canvas space, so I'm going to zoom out by pressing. Command minus and then we're going to grab the crop tool again. We want to give ourselves a little bit more canvas space here, and then we'll move the new background up a little bit. So here's a situation where I've changed the background after I've masked it. Ok, so my breasts troops that we did earlier are now not in the right place. I did this on purpose to show you that you can unlinked the mask from the layer content, click the mask pressed the toe, activate the move tool and just use your arrow keys to measure that mask back into place. So it's not the end of the world. If you don't get things positions perfectly before you start masking, remember that you can scoop that mask around, you just have to remember toe unlinked hit from the layer content or you'll move both of them together, and when she get it back in the right place, you could link him back together again. And now, let's, see if we've got enough rain for our dog. We do, so we're going to click to activate that layer quick, activate that layer and put him up there over the girl's head, and then we might add a layer mass to the dog it's not the friendliest looking dog I've ever seen pretty funny, though, and now you've got a crazy piece of art like that with not very much work because we let blend moods do most of the heavy lifting for us and it just gives us extra creativity after the shot. One more thing I want to mention um before we moved to the light moves is another use for darker color okay, so we've used our her color so far to drop out of a light background white background well, it turns out that if you use that mode on texture that you've placed on top of the layer stack when you've got a portrait type situation going on that you can create some really while the fix okay? So here's darker color used on this cracked mud texture okay, so all we're seeing here are the cracks, so it makes for a really interesting effect show you what it looks like on another texture, but I will warn you that it's slightly creepy it's like her skin's here's your vampire oh my god she's out in the sun so the texture that I'm using for that is this right here so it's just a shot of rocks and gravel. Okay, so don't be afraid to play around with these mode because you can create some really wild, often disturbing but oftentimes beautiful if x okay, now what we're going to do is hop in tv lightened category okay, so the lighting category is we saw earlier is opposite from the darkened category and where, as in the dark and category, we could remove white if we're using the latin category, we can drop out black. Ok, so for example, this image right here is a composite of two images. Ok, so here's the original and then here's the ball of fire that we're going to add to it and by changing the qualifiers mode toe lytton the black completely disappears and you can see from my layers panel hill here, tio, make this composite as good as it looks right now. I only had to add a little bitty mass right here to cover up some of the flames where this chain was casting a shadow and then just ask it right out. So let's, create that one talk. Go ahead and throw away the layer that I added for you, and we'll click and drag from many bridge into the document our ball fire! So that's, what the original, that image? What like? I'm not even gonna bother re sizing it. Ok, now we're going to change its blend mode to the first one in the lighting category does lighten, and then we'll use the move tool to reposition that ball and you can see how it changes as we're moving. That ball of fire but when I center it on that still ball, all the black disappears it's fabulous! And then if I needed teo, I could add a layer mask to the fire layer, grab the brush rules set to paint with black, and I could come down here and cover up a couple of those flames that were still visible on top of the shadow of the ball right there. So keep these blend modes in mind they will make your life so much easier here's another example that we're going to build. Ok, so here's the original shot here's what I think is a little bit more whimsical, maybe something else that you can sell in your photography business, right? Parents will buy the stuff, you know they will thiss isn't trying to get money out of people for, you know, evil this this creating our use, a photographer that your clients would love and appreciate that they don't have the software or the tools or the skill set to do themselves. So it's, I think a lot of fun and I think it's a viable product for your photography companies because it's hard to be a photographer right now it is it's, not the easiest time to be in that career, ok, so let's, go ahead and delete that layer so here's our original image and as a photographer if I was doing this if I had a photography business and I was you know, doing sittings like this you better bet that I would find me a few of these textures from stock sides I would buy them and I would keep them in a folder and it would just be my go to textures because you're you're setting up the shot so you can find some textures that work again and again and again and again and again so it's not like you're going to have to go hunting for new stuff every time you do s effect something think about ok so now it's at a little bit of whimsy to this shot by dragging in thes stars hey some inner make this one a little bit larger shift option or shift altana pc here radio press return when you're finished so that's what the stock art looks like that I downloaded ok so now let's change the blend mode so lighten we can drop the opacity if we'd like we can add a layer mass to cover up some of the stars ok so let's go ahead and add a layer mask paint with a brush tools such paint with black big soft fluffy brush and hide the effect from your focal points faces use a a big brush with a soft edge and you get a nice transition from you know that added texture in the original photo super super easy stuff here and once you start doing this, your brain is going to start thinking in these terms so that more opportunities for this kind of stuff are going to occur to you and you're going to be able to see opportunities for it and you'll you might even adjust your some of your shoots a little bit too make sure that you've got room to add a little something else in the back room. Okay, so now let's take a look at using uh the light mode teo, I want to make sure that there's not one more technique hiding in that folder back there so I'm gonna pop out of here for just a second. Our blend mo deep die we were inthe e lightened category I guess there's not so we're good. So now we're in folder number nine if you happen to be following along at home if you've already downloaded exercise files now let's, take a look at using some of the light modes