Adorama Gear Review: Nikon D610
All right, so folks, we're going to talking about the nikon d six ten full frame slr in this class we're going to be giving you a rundown of what I think are some of the most in important specifications on this camera, things that we can kind of compare amongst other cameras and we'll see how this does and I'm going to read off you know, my technical list of what it has, but I also want to do a little bit of riel world translation of what that means to the to the user out in the field after that, I want to talk a little bit about some of the unique features that are in this camera that not all cameras have and for a good portion of this talk that I'm going to be doing is I'm going to be pulling a bunch of slides from a class that I teach I have a five hour class available through creative life on the nikon d sixteen and in order to show you the best operation of the camera and many of the defense features, I've just pulled a few segments from that class and I'm going to kind of just wa...
lk through and explain aa lot about how this camera works and some of them or technical information in there and then at the end we'll see if there's any questions if you do have questions, there are ways to ask your question. Well, maybe try to get a few questions answered here at the very end, so let's, go ahead and get started on this now, of course, in a digital camera at the very heart and soul of it is the sensor, and so information about the sensor that is critical is a full frame sensor. Nikon has their own terminology for this. They call it an f x sensor means the same thing. It basically means it's the same size as thie film of thirty five millimeter film. It is a forty three millimeter sensor as many of you who watched my class and I like to measure them diagonally, I think it's a little bit easier to understand it is a twenty four megapixel sensor and where that fits in the world of mega pixels these days is fairly high in there are some cameras from nikon that have more megapixels in this as well as a couple of other manufacturers, but twenty four is going to be more than enough for most people to make a poster size enlargement, and that should be good enough for definitely most people shooting pictures now it's using a seam a sensor and there are some other nikon cameras which have slightly different setups. This one does have the anti alias ing filter so that you do not have problems with moray next up is how good this camera does with the censors sensitivity or the s o the base range on this is we one hundred two, sixty, four hundred and so that's the range that most people are going to spend their times in, and that is going to cover pretty much most needs for most people, I would say, but it does have extended range is where you can go down to a low of fifty if you are needing, say, a longer shutter speed while shooting a river, or if you're using a fast lands and you're out bright sunshine, that fifty might come in handy. It also does go to twelve thousand eight hundred and twenty five thousand if you are needing the very extreme of low light abilities with the censor. Next up is the frames per second and the buffer. So how many frames per second? Can you shoot with the camera? Six frames per second and six frames is pretty darn good if you are shooting sports or wildlife. I remember my first professional camera shot it about five point five frames per second, so six in my mind has always been pretty a healthy number when it comes to frames per second, the buffer is how many shots you can shoot right now in a row. Before the images even get pushed onto the memory card. And so this is the immediate number of shots, and you can shoot fifty one j pegs, or between fourteen and twenty one, and the reason that there's two numbers for that is that there's a couple of fine tune specs on how you set up the raws in your camera to shoot us to what file size they are. And so my recommendation is the settings that will actually give you around twenty one ross, which is pretty good burst of shots to get when you are shooting sports next feature that I think is really important on the camera is the focusing system. This camera uses a thirty nine point auto focus system with nine cross type auto focus points, and these are the nine in the middle, and the cross type points means that that focusing point is sensitive not only to vertical lines but horizontal lines as well. Other focusing points within the within the thirty nine are going to be using either vertical or just horizontal focusing points. Also on the focusing, there is several different ways that nikon gives you in order to set up those focusing systems, we can choose any individual one of those thirty nine focusing points, weaken group them into nine twenty one thirty nine. Groups of points and we can take those nine twenty one and those singles and we can move them in and around the frame wherever you want to have it also they have their own proprietary three d tracking which actually looks color information to determine where a subject has moved within the frame and that could be very accurate there's an auto area where it simply looks it all the focusing points and it's basically choosing whatever is closest to it and in their live view mode so when you have the screen on the back of the camera turned on there is a face detection system to that can actually track and move and follow the faces also important is how well the autofocus system works under low light conditions and so the range that this camera can auto focus would be e ve minus one which would be a pretty dark room up two plus nineteen which is going to be greater than full full sunshine and so you're gonna have a wide range that the autofocus system works very well next up important to me and of importance in the view in the camera is the viewfinder how good is the view fighter? This camera is using an eye level pinto prison which is a higher quality viewing system than some of the entry level cameras in the dslr world out there so it's a very clear bright viewfinder that's easy to work with it does have one hundred percent coverage and so what you see from side to side is what you're going to get in the final image it is a point seven magnification with a twenty one millimeter I point and what this means is that the image is fairly large in there it's one of the larger ones on the market being full frame it's already larger to begin with but that's a fairly high magnification for a full frame finder the twenty one millimeter I point what that is indicating is how much working distance and how close do you need to be to the camera? And so with this camera you can see in here without having