Spot Healing Brush
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One of the things that you're going to do in photoshopped the most frequently is too need to remove things and there's a bunch of different ways to get this done as a photo shop see us for we gets a new technology called content aware and it really does work like magic so when you use the content where tools and each version has given us more tools that take advantage of this technology, finish up intelligently analyzes your image and it prioritizes areas of color so as you imagine when it encounter skin tones than that would get a very high priority things like large swaths of blue or large patches of green those will get a low priority so that when you do things like scaling or trying to remove objects photoshopped tries not to mess with the high priority areas and uses the low priority areas to make your retouch look more realistic. So we're going to be looking at all the different tools that take advantage of that, but before we get started, what are your questions is going to be? Well, what are the difference between all these different tools and how do you know which one to use when we're going to be covering that? But before we get started here I just wanted to point out that the spot healing brush has a content where options so we're gonna be using that the healing brush doesn't have a continent where option, but we're going to leave that use it just a tiny bit because it's, in that same blending are healing tool tool set. Rather, the edit feel command has a content where option we've also got the content and were moved tool that also has an extend mode, and then we've got the content aware scale command and you can think of all the you guys as a rock band named the blenders, because what happens? Insert the blender sound here's. What happens is that these tools take a look at the surrounding pixels and again for the shop will do that priority prioritization thing and it copies and pace pixels and then blends them to make the retouch look more realistic. Okay, so all of these tools listed here blend the final result automatically. You don't have to blend it, the tools do it themselves. Contrast the blenders to the copiers, so while all of the tools that I mentioned on the previous slide may get you the perfect result nine times out of ten, they won't. You'll have to do a tiny bit of actual copying and pasting to make the research looked realistic and that's when you can reach for the clone stand tools, so the clones stamp tool because it's in the rock band in the copiers, right there is no blending it's just a straight copy paste so you can create an image like this that shown on the left hand side, so cloning you just create copies of something no blending whatsoever, so you can imagine how useful that the clothes stand tools would be to use in conjunction with the blending tools. So those are all the tools that were going to be looking at today, and by the end of the day, you will be able tio tell which tool you should start out with, depending upon what you're trying to do in your image, and then how to use the clone stand tool to make the retouch look perfect or is perfect as it can possibly be. And on that note, let's, try it on over to photo shop and get started. So as always with my classes, you're going to get every single exercise file that I used, and I'm just going to show you real quickly here in bridge what you're going to get when you purchase the course. So every technique that we're going to cover is a in its own little folder, and inside that folder you have all of the layered files that has all the layers that I used to create the techniques, so you'll be able to kind of backtrack and see what I did and will be very helpful for you. Okay, so let's get started with probably the easiest one to use, which is the spot hailing brush. So we're gonna open up this image right here, and if I zoom in a little bit more, we'll start to see just a few little blemishes and things on this portrait that we need to get rid of and over here, my layers panel, and you can see that I've got a multilayer document going on over here, and you most likely will be dealing with multi layer documents, and what we've done is we've created are we're done are healing rather on another separate layer on an empty layer you're going to find in this class that in on ly one instance, while I ever duplicate an image layer, we're gonna be using empty image layers for all of these healing techniques because that that doesn't make your file size. Clyde is big anytime you duplicate an entire image layers that means an image later filled with pixels. Right? Then it just adds a fat to your file size, and your documents can get really big no, depending upon one and you're doing a photo shop could run a little bit more slowly, et cetera, but a more efficient way is to do all of this stuff on empty, separate layers. So you could imagine that a layer and image later rather filled with only a few pixels has, you know, less of a file size and impact on your document there, uh, a layer filled with pixel so that's, what we're going to be doing. So when you see these empty layers over here, they're not really empty. In fact, if I just option or all to click on a pc, the visibility I of the layer that I did my spot healing on, you can see that there's precious few pixels on this layer that's, another handy keyboard shortcut for you guys is option on a mac or halt on the pc click the visibility I of the layers that you want to remain on and finish out, we'll toggle the visibility off of the rest of layers automatically that's a nice keyboard shortcut. So that's, what we're going to be doing here. So we've got a levels adjustment layer here, we've got original image layer, and then we've got two layers that are named according to what is going on on those layers. That's another thing you photographers out here who are doing the stuff for clients it's important tio, do you each level of retouching on a separate layer, because what if you zap a sacred mall? And the client wants it back you do not want to have to start over at any time or if you go a little too far on re touching the clients is that I want a little more or a little less if you