to fix exposure problems. Okay, so it's open at this photo right here thank you for the shop so here's the original image one of my better shots but I was concentrating so much on getting the reflection of the sun the way I wanted it on the model's hair and back that I didn't expose enough, I didn't like the front of her quite enough okay so easy to fix over here in post all I did was at a brightness contrast adjustment layer said to screen mood okay that's the result right here if that wasn't enough duplicate that adjustment layer and then dropped the opacity of the duplicate a little bit okay and then use the mass to hide the over lightning from areas that don't need it perhaps this sunlight right here so let's go ahead and do that one together so let's create a brightness and contrast adjustment layers it has clicked the half black half white circle at the bottom of the screen choose brightness and contrast close up the properties pain all the adjustments panel or the dialogue locks that opened and change the screen mode of that adjustment layer screen mode change the blend mode of the adjustment layers screen if that's not enough lightning for that particular image duplicate that adjustment layer and then dropped the opacity of the duplicate until it looks good to you ok so maybe around ten percent or so and again used the layer mask to hide the lightning from the areas I don't need it so let's do it again here's another great image that that techniques works wonderfully on okay so there's the original so now what we're going to do we could either at another brightness and contrast adjustment layer or we could duplicate the layer so let's duplicated this time by pressing command jay what makes those keyboard shortcuts not work? All right, oldest drag it to the nuclear I kind of at the bottom of the layers panel thiss makes using photoshopped, exciting, I think then that makes a little bit more spirited as a gaining element. Tio okay, so we have duplicated their background later and you can also duplicate a larry's in the mini system so you could try to the layer menu and say duplicate layer now let's, change the duplicates blend mode to screen now we've got a much brighter image a little too bright. How do we fix it? Dropped the opacity until the image looks good to you. So here's our before and here's our after could you do the same thing with levels or curves? Of course he could it's all about what kind of method feels get to you if your images color looks good to you and all it needs is a little bright ning, why not do that? Arguably, you could also use a brightness and contrast adjustment layer and just use the brightness slider. Okay, but today is about planeloads, isn't it? Ok. So now let's take a look at the same technique, but with a little bit of a twist that I think you're gonna like a whole lot ok, beautiful image right here is the original so what we've done here is I've duplicated the background layer or you could use a brightness and contrast adjustment layer that's empty rather keyboard shortcuts still aren't gonna work okay, duplicate the layer there we go so now let's change the blend mode to screen so that we lighten it okay, the only problem is I don't want to lighten my shadows and there's a lot of shadows in this image, right? If I turn off the new layer that I just created there's a lot of shadow the area back there I don't want to lose that, but I do want to brian the image what on earth can I do? Well, we can use something that's called the blend if sliders that air inside of the do you think of as a layer style ballot box is the same one but it's inside of the layer blending options okay, so I'm gonna do the technique, then we'll talk about it and then we'll do it again so you can open a layers blending options in several different ways you can double click the layer thumbnail see technically it's the layer style dialog box but what we want is the's blending options right here okay someone move this dialog box up to the top right on my screen so you can see are pretty imminent while we're doing this if you look toward the bottom of the style of box when you have the blending options active over here on the left hand side and that that area will be active if you have open to this dialogue by double clicking the layer thumbnail okay, what you want to do is locate the blend if sliders towards the bottom of the dialog box if we take the this layer slider okay, so these air sliders right here these little triangle this slider represents the shadows and your image this slider represents the highlights in your image pretty easy to discern that right because you've got that grace go bar and the sliders themselves are filled with the tones of the image that it effects ok, so if our goal is to hide the shadows from the lightened layer we just made all we have to do is grab the slider and direct to the right now you'll see hamas them out a little bit you'll see that what we're really doing here is we're making the shadows disappear from that layer ok? So it's revealing what underneath that layer, which is our original photo but in doing it this way I'm introducing a hard transition from where the shadows air being hidden and where they're not right how do you fix that? You simply soften that transition and you do it by splitting that slider in half hey so I'm gonna drag it a little ways back ok kind of undoing what I did so now I'm revealing the shadows on that layer again and I know I'm working with shadows because I'm over here on that gray scale bar if you press and hold the option chiana mac are all on the pc those sliders come apart and now if I drive it to the right, look how soft the transition is between what's being hidden what's being revealed cm not getting that hard pigs sold edge transition and I can completely hide those shadows from the over lightened area or from the lightened layer ok, so there's before I did the blend if adjustment and there's the after okay, so now what we've done is we've restricted the lightning to mainly the highlights in the mid tones in the image are you all freaked out or excited freaked out let's do it again ok, so let's go ahead and delete the layer I made a second ago so how are we going to start? We can either uh this technique you really do you need teo I think duplicate the layer, let me try it on the brightness and contrast adjustment layers if that'll work so we'll change the blame ode to screen, then we're going to come in here and we can't double click the layer thumbnail of an adjustment layer to pop open its blending options but what we can do is double click to the right over here so doubleclick near the layer name and that will pop open the same dialogue box skip that out of the way now we're going to come down here to the blend if section and I wish this was named differently, but