your I totally scrunched up against the viewfinder so it gives you a little bit of working distance those of us who wear glasses or gonna wear sunglasses and look through the viewfinder the camera does pretty good in that realm. Next up the lcd the display on the back of the camera it's using a slightly larger screen than most cameras air using its a three point two inch it's nine nine hundred twenty one thousand dot so it's just about a mega pixel in size and so very high resolution you're going to be able to look at your images and see them very, very clearly on the large three point two inch screen, one of the other key statistics you want to know about is the shutter speed ranges from thirty seconds up to one four thousandth of a second. It does this in third stop increments. Like most cameras, we do also have the addition of a bulb mode, so if you do want to go longer than thirty seconds, you can set it up to do two minutes, thirty minutes, sixty minutes. Pretty much as long as you want to do that, and we do have a flash think on the camera of one two hundredth of a second, which is in the faster realm, and with with the full frame cameras that is definitely in the faster realm of options that are available on the market out there. Next up is our flash system camera does have a built in flash, has a guide number of twelve, which is going to be suitable for close up photography of people you know that are ten, twelve feet away, something like that also good for phil in photography of shadows, especially when you're shooting outside portrait's in bright sunlight, there is a multitude of flash modes that you can go in and change where you can have the camera automatically pop the flash up. You can force it on yourself. There is a red eye reduction mode built right into the camera. Slow synchronization will allow the camel toe work with very slow shutter speeds for special effects, which is why you might also want to try rear curtain flash synchronization there's also in it what's called an f p high speed sync mode, which allows the camera to work with nikon flashes at very high shutter speeds much faster than the one two hundredth of a second. But you do need to have the matching appropriate espy flashes from nikon to do that. Finally, the built in flash will work as a commander so that you can trigger other nikon flashes and you could have a whole bank flashes that you'll be able to adjust straight from this camera, controlling how much power they have and when they fire. The final segment that people want to know about on these cameras is the video because a lot of people are shooting video with ease. Dslr is these days, so you can shoot full hd, which is the nineteen twenty by ten eighty at several different frame rates twenty four, twenty five and thirty frames per second. You can shoot it standard high definition, which is twelve eighty by seven twenty, and you could be shooting that anywhere from twenty four frames per second all the way up to sixty frames per second. If you do want to record un compressed video, you can do that via the hdl cable coming out of the side of camera plugs right in and if you want to record that really high quality feed, you can do that and the camera of course uses a standard movie format which is very common very easy to deal with these days on pretty much all the computers. So next time let me just go through a few things I have on my list here of items that are maybe unique or slightly different things to note about this camera the camera is using a dual sd card slot let me see if I can show that to you think I haven't least one card I don't even have a card in here right now so we do have tools to slots here and you can configure in the menu system how this works one option is everything goes toe one card and when it fills up it goes to the second card you could have everything written to two cards simultaneously let's say you were shooting a wedding and you really wanted to make sure nothing happened. None of the cards got corrupted and if there was a problem with one card everything will be backed up on the other card. The other option is is that you could shoot video toe one card and stills to the other card so there's a number of ways that you can configure the dual card situation and that is kind of a professional feature it's it's nice to be able to have two cards in there if nothing else, it's a great place to store your extra second memory card. Secondly, the camera does have built in hdr hdr stands for high dynamic rage. This allows you to shoot multiple photos to get one photo with an expanded dynamic range. A lot of people have been doing this for several years by shooting a bracket siri's, where they shoot individual pictures and then work with it in software later on. But this camera does it built in as one of the future options on there. It does have bracketing, as I just kind of talked about, you can shoot two or three frames in one third to three stop exposure value changes, and so if you do want to do bracketing and do that hd are on your own, you can do that as well. The camera has a very good why dynamic range. This is something about nyu cons that a lot of people have been touting is the dynamic range, which is the range from the darkest shadows to the brightest brights and the night cons and their sensors do a great job of grabbing a huge dynamic range, which is community. Which could be really good for a lot of different types of photography, namely, landscape photography and it's also very handled handy and a lot of people photography and could be very good for event photography, photojournalism or wedding photography work, so you're going to get really good images out of the camera that you can control quite a bit after the fact in post one of the other kind of interesting features on the camera is that it has a dx crop video mode, and what this means is that rather than using the entire frame for the video, it goes in and uses just the center most pixels. And because hd video is is a much lower resolution than the actual full size sensor, you're not losing any quality in this case at all, and what you're turning your camera into is a more telephoto lens, and so anybody who wanted to shoot sports or wildlife video this dx crop video mode is kind of an interesting feature that gives you almost another lens beyond what you already have on the camera, and you can flip back and forth with that fairly quickly. Okay, so next up, what I want tio is I want to go through and just kind of share with you some of my class have a class on this camera to five hour class it's a fast start nikon d six ten it's available through creative live and we certainly don't have time for the five