Appearance Of Black & Proofing Colours
Hey there in this video we're going to look at pre pressing. Okay looking at why colors look like this and in design but look like this when they print boo where did my colors go? I'll talk about back and forth. So you can check look good bad, good, bad. Let's go and check that out now in design. So what's happening? It's basically just the difference between how your computer screen or your laptop screen shows you colors. It uses something called RGB and your printer uses a different set of colors that uses C N Y K. And unfortunately C M Y K can't reach the same kind of richness as RGB. The big difference is that your screen has electricity running through it right? Has like like being forced out of it with electronics. So it can achieve some really kind of like bright colors and rich blacks. But seem like a Okay, which is your printer that sits next to you on your desktop or you send it off to a commercial printer, they use the same set of colors. It doesn't get to use any electricit...
y. Okay. It gets to use just plain or white paper so there's not the same colors in there. So there's nothing really you can do about it. But what you can do is you can prepare yourself to proof it before it goes out. So to do it's really easy. You got a view and just turn on proof colors and watch watch watch just kind of washes out. Okay. Some colors are affected more than others. Okay so you start at the beginning there on the intro. I told it back and forth and you saw it was really obvious when you toggled it but often like this thing here would print just fine. Okay. I wouldn't be too worried about any sort of big changes, but it's handy to check if there are big changes because some documents do have it. So I'm going to open up a file. You can do it too. Go to file, open and go to your exercise files and oh, one spring. Oh, one spring even. Okay, go to the one that says proofing colors. Open that up. Okay, so in here I've got some colors that I know I do badly. Okay, so we're going to check out how badly they are, prepare yourselves. It's got a view. It's got approved colors. Hold on. Okay. So unfortunately there's just that way C N Y K is going to display. It's gonna be exactly the way your screen is going to try and it's trying to replicate it as good as it can. Okay, but on off. Ok, so all of these colors have a really rich color um you know, depth that you've got to be prepared for losing when you go out the same way K there's kind of some things you can do to get around it using something called pantone colors, but you're getting into higher costs and some trickier setup, but that's something to look into if potentially if you want to kind of keep a really strong rich brand color. And another thing you can do is we're just using under view we're using the default so proof color turns this setup on and off. We're using just the generic documents N. Y. K. And what you can do is your printer continue settings okay. For their specific printer. Okay. They might be using some sort of Heidelberg 71243 B. Okay. Some sort of setup file they can send it to you. Okay. And what you can do is you can go to custom and you can load it into there. Okay And when you when you pick it okay go into custom pick the settings that they've sent you when you turn proof colors on. It's going to match their machine a little bit better because we talk about C M Y K as being four colors but some printers do use more than four colors. You can use six and eight and 10 colors to get some a closer representation of RGB. So maybe reach out to them. Say have you got the proof setups that I could use for in design to really kind of match it. Mhm. Alright. One thing before we go is we'll just talk about rich blacks real quick. So what happens in in design is that I'm going to grab this guy here and I'm going to switch him to black. Okay so that's what black looks like. If I switch it to proof setup, you're gonna notice that we all know that when we draw something black and we try and print it. It does this it goes just a little bit gray and washed out. A way to get around. That is to create what's called a rich black. Now, a rich black is just 100% cyan, but you add a few other colors just to kind of back it up. So imagine grabbing you've got four colors lying in front of you in a painting. Okay? You've got one tin of sion, which is this fella 1 10 of magenta and 1 10 of yellow and one turn of black. Okay, so those are the colors that a printer users. But what you can do is you can actually mix a little bit of these together with the black and it still looks black but it gives a kind of a rich feeling. It's called a rich black. Now there's no absolute 100% rich black formula. Okay, Some people, let's say I'm going to mix a rich black. So I'm going to create a new swatch. The new swatch. Okay, I'm going to double click it and I'm going to call this one instead of black copy. I'm going to call this one rich black and some people just add a little bit of science 20% cyan. Okay. And if I click Ok, you'll notice that. I've got a bit darker there. Okay it's just let's turn the preview on and off. You can see it's just might be hard to see on the video but it's just a little bit darker and some people just use that as their rich black. I prefer. There's no like I guess the big thing is there's no like 100% complete definition of what this should be. I like to use 2020 20 and that gives me a bit more ink on the page but also gives me a bit more of a rich black. Okay you don't wanna go too high. You don't want to put it 100 100 100 why? Because then the inks will go on top of each other. They start bleeding around the edges and getting bigger. Plus often the pages start sticking together. I'm not sure if you've ever done it. You've printed a couple of photographs back to back or right after each other and they start sticking because it has a two stronger black mix. The best thing is to ask your printer another thing you can do with Rich black is say you want a bit more of a kind of a I'm gonna go up to 60 with the yellow. Okay that'll give you a kind of a warmer black and if you do the opposite and go with SE 60 in here you'll get a kind of a midnight kind of black. Okay so talk to your printer about what you're trying to do. The other thing to consider with Rich black. It should never be done with small type. Okay so if I grab my type tool here and draw out small type and I decide that I'm going to use instead of black. I'm going to use Rich Black selected all rich black. The only trouble with this is that when it prints it's so small and so delicate that it's actually running through sort of printer. Can you imagine a bit of paper running through the ink goes on the black goes on nice and sharp. Then they put some cyan on it and they try and line it up and it lines up pretty good. Okay and they put it on top so it gets a bit darker and they try again with the yellow and then the magenta and if there's any small movement in the printers. Okay especially the big commercial ones they vibrate all over the place and your type is going to look a bit blurry. So don't use rich black ever for type. Just deal with just solid black. Don? T ng click on solid black. Okay so rich type is rich black is bad for type but if your type is getting larger and it's kind of like a slab serif big chunky chunky type. Anything kind of above like 18 will probably handle a rich black. But talk to your printer they might just go no way. Our printer wiggles around too much for that. And but big boxes like this great big chunky bits of type that you might be using for Herod text, definitely icons. Yeah that'll work too. But small type. No good for rich blacks. And basically that's the reason everyone tells you not to use this registration. I wish you could delete it. You can't because what that does is it goes it goes really black. That's awesome. But if I use registration black and it will stick together. Okay it will print especially for type. Okay we talked about a second ago if I do that for registration it's really gonna be bad. Okay it's gonna be so much ink on the page. These little types gonna bleed. So don't use Rich black even though we can't delete it. Okay. Just needs to stay there. So before you finish go view turn proof colors back on and if you are just working digitally. Okay. And you're going out via email or website or publish online or repub. Okay. It doesn't matter you're going to be printing an RGB and not actually printing at all just gonna be saving it as a pdf. Right so don't sweat that stuff but definitely give it a check before you send it to the print to see if there's any kind of horrible changes like we have in front of us here with those colored bars. Alright. I hope you learned something there. Let's get on to the next video.