Clone from Multiple Areas Using the Clone Source Panel
in this image. If I turn off the top, most layer you will see on the right side of the picture that there was a bunch of people. But if you look at the contents, I would need to apply to this image in order to retouch things out. Well, we have these areas. I need to put one of them right here, and they're getting a little closer to the camera and a little further away from the camera. So I might need to scale them in. When I'm applying them. I might not get it exactly right. So I might need to move them up and down, left and right, whatever it happens to be. And when I do things also like here, Do you see this guy is completely blocking a window? Well, there's not enough information in the surrounding area to copy from. I can't see the actual glass of the window except for a couple millimeters of it over here in the left side. Well, if you zoom out on this image and you look at the opposite side, though, right over here is another window. But if I were to copy from here and just put it...
over there. I'm sure the size will be off slightly. I might need to rotate it slightly or it might be useful to flip it horizontally in. We can do that as well. So if you want to see how that kind of thing could be done, then you need to go up to the window menu. And there is a choice in here called clone Source the keyboard shortcuts that I've been using. Where I hold down shift in option. They've actually been changing the settings that are found here. So watch the settings that air here, I'll do shift option, and then I'll use first of me sample in areas. If I'm about to retouch, take me just a moment to make sure I'm in a tool. Ken retouch And I am going to create a new layer because that layer was hidden. So I was getting the no symbol. All right, so let's say I want a copy from one area and I'm gonna apply it somewhere else. Then of here. Watch these settings. When I use the keyboard shortcuts, I'm gonna do shift option, and then the arrow keys. This is the right arrow key. There's left Arrow key, and so it's changing the X number. X means how far horizontally have I moved from the area we were comping from? Then I'll use the up and down arrow keys and you'll see that changes the why setting, Why means how far up or down have I moved from where we're copying from? Then I'm going to scale things by using the bracket keys. And so look at what number changes in here. I'm right now scaling up. And if I used the opposite bracket, I will scale down. But all it's doing is changing the width and height percentage, which is what you use to scale. Finally, if I used the greater than in less than keys, that's gonna end up allowing me to rotate, and you can see how it is just changing the number. And there. Unfortunately, there is no keyboard shark it that I'm aware of that resets all those settings through their defaults. And so that means that if you've scaled and rotated and then you come back the next day, you're still gonna be scaling or rotating. And so there is a icon in here. Looks like a kind of U turn icon, and that's the reset icon. If I click that, you'll see that all the numbers that are in here will reset themselves to their default settings in. Therefore, we're no longer scaling were no longer rotating. Now there are a few other choices that are found in here, one of which is this little icon. This means flip horizontally and the one below it means flip vertically. So if you need a mirror image of something because I need a copy from the left side of a building and use it on the right side of the building, for instance, with this particular image, what if I needed to copy this corner of the building in Use it over here? Well, I need to flip it in order to make it so it would be appropriate where it ends up having clouds on the right side of it, and I would do that with that little icon that allows you to flip. Now. There are a bunch of other settings that are found within this area called clone source, but the majority of the ones I use are found in this area here. The other things that you see and hear have to do with some of the preview that you see. So if I tell it, I want a copy from one area and I move over, you see that you can see an overlay of the image you're about to apply, and it is clipped within your brush shape. Well, if I come in here, there's a check box called Clipped. It's no longer clipped within my brush shape. Now turn that back on. If I turn off show overlay now a brushes empty to want to mess with a co worker, it is a lottery touching. You really don't like him. Turn off show overlay. Then they'll copy from wherever they're trying to copy from, and they won't be able to see how it lines up with things when they apply it or turn off the clip check box. It'll mess with their brain. You can also lower the opacity if you want to be able to see through this preview so you can possibly see better. How it aligns with what's underneath you could lower the opacity setting. Finally, there is a blending mode. There are only a few of them in here. But these are useful. Let's say I need to copy from something, and I didn't need to make sure perfectly lines up with where this original is. If I set this menu to the choice called difference, then it's going to show me where two layers air different. And wherever there are identical, you're going to see black. So if I move this over here, I'm gonna move it over until I see solid black. Got to be solid black there. Now I know it precisely aligns with what's found underneath. If I was copying from the left side of the building, flipping it and applying it to the right side of the building, then it would never turn completely black because it would never be absolutely identical to what's on the other side. But I could move it around until gets his dark is I possibly could. And then I would know I mus close to aligning as possible. So anyway, this area called clone source can be your friend, especially when you need to do extremely complex retouching. Now, sometimes when I'm retouching, I need to work from a bunch of areas, let's say for this particular person here in order to get rid of them, I need to copy from one of these over here. So I option Click there, and then I come over here to apply it. Although I use a smaller brush, and I'm gonna guess to May where that should go. But until I have the rest of the retouching done, I won't know if I'm really precise with where it needed to be. So I click and I apply it. But then, to get rid of another area, like at the bottom there, I need to copy from a different portion of the picture. And maybe I need to scale it a different amount. Well, do you see these icons that have found up here? These are your various clone sources By clone source. It simply means an area of the picture you're copying from, plus the settings that are found in this panel. Like how far you've moved in. If it's rotated scaled. Well, if I change over to the next one here now, I can copy from a different area. Let's say I'm gonna copy from this edge down here. Option clicking, and I'm gonna go over here and apply it right there. Click and start applying it. That's my second source. But now I wish I could get back to the original area I was copying from when I was replacing this thing up here. Well, I can do that because up here we have a total of five sources. It could remember that you were comping from. And so if I click back on this, what it does, is it types in the numbers that were in here previously? And if I move my mouse to the area, you see how this aligns with the contents that's there because it's remembering where it was copying from in the settings that were being used. So again, let's just to make it obvious, I'll copy from the statue's head. Well, I didn't actually want to do that. Trees could do if I can. I might have messed that up. I want to first switch to a different clone source, then say I want a copy from the head and I'm going to say I want a flip it vertical so it's upside down and copy from there, and so I'm just gonna put it upside down. Head in here. I'm like, Oh, man, I messed up. I really wanted a copy from over here while I switch back to the previous clone source This one would be copying from this lower area. This one if my undo was appropriate and I kind of doubt it was undue usually applies to things that happened to your picture, not settings for a tool. Eso I doubt this is gonna bring it back now. It didn't eso. Anyway, if you need a copy from three or four different areas and go back and forth between them, be sure to change your clone Source. This setting up here before you option click somewhere else within your picture. And then it will remember, where was it that you option click to get your source from. And it'll remember what was the scaling applied. The rotating applied in the offset applied. So if you click on that icon again, you could very quickly start working from that same source location again. Then, if you need to come back and work with a different area, click on a previously used clone source and it will again load in the settings for that. So the corn source piano I find to be great. I mainly use the settings found in here. In the majority of those settings are ones that I use my keyboard to do. The one thing I wish had a keyboard shortcut, but it's not is this little reset icon, and I need to hit that any time. I have used those keyboard shortcuts. Otherwise it will remember the rotation and the, um, scaling, and so that might mess me up.