Adobe® Photoshop® Philosophy 101
Hey, guys, thanks so much for being here and tuning in today. We are going to be talking about photo shop philosophy, so I'm actually calling this section photoshopped philosophy one no one, and I think that any time you learn something as incredibly rich and deep and vast and sophisticated as photo shop, it helps to kind of have some background on how you might approach it. So maybe some principles that you can put to use when you are jumping into photo shop. So that's, we're going to be talking about today, and I think hopefully you'll learn something new. Whether you've been around photo shopped for a while, even or, of course, if you are brand new to photo shop, so we're going to go ahead and get started with the very first thing that I always I want to stress to people when they're new to photo shop is that there are no wrong answers, which is kind of mind blowing, I think it's not like math class, if you think back to school. I know in my math class, I got good grades somehow, bu...
t it didn't stick, and it was not my favorite subject because there were wrong answers, the photo shop is more kind of like english class, or you're just sort of in charge, and you can charge your own course and you can write the kind of things that you want to write you can create the kind of things that you want to create in photoshopped um and here's a little quote that I think helps illustrate why that's so valuable I respect a man who knows how to spell a word more than one way what did not be also physically if only that totally worked in the real world when you know we could spell things however we want to butt in finish up, you can do things your own way and which it's really a valuable thing because you'll find that a technique that you learn for maybe something like correcting color it might work really well on most images, but you may come into an image one day that it doesn't work so well on so there's a lot of different ways to do pretty much everything and photoshopped like there's probably at least two ways to do most things and a lot of ways even have more than that. A lot of things have more than even two weeks, so let's switch over to photo shop here for a moment and I'm going to show you really quickly some examples of what I'm talking about we can switch to the er here we are so for example let's take something as simple as converting an image to black and white there's lots of different ways you can do that one thing that you could do is sort of I kind of call it the quick and dirty way is you could just d saturate the image right? You can come up to the image menu and come down here tio adjustments you could open up hugh saturation and you could take the saturation slighter and just drag it all the way down so if I move this out of the way here you can see that the image has been de saturated and it now appears black and white so if we click ok, we're done and maybe that works for us but it turns out that in photo shop there are not wrong answers but sometimes there are different ways that you do things that are more advantageous than other ways so if we were going to do this as an adjustment we can accomplish the task but it comes at the cost of flexibility because now that we've applied this we're kind of done we could undo it but we can't really make adjustments. However, if I dio undo that and we come over to our layers panel which will be talking about later this week at the bottom of the layers panel there is this fun little icon down here that brings up our adjustment layers and we'll be talking about this later this week in more detail but you'll notice that right now there's something here called black and white and if I click on that I get this panel where I can selectively go in and it just all the different tones in my image so I can hand tune handcraft my black and white image and you'll see up here there's even some presets for different combinations of sliders so you can really control that conversion to black and white much more so than if I just came up here to the image menu and did a quick and dirty de saturation but the bottom line is that as long as you get the result that you're looking for that's all that really matters so when you're first starting out maybe the only way you ever know to do it is to just de century and if that works for you that's great but that's one of the other cool things about photo shop is that there's always more to learn there's always new techniques to do things that you may have been doing for years even on dh I'm sure you'll get a lot of that this week all right? So let's go back over to keynote and look at a couple of other possibilities hot back over to keynote way are okay so tip number two is to don't don't overthink it because like life often simpler than we think and I don't know about you guys but I tend to overcomplicate a lot of things on guy definitely over think a lot on dh. Infact I'm going to share with you this really embarrassing story from when I was a kid and I was in third grade. So what is that, like, eight years old or something? And we were learning about roman numerals and I remember my instructor. This is so embarrassing. I thought in telling this live on camera. But here you go, it's for the greater good for everyone's benefit. So our instructor was telling us, you know that if the numeral in front is larger than the next numeral, then you add, and if it's reversed, you subtract so that's a very simple thing, right? But me and my genius ways of overthinking everything I thought they actually meant, like in terms of size, like the numbers size. So when, like we got, we finished learning our lesson about roman numerals, and then our teacher released us to go do this work sheet that he'd given us, and I sprinted over to the box to grab the rulers, and I actually brought it back to my desk. And I was thinking, how how come no one else is grabbing rulers? They don't get it clearly and actually sat down and tried to measure the printed roman numerals that were on my works ye which as you can imagine or exactly the same side and I was thinking this is really complicated I need a really precise ruler because how am I going to tell the difference between all these numbers and then it dawned on me that I was just looking at it entirely wrong and I like to think that it was just a creative approach that I was taking and sometimes I think the more creative we are sometimes the more we complicate things because we just have a different way of looking at them so it is simpler than you think and here's another great quote about simplicity any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex but it takes a touch of genius and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction so we can kick it back over to photo shop and I'm going to show you what I'm talking about years ago when I was very green and very new to photo shop I