Photoshop: Content-Aware & Cloning

Lesson 2 of 13

Healing and Cloning to Remove

 

Photoshop: Content-Aware & Cloning

Lesson 2 of 13

Healing and Cloning to Remove

 

Lesson Info

Healing and Cloning to Remove

And we'll start out with this one right here, common thing, right? You get a great picture, but you've got these dag and power lines in your picture so let's see how good of a job photoshopped kindy with a spot hailing brush? Actually, I'll zoom and it's a little bit more, so we'll get rid of this corner piece first, so create a new layer. We'll call this one power line at right. We've got our spot hailing brush, active continent, where sand fall layers you're going is sick of me repeating a step, but it's important, so I'm going to repeat it, and we're going to make our brush size just a little bit bigger than the size of the power line, and then we're going to click and drag across it, and because we've got some good background space on either side of it, it just comes right now really incredible now that you can actually do in light room as well or camera raw, but the next thing you cannot so let's cruise down to our other power line, and you might want to do the second power line o...

n another empty layer until we can do that, we can call this one power line at left, whatever you need to type, that's, descriptive and meaningful t and now let's just do the same thing will click and drag on that power line again you don't have to do it in one breast stroke like I am and then release your mouse button and it did a nice job until we get down here where the power line needs the cement see how we've got a little left over power line bits that are attached to that that area the submit that is when you would want to reach for the cloning tool because what rock band is the cloning till in the copiers so we don't need blending in this spot we want to straight copy because we want the heart is of that concrete we want a copy and paste it right here so it covers up for those power lines are because what we've got right now is a little bit of a blur left over from the spot healing brush so the cloning tool works similarly in that we're going to create a new empty layer we're gonna call this one clones fix and now let's come over here and grab the clothes stand tools was a couple of tools down from the healing tool set and it has two different tools inside of it the clone stamp tool is what we're going to be using most often the panel pattern stamps what we're going to take a look at the very end of the day it's just for cloning patterns so you define a pattern, and then you can paint on that pattern in an image that mostly you'll be using the regular clone stand tool, so we'll go ahead and grab that. Now we need to make a change in the options borrowing to come appear cruise all the way over to the sample menu amber and change it, tio, depending upon the image current and below, that would just look at one layer down beneath your currently active layer, but for this one, we're going to turn on all layers. Be aligned check box right here just controls the sample point where it's positioned once you start painting with the tool, so basically the way it works is instead of looking outside of your brush cursor to grab pixels that it will use for the fix, you tell the tool where to grab those pixels from by setting a sample point it's kind of like being a plastic surgeon and deciding where on the body you're going to take that skin from in order to patch it. So you're doing that here in the image and gives you a cz you can imagine more control, so the way you said a sample point is to hold down a modifier key and it's option on a mac are all on a piece. See, and when you do, your cursor turns into a little target, you can see when I released that modifier key and then press in the hold option on a mac or altana pc, it turns into that will target. So what we're going to do is a sample point right over here, that's where we want to copy to that area, then we're going to release our modifier key, then we're going to mouse over to the image and photo shop even shows you a preview of what a copy from that sample point would look like a top the area of question here see how I move when I move my cursor around inside the brush cursor itself, it's carrying that sample point, so that is really helpful, because if you've got anything that includes lines and we did, it lets you line them up perfectly, so I could just single click right there, and I've gotten most of it fixed now I'm gonna go down and brush size a little bit here, and we're going take another sample point from this spot over here and weaken mouse over in line of that perfectly and fix it so I might take one more just from the water area, just to make sure we don't have any of that blur, maybe over here, left over. From the spot hailing brush from now we've effectively gotten rid of our power lines you can see how important it is to use those tools in conjunction with each other and more often than not you will have to do a teeny tiny bit of cloning depending upon what you're trying to get rid of in order for their retouched to look really great if it works that just the spot healing brush but there will be times when it does not so the clothes santel part is what you cannot do in light room or camera raw so let's come down here and take a look at our before and after we'll use that option or ault clicking the visibility eyeball trick so here's our before and there's our after so not too shabby and again you've not harmed your original image because you've done everything on separate layers so if one thing doesn't look quite right too you can go back to that individual layer and continue to find him it so that it does look it to you now let's take a look at similar stuff on a portrait he may be saying to yourself this porcher is so cute lisa what on earth would we want to get rid of? Well we might get rid of a couple of snowflakes right on her cute little face ok, so we're going to remove some snowflakes from her cheeks with the spot hailing brush then we're going to go in with the healing brush, which does not have a content where option but I just want to show you how these tools all work can be used together, so take a look at the little lines beneath her eyes we're going to tone him down just a little bit test attach not that they're bad don't see me any e mails why do you think lines or the odds