What Are Blend Modes?
Behold for shops, blend moves so folks that's blue moods control how color on one layer interacts or knocks out, cancels out color on other layers so layers can overlap each other. Of course, if you've got more than one layer in your photo shop document, and when that happens, you can control exactly how the colors on one layer blend with or like I said, knock out colors on any layers underneath him and that's what we're going to be focusing on today. So this little graphic gives you an idea of what the blend modes do, so I've got him divvy it up into the categories that they appear in in the blend mode, many at the top of the layers panel okay, and blend boats have been around for bazillions of years in photoshopped, so this isn't anything that specific to the current version, which is cs six limos are worth their weight in gold. You can use them tio lightened or darken, or add more contrast to an image so well be using them. Tio fixem exposure problems in photography we're also going...
to be using them extensively when we're compositing. And when I say compositing, I mean combining several images or several layers to create a textured collage with lots of nice depth in that kind of thing. So this gives you an idea of what some of the blend moves do, and I have this file, we're gonna be working with it, so we're going to take the original, which is a smiling face and then a shot of water, and we're gonna be looking at how those two layers can blend together with all the different blend moods, and I think I have a practical use for almost all of them were going to be looking at this file overinflated shop here in just a minute blend, but it can be found in all kinds of different places within the program, you can find them in the options bar when you've got any of its painting tools active, the painting tools include the brush tool, the clone stand, any of the healing brushes and things like that. So I've got that mode circled up there for you in the options bar at the top of the screen, you'll also, in fact, you also find them in the layers panel of the near the top I've got that many also circled, and we're gonna be dealing mostly with layer blend moods. Today, you'll also find limited menus in the blending options when you're using smart filters. Okay, so any time you want a filter on a smart object, you get an opportunity to open up this blending options dialog box here, and you can even change the blimp mode of the filter itself, so we'll take a look at that as well, and then you'll also find blend modes in the layer style dialog box. When you're creating things like drop shadows and outer glows and things of that nature so that's a few of the places that you will find blend moods. But today we are going to be focusing mainly on the layer blend mode menu, and this is what it looks like right here and it's divided up into I like to think of them as categories, the ones at the top normal and dissolve your limo's air set to normal by default in the second set down. It starts with the word dark, and it gives you a good idea of what all the blame is in that particular category does they're going to produce a darker image than you started out with? Okay, in those particular modes, the color white will disappear because if you can think of photoshopped kind of having a war of colors, ok, well, in the color war, if you choose any mode in that darkened mode, then the light colors, they're going to drop right out, so photoshopped looks at the color on one layer in the color on the layer below, and the darkest colors when that color war. So anything lighter destructs right out, which means white, so you can use those most to get rid of a white background in a hurry with various elections were and take a look at that as well. The next category down starts with lytton and that's, a great way to memorize what those particular modes d'oh, if you use a mode in that category, you're going to produce a lighter image than you started out with. Okay, so if you think about photoshopped having a war on colors, then it looks like the color on one layer, the color on the underneath and the lightest colors a win. So if you've got black, then it will completely disappear. Great way to get rid of black parts of your image, especially when you're compositing the next category down, I like to think of those is contrast moves, so they do a little bit of darkening and a little bit of lightning. We're going to be using those to do all kinds of contrast, boost as well, a special effects, so that will be a lot of fun the next mowed down at you can think of those as comparative moe's because what they're really doing is comparing the pixels on one layer to the pixels on the other layer and depending upon the colors that you've got going on, you can produce all kinds of psychedelic and funky effects, so we'll we'll actually take a look at some practical uses for for the comparative mode and then down at the bottom of the menu, I like to think of the very last four blend modes as composite most were going to use those in compositing mainly we're going to use the hugh mode to change color that exists in the image the saturation we can use that to boost saturation and image the color mode is great for colorizing grayscale images or doing a little hand painted color which will also do that later today and luminosity deals mostly with brightness or lightness values, so now it's time to hop into photoshopped happen to finish up hey, I have to entertain myself somehow, right? Ok, so let's talk just a little bit about what is happening when we're changing blend moods, you'll see my layers panel over here on the right hand