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Retouching Images in Adobe Photoshop

Lesson 6 of 7

Extending an Edge with Content Aware

Ben Willmore

Retouching Images in Adobe Photoshop

Ben Willmore

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Lesson Info

6. Extending an Edge with Content Aware

Lesson Info

Extending an Edge with Content Aware

Now, this image also has a little area of white on the left side and the bottom right, and that has to do with me correcting the vertical lines that are in the image. They originally were canted in towards the top because my camera was tilted up, and I fixed that in Adobe Camera Raw. So let me show you how I could fix that edge piece, where you see white. I'm gonna make a selection of that area. I can use the, many different tools, one of which would be the magic wand tool. Magic wand tool will select the particular color when you click on it, if it's a solid color, then it's easy for it to select an area. Do the same thing down here at the bottom. I have to hold shift to say I'd like to add when I click. And so we have those two areas selected. I need the selection that I have to actually be larger than the area I wanna change, because in order to get it to match something in the surroundings, it needs to be touching or overlapping those surroundings. So I'll go to the select menu, I'...

ll choose modify, and there's a choice in there called expand, and that means act as if these selections are like balloons and just blow a little extra air into them. So they stay the same shape, but they get bigger. So I'll tell it to expand by about two pixels. And that should've gotten it so that selection is now overlapping this image content. And now let's see if we're gonna be able to fix that easily. Well, I wanna use something that's similar to the spot healing brush, but I don't wanna have to paint. And to do that, I can go to the edit menu, and there's a choice called fill. And under fill, there's a little menu here where one of the choices is called content aware. And content aware acts a lot like the spot healing brush. When I click OK, it will attempt to fill those areas in. And then, I can get rid of my selection. And you can see one spot, I think that's where I didn't have my, I don't think my selection extended into that microscopic little area. So I'll use my spot healing brush manually there. But we filled that in, not too bad. I just need to look for things like grout lines, and here, we're missing a bit of a grout line. So I could try the spot healing brush. And if it doesn't work, that's when I go to the one I have control over, the normal healing brush. I'll copy from the line that's there, and put it in. And just make sure I have grout lines all the way up. Looks fine. So hopefully, you're getting the sense for the difference between the clone stamp, which just blatantly copies and applies somewhere else, the healing brush, which copies from somewhere else but then blends in with the surroundings, and the spot healing brush, which figures out where to copy from on its own, but also blends in with its surroundings. Anytime I use a tool that has the word healing attached to it, I use a hard edge brush. Anytime I use the other tool, which is the clone stamp, I do it based totally on the image, where when I was painting up against the edge of a stair, I'd look at the stair and I said, does it have a crisp edge? If so, my brush needs a crisp edge. Or is the edge of the stair somewhat out of focus? If so, I'd need a slightly soft edge brush to match that kinda fade out that's there. But when it's, I'm using the clone stamp tool is when I have to be more careful.

Class Description


  • Work non-destructively so any change you make is easily undoable in the future
  • Use the content of multiple documents
  • Determine why Content-Aware Fill often produces disappointing results
  • Understand the fundamental differences between Clone Stamp, Healing Brush and Spot Healing Brush
  • Formulate an effective strategy for comingling tools when a single tool cannot tackle a problem


  • Beginner, intermediate, and advanced users of Adobe Photoshop.
  • Those who want to gain confidence in Adobe Photoshop and learn new features to help edit photos.
  • Students who’d like to take ordinary images and make them look extraordinary with some image editing or Photoshop fixes.


Adobe Photoshop 2020 (V21)

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