hour class right now, but I wanted to go through and share a few of them or important slides. I thought one of things I was like to let people know about it a little bit about the history when you get this camera, what are you buying into? Well, nikon has one of the most respected names in photography they've been around for a long time. They got started after world war two, making little range finder cameras. Now this camera on screen, the nikon death yeah holds a particular significance for a lot of people, and that was because it is night cons first interchangeable lens camera using the f mt and the camera right here in front of me. The d six ten uses the nikon half mount, albeit they've been slightly modifying and adjusting this mount. They basically kept the same lens mount since nineteen fifty nine, nineteen eighty six saw the introduction in their first autofocus camera and their first collection of auto focus lenses and you you can use a wide variety of lenses on this camera, including both auto focus and manual focus. Nineteen ninety nine I just bring this one up for fun. This was an icon's first mainstream digital slr camera that d one it sold for fifty, four hundred dollars and had two point seven megapixels on it. So that is one tenth of the resolution of this camera at a multitude of the price. All right, so the d six ten what's what's, so new what's, so great. Why do people like this camera? It's nikon most affordable, full friend camera? So when you decide that you're ready for the big time and you want to get into it, this is the least expensive way to get into it. Twenty four megapixels is a lot on resolution there's hardly anything that you can't do with twenty four megapixels of resolution. The thirty nine point autofocus system is going to be a very good system for shooting still shots for shooting action for shooting a wide variety it's going to be very, very versatile. It is smaller and lighter than many of the other full friend cameras that are offered by cannon and other manufacturers. And so if you're in the travel, photography or landscape wait is really important, and this is a way to get very high quality with the least amount of weight. One of the great things about getting into the nikon system is that they have a huge collection of cameras and lens is available and so if you need to upgrade, if you needed a slightly different model of something there's going to be something else available that is compatible with us, they have a very good flash system. I would argue that they have probably the best quality flash system out on the market, so here is the current lineup of nikon cameras they have ah, fairly fresh line up, you might say I can't imagine what night cons next camera would be because everything is just so new right now. Now a big camera in the history of nikon was the d seven hundred because that was their first full frame camera that was of kind of normal camera size wasn't their high end professional and was a somewhat affordable price range. They came out with the d eight hundred and they took the d eight hundred and the g seven thousand and kind of put that together into a d six hundred they were trying to make the full frame camera within reach of most photographers, and they made a few minor little adjustments to it and they into the six ten and so that is the current model that we're talking about so let's talk a little bit about what a single lens reflex is and how it works well s l stands for single ends, we got one lens on the camera, very high quality lenses inside the lands will be an aperture. This is our first way of controlling light weaken set our aperture wide open are very small to adjust for the amount of light that's coming in. Now the are in single lens reflex reflects means mere it's bouncing the light camera with a message with a reflex in the name means it has a mere in there bounces light up to the focusing screen and then for easy viewing, it bounces the light up through its high quality prison system. So that's, what you're looking at when you look through the camera and when you take a picture, obviously you need to get the mere up and out of the way so that light can get back to the image sensor, but before I could get back there, it needs to get past the shutter unit, and the shuttering unit has two parts. It has the first curtain and has a second curtain, so when it's time to take a picture, the first curtain will open up. Then you'll have your exposure, and then the second curtain needs to come down in close, and your camera will do this at six frames per second. So there's a lot of movement, a lot of things going on when you have that shutter firing away so let's go into some of the basic controls on the cameras very well thought out design on this layout it's not anything radically new or radically different the way the controls are positioned, something that nikon has been working with for many, many years. They make little adjustments here and there and it's, a highly refined product it's a very mature product, as we would say, we have our on often be aware that there is a little spring loaded light switch, so if you need to turn on the light on the top of the camera, you can just kind of spring that around to the right side. The most important dialogue is the command aisle in the back of the camera for making adjustments. This is kind of the go to dial for a lot of things, but we do also have a sub command I'll out in front so it's, a combination of these two dials is how we're going to be changing. Our shutter speeds are apertures as well as a variety of other functions on the camera on the back of the camera, we have the multi selector and the ok button. We're going to use the multi selector for navigating the menu system as well a selecting different focusing points up on the top of the camera is the mode ill, and this is controlling shutter speeds, apertures and a whole bunch of other features about how the camera is set. The camera has a full auto mode now. No professional photographer would be caught dead in this mode here, because this is where the camera is setting shutter speeds and apertures. But every once in a while, a serious photographer will hand their camera to a friend or a stranger to take a picture. And this is a great place to put the camera in that regard because shutter speeds apertures focusing in on a host of other features are all taken care of but there's plenty more serious ones for people who want to get into it themselves. There is a flash off mode, which is exactly the same as the full auto mode. It's just the flash is turned off, and the flash popping up could be a major problem. If you're in a museum or in a theater where they