stumbled across a book from berkman roy and he's like a really phenomenal photo realism artist and in the book he was sharing some techniques about how he creates the photo realism in his scenery that he creates and one of the things he does a lot of is he creates would textures and wood green things and I remember thinking, wow, that sounds so complicated, and then I I actually learned how he did some of this, and so I'm going to give you a really cool rick demo it's nothing near is fantastic, but so I'm gonna work on a blank layer, and I'm just going to grab the rectangular marquis tool and draw out something that looks like it could be aboard a wooden board, right? And I'm going to fill this with brown, so I'll come up here to the edit menu hit phil, I'm actually going to fill it with my background color, so it's filled with brown and get rid of our marching ants there, and I'm going to run a filter on this to add some noise, which is funny, right? We've worked so hard to clear all the noise out of our images, but guess what? We're going to add it in, so I take the amount slider and you really have to experiment on we make this a monochromatic noise, so you see that, um, way don't see all the different rain, bows of color see that here we have kind of rainbow noise going on, and if we turn on monochromatic it's, just black, white and brown, so we can kind of guess and play with the amount, but we'll just guess that now that still doesn't look like what right? But check out what happens if we run another filter this time will blur it and we'll add motion blur and again you have to experiment look at that would green is not incredible and of course sort of in this process we made a little bit of a mess by blurring this outside the lines here so it's really easy to just clean that up and we can delete that out of there and you're left with a wood board and then you can finesse it by doing some dodging and burning and kind of darkening it and making it look a little more weathered and a little less computer perfectly generated. But when I learned this technique when I saw this, I thought, wow, that is really an incredible example of how you can take something that seems so complex slick creating the look of a wood grain and then you can just break it down and use photo shop in ways you might not have thought of and it's actually really simple. All right, let's, kick it back over to keynote. I will move over here to number three agility helps just like in real life it's hugely advantageous to be able to jump around and make make decisions and change directions on a dime right? It helps to be agile that helps and photo shop too and if you're not sure what agile means according to my apple dictionary app it's the ability to move quickly and easily and I think there are few places where that is as important as in photo shop when it comes to getting around so what are we talking about? I'm talking about embracing keyboard shortcuts and those of you that have been using photo shopped for a while you're probably familiar with them um and I know when I was first learning photo shop I taught myself this is so long ago what I taught myself from a book this really crazy book it was super thick and it had over a thousand pages and I know you're not supposed to judge a book by its cover and it's true because this book had the ugliest cover you have ever ever seen in your life I mean it was so bad but anyway I remember reading this book and the first few pages the author was saying, you know, keyboard shortcuts are super important and you really should learn them and I I totally remember reading that and going yeah right I'll get good at photoshopped first and then all make use of keyboard shortcuts but then I quickly realized that keyboard shortcuts are how you get good at photo shop, right? So for those of you that are here today or sitting at home somewhere on dure thinking man, I I can't I can't get into keyboard for it short cuts I just got to tell you do it, just embrace them and get on it because it will make everything so much easier. So there's a couple different types of keyboard shortcuts, right? There's commands for different things like there's, a keyboard shortcut to just de saturate an image you can do that quickly there's all kinds of things to run commands and then all of the tools also have keyboard shortcuts, so let's pop back over to photo shop and I'll show you a little bit more about what I mean, so here we are and we're going to take a look at this image and we're going to talk about a few things I guess um we'll have a quick tour of the work space and will be doing more of this later this week as well, but obviously this is our image area over here and on the left we've got this massive bar of tools, right? And if you're new to vote a shop that can look pretty scary and it can feel really fumble lee and clumsy and it's really easy to click on the wrong thing, and I really would encourage you to use the keyboard shortcuts for even the thing, including tools because it removes a lot of the a possibility of error so let's talk about this um first of all, if you if you click and hold on any of the tools, you'll see this panel that flies out and the tools are all grouped into little families I call them to all families, right? So this is the last so family it's a party of three and on the little pop out that flies up here it you can see the letter l that shows up and maybe you've never won known what that is or maybe you've wondered that is the keyboard shortcut for that whole family of tools. So for example, let's say I have the move to up here and I'm moving and I'm gruban and I'm going along and suddenly I need one of the lab s of family members rather than coming over here and fumbling around with this I'm just going to press l on my keyboard and it switches to the last of family and it grabs which ever is the most recently used member of the last of family. So right now it looks like that was apparently the magnetic lasso tool, but what if I want to go down and get the regular lasso tool? I'm still not going to go get it with my mouse, I'm gonna hold the shift key and I'll hit el again and you'll see that it cycles through the tool family and now I have the regular lasso tool and if I hit shift l again, I get the polygon, alas, it tool so I can hold shift and just hit l l l l l l on aiken spin through the whole family of tools, and that works for all of these tools that have extended tool families, the move tools, one of the only ones in this room tool down here that doesn't. And by the way, the keyboard shortcut for the move tool is not m, as you might think, and would be for the marquee family right here, but the move tool keyboard shortcut is the for move of of great, so tryinto, keep that in mind another thing you'll notice as you move around and check out your different tools and such, you'll see that things up here are changing, and