Label Lotion to Sell
One more thing about selling, so I just said, "Hey, you know what, if you're gonna sell this stuff, you really really need to be wearing a hairnet, you have to be following good manufacturing practices." Another thing is, if you're gonna be selling these lotions, the FDA has really really strict guidelines about the things you need to put on your labels. And this is kind of the Bible for soap and cosmetic labeling and it's by Marie Gale. You can get it at brambleberry.com or I think you can probably get it at many other booksellers. Basically, really short, you identify the product as a lotion, right? "Hey you guys, this is a lotion." That's what you have to, you have to tell the consumer what it is. You list the ingredients in the descending order for which they've been used. So for example, if the preservative is .5%, and the water's 18 ounces, well that means water gets listed first, and the preservative gets listed last. You use INCI names, so international nomenclature of names. S...
o that is, if you're selling it to France, you're gonna want to use INCI, because that is kind of the universal ingredients language that everybody, almost all over the world, uses. If you're mostly going to be selling in the US, and you really want your customers to know what sweet almond oil is, and don't want to be looking at kind of a more chemically sounding name, use a common name. But use one or the other. Use the INCI name or use the common name. You have to make sure that people know how to contact you. Right? Like, what happens if something went wrong? Or maybe they just want to re-buy. You have to make sure they know how to contact you. You need to state the volume, or the net weight, of how much is in the container. There's a lot more, like the FDA is pretty picky. They actually talk about the size of the label. They talk about font size. They want to make sure that you know, when you're a consumer, and you're walking down the aisle of the grocery store, that you can easily figure out what's in the lotion, so you can make the best informed choice as a consumer. So there are a few, that was a basic overview. If you're serious about selling, I would definitely recommend getting that book for sure.
When you're using the microwave, someone was wondering if the two minutes, does that matter, like the power that you're at, or how do you factor that in? It doesn't have to be super precise.
Right, so does it have to be super precise? The reason I did two minutes is because I just happen to know that that's basically a general guideline for how long its going to take these particular oils and butters to melt. If you're using a much weaker microwave, you may have to go longer. Basically you need it to be fully melted. You can't see any chunks of the waxes. And your waxes, your stearic acid, your stearic acid and your emulsifying wax are gonna take the longest to melt of course. If you're using beeswax, that's really going to take a long time to melt. And so you want to make sure that everything is fully melted and fully mixed in when you're using a microwave.
Hi, I have a question. I don't have a microwave. Can I do it on the stove top? And does it have to be in glass?
Oh if you don't have a microwave, you can totally do it on the stove top. Do it in a stainless steel container. Make sure that you are sanitizing, so make sure that you are using the bleach water to mix whatever you're mixing it in. Another thing, whenever I am melting cosmetic products on the stove, I like to use a double boiler so you get gentle heat. There's also heat diffusers that you can gather, like three bucks, and you put them on top of your burner, and they make diffuse heat, as opposed to the heat just coming up in the middle and just boiling, boiling, boiling, right? So I Like to use a double boiler, as opposed to just sticking my pan directly on the stove. Because you can really easily scorch these really delicate ingredients. But you can totally use a stove. Absolutely. That's a great question.
And Marie, when you mix the oils into the water mixture, I noticed you just whisked it really quickly. How can you tell that you've mixed it enough?
That's a great question. So when I mix it in, I kind of hand mix it just for a second before sticking the stick blender in. And the reason I hand mixed it is because I just wanted to kind of feel and see with my own hands that everything was mixed in. I want it to be fully, evenly mixed in before shoving the stick blender in because the stick blender, it concentrates all of its power in one tiny little area. And so I wanted to make sure everything mixed in. So visually, I could look down and I could see everything was kind of a uniform white, and I could see the emulsification had started. Now if I'd stopped right there, it would have separated or it would have gotten chunky. But that's when the magic of the stick blender comes into work, makes everything mix and blend really beautifully.