This next section is called photo basics, and I just want to cover a few of the most basics of photography and the Fuji X-H1. This is a mirrorless camera, which means it has no mirror, how about that? Light comes in through the lens and like on most cameras, there is an aperture in the lens and this is one of the ways in which we get to control light. Apertures will range, depending on what you're looking at, might be from 1.4 to f/22, depending on the lens that you have. As we go from one setting to the next, we're either opening up or stopping down our aperture and letting in twice as much light or half as much light. Beyond controlling the amount of light, it also controls your depth of field, or how much is going to be in focus in front of or behind where you are focused at. At 1.4, you are gonna get very shallow depth of field. As you stop your aperture down, you're gonna get more and more depth of field with each aperture that you change it to. Now, it's not a radical amount of c...
hange that you're gonna get at any one setting, but the idea is that you can set it anywhere you want to get exactly the amount of depth of field that you might desire in a particular photograph. At f/22, we are getting the maximum depth of field in this particular case. That's our first way of controlling light. Light comes in and will go to the image sensor. From the image sensor, it'll be fed back to the LCD so you can see on the back of the camera what it's pointed at, and it'll go up to the electronic viewfinder so that you can look through the viewfinder, which is a little bit easier to do in bright light situations, and as far as magnification for seeing sharpness, it's gonna be a better way of viewing your subject. Now, as far as the sensor itself, let's take a little closer look at that, and there is a shutter unit that works right in front of the sensor. It is a two-part device, it has a first curtain and a second curtain. In its natural state, it's open so that you can see what the sensor sees. When it's time to take a photo, what happens is the first curtain will close, the sensor will prepare itself for capturing an image, and then it opens, and then the other one closes, you might say, and then it has to open again so that you can see what's coming in on the sensor. Each curtain opens and closes so that the sensor captures light with each pixel for exactly the same amount of time. Now, the shutter speeds are important for controlling the amount of light as well as controlling motion, and whether we're freezing the motion or letting it blur, and so it has a wide range of shutter speeds that is very interesting, because some of these are mechanical, some of these are electronic, which we'll more fully discuss as we get into the class here, because the shutter example that I give you here is the simplistic way that it works. This actually has a more advanced way that I'll explain, as I say, as we get further into the class. That is the basics of a mirrorless camera and the Fuji X-H1. One of the most important aspects of any digital camera is the sensor and, specifically, the size of the sensor. There are many different size sensors available in cameras today. The Fuji uses a medium-sized one that is known as APS-C, and it's a little bit smaller than traditional 35 millimeter film. The 35 millimeter film size is often known as a full frame sensor, and there's a lot of cameras on the market from Fuji and, or excuse me, from Sony and Nikon and Cannon that have full frame. Fuji has decided to exclusively really work with the APS-C system and not go with full frame. They do have a separate system that goes even larger than full frame that is in the medium format category, which is a different subject altogether, but they are the only company that has cameras and lenses that are fully dedicated to this APS-C system and they've put together a really nice package, for sure. That's just a few basics on the cameras and basics of photography, if you would like to learn more about that, I have a couple of classes. The Starter Kit is a relatively short class that'll get you up and running very quickly. If you are new to photography, this is a real easy watch and will get you out the door with some great advice on how to get better photos. For those of you who've been around a little bit longer and really wanna dig into the subjects, you wanna take a look at the Fundamentals of Photography. It's really about 30+ years of photography compressed into about 24 hours of many, many different lessons where we get to explore with great depth all the most important aspects of photography, so if you really wanna go into the deep end of the pool, the Fundamentals is the class to go for in that regard, and you can find those, of course, at CreativeLive.