Portrait Photography Fundamentals


Portrait Photography Fundamentals


Lesson Info

Create a Visual Impact with Composition

Composition. I'm really excited to teach this next section because composition really is about creating visual impact. And I think for 2017, if you were to ask anyone of my students, I would say a great majority of them would say, "You know, Scott, you're great at lighting and posing, blah, blah, blah, but where I really learned the most was your ideas on composition." That has impacted their photography immediately. And so I feel like once I go through this lecture, for some of you, you immediately will photograph better. That's how exciting this next section is and let's just get right to it. Okay, so, you remember seeing this? What is it called? Fibonacci, or something or whatever. Look at the fancy equation at the bottom. Guess what, folks? That's too complicated. And when everybody talks about composition they bring up that darn spiral thing. I don't even know once if I've ever used that or even thought about it, but I guess it's the thing to do when you talk about composition. Bu...

t let's not think of that at all. Let's simplify the process, okay? And so I say you need to go and see your compositions as shapes, okay? So when you look at your composition, you're looking for shapes, and you place that subject in the most in the middle of the most obvious shape and you're gonna create impact. And so what you want to do with your composition is when somebody sees your photo, immediately, bam! The subject's right there. There's no looking at it and go, "Whaaa. Where's the subject? Oh, there it is down there?" That's not creating impact. As soon as a person looks at your photograph you want to hit 'em hard and say, "Bam! Look at this." And so that's how you have to think of when you're arranging your compositions is that you want your idea to come out extremely, like, immediately. And this is one of the ways that's gonna help you do it. And so what I say is looking for that "Scott Spot", right? So let's just get right into it and show you some examples. So let's take, for example, this picture that I did in New York, right? Central Park. Now, do you see the spot immediately where I put the subject in? And they just stick out and pop right there? Boom! You see the shape. So as I was looking and walking around this beautiful park, I looked up those stairs and I go, "There's a Scott Spot right there". Bam! Let me put my couple right there. And let me pose them in a way that kind of fits that spot too. And so, immediately, you can see the impact of that. Okay? So now let's get on to my not-so-great family portraits. Okay? So this is my family. My two girls and my two nieces and we're out there in Hawaii and this is the last night and my wife wants me to take some pictures of them, so I take this picture and, you know what, it's okay and not great. But, let's analyze the shapes and see if we can make it better. So, the horizon is the easiest way to see two shapes, right? There's the top and then there's the bottom, okay? And so when the heads are real close to the line of that shape it's to going to be very impressive because that line is going to distract the eye. So what you try to do is keep those heads in the middle of the largest shape and the largest shape, of course, is at the bottom. But, question is, can I change my perspective to make the top shape larger? Yes, right? If I lower my camera view. So here's a next photo, it looks a lot better. Why is that? It's, well, one: I created a silhouette. So whenever you create a silhouette, you want to show an interesting shape and so I posed them in a way where it's more interesting. And I took a lower perspective to make that shape larger. And so your eye immediately goes to that top shape now and then their heads are more in the middle so it has more impact, right? Now, so let's look at more examples. Now, let's take this other picture where I messed up. What's distracting about this picture, right? You can see the top shape. I put the head right where the line was. And it's very, very distracting. Let's go back, see that? That's very, very distracting. And so can I change my perspective to put them in the bigger shape? And what's the bigger shape? On the bottom. So what can I do? Well, do not place the heads on the border of the shape, which I just did. So if I raise my camera angle, I can put their heads, now, in the middle of the largest shape. And it makes it for a cleaner images and you see the subjects quite quickly when you do that. Okay, so you can see that right there. Heads in the middle of the largest shape. And so what are these two things about raising your camera and lowering your camera. When you raise your camera angle, when you take a high camera angle, you are showing depth, right? So, isn't it, we do that too, we'll take like a two hour hike up to the top of the mountain. So what? We can have a fabulous view. So we can see the depth of the beautiful city or whatever the landscape that we're looking at. Same thing when we raise our camera angle and we have a higher position, you're gonna see more depth and so when you want to emphasize depth, take a higher camera position. Now, opposite of that, when you're lower, what does that accentuate? That accentuates height. So when you want to maybe give somebody a larger-than-life kind of hero feel, you may take a lower angle so you can make them seem like they're a little bit larger than life or you're having the people jump and so forth. And so look at this photo, right? They're jumping, but they're bam! They're right in the middle of that shape, right?

Class Description

Want to be able to go into any situation with your camera and have the confidence to know you’ll get the shot? Award-Winning photographer Scott Robert Lim goes in-depth on the four foundational elements you must conquer if you want to develop your creativity and style.

Scott will give you the guidelines you need to master:

  • Lighting
  • Posing
  • Composition
  • Post-Processing

Once you master these fundamentals of portraits, you free up your mind to get creative and ultimately get the shot.


1Class Introduction
25 Shots That WOW
3Four Fundamentals of Photography
4Create a Visual Impact with Composition
5Importance of Foreground and Background
6Create Depth in Landscape Images
7Photos Don't Always Follow the Rules
8Composition Practice Exercise
9Composition Critique of Student Images
10Keys to Posing
11Shoot: Classic Elegance Female Pose
12Shoot: Modern Female Pose
13Shoot: Rollover Female Pose
14Female Hands & Arms Poses Overview
15Shoot: Hands and Arms Poses for Female
16Seven Posing Guidelines
17Headshots Poses with Male Model
18Shoot: Headshot for Male Model
19Shoot: Sitting Poses for Male Model
20Shoot: Leaning Poses for Male Model
21Shoot: Standing Poses for Male Model
22Keys to Couples Posing
23Shoot: Couples Posing
24Couples Transitional Posing Overview
25Shoot: Transitional Posing
26Keys to Group Posing
27Accordion Technique with Groups
28Shoot: Accordion Technique
29Shoot: Best Buds Pose
30Shoot: Talk with Your Hands Pose
31Shoot: Lock Arms and Hold Hands Pose
32Run at the Camera and Dance in Your Seat Poses
33Shoot: Pod Method Pose
34Posing Critique of Student Images
35Introduction to Lighting
36Soft vs Hard Light
37Difficult Lighting Situations
38Bright Light Techniques
39Overcast Light Techniques
40Low Light Techniques
41Lighting Techniques Q&A
42Drama Queen Lighting
43Laundry Basket Lighting
44Make it Rain Lighting
45Smart Phone Painting with Light
46Mini LED Bokeh Lighting
47Choose the Right Lighting System
48Hybrid Flash System
49Innovative Accessories
50Gear Overview
51Theatrical Post-Processing
52Ten Keys to Post-Processing
53Essential Skills to Post-Processing
54Headshot Post-Processing
55Bright Light Post-Processing
56Flat Light Post-Processing
57Low Light Post-Processing
58Introduction to Fine Art Post-Processing
59Light & Airy Fine Art Post-Processing
60Dark & Moody Fine Art Post-Processing
61Post-Processing Critique of Student Images