don't allow flash photography or it's inappropriate for the situation, the camera has a number of different scene votes, and these are more specific than the full auto mode. The way you get into these is. First off you're going to have to be in the scene modes and then you're gonna have to turn the command I'll and you'll be able to see the variety of different modes that you have on the back of the camera I'd like to show you with the camera here in front of me so let me put mine on the scene mode I'm going to turn my camera around so we can maybe get a shot of the back of the camera and I start turning this around hopefully we don't have too much of a glare on there you can see it's I changed the command I'll different photos and different examples of the different types of modes are available on here do this for a second more so that they could get a decent shot so it's very easy to see yeah these are these air not what a serious professional photographer would use but they're great cheater modes because you can set it to any one of these and take a look at how the camera is setting things up and then you can go what do they recommend for sports and then you can go and look and see what their settings are and go ok I got the idea I'm going to go make those changes myself and so it's it's nice for simple quick photography but for somebody who wants to learn and do it themselves it's a great cheater mode and that's the scene, moz, next up, let's, get more serious let's, bring the camera into I consider it a more manual modell. The program mode is in many ways very similar to the auto mode. The difference is, is that the flash is not going to pop up, and the camera doesn't put on the child safety locks on all the features in the camera. So this is something that you can go in and really start playing with. One of the things that you can do in the program mode is you can turn the dial in the back of the camera to activate what is called flexible program, and this is where the camera is still choosing shutter speeds and apertures for you, but you get to choose which combination is there. So if you think you would like a faster set of shutter speeds or more depth of field, just turn that dial in the back of the camera and adjust the camera to the settings that you would like for that particular situation. S is, of course, shutter priority. When you know what shutter speed you want to use and you want to dial it in and let the camera work around your needs shutter priority works quite well for that. Aa lot of photographers like aperture, priority, it's a very good moment, there's a limited number of apertures, and there is a whole plethora of shutter speeds to match with. So when you choose an aperture, there is almost always going to be a good shutter speed to use with that that's, the mode that I use when I'm walking around the streets of havana, or I'm not sure what my next photo is going to be. I'll probably have my camera in that aperture priority mode, because I know that I can pick the camera. I'll keep an eye on the shutter speed, but I can pretty much just fire that camera, and I'm going to get a properly exposed photograph, but most of my photography is in the manual mode because I like being able to set shutter speeds and apertures myself when you put the camera in the manual mode, the bap tile controls the shutter speed, the front dial controls the aperture and it's very, very simple. This is one of the nice things about these slightly higher in cameras is that you have dedicated controls for both shutter speed and aperture. Finally, we have the u one and the u to mode, and these are users setting modes where you get to customize the way the camera work so you can set the camera up with different motor drive rates with different media ring systems with different focusing systems with a whole slew of different menu setting differences and you could program those in as either you won or you too and by quickly turning the camera to that mode you can adjust all those cities a good example of who might want to do this is perhaps a landscape photographer with dial in all their landscape settings into you one but they also like to do bird photography and birds in flight require a whole different set of settings than a landscape photograph and so with just the quick flip of the dial you could have your camera change from a landscape set up to an action set up and this kid's totally customized the way you want it and so this is a great feature to take advantage of if you on this camera all right on the back of the camera we have a selector for turning the camera into the live view mode or the movie melt a lot of people are liking this this is kind of a new feature for cameras it's only been around for about four years now but it's become a very beneficial feature in many different ways and so we have a caller that determines whether the camera will go into live you or movie mode and if you want to put it in the live view mode you just simply press the button in the middle there that will also be used to start the recording. If you do go into the movie moment, so let's talk a little bit about the live you and the movie mode options on this camera. So what happens in this case is the mere will lock itself up, and the light will be coming straight back to the sensor and that's what you see on the lcd panel. One of the things that you can do in here is hit that information, but and your screen will cycle through different sets of information on the screen. So whether you want to see more information like shutter speeds and apertures, or if you would prefer to see nothing at all but just the image often like that for compositional reasons within that mode, focusing is one of the most important things now. Over on the side of the camera is a very discreet little button and it's right inside this collar that controls the auto focus and the manual focus and pressing that button and turning the front dialogue on the camera controls the auto focus mode of the camera. There are four modes we can have the camera go face priority, where it will look for faces in order to focus. We have a wide area and normal area, and this is just a different size bracket that you can move left right up and down and put it anywhere in your frame or there is a subject tracking auto focus mode where the camera will actually tracts subjects that are moving and adjust focus for them. I would say my favorite of these is either the normal area auto focus or the wide area auto focus, because I could be very specific about where I choose to focus on the camera by pressing that button and turning the back dial on the camera. You control the focusing mode of the camera, and there