Making the Cyanotype Print
So we coated one earlier. So now it's dry. What we're gonna do now is we'll take that negative and this is the sensitizer side. The negative side it goes ink to sensitizer. So the ink side hits the sensitizer side. That goes in the contact frame. Sorry I was freaking out the look of the plastic underneath there looked like water. I was freaking myself out with the protective plastic. Okay, contact frame goes in. Now this has got a butterfly enclosure with compression here, there's also ones you'll see that have little snap edges around the edge. I prefer these cause they put enough compression into the image and that negative and that paper need to stay as tight together as possible or the image comes out fuzzy and out of focus. So occasionally you might even put an extra piece of paper in there to cause that compression to happen but the ones that clip I have found that the clips will start to lose their tension after a time and it becomes harder to keep a nice tension where this if i...
t starts to bend you can just bend the spring a little bit and it'll close back up. These come in a variety of sizes. And if you know how to build frames, they wouldn't be hard to make but they work like that. And once they're in it looks like that. Now the cyana type is a print out process. So what that means is we don't need a developer for the image to show up. So if you're working out under the sunlight, you don't know how long you need the exposure to make which is the other reason a contact frame like this is good because this is called a split back. What that allows me to do is, I can undo one side, and then I can peel back and take a peek, and then close it back up and see if it's exposed enough. Cyana types need to be a little bit overexposed, they need to be a little bit more exposure than you think you're gonna need because the washing process bleaches the highlights and pulls some of the detail out of the highlights. So we want a little more exposure there but we'll be able to see the image in the printing process. Now in our case because we did the recommended time earlier I already know that it's about three minutes, three minutes and 15 seconds. For the image to show up. So what we're gonna do is we're gonna put this in the box, in here, we'll set the timer for three fifteen, we'll get that going, and that will start the exposure process while that's happening, we're gonna race over here, we're gonna bring over the water trays so you can see the next part of the process and then we're gonna repeat the loop again. So I'm gonna take this, I'm gonna slide this underneath, and then I start the timer, now that's going, we're gonna bring over a couple of trays, what we need, to process this is we need water. So it's a very very, like I said there's a lot of chemistry involved in the cyana type, had A and B and now we need water. So what happens in the water is we need three trays. The first tray is just a water bath, where we're just gonna rinse the image. And you're gonna start to see the image get some of that cyana type look but a little bit of it's gonna wash out. The second bath is gonna have water plus, it's a splash, but a little bit of hydrogen peroxide in it. This is the hydrogen peroxide you get at the drug store. Not at the hair salon store. This is 3%, the hydrogen peroxide for bleaching hair is 30% and that will fully bleach your print. The last tray is the final wash. The final wash trays job is just to continue to put the finishing wash on there. If you don't fully wash out the print will fade. And the highlights will start to disappear. So we measure in the amount of water here is just enough for the print to be submerged. Somewhere, in a tray this size, liter, liter and a half. Liter, liter and a half. Usually this is running water, lightly running water, so if we had access to a sink we would actually just have this water change cycles about every two to three minutes. To wash it but since we don't have running water, we'll put in a little extra water here and then we'll give it constant agitation. Cyana types in the environment you can rinse them like Megan Ripenhoff is an amazing cyana type artist, she works with the ocean, so she prints her cyana types in the ocean and it's the movement of the waves that actually cause the processing on that. Question?
Is the temperature of the water any factor in this or?
Not a huge factor. Usually I do it at about room temperature. So it doesn't have, it has a little effect in terms of how the contrast will, but it's not enough that I, I wouldn't want it really cold. But like I said you can use a stream if you want. For that.
Also Daniel I see that you have lovely Gina who is helping you today, maybe you can introduce her for us.
Thank you that's very nice, Gina would appreciate that. So this is one of my colleagues, Gina White, Gina is an amazing fine art photographer, and she specializes in a lot of alternative processes and has been doing that for going on about 10 years with the processing and so she's spent a lot of time experimenting and we're gonna look at some of her work that she does, cyana types, on van dykes, toning, manipulation of the image. Came out of a traditional background and has just recently moved into alternative processing but she's an instructor at the Photographic Center Northwest in Seattle as well where she teaches a lot of the analog film processes, digital negatives, alternative processing, broom oil, lift, all sorts of other printing processes out of the dark room, and I'm excited for her help cause this would be a lot to try to figure out myself. So thanks for being here Gina.
Okay so we're coming up on the three minute mark being done, we're gonna close that up. That'll then buzz an make a really obnoxious noise, we'll turn that off. Then we're gonna pull the contact frame out. I'll make a quick adjustment here, and then, over here you can see the negative, the print's actually there, so we see the detail that's within the print, and it's kinda got that greenish blue kinda color and that's the start of the process. What we'll do now is finish up the contact frame, we'll close that off, pull that out. I then always set the lid so it doesn't hit the negative. Now, here's what the latent image looks like. It's just going to go into the water bath at this point.