do all of this re touching on separate layers than you build in a lot of editing flexibility and your documents so here we've got a c a so continent where spot hailing going on then here we've got another layer this was called proximity match spot he'll so we're going to take a look at the differences between the modes that the spot hailing brush has so but I always do all of this stuff on separate layers that way I have opacity control so I can back off of the retouch if it's a bit tio overdone or like I said earlier, if I zap a sacred mall all I have to do is activate that layer grabbed the eraser toll and bring that little metal back so it builds in a lot of editing flexibility in your documents so let's go ahead and retouch this image together I'm gonna turn off those two layers so now what we're going to do is we're going to create a new layer onto which for guarantees are zapping so you could do that in a couple of different ways you can click the new layer icon at the bottom of the layers panel if you do it that way, you do not get a naming opportunity, but you can always just double click the layer name quickly and type in whatever it is that you're doing here, so leading this call this land spot healing another way to create a new layer that gives you an automatic naming opportunity is with the keyboard shortcut and that is is shift command in for new layer on a mat or shift control in for a new layer on a pc if you do it that way, you can just type in the name right there it's already highlighted for you so it might be just a tiny bit faster so now let's go ahead and grab our healing her our spot healing brush it lives in the tools panel and if icahn looks like a little band aid with a little circle so it's great for fixing things that fit inside of a round brush cursor but you can also click and drag with it. We're going to do a little bit of that in a minute to remove the power line, but for this image we're going to start out with blemishes so we're going to use the spot healing brush then we're going to try up to the options bar now the spy only brush has a couple of different modes that it can work in here that you see at the top by default I believe the toll is set to proximity match which just means that photo shop is going toe look at the pixels just outside of your brush cursor and it's going to try to match uh the pixels that it takes and tone and texture copy their money inside of your brush pressure and then switch them around a little bit a little bit of blending to make the retouch look riel when you choose content aware instead photo shop does a little bit more analyzing looks a little bit farther out from the edges of your brush cursor and analyzes those pixels to try to do a little bit better job to be honest with you I put this tool in content aware mode and I forget about it but you'll have to do your own experimentation on your own photos to see if one works better than you to be honest on the images that I've tested it on I really can't tell much of a difference at all between using proximity match versus content aware so I just usually leaving incontinent where mode the other thing you're going to want to turn on and leave on is the sample all layers check box right here this is the magic that allows you to do all of this healing on it empty layer because if you don't have that turned on and I tried to come over here to my document and I click on an empty layer photo shop will either squawk it me with an heir message, or it won't do anything, which is the case that happened right here because there's no pixels on that layer to work with, so you have to turn on sample all layers, and then that what that's, what tells photo shop a look through the empty layer that I'm currently on down below in my layers paled where the pixels actually live. In our case, the pixels lived down here on the background layer, so as you can see it's no biggie if you've got an adjustment layer, you know, in between and in fact I do my color correction first using adjustment layers before I start retouching so that's just my work flow. Ok, so now let's, come over here and let's do a little zapping zoom in just a little bit more and let's have a go with this one right here, so we're going to use a keyboard shortcut for re sizing airbrush cursor, which israel handy, and when I'm doing this kind of retouching for clients, I typically I'm right handed, so I've got one hand on my mouth and then I've got two fingers on the bracket keys next to the peaky on your keyboard p for kate pierson of the b fifty teas so if you press the left bracket key, you go down and burst size. If you press the right bracket key, you go up and burst size and you can either tap them or you can press and hold that keyboard shortcuts. So that's, how I like to resize my brushes so the deal is you want to make the brush just a little bit larger than the thing you're trying to get rid of. And then once you have the brush size appropriately, then you just click once and the thing is gone and it really does an amazing job, so you can see how you can get pretty fast at that if you keep two fingers on those bracket keys and another finger on the mouse also, while resumed into a document there's another hand, the keyboard shortcut free that lets you move around within a zoomed in document and that's to press and hold the space bar. When you do, your cursor turns into a little graddy hand, and then you can cruise around to a different area of the image without having a zoom back out. And in case you missed it, I did see him in my pressing command plus on the mac or control plus on a pc. And then a zoom back out is, as you might suspect, command or control minus so there's a real handy so very quickly here I could cruise around and get rid of the little blemishes that this girl might not appreciate having in her photo here and this is actually kind of fun I don't know a little bit of a meditative experience which sounds really hokey but you know, I do live in boulder so there you go so what we're really trying to do is just take out anything that attention might be drawn tio because when we're doing portrait ce we want the attention to go where to the eyes, right? So I just take out enough of these little blemishes