you're bad they're not and then for the client stand tool I'm going to zoom in really far and hopefully you'll be able to see that there's some hair's going across her teeth? Well, what rock band tool said are we going to use for that? The blenders no, the copiers serving go for the close stamped all so you can see here that I've done that on an individual layer and it just got rid of the hairs across her teeth so let's do all that together? Shall we party down? Okay? Oh, and do make sure when you buy this course and you've got these exercise files, don't delete don't delete the layers I made for you and then save over the file just turn the visibility off and then create your own layers that you could go back in and I wanted to be able to keep that practice file hanging around cause it's it's handy nothing so now let's go ahead and create a new empty layer will do keep we're short cut again shift command in shift control in and we'll do the easy stuff first spot hailing come over here to the tools panel grab the spot healing brush now you'll notice that all of these tools that we've been looking at have keyboard shortcuts but they're all the same. So how on earth do you access any one of these given tools with the same keyboard shortcut? Well, you can press and hold the shift key and then tap that particular tools keyboard shortcuts so for all the healing brush tool set, we could press and hold shifty and tap the j t and see how that tool changes over there in the tolls panel so you could easily switch between tools these and that will keep your shortcut so we've got the spot hailing brash content where's turned on sample all layers has turned on today and we can come over here using her bracket keys left and right bracket keys next year peaky as in judas priest and either click and drag or click to get rid of those little snowflakes that are just a little bit distracting in our portrait there we go might get rid of just a couple more here maybe a couple little spots here I love the effect that this photographer did but just a little too distracting from ricky little face ok, so let's call that then on the spot hailing we might get credible in little water droplets right there there we go. Okay, maybe teeth all right. Okay, now it's switched to the regular healing brush okay, so the healing brush is also great for amazing things that don't necessarily fit within a round brush cursor so will create an empty layer called this one killing brush or you could ad or talk about in your layer naming where you did that healing so we could say under eyes if you wanted tio now the healing british works a little bit more like the clone stamp tool in that you can tell photo shot where to sample from and use the same keyboard shortcut which is option on a mac or a halt on a pc so we'll come over here we can use their keyboard shortcuts to dig deep into our healing tool set so shift jay so now I've got the regular healing brush active same little band aid icon but doesn't have the circle next to it. So now we can come over here to the area and we want to fix our goal is just to lighten this dark little line right here just a touch so I'm going to go up and brush size a little bit and I'm going to set a sample point by pressing holding the option chiana mac or altana pc your cursor turns into a target and for this one I'm gonna set my sample point down below the water droplets that air below the line that I want to fix. I don't want to set my sample point atop the water droplets because I don't want to repeat the water droplets, so I want to go to a good patch of skin as close to the area I'm fixing as possible just so it matches in tone and texture you wouldn't want toe you know, if you're fixing somebody's under eye lines you don't want to sample from their knee that would look really weird, but halloween is coming up, so by all means do what you want, tio ok, so now I've got how the sample point turned on and we're just going toe kulik and drag and nothing's happening. Can anybody in the in studio audience tell me why nothing is happening? The tool apparently is not working yes, jessica, I love you you're only sampling from the current layer yes man. So up here in the options bar, we have yet to tell the hailing brush to look through the empty layer that we're currently on to where the pixels actually live, so depending upon the image current blow are all layers, we're just going to roll with all layers I get that a click now when we come back over here we get the nice preview of the sample point inside the brush cursor and when we click and drag then something is actually happening and we can release our mouse button now depending upon the area that you're trying tio erase or tone down you may have to set several sample points we did a little bit of that on the power line and then just second ago now let's come over here to your other eye in some cases you might even want to do the eyes on separate layers, but for this one it'll work out pretty good too stood on the same one so we'll come down here said a sample point pain a little bit and then we might set another sample point and then mouse up here and catch that other area this aligned options right here you can turn that off turn it on what it does is that wherever you set the sample point that will if you release your mouse button to start painting again if you have a line turned off, it'll go back to the first sample point and it moves with your brush cursor so I usually leave a line turned on unless the tool isn't doing as great of a job, then I'll press command easy or control zito indeed in the not might try turning aligned off so that could be a thing that you toggle on and off female t so now let's, take a look at our before and after of the healing brush here's our before here's our after well, that retouch, in my humble opinion is way overdone because everybody has a little bit of lines down here. You don't want to remove them completely, at least in my humble opinion. You don't want to, but if the client is saying get rid of those dagan lines, then they're out of here. So what we're going to do is drop layer opacity on that particular layer to make that retouch look more realistic. And I got to tell you, when I do this for clients, I never go over forty percent more often than not it's down around thirty. So let's, take a look at what thirty percent looks like not zero, but thirty there we go. So there's the