Duplicating with the Clone Stamp Tool
Armoring long we've been using content where tools we dipped into the client stan told just a little bit okay so we know that our most of our content where tools are in the blending the blender rock band because they're doing a little bit of blending copying and pasting and blending in our copiers rock band we have the clone stamp tool so we have been using the conceptual to fix some of the things that we've deleted you know we're moving hair crossed teeth or fixing things when we completely deleted a couple of objects from our photo but I also want to show you how to easily use it to duplicate items in an image so we're going to do a couple of a couple of little techniques like that's all turned out the visibility of the layer that I created and we'll just start out really simply and then we'll move on to more complex clones so what we've got here is a new empty layer that I have added another snowball so let's say you needed to add another snowball to that image so let's just do that...
very very easy at a new layer for your cloning I never ever clone on the original air so you compress shift command in or shift control in on a pc and for new layer and we'll call this extra snowball then we're going to come over here to the clothes stand tool or press s is its keyboard shark it and then from the options bar in the mini? We're going to make sure that we have that sample all layers turned on and again, just because I've got another layer in between here, I'm ok because of visibility is off, I could go ahead and delete it, so we're talking about sampling all visible layers, so we're going to set a sample point because we have a cell phone, a shot? What area of the image we want to duplicate? So let's say we want to duplicate the snowball right here, and so we can simply press and hold the option key and click it doesn't really matter where I tend to go more for the middle of the thing that I'm trying to duplicate, and then we're going to mouse over teo, the area where we want to duplicate it. Now you'll notice that little preview inside of my brush purser well, if I made my brush cursor large enough, then I can actually see the whole snowball. So watch what happens when I use my bracket keys to go up in size. Now I'm seeing a much larger area and I'll have to do far less painting if I were to do it that way, but I really don't want to duplicate this guy only want that guy so I could go down in size just a little bit, but but enlarging your cursor like that even temporarily helps you with positioning for the new item, but since we're doing it on its own layer, I'm I'm building in the control two moving around after I'm finished cloning now I did introduce a little bit of the snowball that's above it, easily fixed by adding a layer mask, this clique that circle within a square icon at the bottom of the layers panel press b to grab the regular brush tool black conceals fight reveals in the realm of the layer mask, so take a peek at the color ships at the bottom of your tools panel make sure black is on top, black conceals might reveals, and then I can quickly come in here and hide what may have been next to the item that I wanted to duplicate, but I didn't want that thing duplicated. And just like that, I've got an extra snowball. Now, if I needed to reposition it slightly that be no big deal, I could simply click to activate the layer thumbnail of the image itself because I was on the mask press need activate the move toward the top of the tools panel, and I can scoop that guy around now if I move it too far, I will start to introduce a color shift only because I didn't hide you know, all of the edges with the layer mass, so be aware of of that kind of thing if you move it around after you've cloned it, but that's how easy it is to duplicate something in an image and for those of you in the studio audience sound, if you could, if the folks on the internet can see it. But we've got one of our printed large scale images behind us here, and we've got three super girls up there that's kind of a neat effect, you know, and in some cases that might even be a sellable effect in your photography business, the ability to duplicate something like that for, you know, a special creative effect. I see it on album covers all the time where a single person has been duplicated at different sizes and different positions in the same image, you know, need effect, but this is exactly how you do it, and we're gonna do a little bit of that here in a second, so go ahead and close this image very, very basic used to clone stamp tool right there. Now we're going to come over here to something especially for halloween, the classic I on my hand ask, tell you small story, so my husband and I are huge fans of the tv show south park huge huge huge things actually the creators of that show went to see boulder colorado state and they learned how they made their first film there's part of their curriculum pretty amazing so michael mcdonald the rial singer michael mcdonald saying a song and I'm not going to sing it so my producer will freak out but he there is a song that was really odd when the credits were rolling of the south park maybe but it really was michael mcdonald, which is that we're a big fan of this so we go to a concert of his in denver and my husband and I wanted him to sing that song so we made a sign that says I on my hand and we held it up michael mcdonald pointed at us and correct up laughing and gave us the thumbs up and they walked off the stage so we're like we had a moment with michael mcdonald all because we had a sign that said I all my hand we wanted him to sing it the song name is actually through the eyes of a child and it's a screen anyway so sometimes you may want to add and I on your hand or maybe the classic third eye again halloweens were great great technique so let's just take a look at how to do that we wouldn't reach for any of our continent where tools because we don't want any blending when you're adding and I on somebody so but what we do want to do is doing on a new anti layer so we're going to say extra eye and then we're going to grab the clothes stand tool make sure that it's set to sample all layers else nothing will happen or photoshopping squawk it you then we're going to come over to the thing that we want to duplicate and I'm just going to press and hold option on the mat are altana pc and then we can position that thing anywhere we want so if we wanted to be really crazy we could add it right here see how it's just a straight copy so we're not having any kind of blending it all we've got a little bit more of the area duplicated than I want so we just add a layer mask fine tuning it with a