that they're not noticeable and I'm not saying that blemishes are bad I get him to this is what I'm talking about sacred mall imagine the client I want that back so as you can see super easy right to do this really incredibly easy now one thing I do want to draw attention to I don't have an example in this image but let's say let's say we had a blemish that was really close to this area of high contrast let's say she had one right here on tnt in then in that case you want to make sure not to encompass the area of high contrast inside your brush purser so you'd want a position you're burst cursor as far away from any high contrast lines because you run the risk of that line being repeated so just kind of be aware for that, but if that happens you can just press command z or control z to undo and then have another go at retouching that particular area so just be congressman of that and again here's our before using minnesota bit more there's our before there's our after just cleaned it up a little bit and let me tell you, when you start doing this on portrait she will be the favored photographer in your immediate circle or friends and family people won't necessarily know why they like your pictures better than everybody else is that you will know why and do you tell them do you ever let them watch you do this? Never ever, ever ok, so that's basically all there is to it basil it's trial that on another image here actually, I'm going to show you another reason you might want to do that now this is a stock image of what is obviously an apple logo but it's upside down so I guess that's how they got away with it being this document. So another reason you would want tio learn tio zapf objects and your photos if your stock photographer and if you go the royalty free route, you really can't have logos in your images so we could use the spot healing brush to get rid of this apple logo really, really quickly what's the first thing we're going todo creating need anti layer onto which we're going to do are zapping because we do not want to harm our original image. I'm not a fan of starting over, so anything I can do to avoid having start over is a good thing. So let's, go ahead and use our keyboard shortcut it's, a shift command in for new layer shift control in for new layer on a pc, and we're going to call this one logo big on and now, because the thing that we want to delete easily fits inside of a round brush curse or the spot healing brush will work perfectly for this. So using our keyboard shortcuts of our bracket case to alter brush size, we're going to press and hold our right bracket can, and we're going to go up until that apple fits inside of that cursor. Now this little green hoo ha that you're seeing on screen is just a third party app that's letting you know where my cursor is, you know, actually going to see that inside of your brush cursor when you try this at home hey where's, my green circle, you're not handling it, okay, so we've got our spottily brush active, we've used our keyboard shortcuts, tio increase the breast size so it fits fully within the brush, mercer and then let's trot up to the options bar and let's, make sure constant aware is turned on and make sure that sample all layers is turned on, and then we come over here and click and it's gone. So obviously, depending upon exactly what you're trying to delete your photo, you can either get rid of it in one click, or it might take a couple of clicks really, really easy stuff, it's going to get harder. Okay, so we've been looking at delaying things that air round that easy, easy to fit inside of our round brush cursor, but what if we wanted silly things that aren't necessarily round? No, we're not going to delete the dogs. What we're going to do is let me turn off the visibility of the layer that created for you, we're going to lead some leaves see their support after there's the before, and this is also fun to sit here in de eso, create an anti layer right, because we don't want to mess up our original image, and in this case, you might be saying, well, why would you want to delete some of those leaves anyway? There's just a little too many for my personal taste, and there are little bit distracting from the focal point of the image in my personal opinion so great way to clean it up just a little bit, make it look a little bit more, uh, like you spent some time on it, so let's, go ahead and create our new empty layer can we call these leave be gone? Do you name your layers? Because you're going tohave several layers and your layers panel, and at some point it will be really, really difficult to figure out what the heck is going on on one layer versus the other. So if you just force yourself to get into a habit of naming them, I mean, it doesn't have to be a long drawn out names you could put a whole bunch of text in there if he wanted, which is a good idea if you're passing the file along to somebody else and what say a team situation, several people are going to be working on it, then you might be a little bit more descriptive about exactly what you've done on those layers, and I've done that a little bit. These exercise files is to come help you a little bit, but it's a good habit ticket anti. Sometimes I just named them with the tools that I used spot, hail, cloning, healing, brush, that kind of thing passed well, ok, so now we've got our spot hailing brush active charge it to the options bar makes your content aware is turned on, make sure sample all layers turn on and once you do those things, settings and the options hvar sticky, so they're going to stay changed totally change them back. So now we can come down here and it's not do that we have around in our image and let's just start deleting some leave, shall we? So we're going to use our keyboard shortcut were in my tool go there, you keyboard, shortcut of the left and right bracket keys to size airbrush so let's, start clicking and dragging with this to a lot of folks don't realize you could do that, so we're just going to click and drag to get rid of that one leaf right there. And when you do, for the shop is gonna dark in that area to select, you know the area that's going to be affected fills him a little bit more and cruise around down here. So let's