Hard vs Soft Light
What is hard light, and how is it created? When I say, "Oh, that's hard light." What does that mean? Anybody? Anybody know what hard light is? Okay, it's very easy. Hard light creates hard shadows, sharp shadows, sharp shadow lines, okay. Now I want you to look in here. What kind of shadows do you see in here? Do you see hard shadows? No, so we're in a soft light situation. But hard light is when you're getting, see the shadows that she created? See how sharp that is? She's in a hard light situation. Now what creates hard light is a small light source. And so in this picture, what is the light source? The sun, right. And so as you look up into the sky, the sun is real small, right? And so that's why it's gonna create hard light, okay. And so if you wanna create, now if you're in a situation like a window or wherever, so if you wanna create harder light, then you just move your subject away from the light source, because the farther away the light source, the smaller it gets. The harder...
the light. And so let's go quickly to soft light, and then I'll show you a real quick example of how this works. Soft light is what? When you look for soft, or no shadows at all, which is in the lighting situation that we have right now, right. So we're in a soft light situation, and usually this is the best situation for creating, taking portraits is using soft light. Okay, large light source, and if you want to create a large light source, you move the subject closer to the light source. So you, believe it or not, this is what I actually see the most when subjects are using light. They don't get their subject close enough to the light source. And it doesn't look as pleasant. So even there's a big difference from, let's say, me standing here versus me standing right next to the window. So if I'm using window light, I'm gonna try to get that subject as close as possible to that light source. Okay, now, let me do a very quick example of this with a video light and show you really how it works. So if we can look over here, and I use this video light, if I put the video light far away from my subject, you can see that the shadow is more pronounced. But as I move this light closer, doesn't that shadow diffuse? Right, so you can see right off the bat, just by moving. Now we're in a very bright situation here, so this video light is not very strong. If this video light was stronger, that shadow would be razor sharp. So if you want, you know, softer shadows on your subject, then you're gonna get that light closer or use bigger light. Okay, so if you're looking, "It just doesn't look right." Usually it's because the light's not big enough. It doesn't present those softer shadows.