those are the settings that go along with each tool. So if you are trying to add text to your image, for example, and you can't figure out why you can't see the fonts in your system, well, maybe because you don't have the type tool selected, so you have to have the type tool active in order to see the options that go along with it, so the keyboard shortcuts are really handy. They they really, I think, also make it easier because, for example, I know in my experience teaching a lot sometimes when I'm teaching a hands on class and I'll tell everyone all right, grab your brush tool and let's get to work people will grab the history rush tool because it looks like a rush and they are, you know, confused thinking that's the tool that they want and um if I can just tell them, you know, press b for brush, then they would get the actual breast tool and that can be really handy so it's nice to know that you have the tool that you intended to have and one time I was shopping at target and one of my past students called me and she said, I have to get your help because my brush tools not working and I said my first question was are you sure you have the brush tool? Meanwhile I'm perusing but aisles at target, right? And she said, I thought it didn't are you sure you have the bristol and she was like, yes, I'm looking at it right now it's the brush tool and I said, ok, well what's happening and she's like it's not painting anything it's not working and I said, ok, you know, we tried to troubleshoot what's going on in your layers panel what's going on with your blend modes and all of that and everything seemed fine and finally I said can you just press be forming for brush and she did and then she went oh I thought I had the brush tool but it was not so another reason why those keyboard shortcuts are so awesome for all the tools another funny thing about the tools that I see people kind of wrestle with is that you always I have one so sometimes people will say all right I pressed b for brush and now I a brush stuff and I'm done how do I how do I put my brush down and the answer is you don't you always have a tool but I think I know what some people are talking about because some of the tools are cursors for example if I grab this brush tool here mrs grab let's see sometimes the cursors just look a little bit crazy and it can be frustrating to be looking at a crazy tool so when that happens and you feel like I just need to set this tool down because the cruiser is making me crazy you can just grab the move tool that's a good neutral tool so I like to say hang out with the move to all right but let's talk though there's some keyboard shortcuts for the tool bar but one of the other things that keyboard shortcuts are super handy for is navigating around your image and you may be thinking ok, give me a break like navigate who needs to know about that and I'm going to tell you right now is not very glamorous to talk about what you know what is super sexy knowing what you're doing and being able to work your way around photo shop so let's take a quick look and dive right into this we have this image here with all these crazy legged ninja business going on because you really want to get to like ninja status with your keyboard shortcuts skills ok? So here's the deal we're going to learn about navigating our image and we've got all these ninjas here so first thing I'm going to show you is how does zoom in and out of your image and don't you dare head over to your toolbar and grab your zoom tool because that is a clumsy thing waiting to happen you're going to trip and fall down the stairs and it's just a mess ok so don't grab them those in tool instead just really use your keyboard so there's a couple different ways that we consume one is to hold down the controller command key and you hit the plus key on your keyboard so commander control plus and you'll notice that that seems you in and if you keep going just hold controller command and hit plus plus plus plus plus and things you weigh the heck and so now we can actually see all the little pixels in the picture all right that said, what do you suppose we would press to zoom out control minus right and we can hit that a whole bunch and we're zooming out, out, out, out, out, out, out into space and now it looks like her image is gone almost you can barely see it a little pixel right there on dh. What about if we just want to sit it on our screen a lot of times, in hands, on classes, people are like, and just I want it back just make it fit again. And so for those people, I would like to introduce you to what I call the ruby red slippers of keyboard shortcuts, which will always take you home. You just click your heels and you hit commander control zero the number zero, not the letter oh, just the number zero, right? And that will just fit the image right back on your screen, and then you can just breathe a sigh of relief that everything worked out and it's fine. All right, but you'll notice that when we do that control, plus or minus, we're zooming into the center, right? And that is awesome. I use it a lot for scooting in and out, so maybe I'm just like, I need to scoot out a bit so I'll just hit control minus to scoot out but sometimes you want to be able to zoom in specifically to a certain part of your image and in that case you can take advantage of a really cool keyboard shortcut that's actually called a toggle command and you're going to hold down commander control space bar and when you hold that down your cursor changes to this to the zoom tool and then you can actually click and drag to zoom in on a specific part of the image on dh drop dragging the other direction zooms you out so I want to zoom right in on this ninja will just click on him and dragged to the right and if I dragged to the left it zooms out so now that I'm zoomed in on this ninja if I need to check out what else is going on like a good ninja would know what's around the corner of their scene right? So if you are a good ninja you need to know what's happening over there what's happening on the other side but we don't want to waste time zooming in and out all the time so we can also just drag the image over on dh don't don't even think about reaching over for the hand tool over here instead another toggle keyboard shortcut is the space sparky so as long as you hold the space park ki down you get the hand tool and then you can just click and drag and scoot around your image and when you let go of the space bar right, you're back to whatever tool you had. So if you were painting with the paintbrush duel with the actual paintbrush tool um you would just be able to keep right on painting and you don't have to come over to the tool bar and fumble around trying to get the right tool and digging through the different tool families you can just get right to it and same thing if we want to go to the other side again, I would hold the space bar