say, we want to get rid of this leaf right here, so if I'm going to click and drag, it doesn't really matter what size your brushes see how photo shop is this darkening the area so it's just kind of highlighting it, you know, as a way of marking your paint, you're not really painting, but and then when you release your mouse button it's going now we've got a little bit of a color shift here, so what I might do is make my brush a little bit bigger and just go over it again. That's interesting when I press my space part switching over to bridge ok, so let's delete a few more leaves here. Pretty easy stuff, huh? Now I certainly wouldn't want to go through here and delete all of them, but just a few so that the first thing you see in the images and leaves interesting, but a shot clearly hasn't had a coffee it. Now there is a little bit of blurring that's happening? You guys can see that, right? Okay, so that if you get too much of that boring because remember what rock band is the spot healing russian, the blenders so there's blending going on? So if you've got areas that start getting blurry like that, then you could come back in and fix them with the clone stamp tool we're not going to that miss him is what we're gonna do then here in just a minute, but very quickly you could get rid of some of these leaves that are more distracting simply by copying and dragging and with the spottily brush, so go ahead and get rid of this one down here this gives you an idea of some of the things that you can do with these tools there's smoke all that so there's our before and there's our after just cleaned it up just a little bit super cute dog c for cute. Incidentally, I'm closing my windows and triggering this don't save, but also with keyboard shortcuts. I'm a huge fan of keyboard shortcuts, so you're going to get loaded up on a slew of them today, so I'm pressing command w for window or controlled of yuan apiece easy to close the window and then I'm triggering the don't save button by pressing the d key so any time you have a box like this and you want to trigger button, just press the first letter of the button itself so I can show your canceled by pressing c and triggers save by pressing it. And if you got a big honkin monitor, I mean it takes kind of mouse all the way over to those dialog boxes, he'll say ok now, let's, take a look at another situation where you would want to use the spot healing brush set to content aware and also click and drag with it. They have got a nice little layout here very timely right football player feed, workout, sleep repeat that's what they did so let's use our option or halt trick tio tell photoshopped to turn on on lee the original background layer so let's option are all to click the visibility I which toggles everything else off so that's our original image so you can see that as a designer, if you're tasked with putting text the top of that, it wouldn't really look that great, so you might have tio put some kind of a colored box behind that text and sure that it's readable and if you're going to add text to an image, you know, it does need to be readable, so we can easily get rid of that light post with the spot hailing brush, and this is going to work so well, because really, in all the images that we've used thus far, we that nice swath of what I call free background space around the thing that we want to get rid of, okay, so the things that we have been doing so far haven't really been that close to anything that we want to keep. So this is really where the spot haley breast shines is when you get a little bit of free space free background space around the thing that you want to get rid of. So here again, it's creating new anti layer, onto which we're gonna do our light pole removal, there we go, and we've got the spot healing brush, active we've got content aware turned on and sample all layers turned on in the options bar, and now we can just come over here and paint, but you don't have to do this and one brush stroke, but I've done on this image one hundred times, so I can do it in one breast stroke, and then when you release your mouse button photo shot looks at the pixel surrounding the thing you painted over, copies them and blends them together and that's all there is to it. So now you've got a nice spot for your test and as a designer, especially for working for a magazine or a newspaper, especially newspapers, your encounter, this kind of stuff all the time and knowing which told the use, flynn is really going to help you be a little bit faster and more efficient and make you the hero of your office, so all there is to that one. Ok, now we're going to move to healing and cloning, but before I do that, are there any questions on just the basic use of the spot healing tool that we've been using so far? Way do have a couple questions appear, um least I must start with tim cox it was one of our regulars from colorado, and he wanted to know, do you know if the content aware has a random element to it that is if you repeat content where operation to get a different result each time or is it always the same results fantastic question he's right? You get a different result every time you click with a spot human brush really any of the content where tools it will be slightly different every time you use them that's nice so if you don't like what you're that that result you can just kind of command z and do it again right right great and then jim and va asks can you scroll can you use your scroll wheel when you resize you're when you're re sizing your brushes I believe you can set that up in preferences ok maybe I haven't done that so I'd have to check but I think you can use your or maybe you can use your scroll here for your scroll he scroll wheel for zooming in and now the document I'm not sure if you can set that up to change brush size but there's a bunch of different keyboard shortcuts for brush size but the bracket keys air to me the easiest to remember great thank you great if you kind of welcome graphics tablet did you concern lee set up shortcuts on the penn itself to change brush size which wagon graphics tablet will be great to use in conjunction with some of these? You know fine detail retouching that we've been doing with a spy healing rushed