layer mask cloning too much and fine tuning it with a layer mathis far easier than trying to clone the exact right amount because where will be the case when you get it just right so now we'll switch to the regular breast tool take a peek at the color chips the bottom of your layers panel black conceals white reveals and we'll use our bracket keys to effect brush size and we can come in here and hide the extra bit to truly well and truly create a nice hell we monster here and then by doing this on a separate layer let's looks pretty creepy that I love it we can have the moves full and the weekend put the eye anywhere we want and sure enough after moving in away from her face I can see that I've got a little bit more masking to do so click to activate the mask if it isn't still active and then you khun dissed finding that switch back to the mood tool and a position it anywhere you want we're good times now back to something a little bit more realistic perhaps here's a nice stock shot of our super girl here but wouldn't it be fun to make an army of super girls and just having aw staffed up here all over the place so we can do that creating the empty layer more super girls grab the clothes stamped who'll make sure we're set to sample all layers I want to zoom in a little bit and figure out where you want to position her okay so soon as we said our sample point by option or all clicking and then release your modifier key mouse over you get a nice preview inside your brush cursor and just for positioning purposes it can be helpful to make your brush really honking big to see ok where is that exactly going to end up in my document and then when you're ready go ahead and just click to start painting the larger brush the larger the area that's going to come through if you want to be really careful with the details and not not duplicate much of the background in that other position then you'd make a smaller brush cursor now you'll notice that I am releasing my mouse but I'm not painting this all in one fell swoop in my sample point which is shown by that little crosshair spell across here that's now at the bottom left of her cape see how when I released my mouse button and then click again across here stains stays in the same position it wass when I stopped painting that's because this aligned check boxes turned on if that were turned off then every single time I released my mouse button and began to paint again that that sample point would reset itself to the original which was a about on her face so I like leaving it turned on but there may be some instances when it works out better for youto to have it turned off but that's what it does so it just kind of locks position of my sample point so that I don't have to do it all in one breast stroke if you're going to duplicate the same thing multiple times I would definitely do that on separate layers just so you have masking control for individual object because if we come down here if we zoom really far in then I'll have a little bit of masking work to do here it is important clone a little bit more than you think he might need. I would rather have to mask this area then too thin too. I have to go back to the clothes, stand tool and set another sample point that matched my first one in orderto clone a little bit more and have it match up that way lies madness so clone a little bit more then you need it works out good for me. So now what we might deal let me kind of scroll up here and make sure that I did indeed clone to the edges it looks like I've got a little bit of transparency it there, so you just want to make sure that you clone your whole object, especially with the person you don't want to have, like half of the head transparent pixels but again halloween there's no telling hey, so do zoom in and look at all of your edges before you switch away from that closed and tool. So now we could add a layer mask and come back in here with the brush tool and I can fine tuning this area down here so that it looks more realistic so what I would do is I would hide her legs behind that rock, but I cloned more of the leg that I needed to just so I would have it in order to mask it because you just don't want to go back and have to clone more after you've done it because you're never going to get him, you'll have to start over it's what you'll have to do so does much masking as you need tio and in this situation it's kind of hard to see exactly where you need to paint for the mask so I'll hide a little bit too much and then I'll bring it back we'll call that good, so now we've got two super girls ok? Pretty straightforward, right? All right, now let's, look at the situation where we clone a different sizes so we'll start out with our b image seen this one before, right where we were using the continent were moved to a, which really should be called content we're skate, we skated r b around well, now what we're going to do is we're going to clone him at different sizes, so I'll go ahead and delete the layers that I made for you and will create a new empty layer. So we're gonna call this one medium b he works just like cloning to duplicate at a normal size except for we're going to use the clone source panel to tell photo shopped to make it a different size okay, so we'll go grab our clothes stamp tool come over here to the b, go ahead, said a sample point, and now let's, just pop open that clone source panel, and you can do that by clicking the civil icon in the options bar. Not the first one is two icons that would almost identical, but the first one will open the brushes panel. We don't want to miss with that right now. What we want is the clone stand panel, so we can either open it from right here and if you've got told tips turned on and your father shot preferences, you're going to see that little yellow tool tip come up and tell you what that button does. But if you don't for some reason see that, but you can get the clone source panel open. I think he can open it. Yeah, from the window menu as well is right here, clint source. So either, which way? It's going to open, and you'll notice that you've got all kinds of controls right here. Within high is going to control the width and height of the cloned item, so if we want to clone a smaller be, all we do is enter a different value into the width and height fields. Now by default, photo shop is gonna lock both of those fields to be the same, because it assumes that you don't wantto squish or stretch the thing that you're duplicating. If you did want to do that, you can turn off that lock just by clicking it, but we're going to leave. It turned on because we want to be that really looks like b offset. You can use this area of the panel to dial in exactly