are essentially three modes. One is manual where you could manually focus the other is single and then full time single is where the camera will focus on a subject and then stop that's it full time is where the camera is constantly looking for the sharpest thing to focus on. And so if you were focused, photographing, say, kids roaming around your living room constantly and movement that's where full time would be of a good advantage. So this focusing button is also going to be used when you're not. In the live view, this is how we control focusing for kind of our standard photography, and there is a fairly sophisticated system that I want to kind of show you some of the ins and outs. First off there's a caller on the outside that I would leave in the auto focus mode all the time and then to change the focusing your going to press the button on the inside and then you're going to be using the command aisles like we were just using for the live you example so if you press the button and you turn the back dial you'll change the autofocus mode between single continuous and auto and I think for most people they're going to leave the camera in the single note taken photograph a subject that is stationary and they can focus lock and recompose for instance for putting the subject off onto the side then there is continues and that is for when you are shooting subjects that are moving towards you or away from you so that is the's sports in action mode that's pretty much the first change that I make when I go into shooting sports there is also an f a mo where if you're not sure what your subject is going to be doing it might be moving it might be still you could put it in the a mode and you can let the cameras computer figure out whether it's moving or not one of the most sophisticated sophisticated areas on this camera is in the way chooses different points in what points it has to focus on so this is by pressing that f area button turning the front dial and here we have a number of choices we have thirty nine focusing points to choose and several different options to choose within those the first option is choosing a single point and when I am doing very thoughtful photography I'm often choosing just the single point because I'm very specific where I want the focusing point to be the camera offers a dynamic nine area and this nine can be moved around the frame anywhere within the thirty nine that are available and I find this to be very, very good for shooting action photography and so if you're photographing a football player or a basketball or something like that where they're moving around on the field you don't want to activate all the points because you're going to pick up the referees and other players that you didn't intend you want a smaller bracket but choosing one is often too hard to keep locked on to a particular subject there was a larger dynamic twenty one points so if your subject is a little bit larger you can choose a larger one to go with there was also a dynamic thirty nine now what happens in this one and actually let me bring up one or two more we have ah three d mode which looks at all of them and is picking up three the information and trying to track subjects according to color information that it is also picking up and finally, there is an auto mode now the auto mode and the dynamic thirty nine very similar and here's the difference. The auto mode looks at all thirty nine points, and it focuses on whatever is closest to you in the dynamic thirty nine point, you get to choose one point as the starting point it could be in the middle, it could be off to the side could be anywhere you want and that's where we'll originally look for information, but if the subject moves from that point, it will then follow it to some other location. And so when you get this camera, you're going to want to get very familiar with this auto focus, but because there's a lot of different modes, that could be very useful for many different types of photography. Now, I hope you don't mind, I'm going to get a little technical and geeky on here you, I got some technical information about these focusing points and exactly how they were. So those focusing points off to the side are sensitive to horizontal lines. It's looking for horizontal lines to those side ones, the top and bottom those air looking for vertical lines and the middle nine are the special ones that are cross type auto focus points, which means they're looking for both vertical lines and horizontal lines. Now there is a further description of these focusing points and that is, is with what lenses are these good for? So all of them could be used on lenses that have an aperture of f five six or faster and currently within the nikon lineup, every single lens that they have is f five, six or faster, so you can use any focusing point with any lends you want as we move a little bit more in words on this, the very edge ones are not good at the faa, but the middle ones air good with five, six two f eight and where you might encounter that is if you were to have a five hundred millimeter f four lands and you use night cons. One point seven tele converter you end up with kind of one of these middle apertures, so you don't want to select those outside points if you're using that combination, the nine points in the middle is I mentioned are cross type sensors. They're good at five point six there's, a small group of them that are f eight auto focus sensors and this is very important for anyone who is using a camera and a lens combination with a tele converter. The tele converter is going to slow you down by one one and a half or two stops, so for instance, if you had a five hundred millimeter f four lands with a two times tell a converter that would be the equivalent of an f eight aperture on all of these. Focusing points would work at f eight. But it's the center one that is still going to be the best this is one is a cross type f eight sensors. So if you're using a longer telephoto lands with a extender, then you're going to want to be looking at using that focusing point for getting the greatest accuracy in the greatest speed in focusing so with these focusing systems get very used to pressing that little button on the left hand side of the camera. And let me just make sure that you see where this is on camera. It's. Kind of a very discreet little button in here. But it's, very easy to get to the auto focus. Switch around it. I would leave that in auto focus all the time. If you do want to go manual focus, I would just flip it on the lands pretty much all the current nikon lenses have a manual focus, which on it and then for controlling the focusing it's going to be very easy. You pressing on