before and there's the after. So I would probably go around thirty between thirty and forty percent on this one. So it just makes the lines not as noticeable. Really? Really. We just gave this little girl couple hours more sleep and she really got last night. When that be great. Okay, so now let's use the clone stamp told to get rid of some of the hairs, so she's got a zoom in. She's got a hair running across her eye right there and she's got some hairs running across her teeth so those air little details that again are just going to set your portrait ce above and beyond maybe somebody else that took the same portrait your attention to details like that is really going to set you apart so let's create another empty layer command shift or control shift in and bring call this one cloning and weaken say hairs tear across eyes and teeth that what we know what tapping so now let's go grab our clothes stand tool it's keyboard shortcut is s as for stamp and let's, take a peek at the options bar make sure we've got everything set up just right we're gonna leave aligned on because again that just means if you release your mouth spend while you're painting with his tool than that uh sample point is goingto go back to its original spot. Okay, so and we want to make sure that we've got all heirs chosen from the sample mini that's going to make photoshopped look through the empty layer to what pixels or underneath it and we'll use our left and right bracket keys l z I'm really far in for this and we're going to use our modifier key of option or ault to set a sample point as close to the area that you want to fix as possible so for here might go down and russia is a little bit more we're going to click and then release our modifier key and then come over onto that area and just paint that piece of hair away so there's our before there's are after and now we can cruise down to the teeth and we can set a sample point that's a little dicey right there it's like, do I sample in the guns or the tea? So for this one, we'd have to take, you know, several sample points honestly to get it done and if you mess up so let's say that looks like I repeated a little bit of another tooth there, so I'm just gonna press command or control z and then have another go maybe go down and breast size a little bit more maybe come over here and said my sample point so you can say that this khun certainly be tedious. Awesome if you're charged by the hour now on and then I want to come over here and get rid of this area as well. The clothes stand tool we're going toe is also great for getting rid of shines and shadows on the portrait we're going to do that later on any time you want to copy pixels from one area to another is when you want to reach for the clinton stand tools if you need blending that's when you're going to reach for any of the healing tools the patch tool, et cetera ok, so here's our before for the hair and theirs are after so that just gives you a little bit of an idea of what realistically you're going to end up doing in your own images rare is it going to be when one tool will do everything that you need to get rid of everything you need? Right? So more often than not you're going to end up using all of these tools in conjunction with each other and as you can see really really easy to do you the key is using each one on its own empty player do not duplicate this image layer that would just be ridiculous to duplicate this image layer three times and use those tools on the duplicate. One thing about that not only does it add fat to your file size that then it's hard to tell at a glance what you did on that particular layer, whereas like we looked at earlier if you options are all click any of these layers that I can see exactly where that retouched took place and if I can't see it, then I can load it as a selection and then I can darn sure see it you know where where did whatever I do on that layer happen with a hole complete difficult image layer it's really tough to spot that you'd have to load a selection of it but I think it's far more efficient to do all of this on empty layers okay, so we did the power line with the chick so here's another situation you guys laugh this has an actual wikipedia entry oh yes yeah like that sink in for just a moment in boulder, colorado which I door I've been living there I think for six years now absolutely livid I've never been home sick in my life until I moved to boulder when I travel and I'm homesick because it's just crazy, beautiful and also a little bit crazy. So in nineteen seventy for the's people started hollowing out pumpkin heads you know the carvings and stuff and they would put them on there head and they would strip down naked except for tinny shoes it's already the visual sister all right and they will run as fast as they can like bunches of them. One time we had like two hundred fifty naked people running down the pedestrian mall in downtown boulder so it's like a paved pedestrian mall brick situation with a bunch of shops and restaurants so how lonely night to this day not two hundred of them but they will run stark butt naked down port pull stream also there's actually wikipedia entry on this which is this the scream thiss the reason we're talking about this is because you know, sometimes you have an image that you're going to need to put text on top of that we looked at that a little bit earlier with football player, right? So we're going to get rid of these pumpkins and I was thinking what takes because I put on top of there oh, I know what? So for this one, we're going to do a little bit of spot healing and a little bit of clone stamping so we're gonna create a new anti layer spot healing and I want to show this tea on this image because the things that we're going to be getting rid of our large can really big, so I just want to show you that it does work so we've got our spot healing rush active content where turn on sample all layers turned on and depending upon how brave you are, how much time you've got, we could either you know, put the whole pumpkin inside the brush cursor did a good job, but I do have a repeating leaf over here, so in that case I might then come down and pain and cross that leave or we could come back in and fix that with a clone stamp tool and then we can come over here and see if we can even get rid of this punk in give it a click the larger the area, the more time photo shop is going to need to