where you want to duplicate, to land. I don't know how on earth you'd know that ever, but ok, apparently somebody thought you would need tio do that. So we're going to leave that alone and you can see it changes according tio, where I point my cursor in my image, this frame offset right here lets you. Clone to different points in time, which is really only useful in video, so we're not going to mess with that one. This other little field right here, this is a rotation field, so if you want a b that's angled, if you want to duplicate at an angle than you would die, elin what? That ankle is right there, and then if you've completely screwed up, he settings and you want to reset them back to the default, then you're just going to click that will icahn right there, it looks like a curved arrow, the line under and that's your reset button. Other things of note here in the clones horse panel, we're not going talk about these, right? Yet? Not yet is sho overlay that's where the overlay of the clone source is coming from? And my cursor, if I turn that off, then you don't get that but it's really useful. So I would leave it on capacity controls the opacity of the overlay itself, not the opacity of what you're going to clone just the just the overlay. Turning on and off clips means that the overlay on lee appears eyes clip to your brush her, sir, um, and then you can change the mode. Of the overlay itself to make it a slightly different color and that would be useful if the colors in your image or really preventing you from seeing overlay then you might turn the overlay to one of these other most to make it either lighter or darker then what's the underlying pixels in your image and again it's not that the clone thing is going to show up in a different color it's just talking about the overlay ok just the this the preview that you're seeing inside of your brush cursor so let's go ahead and close up the earlier we can change the size okay well so we'll change the whip in height and we'll call this one oh sixty percent see how it changing one field changes the other when that lot icon is on. So now what we're going to do is create a b that as you can see it's smaller than the original and this is really useful for creating your own unique are are just adding special effects so now let's change that again we'll go real small actually it's create another empty layer cancel name this one small b and we'll say hey let's make this one twenty five percent size of the original be and maybe we can really busy maybe he's too little to see it's let's go and send other sample point here we go twenty five percent there we go now we got a little bitty baby be all kinds of fun to be had with this interesting now let's change the angle of our baby this little bit was type in o ninety degrees and we'll make it bigger again so we can see the difference. I will go ahead and reading the sample point, so this time as we paint, we've got it down. We're flying b and that's all kinds of fun and again, depending upon how far away from the original that you're cloning, you may get some color shifting along the outside edges and really only seeing that on the rotated b and then you could just add that layer mask and use your brush tool set to paint with black tio mask the edges around the object so that it looks more realistic. So that's a fun thing and obviously, say this as a photoshopped document file say that pick photo shop so that all your layers say intact so if you say hey that's a little crazy let's, try it again with just two b's or what have you and I really did I know I did the last two on the same layer I really would do each one on separate layer just gives you more editing control so let's take a look at that one more time, another document so that this kind of imagery is really great for conveying conceptual ideas and you're going to see a lot of this in stock photography to be honest so I've got a great class a full day on how to make money shooting micro stock and this would definitely be another image that you can submit so what I mean is that submit the original and then if the image lends itself to and if it makes sense in a conceptual manner to convey an idea or a message then you could do something special like this do some cloning duplicate that person the image and you could submit that as another stock image and that would give you two images out of one so that begin a lot of mileage out of your images that's one of my favorite classes ever I like we're talking about at lunch the other day you guys that is a fantastic last thank you and it just so happens to be on sale today know how to make money shooting micro stock full day I worked for just about seven years as the chief of angeles if I stop photo dot com the most popular stock image company to date may not always be that way but it is today and I learned a hell of a lot of secrets and in that full day class I share all of them with you absolutely all and I've gotten so many e mails from people saying that they he had no success with stock photography before and since that class they're going like gangbusters so yeah, it was really really cool but I digress back to clothing ok? So let's say this is our original we're going to create a new layer so named them whatever you'd like we'll just call it deep one medium grab the clone stand tool traveled to the options bar make sure sample all layers has turned on that we're going to open that clone source panel because we're going to change size and rotation angle of the things that we're cloning so you can do that in two ways click this look lone source panel icon uh in the options bar there or you can choose window clone source and open it from there here are our size and rotation controls right here on the right side of the panel so let's start out by adding another one that's oh maybe about forty percent in size and now let's come over here to the thing we want to copy and again you're not going to have this green circle around your brush cursor so just click option click click to set your sample point now let's come over to another part of the image and we're going to increase our brush sizes for positioning and also that helps us see if the percentage size change is really what we want maybe I want him to be a little bit larger then that now when we come over here, did he change in size? I can't tell if he changed in size. There we go. Sometimes you may have to set a new sample point for these changes to take effect, so let's call that good. Now I'm going to go down and burst size because I really don't want a whole lot of the background when we turn that off for a second. I really don't want a whole lot of this area repeated. I want to kind of