and you can even throw throw your image and it just kind of lies across the screen, so we see there's trouble in the corners on I need backup we need backup on and another thing just I'll show you this even though it's not a keyboard thing but maybe if you're working in a really complex image or for some reason you aren't able to use your keyboard there's actually a panel for navigating your image and it's called the navigator. You can find it from the window menu at the top of your screen so you just click window and come down to navigator and it looks like this and you'll notice it's just a thumbnail of your image and has this little red box and you can drag the red box around to whatever part of your image you want to see you can click and drag over here. Um, and if you are a ninja and you're alone in the situation with two troublemakers lurking in the background, you might just want to find a way to escape, so your navigator panel might be able to help you do that to andi can also take this little slider at the bottom and drag it left and right to zoom in and zoom out of your image. Ok, so those are big, huge things, and having navigating around your image is really important, because if you're doing a lot of work like your retouching, an image or something like that, you need to be able to scoot in close and see what you're doing, and I've seen a lot of people when they're working and voter shop, they don't want to stop, they're so engrossed in, you know, cloning or healing or whatever that they're just going at it, and they're zoomed way the heck out and there's no way that they're doing a good job when they can't see you want to be able to get really good at zooming in and out and getting around your image so that you can just sew it who's boss, right and b be a ninja, all right, we can go back over to keynote. And I came across this recently I can't say I have personal experience really using it I visited it briefly but there's actually a web site called shortcut do dot com and they actually train you you can like work out your shortcut skills for photo shop and a number of other software pieces but for the shops one of them and I just think that's so funny so short cut food check it out alright umm tip number four is tio not be afraid of making mistakes and this is one again like life right photo shops really got a lot of metaphors for a life I think and you know I guess you can expect that when its software that's a noun and a verb and everything all at once but there's a lot of metaphors for life and I think not being afraid of making mistakes is huge right that's how you you tackle any creative endeavor in any pursuit is you have to overcome that fear and that's also true and photo shop and this lovely quote brings it very true for me but the greatest mistake you can make in life is to continually be fearing that you will make one and I see a lot of people do this on computers on dh software and all this stuff is just being so afraid of messing things up and not being able to find their way back and photo shop helpfully really makes that easy so we can pop back over here to photo shop and I'll show you why photo shot protects you from all of that. So here in photo shop let's say we've got this cute little image. This is my little nephew and he's about to become a big brother for the second time, maybe even this week, who knows? But when we're in photo shop and you want to be experimenting right it's about a lot of experimenting and that means making mistakes and being able to recover from them, eh? So that they're not really mistakes. They're learning adventures so photoshopped offers a lot of ways that you can do that first of all, of course, you can undo things, right? So if I do something with the keyboard shortcut let's say I just quickly d saturate this image so that's command shift you're control shift you andi do a quick keystroke here and now the image is de saturated if I want to undo that, of course I compress commander control the to zap away the effect that I just applied. So zap it away, it's now undone and if I later decide oh, I really want to bring that back I compress command z again and it will recover it so you can actually just hold down commander control z and you can toggle back and forth which is a really great way to check your work if you're doing something like retouching are corrected and exposure or something it's really nice to be able to check yourself that way but what about more than that? What about multiple under what if we could just go backwards and undo like ten things are more well it turns out that you can and photo shot makes it actually really easy in true photo shot form there's a couple of ways to do it we have under the window and you we have something called the history panel we'll pop it over here in a panel so we have this thing called the history panel and it's like a little secretary that sits right next to you and photo shop and it writes down everything you d'oh to an image which is great so right now the history panel is showing me that I've got this image called dom and I've opened it so let's go ahead and dio that quick d saturate so that's commander control shift you and now I ve separated this image and we see in the history panel that it it shows I've opened it and I've decided aerated it then let's say we're going to make a new blank layer so it records that I made a new layer and I'm going to grab my paintbrush and get something like this, and we'll make the brush a good size here. And what if I just start to facing this picture of my cute little? You've got a little moustache here, look at that. It records that I've used the brush tool, and if I come up here and maybe given some cool eyebrows, there's one, we have another instance of the rush tool I can come over here, do it again. All right, he's looking pretty good. Maybe he needs a little goatee down here, so every time he's so cute, right? My sister doesn't know a thing. I know that I have done all of these things in my history panel, I see every instance recorded, which is great, and you'll notice that when I hit that keyboard shortcut to undo, so commander controls the, you'll notice that it actually moves up one spot in my history panel. So if I just keep flipping back and forth with commander controls, the I'm undoing and redoing the last thing that I did to my image. But again, what if we want to undo more? You can use your keyboard for that, and on a mac it's option command z, and if I just keep pressing that you can see it literally walking up my history state undoing each thing one at a time and then if I want to come back down in the history panel I can add shift commands thee and I'm just pressing it and you see that it goes forward is there a way we can delete one off those like take saturation out but leave all your drawing so now aren't you clever yes okay this is where finished I'm gets so awesome