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Modulation - Part 2: Envelopes

Lesson 12 from: Massive X Synthesizer: Sound Design + Synthesis

Tomas George

Modulation - Part 2: Envelopes

Lesson 12 from: Massive X Synthesizer: Sound Design + Synthesis

Tomas George

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Lesson Info

12. Modulation - Part 2: Envelopes

<b>In this lesson, you will learn about Modulation in Massive X - Part 2.</b>

Lesson Info

Modulation - Part 2: Envelopes

Hi. In this video, we're gonna look at using envelopes in massive X to modulate the sound. OK. So an envelope is basically just how the sound modulates over the course of a note being held beginning at when the note is held down to when the note is released and sometime after that as well. OK. So standard envelope in synthesizers is an A DS R envelope. OK? So the A stands for attack which is how long it takes to reach the maximum value the decay is how long it takes to descend to the sustained value to sustain is how loud that sustained value is or how high that sustained value is. And then the release is how long it takes for the sound to basically die out after you've let go of the note. So the release actually begins when the synth receives a note off message, which is when you let go of the notes on your midi keyboard. OK. So let's put this into practice. The most common implementation of an envelope is an amp envelope, which basically means the envelope for the volume of the sound...

. So in this case, for example, the envelope is very basic. The note is just on and then off there's not really any dynamic in there. OK? So what we're gonna do is come over to the envelope menu here. If you don't see this, you might see something else. Just click over here and then come over to the AMP envelope. OK? So we've got an AMP envelope and a modulation envelope. The AMP envelope is the envelope for the volume of the note. And what we're gonna do is just change it slightly so that the beginning of the note is softer and it takes longer for it to approach full volume. So all I need to do for that is come over to the A dial here and just turn that up as you can hear as I hold the note down, takes a moment to reach its full volume. OK? And then it pretty much stays at full volume until I let go of the note and then there's a small tail after it. However, if I were to bring the sustain down to about halfway, you'll notice that it crept up to full volume and then kind of went down to like halfway and then stayed there until I let go of the note. That's because I brought the sustain down by about half way. The only difference with sustain. And the other ones is that the other ones are measures of time sustain is more of a relative volume thing. So at full volume, you don't notice the difference because it just stays at full volume. The note. But if I bring it down to halfway, you'll notice there's a moment where it drops down a little bit in volume. The time it takes for it to drop down from full volume to sustain volume is the decay time. So if I make that really quick, you could hear that. It's like a pop basically. If I make it really slow, so slow, it's barely noticeable. So let's turn down the sustain a bit cool and then that leaves us with release as well. So the release is how long the sound takes to kind of like die out after I've let go of the note. So if I make it really short, the note ends immediately, but if I make it really, really long and I'll let go of the note, I'll say I'll let go of the note. When I've done that might go, you can hear it ring out for quite a long time. OK? So that's the most common implementation of an envelope is for the AMP or the volume of the note. But we can also use envelopes to modulate other things other than volume. So let's say, for example, I wanted another envelope to modulate the filter, I could do that. So I've got this other envelope modulator two or E two here. And what I'm gonna do is use that to modulate the filter So first of all, I'm gonna bring down the cut off frequency of the filter and then I'm gonna grab the icon above E two and just drop that here and then turn that up. Have a slow attack here on modulator two. And let's see what that sounds like. Sounded quite fast to me. So let's increase it. So you could hear the filter being modulated by that attack time there, but the decay is quite quick. So I'm gonna turn that up as well and then I'm gonna increase the release on that as well. Cool. So we have two envelopes going there. Uh One modulating the volume of the notes and the other one modulating the filter. So in this video just took you through the basics of using envelopes in massive X. Thanks for watching and I'll see you in the next video.

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