Photo & Video > Lighting > Lighting 101 > 3 Primary Subject Patterns

3 Primary Subject Patterns


Lighting 101


Lesson Info

3 Primary Subject Patterns

We've talked about key and secondary light patterns and positions. Now let's talk about the subject's position in relation to the light. We have basically three common kind of subject placements or positions in relation to a light. And the first is going to be short lighting and then we have direct or flat. And then we have broad lighting, each one of these do different things. And because this is probably the last videos that I can use, I need his help. I want needed to come help me. I need to come out here real fast. Then I'll just put this led like that. We don't need bad guy. Okay, so let's start with direct flat or some symmetrical light. Ok. Now, there's, lots of different symmetrical light patterns were going to show you. We have paramount. We have clam shell with a fill underneath. Paramount. We have square. We have flat. Those are all examples of basically a flat, a direct or symmetrical style light. Why this medical? Because on both side of the face, it's on every side, it's,...

all equal lighting, so we refer to it as basically a symmetrical light. This type of light is wonderful for creating extremely flattering types of portrait's. Okay, because again, that's, symmetrical light is going to light everything evenly if fills in all the wrinkles, all the imperfections and it creates a very beautiful flat look to it that's great for beauty and fashion and portrait's and so forth but it's fantastic for showing symmetry interface. And if somebody lax symmetry, I mean, we all lack symmetry to an extent if you guys actually take a photo of yourself, take a photo cut and a half and then put the left side's together and then put the right sides together, you'll notice that you look like two completely different people with the left side's connected on both sides and then with the right side on both sides, you look very different. Looks scary. We all have a little bit of dysentery to the face, but if someone has a lot of the cemetery, then what ends up happening is by using these types of lighting this type of shot, you're exaggerating that, and so you want to make sure you avoid a symmetrical flat shot and that kind of lighting if the person does not have at least a average symmetrical face otherwise you're really doing them an injustice so let's talk about short or slimming type lighting. Now, short lighting is basically in reference to the position of the face in reference to the lighting okay, so if I turn my face into the light a little bit like this okay, so my chin just basically moves towards that light. It leaves the broadside, so from the camera right now, the broad side of the face is this side, right? Because the short side is kind of away from us. The short side is what lit and the broadside falls in the shadow. Now, right now, we have quite a bit of fill light coming from here, so you don't see his extreme of shadows, but if you look on olivia's face, you can see the short side being lit on the left side, falling pretty deep in the shadows. The effect that this has is generally a slimming effect on the face, which you can imagine that for most people for ninety five percent of us it's actually going to be more flattering than the opposite. Short lighting has a slimming effect and that's why we kind of placed it on this little scale here as you go to this side, you're going to slim down the face now someone has most of us want to look a little bit skinnier and photos, but if someone has a very narrow face to begin with, you probably don't want to short light it. You want to either use direct or flat lighting or even brought in the face by using broad lining, so here we have broad, which means gain short, not broad, which means game abroad equals the effect that it has is kind of gaining or large inning enlarging the face short equals slimming the face okay, how do we position? Well, we have our same key lie right there and this time the subject is basically looking away from the key light so the broad side of the face this side that you see the most of in camera is the side that's basically lit okay? And the short side the face is the one that falls in the shadow so we see the exact same thing here and you can see if you compare these two photos side by side this one is going to be a little more flattering is going to make olivia's face look a little more narrow little more slim this one is going to broaden the face a little bit again ninety nine percent of the time ninety five percent whatever percentage you guys like okay, just ah hi percent of the time your short side is going to be the better and more flattering angle to shoot somebody. So remember, the simplest way to think about it is just short means that their chin is facing towards the light and broad means that their chin is basically going away from the light okay in relation to where the camera is in the light and so forth so that's, really it. This is going to be one of the last things that we kind of play into when we're positioning our subject in relation to where our primary archy light is coming from. Is considering this and considering the overall effect that we want to have any image, if we want symmetry, if we want to show off and get that beauty in that perfect look, well, direct, flat and symmetrical light techniques are wonderful. If you want a short and slim the face a little bit too kind of slim down a person's, ah, figure or face, then short lighting is fantastic. And if you want to broaden someone who already has a very narrow features and very narrow face, then we would use broad lighting to open it up a little bit. Hopefully that I'll make sense. Let's, head on now to the next video.

Class Description

Lighting 101 follows in Photography 101's footsteps. Photography 101 takes students up through Manual Mode mastery and provides a foundation in natural light techniques and modifications. Lighting 101 picks up by teaching all about flash and light modification. But, just like Photography 101, we want Lighting 101 to be the most accessible lighting course available. So we teach you everything about flash lighting, light modification, ambient to flash balance, lighting patterns, off-camera lighting and even multi-point off-camera light setups. But, what makes Lighting 101 truly special is that we do all of this with nothing but your on-camera hot shoe flash. Every image shown and created in this course was created with a DSLR and just a single on-camera hot shoe speed light. 


1Chapter 1 Introduction
2Why Just One On-Camera Flash
35 Reasons to Use Flash
4Common Flash Myths
5What Makes Flash Challenging?
6Chapter 2 Introduction
7Flash-Strobe vs. Ambient-Constant Light
8Flash vs. Ambient Light Exposure
9Flash vs. Ambient Demo
10Flash and Ambient Balancing for Natural Effect
11Flash and Ambient Balancing for Dramatic Effect
12Flash and Ambient Balancing for Creative Effect
13Understanding Flash Duration
14Chapter 3 Introduction
155 Common Key Light Patterns
165 Common Key Light Patterns w/ Diffusion & Fill
175 Common Secondary Light Patterns
183 Primary Subject Patterns
19Light Qualities
20The Inverse Square Law
21Inverse Square Law in Practice
22Corrective White Balance
23Creative White Balance
24Chapter 4 Introduction
25On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash
26Full Feature vs. Manual Flashes
27TTL vs. Manual Control
28TTL vs. Manual Recycle Times
29Flash Power & Zoom
30HHS vs. ND Filters
31FCS vs. RCS
32Chapter 5 Introduction
334 Tips When You Must Use Direct Flash
34Bare Bulbing Done Right
35Grid Snoot + Direct Flash
36Mini Beauty + Direct Flash
37Ring + Direct Flash
38Understanding Modifiers
39Direct Flash + Shutter Flash
40Chapter 6 Introduction
41Ambient vs. Direct Flash vs. Bounce Flash
42Silver Bounce
43More Light Silver
44Soft White Bounce
45Overhead Bounce
46Overhead Bounce + Fill
47Event Bounce
48Chapter 7 Introduction
49Natural vs. Dramatic Light
50Filling and Refining Existing Light
51Coloring Light for Corrective Effect
52Coloring Light for Creative Effect
53Chapter 8 Introduction
54Case Study 1 - Dramatic Sunset
55Case Study 2 - Desert Sunset
56Case Study 3 - Sinister Headshot
57Case Study 4 - Family Portrait
58Case Study 5 - Athlete Portraits
59Case Study 6 - Working Angles
60Case Study 7 - Drag + Composite
61Case Study 8 - Less is More
62The Good Karma Jar
63Favorite Feature Flashes
64Favorite Manual Flashes
65Favorite On Camera Flash Modifiers