Lighting 101

Lesson 25/65 - On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash


Lighting 101


Lesson Info

On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash

We're gonna take this from the top with onboard versus hot shoe flash. Why? Because, well, I need you all to go out and buy a hot shoe flash if you don't already have one now, you can watch this entire course to figure out which hot shoe flash you want. That's fine, great dandy. But you're eventually going to need one because all the techniques that were teaching you really are done with a hot shoe flash. So let's, move on and say why let's talk first about onboard flash, this is the rebel t five I okay, this is the same camera that we used for the photography one a one a workshop now the hot shoe are sorry the onboard flash is this guy that's just built into the camera. Okay, so to get to and I'm gonna press this little flash button and there it is. What are the pros of this tiny little flash? Well, there's, kind of on ly to someone that is great and look, I scratch that see it there's a scratch there no it's not great. It works if you're in a pinch. Okay, if you have absolutely no ch...

oice and you just need to add flash, then yes, this will work and there is some limited flash functionality there but the only other pro to it is that it's basically always with you I mean is built into the camera so it goes everywhere you go on the con side of this it's extremely difficult to modify now modify in every sense of the word it's difficult to control the direction of like it's difficult to control the amount to control advanced features to control color all these things are it's just difficult to modify condom or too is that it also has limited functionality we don't have all the advanced features like rear curtains sink and so forth and that's basically to depend on which camera body you have and that will tell basically what features are built into this onboard flash but it's going very in general though you're not going to get the features that you would in a hot flash all right number three has limited power okay look at how tiny this little guy is in this tiny little guy I mean even compared to this flash which we always talk about an onboard flash or sorry the horseshoe flash head as being small we need to modify it look at this guy this guy's tiny in comparison to this guy okay? So it's a very small light and it has a kind of very limited overall power lastly you're gonna have a lot of red eye when you're shooting with your onward flash. Why? Because the flash is directly above the lens and it's very close to linz. So this light is basically going directly into the eye at the same angle that you're firing from. All right, you're going to get a lot more red eye with an onboard flash, and then you will with hush you so let's, go over to this guy. Now I have here my five mark three. This is the camera that we're using throughout the entire workshop. Don't worry us. Use any camera. You want any linds you want really? Your results going very similar. So long as you can get down to a similar aperture that were shooting at or similar focal length. Okay, so don't worry about the camera. We proved that it's. Not about the camera in photography. One on one, we shot the entire workshop with a rebel and with a nikon dvd. Two hundred. Okay, so let's, talk about the hot shoe flash. Now the biggest deal with the hot flash. Is that it's super easy to modify your direction of light? I mean, look at this. We can control the head anyway. We want. Well, I got to do is push down this little button inside. I can turn it from left to right. I can turn it behind me. I can point up. Point it down. Go straight on. I have full control over the direction of light. In addition, I can modify the quality very easily. But none of these modifiers are you really gonna work well with onboard flash next? What do we have? Point number three is that we have a lot more power. Okay, we have a bigger flash head, which is going to give us a slightly softer light. It's still not big enough to really gives a soft light, but it's better than this. Ok, it also has more power than this. We have a lot more functionality. We have different modes. We have tl we have manual, we have recurrent sink. We have high speed sync. We have all these additional full features in a full feature flash. Now, if you're talking about a manual flash, well, you're mean more limited on features on a manual flashing we'll discuss. The difference is between full feature versus manual fletchers in just a little bit, but we have a lot more features with one of these types of flashes versus an on board. Okay, next red eye is going to be very rare because is mounted above the hashi okay, so the flash is actually coming from a decent distance above the lens and so you're not getting that direct kind of reflection from the eye that you would at the flat for mountain directly above the lens so we'll get red eye far less often with a hot flash than you would with an onboard flash. What are the cons? Okay, there's really only two cons number one is that there's an additional cost to this flash and depending what when you get it can vary a manual hashi flash is going to cost around one hundred bucks full feature ones would go from two, three hundred up to five, six hundred dollars pretty easily that's definitely a lot more, considering this entire camera body was probably six or seven hundred bucks. Okay, so that comes with the onboard ship flash built in the other con to it is that they're just more to carry, and for some people, that might actually be an issue for some, it might not, but it's just another piece of gear, which you could potentially forget. And if for example, I forget my or if I just don't take my hot flash with me with an advanced camera like a five day mark three it doesn't even have an onboard flash built in some kind of out of luck there, but it's. One more thing to carry, but it's going to be worth it overall. And so my advice to you is, if you don't already have hot shoe flash, watch this entire workshop and then decide what features are important to you. What's your budget in your price range and go out and buy one. At that point. If you already have one, then great. Grab the one that you have. Put it on your camera and let's. Go to the next video.