that it's crazy so can we selectively go back in time? Okay, the answer is yes and you would do it with this tool right here called the history brush tool not to be confused with the regular brush tool let's find out what those keyboard shortcuts are shall we? If I click and hold on the regular brush tool we cb for brush makes sense and for the history tool oh, the history brush tool the keyboard shortcut is why for why did I do that? I need to go back in time and undo something right. So why why did we do that? We'll grab the history brush and then what you need to do is come over to your history panel and you'll notice that there is this little icon over here next to the open state of the image and this little icon conveniently matches the icon of the tool so what that means is this is actually a brush a paintbrush similar to this one only instead of paint coming out of it it's like a time machine. So wherever this little icon appears in your history panel that's the point in time that you are going to be reverting back to so I can grab the history brush and let's say I want to paint back what did we do last year? We added this little goatee let's say we want to keep this but get rid of the mustache so we could go back tio like this point in time and if I paint away here it's going to remove that it's going toe undue, I should say or reinstate this point in time so we went back into time and painted this moment from time before he had the mustache we painted that moment back. Do you have to be in the history panel it click on the space that you want to get to be in too? Yes, exactly. So that's, how this works? You grab the history brush tool and then you pop open the panel and you selectively choose the point in time that you want to return to now a couple of other things to know about the history panel are that one you can just click right through it, so sometimes I mean, I don't know about you, but I made a lot of mistakes all the time and sometimes when I'm like oh what was I thinking and I'm undoing I'm doing undoing and I get it kind of lost like I've undone so much and then I'm like, wait, I went too far and I come back forward and then I kind of just like I don't know where I am anymore so sometimes even with being able tio manually jump around with keyboard shortcuts sometimes if I get really confused I'll pop open my history panel and you can just click right through it to find the point in time that you want so that's a good thing on dh then you just click in this little well socket which ever point in time that you want to return to um I should say that if we do go back in time like let's say we go back here and then we think well, now I'm just gonna grab my brush again and maybe I'll just do something different watch my history panel so I'm going to paint something over here boom it rewrote the future so I'm sure you guys have seen back to the future at some point if you go back in time and make a change to history the future gets affected right it's just like real life time travel right here in voter shop really lifetime travel right here so we've gone back in history and now I decided ok, well, instead of giving him crazy eyebrows whatever I'm going to give him cat ears and now that he has little cat years um we've lost all the other stuff that was in the history panel because that's the way history works so the next time you are time traveling keep that in mind but there's also this really cool feature in the history panel that allows you to make snapshots so down at the bottom of the history panel there's a little camera icon which makes sense and when you click on it, you'll get this little thing right up here at the top of your history panel called by default snapshot one so what that essentially is is different versions of your same image right within that image yeah, so hopefully now it makes sense. So why would you do this so it's a great way that you could be able to work on your image and then go back in time and undo some things, redo some things or just selectively go back and paint you know, maybe I maybe I want some of this back in color for whatever reason, I could click on that this point in time in the history panel so how it was when I first opened it right? So I'll click right here to add this little icahn and then if I grabbed the history brush I can come back in and I'm painting back that moment in time so it's really handy if you've kind of gone off the deep end somewhere and you need to just bring it back and selectively maybe you like some breast tricks that you made but you don't like some other ones and you can just easily go back and clean things up or undo them and it's amazing on you can make multiple snapshots of um as many as you want and you can rename them and then you can switch back and forth between them so if I wanted to see what did my image look like when I first opened it I'm going to click up here where it says don the name of the image so it'll have the file name up here and you just click on it and then you can see how the image looked when you opened it click on snapshot one here's here's this frozen point in time so frozen point in time and maybe if I click down here then well it's the same a snapshot one but you can work your way through your history panel to go back in time and see all the different things you've done to your image maybe we make another version where we put little glasses on him and then we can make another snapshot and then I can compare do I like it better with the glasses or without glasses or without so you can really experiment and not feel like you know it's a problem? Um yeah, so I really like the history panel for that. Oh, and one other thing that I should also tell you is there is a limit to this as far as how many things it remembers that you've done so just to kind of demonstrate that I'm going to just make brush marks so we see the brush, the history panel going down right? And at some point if I keep making all these brush marks, I think it's only set to twenty there we go, you're going to see here it's going to start brushing all now I'll do something like dodge, you see that it's rewriting the history panel so now all my brush tools are turning to dodge in other words, it's on ly recording the last twenty things that I did once you do that twenty first thing, it starts rewriting over the first so it's khun onley keep track of so many things that you do, but that is something that you can change in your preferences. So if we go in to finish up preferences and on a mac, it would be under edit preferences but our two man a pc under edit preferences on a mac it's under photoshopped preferences and we come down tio performance we can actually control how many steps are history panel keeps track of right here, so I've got mindset to twenty and usually that's served me pretty well, but you know you can crank this up. I'm not sure what the insane lim a