the button, you turn the back tile. Or you turn the top dial according to what your needs are and so once you get used to it it's a great place to have the button because you're already holding the camera right there in your hand naturally go straight to that straight to that button so it's very easy to work with so very sophisticated focusing system I think it's going to be very good for people shooting a lot of different action photography now nikon is maybe more guilty than anyone else of using lots of different letters to describe their lenses. So I want to give you a little bit of a key code to understanding their nomenclature so a f obviously stands for auto focus they have this silent wave motor which is very quiet and focusing which is what they're using on pretty much all their lenses they originally came out with some d lenses in this added distance information so that we could get a little bit better exposure information if we knew where we were focused out next came lenses with a g and this is an electronically controlled aperture in the lands and it's just that they are moving from a mechanical toe elektronik aperture and breaking the laws of the alphabet their next letter is e this is on ly on a couple of their newest lenses it's an electro magnetic diaphragm this is something that they are electronically controlling from the camera yeah, yeah it's on lee as they say on a couple of lenses, the deac stands for it's, a digital crop frame sensor and this is not this camera there's a bunch of other nikon cameras that have dx sensors. This camera has the fx sensor, which is the full frame sensor aa lot of their lenses are e d lenses, the's, air lenses with extra low dispersion. It basically means they have a really good coding and you can expect great sharpness from that. Lance, the newer coatings are having a flooring coding, and this is once again a special coating process, and we're not going to get into a ah hole physics of optics class here. But this is some of the things that they do kind of in the back backroom manufacturing that they're very proud of and they want to put a label on it. This lens has this special feature internal focus is always very nice because internal focus means that when you focus, the lens doesn't extend, the front element doesn't turn and a number of their lenses have that particular feature to it. Micro is nigh cons word for good close up capability, and so you'll see special micro lenses, which will focus up usually one toe, one life size there's also a lot of other zoom lenses, which will have micro or macro capabilities which means they can focus up pretty close. How close? Well, it depends on that particular land, so it does vary a little bit. The new favorite letter, I think the favorite letter for nikon users now is in well for nikon and makes sense it's a nano coding, and you'll see this on hall of their higher in lindsay's. They'll be this gold in emblazoned on it, and that lets you know that it's kind of their latest greatest in lenses. Many of their lenses are vibration reduction lenses, which means the lens has a couple of special lenses that move counterbalances your movement in the camera itself. And so this is going to enable you to hold the camera at a much slower shutter speeds than you would normally be able to hold on to. And so I always look for v r in the lands. I like it. It's it's a great thing to have very useful, and a lot of their lenses are on their second generation of auto focus lenses, and just so that you understand which model you're getting into. Sometimes there's version one and sometimes there's version two and so be aware lots of letters see if you can figure out what your lands has on it by using this key code. All right to kind of finish up this little section from my fast our class, I'd like to show you how I would set this camera for a variety of situations and I have picked ten of the most important settings that a person is going to make on a camera for general shooting and my first recommendation is going to come with landscape photography in landscape photography you have subjects that are usually not moving all right it's a mountain it's, iraq and hopefully you're on a show you're on a tripod so that you could use any shutter speed you want and if you are, then you can use any shutter speed you want, but the big thing here is you want lots of depth of field you want a lot of things in very, very sharp focus in these cases I definitely am choosing manual because I like to be able to be very specific about my shutter speed and aperture choice from here. I don't need anything much faster than a slow shutter speed, but the shutter speed is actually the least important it's just going to be wherever it needs to be in the aperture mount. This is where I want to choose a lot of depth of field now it varies from lens, toe lens and situation a situation, but I'll be at f eight eleven sixteen or maybe twenty two are beyond I'm definitely going to want to keep the so is lowest possible I s a one hundred to get the maximum image quality from the camera, we don't use exposure compensation in manual, so we go to the next one meeting the matrix metering system within nikon measures, eh, a wide area of the scene and it kind of does a check and balance between the bright areas and the dark areas and comes up with a very good average of it white balance I'll often leave it set on auto if necessary, I would set it on perhaps sunny or cloudy, but the fact of the matter is, is that their auto white balance does an excellent job and I will leave it there. Most of the time focusing is pretty critical, I'm going to want to leave this in single auto focus. I want to choose one thing to focus on, and I don't want the camera continually adjusting around, and so I'm gonna pick my subject and I'm going to focus on for focusing points on a little bit choosy about it and then it just choose a single area, so that could be very specific about where in the frame I am focusing and the drive mode on this I do have a number of options I could choose single and because my cameras on a tripod and I don't want to touch it while it's firing I would probably use a cable release if I didn't have that cable release, I would probably use the self time remote now if I wasn't ah, very slow shutter speed where I was afraid of some vibration from the mere bouncing up against the top of the shutter. I might also use mere lockup so any one of these three are potential uses depending on the exact situation. Let me give you one more set up example. This is for action photography. All right, here we're obviously going to be making a lot of different changes on our camera. First off, we're going to need