Class Description

Lighting 101 follows in Photography 101's footsteps. Photography 101 takes students up through Manual Mode mastery and provides a foundation in natural light techniques and modifications. Lighting 101 picks up by teaching all about flash and light modification. But, just like Photography 101, we want Lighting 101 to be the most accessible lighting course available. So we teach you everything about flash lighting, light modification, ambient to flash balance, lighting patterns, off-camera lighting and even multi-point off-camera light setups. But, what makes Lighting 101 truly special is that we do all of this with nothing but your on-camera hot shoe flash. Every image shown and created in this course was created with a DSLR and just a single on-camera hot shoe speed light. 


1Chapter 1 Introduction 2Why Just One On-Camera Flash 35 Reasons to Use Flash 4Common Flash Myths 5What Makes Flash Challenging? 6Chapter 2 Introduction 7Flash-Strobe vs. Ambient-Constant Light 8Flash vs. Ambient Light Exposure 9Flash vs. Ambient Demo 10Flash and Ambient Balancing for Natural Effect 11Flash and Ambient Balancing for Dramatic Effect 12Flash and Ambient Balancing for Creative Effect 13Understanding Flash Duration 14Chapter 3 Introduction 155 Common Key Light Patterns 165 Common Key Light Patterns w/ Diffusion & Fill 175 Common Secondary Light Patterns 183 Primary Subject Patterns 19Light Qualities 20The Inverse Square Law 21Inverse Square Law in Practice 22Corrective White Balance 23Creative White Balance 24Chapter 4 Introduction 25On Board vs. Hot Shoe Flash 26Full Feature vs. Manual Flashes 27TTL vs. Manual Control 28TTL vs. Manual Recycle Times 29Flash Power & Zoom 30HHS vs. ND Filters 31FCS vs. RCS 32Chapter 5 Introduction 334 Tips When You Must Use Direct Flash 34Bare Bulbing Done Right 35Grid Snoot + Direct Flash 36Mini Beauty + Direct Flash 37Ring + Direct Flash 38Understanding Modifiers 39Direct Flash + Shutter Flash 40Chapter 6 Introduction 41Ambient vs. Direct Flash vs. Bounce Flash 42Silver Bounce 43More Light Silver 44Soft White Bounce 45Overhead Bounce 46Overhead Bounce + Fill 47Event Bounce 48Chapter 7 Introduction 49Natural vs. Dramatic Light 50Filling and Refining Existing Light 51Coloring Light for Corrective Effect 52Coloring Light for Creative Effect 53Chapter 8 Introduction 54Case Study 1 - Dramatic Sunset 55Case Study 2 - Desert Sunset 56Case Study 3 - Sinister Headshot 57Case Study 4 - Family Portrait 58Case Study 5 - Athlete Portraits 59Case Study 6 - Working Angles 60Case Study 7 - Drag + Composite 61Case Study 8 - Less is More 62The Good Karma Jar 63Favorite Feature Flashes 64Favorite Manual Flashes 65Favorite On Camera Flash Modifiers



The best class for understanding light and lighting there is bar none. Pye is an excellent teacher and the quality of the material provides for a rich and very informative experience. Pye breaks down the fundamentals in easy to digest packets and then elaborates as needed. If there is one class that you watch this is it! Worth purchasing and saving for future use. I would also HIGHLY recommend downloading the saving the PDF of slides that accompany the videos. Again, and can't say it enough, this is THE BEST video to lighting on Creative Live. A must watch for the novice and the expert.


AMAZING course. Great information for people just starting out with using a flash and manipulating light. Pye has a great sense of humor so he keeps you interested but still explains everything really well.


I love watching Pye Jirsa teach. He really knows his photography and he is an excellent teacher. Also, I like that Pye is very well prepared and he does not "wing it". Great course!