thousand history states, although I don't recommend that you don't recommend that you crank it up because having having photoshopped keep track of all of these things in your in the, you know, active memory is really expensive in terms of memories it so this is one way that you might be able to speed up your computer if you reduce some of these history states, so I usually keep mine around twenty, but, you know, depending on the work that you're doing and what you might be up to, you might benefit from more than that, but usually I found that twenty works pretty well if I'm undoing more than twenty things, then I probably should just take a new approach anyway. Um, so that is one of the really nice things about how this works and it's important, I think that you be able tio experiment freely with photo shop, so get comfortable with undue it's just kind of the way that photo shop works, and, you know, when you're doing these keyboard shortcuts to sometimes sometimes I see people who sort of think that photo shop is like one hand on the mouse and the other hand is for drinking your coffee or something, but it's really a two handed thing, so you pretty much have one hand on the keyboard at all times and the other hands on a mouse or a tablet or something and you really just want to work together that way, so don't be afraid to take risks and try new things because you can always undo it and if you if you made something that you really like and you're like I I want to save this, but I wantto also keep experimenting, go to your history panel and make a snapshot and it will just appear right here and you can always go back to it snapshot like when you close closed you're done with the file for the day the history disappears, the history will disappear, but deal your snapshot safer than explaining let's, I'm going to save this and we'll put it on our desktop, we'll close it out and we'll open it up, the snapshots are gone so it's, you're just working. Yeah, you're working ah file, but I will say one of the other things that has saved my behind many, many, many times in photo shop the history panel here is when I accidentally save over my original file has anyone ever done that they see synods okay, well, sometimes I do get a little punch happy with the keyboard shortcuts and sometimes instead of file save as all accidentally hit safe, which of course saves over whatever you were just working on. So when that happens, here's the good news is that your history panel will always remember the way the file was when you opened it even after you've saved it as long as you don't close it when you close it, it wipes clean um saved or not, but so if I am working on this file and I'm doing all these crazy things to it, maybe we'll get a different color hair and just I don't know give them this back groups so he's all kinds of cute here and I've done all these things here and let's say now I'm ready to say of this, but instead of saving as my wonderful art piece instead I accidentally just hit save and right over the original file when I do that, which happens every so often um, I don't panic as much as I used to because I know that I've got my history panel here on I can just come back up to this at the very top no matter no matter how many things you've done to your image, the very top will always have the way it was when you opened it so this one now I've opened the one that we've marked on because we saved it that way, but but we won't send this to my sister. Yeah, maybe so like it, but I'm sure that he would. So as long as I haven't closed it, I can always go back and just click right here and then what I would do is save save that over the actual original. Does that make sense? So you can sort of in that sense, recreate the original by going back in your history panel to this and getting it back. You can also revert your file to the last saved version at any time by coming up to the file menu and choosing revert and you'll notice the keyboard shortcut is f twelve. So a lot of times when I'm working, you know, I'll find something that I get to a point where I like it, and sometimes I'll remember to take a snapshot in my history panel, and sometimes I'll just save the file so that I have that much saved, and then I'll be working along working along, and then I make a mess of things, and I decided I just want to go back to that last version I had, I can hit f twelve, and it reverts back to the last saved version. Or you can use your history we have a question because their number off is there a limit to the number of snap shorts we can have I if there is I'm not sure what it is so you can make a lot of snapshots on dh you khun rename them if you want so you know if we come down here and make snapshot of this and we can call this I don't know blue disguise blue monster and then maybe we paint some other things on here and give him a tail and we take another snapshot and we call it orange animal so you can rename them to keep them straight and be able to flip through them and come back at any time it's kind of like being able to hit f twelve and file revert although you can have multiple different states that you can actually go back and revert to time so that's a history panel and why you don't want to be afraid of making mistakes because voters shops got your back right and it turns out it can have a lot of your back if you increase those history states on your preferences in two thousand but I would recommend that even when people are really just wanting a lot more undoes um I would really say like thirty or really fifties pushing it I don't know that anyone really would mean that much so I keep mine at twenty and you've got twenty get out of jail free cards to just undo and get out of that way so pretty neat all right let's kick it back over to key notes and next up number six is being a problem solver and in life if that's how you get things done right it was all about solving problems and it turns out that the same is true in finish up and we have to sort of just make peace with that. So I like this quote that the problem is not that there are problems the problem is expecting otherwise and thinking that having problems is a problem but really having problems is just life it's life we have to deal with it, the better we get at solving our problems, the more we can get out of life and the more we can accomplish so the same is true with photo shop but where are those problems? And you know, because I'm sure a lot of viewers at home are playing along right now perhaps and thinking ok, I've already run into something something's not working my paintbrush isn't working this isn't doing what I thought it would dio so let's talk about some of those key places in photo shop where the answers to those problems can be found all right, so in any image here uh ah lot of times when you are running to a problem I guess the first thing I would always look is your