restrict my clone to being just the human, so I'm gonna go down and brush size. Yes, you could make your breast size big click once, call it done and then mask that area, but to me, that doesn't seem as time efficient is being a little bit more careful about the clone itself remember to clone a little bit too much, especially when you get to an edge that you know you're going to mask. I'm going to go down and size pretty good for his arms. I just don't want to repeat ah whole lot of that background, I can't get away from repeating some of it, but with my brush size I can control how much of it I repeat now I consume really far into the image. And that's why on some of these sample images, I've given you a seriously high resolution foul because I want you to be able to zoom in and really test out these techniques yourself, so now we can add a layer mask by clicking the circle within a square icon at the bottom of the layers pale press beata grab your brush tool black conceals white reveals that's going to be in your hand for weeks now you're welcome and then we can come in here and we can hide the extra bits of that background that we really didn't want to be repeated in the first place and then we can hide the bottom portion of his legs so that it looks like he may have already taken the leap. Holy moly, I clicked that little shortcut overlay again okay, we'll have just a little bit more and then we'll call that then here we go so now let's say we want to add another coffee of him, but rotated it looks like he's in the act of diving over the cliff at another new layer and call that one diver such back to the clothes stand till we've got sample all ayers turned on and then we're going to make an even smaller coffee let's say thirty percent you can even press the tab key to move through these fields once you've highlighted highlighted one of them go down to the angle maybe type in ninety and if you don't no that that's gonna be the angle you need then just come over here said a new sample point and then make your brush big enough for you concede e so now we see that we've got a perfectly horizontal dude and if we don't want that, then we can just come over here and change is something else there you go all kinds of fun that he had in photo shop again, this is a great technique to have your favorite beverage handy on your desk doing it for your favorites back and now we can add a layer mask that particular layer and come in and manage those edges hopefully you're you're starting to see the benefit of doing all this crazy stuff on its own separate layer just builds in so much more control because if we if we done this cloning on the same layer, then we'd have, you know one mask to try to manage all a bad and that can get very confusing you can and more than one mask to a layer. But this this method to me is a little bit cleaner and there's our image any questions I'm using the clone stand toll toe duplicate at different sizes or different angles one that you just mentioned was you can add multiple layer masks to the same layer I did not learn something every single time you could be pretty handy s e just clicked the layer mass but nothing I've got you know where that's really, really helpful is if you've got let's say you're masking something that has both soft and hard edges then you could mask the soft edges using a pixel based mask with a soft brush but you could mask the hard edges using a vector mask from a path that even drawn with penn tool gotcha oh super handy s oh yeah least we do have a couple of questions regarding the last process we're going to go back to the from brendan brendan j um says you clothes the supergirl toe one side of the original if you wanted to then go to the other side would you have to reset the clone point or would would it hold the original point? The original clone point? Well, let's see if I understand what this person is saying we'll just go back to the super girls here for a second. Call me a different sizes cloning to duplicate. Okay, so the question is if I if I clone her on one side that I want to go clone her on the other side do I have to set a new central point? Yes, exactly right? I don't think so let's just try that so close and tools active make bigger brush sample layers turn on open my clothes horse panel reset everything so that I'm not claiming her two different size so basically that sample point is going to stay we change it glow let's say that was good and now we're going to create another new layer because we're going to call in all instances on separate layers right? And we would come over here and said our to our cloning so yeah you would have to because what's locking in is the is the ex and like ordinance of that sample points so you would have to create another one but I think well, this test if you turn off a line that may be the fix yeah so when you turn off aligned your sample point every time you pick up or you release your mouse button and then depress it again they began painting it goes back to the original beginning point that you samples so if you've got a line turned off you wouldn't have tio re sample it but if you got it turned on and you will have to great great question thank you on ben on that same photograph jim not me would like to know when you when you duplicated the super girl could you then scale the extra super girls? If you want them to go down smaller and into perspective you could that would be another benefit of creating a tch duplication on a separate layer because then what you can do let's say I want to make this one right here smaller well I had to find what layer she's on so here's a trick for you press the toe activate them move tool come over to where that thing is in your image and if you control click on a mac or right click on a pc but a shot's going to give you a list of layers that it thinks that thing is on and you just pick the right one so rather than going over there to layers panel and turning visibilities often on trying to find out what layer she's on then we could make photoshopped tell us but to do that you have to switch to the move tool so now I know she's on later three so then I could summon free transform by other pressing command or control t for transform or choosing edit free transform and then you could resize visual and cool great thank you alright, we'll close up some of these guys. Is anybody thinking to doinsome some fun halloween ing with the clone stan tool e all right, I was thinking about the family just in a few minutes ago where I don't know that there's anybody that's ever touch photo shop for the first time that hasn't done the third eye pretty much sheds are the classic head swap with another grace for the clinton santel