think about it pretty good job right there and now we can come over here and maybe get rid of this guy right here make our brush even larger great and we might coming over here and get rid of one more just for the sheer fun of it now while yours aimed out, it looks pretty good but let's zoom in and see what really took place here we've got some blurry areas well actually we've got a small forest of trees right here in the grass, so this is a perfect spot for the clones sample or you could keep painting with a spot hilly brush, but you're really not going to get ah whole lot better we can give it another try we can see if we can click on our little forest here to make it go away. I got a little bit better so now let's just go ahead and add another empty layer closed stance fix blurs because of the blending so you're gonna have that so just watch out for it and we're here grab the clothes stand tool tried up to the options bar make sure you've got sample all layers turned on and then we're going to use our option keilar all key to set a sample point and this particular image it works really well because the grassy area is so asymmetrical, right? I mean, it's that all these different patterns going on in it. So whatever we do is gonna look pretty good, so I can just come in here and quickly fix the blurry areas, being careful not to, you introduce too many repeating patterns you can and you can sample from areas for this particular image we could sample from areas that are pretty far away. And because it's such a random thing we've got going on with the ground here, you're not really gonna be able to notice that much. So see how we've got a little bit of blurriness down here in a couple of forest trees that are trying to sneak in so you could just take those right out, so that just gives you an idea of what to watch out for when you are using these tools. I probably don't want to repeat that same little piece of wood, but you can see how easy it is to fix specially an image like this, and before long you can have all those pumpkins out, so they've got a nice spot for your text. Now, the text to me is still a little bit hard to really like I can delete one more pumpkin over here, so we'll go back to the spot healing brush, get rid of him. Come back it with either clicking and dragging on the spot healing brush or whatever you need to do to make it look really with a clone stamp tool et cetera and to really make my text readable what I did was I added a little bit of a dark background and that this is a great trick especially fearing design or fear a photographer and you're creating your own photographic postcards let's say to promote a gallery showing or just as you know an advertisement the way I did this is to grab the rectangular marquis tool and you want to go ahead set your text first because you don't know what size your texas going to be so get your text formatted at just the right size and then you can come in here and draw box around your text now I still have my mouth's button pressed down so I'm still in the act of drawing this marquee I'm going to press and hold my space bar because I want to move the marquee a little bit away from my text I want to give my text a little bit of breathing room around the outside around the edges of this box so then I'm going to get just the right size and then you're going to come down to the half black half white circle the bottom of your layers panel and choose solid color when you do the color picker is going to open. And you can tell it what color black is fine we're going to click ok and then I'm going to move this above all of that healing that I did and then we're just going to drop the opacity of that box see how it just sets the text off just a little bit too great trick uh tohave so let's just do that again I've set my text go grab the grab the regular right annual marquis tool click and drag diagonally downward to draw box around your text you want to give you want the box to be a little bit larger than the text present holder space barred and move the marquis around while you're drawing it that trick works on the elliptical marquis tool as well as all of the shape tools and then keep dragging it till you get it just right and they were going to come down here to the half black half white circle the bottom of your layers panel and branches solid color pick whatever color you want from the color picker if I want a darker background always go for black if I need to lighten the background area little bit I would choose white click ok and then you're just going to drop the opacity now your next question will be what if I didn't get the box the right size so I have to start over new identity is click the mask of that phil layer okay, so this is our layer mask right here and then some in the free transform tool by pressing command tea for transform or control. T for transform on a mac. And that gives you re sizing options for the box. So if you didn't get just the right size the first time, then you can always, always alter it. So that's, a neat little tip for you.

Class Description

Ready to take your Photoshop skills to the next level? Join author of the best-selling Photoshop: Missing Manual book series, Lesa Snider, for a full-day immersion into Photoshop’s Content-Aware technology. Lesa will cover everything you need to know about Content-Aware technology, in which Photoshop intelligently analyzes your images for optimum results when resizing, removing, or moving objects around. You'll learn concrete and practical uses for all of these tools including Content-Aware Fill, Content-Aware Move, and Content-Aware Patch, plus you'll learn how to use alpha channels to get the absolute most out of resizing your images for specific output sizes with Content-Aware Scale. And when these tools don't do a perfect job? That's when the Clone Stamp tool comes in! By the end of this deep dive, you'll have mastered the art of using all these tools non-destructively for maximum flexibility when editing your images.


Software Used: Adobe Photoshop CC 14.1

Reviews

Terri
 

This is a great course. I work for a clothing company retouching and post processing photos of the models. Being able to remove wrinkles from clothing and make it look natural is critical. Lesa does a great job of teaching the various methods of repairing everything from wrinkles, to color and texture. I go back to it often when I feel I'm missing something.