layers panel because a lot of times I'll see people who let's say are working on a ah blank layer and maybe they've turned the layer off so they've hidden the layer the visibility of the layer by clicking right here just to the left of the layer you get this little eyeball and you can click to turn it on or click to turn it off um here we can see this on layer one here so I painted all this mess on layer one if I want to hide it I just clicked the eyeball and it goes away but sometimes people forget that they clicked the eyeball and they'll just think where's where's all my stuff it's missing it's gone and they'll look in their layers panel and they'll see you know that they're on a certain layer but they sort of overlook the fact that hoops they hid the visibility and someone once referred to this as blinking the layers on and off and now I can't think of it as anything but that's so blinking those layers on and off when you run into a problem looking your layers panel make sure that you're on the layer that you think that you're on because sometimes you're not make sure the layer is visible so you want to check the eyeball the eye socket over here check the eye socket you'll also want to make sure that you didn't accidentally change the capacity of the layer maybe it's on and it's visible but you still don't see it because there's an a possibly slighter right here and it's very easy to accidentally lower the capacity because you can do that with your keyboard so keyboard targets are awesome but they can be a little squarely sometimes if you hit things by accident okay so check your capacity in this case the layers on but obviously it's not visible because I dialled the opacity down to zero so we'll dial that back up another thing you want to check if you're having something looks funny or it's not behaving quite right check your blend modes in your layers panel up here where it says normal these air your blend modes and those little buggers can change with the keyboard shortcut like if your cat jumps on your keyboard or the kids walk by and you know pound on it these might change to some kind of crazy thing and then your life what what just happened to my image I don't know what's going on eh so this could be one of those places where you can find whatever the problem is and you can fix it another place where problems occur is in the tool bar itself like I mentioned earlier and my a phone call that I got well it was something and so you couldn't get the brush tool to work so sometimes it could just be that you have the wrong tool and you think you have something but actually you grab something else which is another reason why I love those keyboard shortcuts because if I want the brush tool I don't want to look over here and accidentally grabbed the history rush I'll just hit be and I know I have the brush to when I go so I don't even look at my toolbar pretty much ever I just do it all with keyboard shortcuts so you want to make sure you have the right tool that you are the tool that you mean to have but also you want to check up here in the options bar because these are the controls that make those tools work right? So if I've got my paintbrush and up in the options bar for the paintbrush, I have the opacity dial down tio next to nothing and I'm over here painting nothing is going to really be showing up because my capacity is super far down right? So I want to check my capacity and again this is another place where you have access to your blend modes and blood modes are going to change the way the paint appears so if I'm painting while in screen one mode let's see it changes the way that the paint interacts with everything else on the canvas so you really I want to keep an eye on this stuff and like I said, just hitting the wrong key can easily set it off and then you might be really frustrated um I'll tell you one thing, another embarrassing story I'm all about embarrassing stories, but I think it's important to understand that this stuff happens to everybody and years ago and I was really green with photo shop I kept discovering that my cursor would change, so if I'm using my paintbrush, for example, I have this nice round brush so I see a nice round cursor and I'd be working along and then suddenly my nice round cursor would turn to this has anyone ever bumped into that? And I would be so confused and it turns out that in your preferences you khun set your choices for your cursor. So if I go back on a mac under photoshopped preferences on a pc, you'd be edit preferences and I come in here to cursors there's actually a setting where you can choose your painting cursors and by default it's set to normal brush tip and so that's where I would have it, but for whatever reason that I couldn't figure out, it would sometimes be showing me, uh this one no precise it would be showing me this cursor right here, and it seemed to be switching on its own like with its own under its own power, and I seemed to have no control over it, and I couldn't figure out what was happening, and my solution was I would come in here to my preferences, and it would be set to, uh, normal, but it would be displaying precise, so I would switch it to precise and come back, and it would be showing me normal. And so it was always in first, and I was going bananas like, completely crazy, and I actually thought adobe like, I thought my version of photo shop was possessed or something, and I actually would call adobe, and I could never talk to the right person, but I was trying to explain, like something's wrong with my phone, who saw my brush crecer keeps going crazy, and I never could figure out why. And then one day it became such a problem that I figured it must be that I'm hitting something with my hands, so I actually sat on my other hand and photoshopped until it happened again, and I realized it was the caps lock key. The caps lock key in verses your cursor from normal to precise, and no matter what you said here in your preferences, the caps lock key will toggle it back and forth so that's, why I would go into my preferences and I would switch and then I'd be working again and somehow hit caps lock and it would swap again, and I'm not kidding you. I really thought I thought photo shop with crazy, I was going to be calling them up and trying tio see what I could dio on. Then I realized it was caps lock and guess what? I'm I don't with that issue for years before I figured it out and literally the next day after I solved it, I read in a magazine article that explained exactly that and I thought so now it's like my personal mission to inform everyone about the caps, lock key and the way it affects your brush cursors ok, so any time you have craziness going on, check your cursors. Check your tools, check your layers, panel, check your blend modes. Check your capacity. Check the options up here. Because the problem is there as much as we might want to think. It's actually