fast shutter speeds to stop the action and then focusing we're going to need to be able to track the movement of the focusing. So with action photography, I am once again in the manual note like manual I like me and we'll set the manual up let's get that manual out there. There we go. I like to be able to very specific about my shutter speeds and my apertures. We're going to need a fast shutter speed five hundredth of a second or faster for human action the bird flying into the water that's probably a two thousandth of a second aperture this is where it really pays off to have a lens that goes down to two point eight sports photographers action photographers love these lenses because it allows him to shoot under low light and still maintain very fast shutter speeds. I would like to keep the ice so at one hundred, but the fact of the matter is is that you're going to need a higher isil probably four hundred maybe higher when you are shooting those sports with the meeting mode I'm real happy with that matrix metering it doesn't excellent job and the same thing is true with that auto white balance does a very good job in focusing this is where we need to make some changes the most important changes to change the camera into continuous focusing so that it contracts subject moving forward and backward with the focusing points there are some choices that you're going to need to make depending on your situation. I think a good starting point for a lot of action is the nine point area it's wider than the single point it's easier to keep locked onto your subject but it's not to overly big but experiment with the different focusing points with a different type of action that you shoot because the camera could be really tailored to a lot of different situations and of course for the drive mode I'm going to put that in the high speed mode so that I could fire off six frames per second and I could pick the best moment a little bit later on so the last twenty minutes of this was I said, as I said before, is all from a class that I call nikon d six ten dslr fast start, so if you have a d six hundred or d six ten and you would like a fully in depth class that goes to explain all the buttons and all the menu settings, I do that in that class here with a little bit of time that I have remaining, I want to go through a couple of little things that are buried in the menu system that you may not know about that I think, uh, might be kind of good, good to know about and if we have a little bit of time after that, we'll see if there's some questions first off in the playback man, you look for something called rotate tall, and what rotate tall does is it rotates vertical images so that you can see him in a horizontal fashion here, and I don't like that because if I shoot a vertical picture, I wanted to be on the full frame. I don't want it to be on a small frame here, and so by turning that off, you get to see your images in the biggest way possible, which is the best way for judging them having them as biggest possible. If you own this camera something else to look for in the camera is in the shooting menu long exposure noise reduction long explosion noise reduction what it what its intent is to do is to reduce the noise when shooting a long exposure and for a beginner photographer this is kind of a nice thing because you don't need to do any work you shoot your long exposure maybe a ten second exposure and the camera will do a bit processing and we'll clean up the image and will make it better but if you're a little bit more advanced photographer and you take your photographs and you put him into a program like photoshopped or light room or something else, chances are that if you know what you're doing you can do a better job than the camera can't and so I turn off the noise reduction in my camera because I can taylor my fix to that specific image later on the downside to leaving noise reduction turned on and I've been out there I've been shooting these thirty second exposures with noise reduction turned on what happens is the camera takes thirty seconds to process that information and that's thirty seconds when I can't shoot and it seems like whenever I'm out shooting at night it's either cold or I want to get back inside for some reason and so that's thirty seconds of dead time I'm waiting for something to happen and so I turn off that noise reduction in my camera one of the other features in the shooting menu. Auto distortion control. Now, all lenses have a little bit of distortion, so the lines get bit just a little bit now the nikon lenses air great, but no lenses perfect. Every lens has a little bit of distortion. Well, nikon knows how much of an issue it is in each of their lenses, and they will fix that automatically by leaving that turned on now ah quick note is that it has no impact on raw images, so if you shoot raw images, you're still going to get the straight pure image off the sensor. But if you do shoot in j pegs and there is a tiny bit of little distortion, then it's just going to fix it for you and there's really no harm in that very few people shoot wanting distortion at all. Let's. See what else I got. Let me give you one or two more things here in the custom settings menu. So there's a whole menu specifically on custom menu. There is a option of programming a number of buttons on the camera let's. See if we get a shot of this on the front of the camera there's a couple of buttons up here. The top one is the preview button and the bottom one is the function, but did I get that right or this is the bottom line is the function, but you can actually see it on there and you can re program these buttons to do a variety of things. I forget how many there's like eighteen different options that you can program in to do that on the camera and on the back of the camera, one of the things that a lot of more serious photographers like is they like using this rear button on the back of the camera for focusing they call it back button focusing and what they do is they turn off the focusing up here on the shutter and they use this as an activation. And so if you don't have a need for this for auto exposure lock corado, focus lock, you can go into custom and you're going to get you the exact number here f four and you can re program this to focus the camera and it's a it's a system that works really good for a lot of photographers because they focus with the back button they're done with focusing in them they can shoot a variety of compositions finally on custom setting menu f five what you want to do is you want to go in and you want to reverse the shutter speed dial and the aperture dial for some reason as the camera comes from japan the way the dial's