really all you're doing is you're saying hey photo shop wherever I dragged this slider tea would you please make that color disappear from the currently active layer? So here again, if we drag that slider to the right, the shadow slider we are effectively hiding all of this range of your shadows are being hidden from that layer, therefore revealing the original shadows that's on the bottom most layer okay, but in doing that, the transition is a hard one. Can you see the pixelated edges here? That's? Not because this is a small pixel dimension image that's because we didn't soften the edges of the pixels that were hiding in anyway and that's all splitting that slider does? Is it softening that transition? It's making its so what we've got right now is it's hiding those shadows one hundred percent by splitting the slider, we're going to make some of those pixels a little bit transparent and it's going to give us a softer look ok, so now let's hold on the option chiana mac or ault on a pc and at this point, if you've already dragged the shadow slider over, then you can split that left one and bring it back and that will soften in transition. But if you have not yet moved that slider than just hold on the option, can a mac or off on a pc and then grabbed the right portion of that slider to split it and move it over? Okay, so now what's happening is the area to the left of the triangle, whether it you've not yet split it or not this area the's tones or values are being completely hidden or masked, and everything between the sliders is being partially hidden. So that's why we're not getting ah hard transition now you can see that we don't have any picks elation going on on her face anymore okay, so that if we say ok so we can test are before and after see if we like the effect by toppling the visibility I often on of the new layer that we made so there's the before and there's the after and if the whole look is a little bit too light, just drop its opacity to maybe something around thirty five percent on this particular image might work so again here's the before and in the after not too shabby, huh aziz windows in the chat room says omg I love this it's a really neat thing you know and and one of the best things about using those blend if sliders is that it's non destructive meaning you say this document as a native footage shot file so that all your layer stay intact and if for whatever reason you decide well maybe I don't wantto that reveal so much of those original shadows all you do is you click this newell icon that appears on the layer that lets you know hey there's been some advanced blending occur on this layer ok so that's another way to blend it's not blend modes but this layer has advanced blending options on it to get back to that dialogue box just double click and the sliders are still exactly where we left them meaning you can fine tune it you can tweak it whatever you'd like I do want toe show you all just put him back to the original I just want to show you what happens if you were to hide white okay? So if we grab the highlight slider and said of the shadow slider, see how now we're hiding the highlights from that lightened layer so as we drag that leftward we're revealing more and more of the original color from the layer underneath this photo okay, so if this word said hide it would make a lot more sense wouldn't that's all you're doing here okay? You're using a grey scale bar to tell photo shop what color values you want to hide on what layer this layer currently active layer this slider will affect the underlying layer okay, but we didn't make any change on that later, so nothing's really gonna happen here now your next question, of course, is going to be okay. Lisa, are we limited to hiding shadows and highlights on lee with the's blend if sliders and my answer is, of course not, dear grasshopper, all you misty is click the little poppet menu next to the blend if tag and switch it in your mind, pretend that says hide if or mask if hey click that little poppet mini and you'll see that you can hide any of these color channels. So if we wanted to hide the reds in our image, we would choose rid from the blend of poppet menu, which raise would you like to hide the dark ones and the white ones? Same thing on green, same thing on blue ok, so you're not limited to onley hiding highlights and shadows with this technique, so when you're using blend modes, too affect exposure in this way, I really invite you again for your favorite beverage, whatever that isthe treat of some kind that will keep you sitting in that chair at your computer just a hair longer to give yourself time to play okay, then open up these advanced blending options on the layer that you used to either darkened or light in the image and just dragged those suckers around and see that makes the effect a little bit more subtle see if he can introduce something interesting, but I hope you will take advantage of those again here's our before and here's our after and it could be as extreme in effect as you want. Okay, now the next thing we're going to move into is I brightening and teeth lightning are there any questions on what we've looked at so far using the latin category? What we've done is we've added some texture using the lighting category where we're producing a lighter overall image than we started out with okay? And then we've also taken a look at using the lightning or screen mode rather for a changes to our exposure. There is one question from brianna t who is wondering whether we can use that thie method of using screen motive you situated hugh saturation layer for overexposed faces like really shining faces yeah, you can show a shining faces justin over its over exposed in those spots so you'd want to use something in the dark and category to do that to darken it a little bit another great comment from another great comment from best shot eureka moment I'm buying the course who's doing this let's say a question from disco chef if there are multiple layers in a layer group and an adjustment layer is made using blended sliders, will the underlying slider setting affect all layers below? Within the layer group or only the underlying layer? The blend mode of your group itself is set to pass through which it will be. If you've not changed it, then yes, it will trickle down. If you don't want that to happen, then has changed the climate of the group itself to normal.

Class Description

Master Adobe® Photoshop® Blend Modes! Lesa Snider is taking a Deep Dive into the various Blend Modes, and will show you everything you need to know about this versatile tool. Overlay, Darken, Color Burn... Lesa will show you the difference between each mode and which mode is most useful for your creative needs.


Software Used: Adobe Photoshop CS6

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