adobe and it's possessed and it's not working correctly or something. Probably not really them it's, probably us. So those are some little tidbits for you, okay? And we can kick it back over to keynote and tip number seven is to get comfortable with being uncomfortable and any time that we take on something new. It feels uncomfortable, right, especially in some behemoth software like photo shop and hopefully there's a lot of things you can do to minimize the discomfort and one of them I think is really getting to be ninja level with your keyboard shortcuts for navigation ok, so work on those andi think that helps people feel more comfortable, but then a lot of a lot of it is just accepting that you're going to be uncomfortable and when you take a class and you watch an instructor do a presentation and, well, not making the artwork that I made this morning just now, but when they're really going through a lot less and less in it seems like they know everything and it seems like when they say ok and here's, what we're going to do is take this image and make the selection and moving here and change the blood mode to luminosity and we're going to feather by thirty seven pixels and I remember learning photoshopped in the early days and thinking, oh my gosh, how do they know luminosity is the right one mode? How did they know thirty seven pixels was the exact right amount to feather something? And I really just thought that that some people had this sort of photo shop get ift like they were somehow bestowed a gift that was completely unattainable and I thought I was just a mirror underling who was never going to get it and then I went tio actually a conference and I got to see some of the instructors working on the fly and I'm really excited that this week and photoshopped week we're going to have tomorrow we're having a panel photoshopped this and you guys are going to get to see the instructors work on images that they have not prepared a lesson for it all fly by the seat of your pants, make it up as you go and I think it's really eye opening and that's one of my favorite things that was really like a turning point for me when I was learning photo shop is I got to see the instructors mess around and make those mistakes and I got to see them try things that didn't work and undo them and then try something else but didn't work and undo that and then, you know, eventually they figured out whatever they wanted to do and it worked and I thought, oh, well, that's that's how it is when I'm at home working and I hope everyone can relate to that because that's, how the reality is, you know, when you photoshopped stuff you're not just picking the perfect blend mode right out right out of the thea gate and the perfect feather amount or the perfect blur whatever so you want to get comfortable with being uncomfortable because as ross was saying earlier thiss morning amazing things rarely happen when you're in your comfort zone so ah and someone really wise said that it may have just been rushed things this morning so that's um that's the philosophy that I wanted to leave you guys with today that is awesome thank you wait that ending quote is just fantastic I mean for this whole week you know people are going to be learning things trying new stuff and you just it's goingto take a while it takes a while to learn it and it takes a while to feel like you've mastered it but even when you do really know your bearings it's always experimentation and that's really key so don't feel don't feel clumsy at home and don't feel like you know you you don't have a grip on this just because you're still undoing a lot because that's just how it goes I think we've got time for a couple questions at this point we've got a little bit time but I just want to say I think this was a fantastic way to start off this week okay, you know what I mean? It was just like getting that that foundation that approach that you need to have and I really like your final point of this is going to be tough, you know, it's a huge program it's complicated there's a lot to learn in there and you've got to be ok with the idea that you're not going to master it right away, right? It's going to take some time, it's going take repetition, and I really like that. So thank you. A quick question, that's actually kind of to the side people noticed that you were using your welcome tablet question is, do you think that that's important to really actually master photoshopped ohio and first of all, has she said what tablet you use and do you think it's worth it to learn how to use a tablet instead of a mouse or trackpad? Because it is ah, learning curve that's a super great question and I love when people bring up the tablet because I love to talk about the tablets. Um, I think there absolutely sensational I I never leave home without it when I'm traveling, especially when I'm teaching I always have it. Um it's not necessary. So yes, it is awesome, but it's also completely not required, and I didn't have it for years and years and years and years. Um and then I bought one and then I could never turn back, but I don't always get to use them depending where I am and whatever, but I think they're great the nice thing about them. But you're wondering is it just lets you have a little more natural movement, and it kind of depends what you're doing. The advantage of them is, you know, they come in different degrees of pressure sensitivity, so if you're painting a lot in photo shopped, for example, you can control the way that the paint flows from your digital brush with the pressure and the tilt and all of that on your tablet. I don't personally use that because it's just not my thing, but I love it for just the dexterity and agility of being able to move around. I really like it for that, and they come in different price points. I have kind of a bigger, more expensive one that I work with at home in my office and this little guy. This is a bamboo tablet, and these are less expensive. This is kind of an older model, so I think they still have bamboos, but I don't know what exactly the model is and this one I just throw in my laptop bag, and I bring it with me when I, if I ever know I'm going to be doing photo shop, I have this on my laptop, especially because the mouse pad, you know, the track pads pretty tricky, right? Not not required, but very awesome. Thank you. We also had another question coming from tough. Tutto was asking, is there an order of operations for photo shop? It sounds like he wonders about doing the work flow in the proper order. So always justin laster, yeah, that's, a really great question. And I would say my sort of modus operandi is when I get an image open, I would probably take care of things, like any color correction or exposure that needs to be adjusted. I'd be doing that stuff up front before I dig into anything else, and sharpening would be one of the last things that I would d'oh.