work and the exposure meter in the camera it's kind of opposite you turn the dial and it goes this direction and you do this and you're kind of like, why is this like this? And if you want to fix it off, go to custom menu f five and reverse the shutter speed and aperture dial and suddenly things were gonna make a lot more sense on the camera so that's, basically what I have on the camera, I don't know if rush has any questions we'll see if we could get him up here on that, but in general, this is a camera that I have no qualms at all highly recommending I think if you are looking to get into the nikon world, if you're in the nikon spear of cameras and you're thinking you want to go full frame, I think the way to do it is you first look at this camera and you see if this camera has the features and controls that you want if it doesn't well, they do have some higher and cameras, but this is the camera that's going to get you full frame twenty four megapixels at the least price in the least wait and that's a great place to start with any sort of photography, and so those were some of some thoughts that I have on this camera fantastic element I do have a couple questions from folks that are coming in on major vaughan hoff is wondering can you set up this camera for backing button focus? If yes, well, all of the focus point options still work? Yes, all of the focus point buck buttons will still work a zay mentioned and that was I'll just say it again the custom setting menu f four to go in and re program that back back button for back but focusing if you do though you you lose the auto exposure of lock capability and the auto exposure focus lot capability and I personally never use those and so some people know I use those all the time. It depends on your workflow and how you like to press bounce perfect floor seats how does this camera manage the noise in a low light situation upto what s so are they not going to notice? Well, that is a very, very subjective question and I as a one hundred is fantastic and everything higher, it gets a little worse, but in my opinion you're going to be hard pressed to see any significant difference at two hundred, four hundred, eight hundred and then it sixteen hundred is where you can start to notice it it depends on the final use of your photograph in anything that you're going to show it on a screen you could probably shoot it at sixty four hundred you're going to totally fine. One from m ship will live you reflect in real time the changes and exposure triangle changes to the image so as you change things as you change settings will they reflect in life? You know, I'm not one hundred percent certain on that are we? Are we willing to do a live demo? I mean, we can I don't have any we can see it. Well, no, we can't, so we're not gonna be able to get out alive, but we might be able to get off the back of the camera. We'll see what we can on and so let's just point it at the creative live here and I'm going to make sure my camera is in the manual exposure mode and let's change our shutter speeds here, let me hit one button here. You know, it's, it looks like it's giving us a corrected uh, view so it's giving this kind of the best view possible. So it's not doing kind of alive? I'm trying to think I'm trying to go through the entire menu in my brain right now to think if there's something I can switch on and off on that and I don't think that is possible I think it is possible with one of the higher and cameras but not this one perfect on we've got a few who are from weeks young lee so thank you for all of these get some very technical questions first of all can you get the flash compensation to be more than plus one why would you want to do that but my god no don't do that I'm sorry I cannot first see what everyone's purpose I I don't even understand why it goes into the plus mode but no plus one is the limit on that he's the answer yes what do you have any good telling converters to recommend for this and is it possible for the d six tend to use other lenses with adapters can talk a little about in camp adapters there bill so my word on telecom murders is I would stick with the nikon telecom burgers they make a one point for one point seven and a two point oh, they're very good you only want to use those on very high quality lenses right now that in a very general sense that's like a thousand dollar lands or more you on ly use tele converters on telephoto lenses you don't use a tele converter on a wide angle lens you don't put it on a twenty four to make up forty eight millimeter lands just doesn't work physically doesn't work and so that's kind of the first word now there are aftermarket manufacturers that make tele converters they're less money they're less quality it will be up to you as to whether that is a good value or not. The second half of that question wass is it possible for the d six tend to use other lenses like sony e mount lenses adapters so nikon has a fairly small lens mouth and it's going to be very difficult to use aftermarket manufacturers on this let's say there are, for instance, there's tomorrow on lenses and sigma lenses that are made and designed for nikon but it's very challenging and very clumsy, you might say because you lose auto focus you you lose a lot of the electronic control, you may lose the control of the aperture closing down during the actual picture and using these converters you'll have to like open up the aperture so you can manually focus it but then you got to close the aperture so that it will actually close down for the final picture and so it it tends to be very fussy and there's very few options and I don't know that I would and I don't I do not record there you go perfect on then I think a great kind of final one from floor sita I want to upgrade my camera to a full frame camera I'm trying to say between the d six ten and the d eight ten I'm mainly interested in macro and food photography, which do you recommend well, it's going to depend on their specific needs. The big difference there with the eight ten, of course, is thirty six megapixels, which is both a blessing and a curse. There's. A lot of people who have the eight ten that are just scratching their heads over hard drives and file sizes because it's way more than they actually need. And on the new eight ten, they incorporated small ross so that people could shoot smaller size raw files. And so, if this creates the files that you want, then you have to look at those few subtle, other controls that you may or may not use. And, once again, by default, start with this, say, this is going to do the job. Will those extra features be worth the extra money? And for some people, yes. And for some people, no.