side of the screen let me close these other panels and just double clicking their tabs to collapse them like a window shade and I'm gonna do one more thing to set up this layers pale and I didn't do it before the class started because I want to share this tip with you this one tip right here is probably worth the ninety nine dollars for the full set of deep dives it so pay close attention. What I want to do is make these thumbnails larger over here, my layers panel so that you can see them better and the way you do that, I'll zoom in so you can see the mini I'm going to click you're going to click this tiny microscopic layers panel fly out mean you ok? It looks like a dam or pointing trying with four lines I've got it highlighted right here, so you're just going to give that a click and in the resulting menu you're going to choose panel options and from the layers panel options dialogue let's, turn on that large size thumbnail and now when I click ok, watch how big these thumbnails get over here wait can actually see them show that little tip for you so anyway, back to blend mode over here in the layers panel, you can see that I've got a yellow circle on one layer and if I click it to activate it, you can see it's blend mode menu appear set to normal that means no blending is occurring okay let's click on the blue circle as you can see it's also on its own layer and right now I haven't set to darken but let me go ahead and send it back to the default of normal and let's talk about what's happening for just a moment here when you have your layers set to normal there is no blending so if you've got content on one layer at the top of your layer stack it will cover up what's on the layer underneath it wherever those two layers overlap okay but when you start experimenting with blend moves then where color overlaps between two layers things start changing ok so let's go ahead and click that blend mode menu and let's scoot down to the first one in the list that's actually going to make a change and that is dark and mood now over here on the left hand side of the document I've got some text for you that lets you know what is happening so you can think of the colors that you're dealing with on the layers that you've got going on in your document in three different ways what we're dealing with blend moods the color that exists in your image the color that you start out with whether this color in a photo or color that you have added to a layer like I have here with a shape and a feel color let's think of that as our base color okay that's the color we're starting out with so that is on our bottom layer in our layer stack here the blue circle is at the top of our layer sack here let's think of that as our blend color okay that's the color that we're adding to the base when we start playing with these blend moods when color on two layers overlap and you've changed the blend modes from anything most anything other than normal you will produce a new color so let's call that color our result color ok so where the yellow circle overlaps the blue circle we get green ok kind of yellow plus blue canticle green that is a result color if you look over in the layers panel that green color doesn't live anywhere does it so that's why I like to think of the result color is virtual because you're not going to see it exist it is a product of the blending of two or more layers okay so throughout the day we're going to be referring tio what we're getting with blend moods as these three different terms okay base color color you start out with the blend color the color that you're adding the color that's on the layer above your original and the third one is the result and that's the blend color or the result that you get from blending those two colors together so I hope that will kind of help give us some terminology or construct which we can work from for the rest of the day another way to think about blend moods is tio consider what happens when you put on sunglasses and you look around ok, especially like rose colored glasses hey, so I got a little example of that right here dan cam I love graphic so this paper is white, okay? If I turn off the sunglasses, you can see that but if you put on sunglasses and you look at the paper the paper looks pink ok? You can see that here in my photo shot document the color of the paper has not changed. Okay, the pink is coming from you looking through the lens and it's coloring of what you're saying okay, you can think of this kind of thing is like screwing a filter on to the end of your camera lens. Okay, so you can think of these this whole blending situation as filtering. Okay, so that's another way do you think of it the color of the object that you're looking at looks like it's changed, but it really hasn't okay? So blend motor the same way. We're not really going to be changing the color on any of our layers that we're working with today it's just going to be kind of like looking at them through different glasses or different filters, so now let's take a spin through the blend mosen let's have a brief discussion about each one before we actually dive into techniques that we're going to be using. And again today, I really tried very, very hard. Tio, make sure that we have practical techniques. So you're not going to learn how to do stuff that you're only going to do once in a blue moon. I really tried to make sure that these things are useful to you. And I've also come up with some really interesting things that I believe photographers can offer as products in their businesses. So a lot of the techniques that were going to be looking at, I think you can sell him if your photographer, absolutely.