Shooting Mode: Program
P is for program mode on many cameras. Of course, not all of them. But many, it's program mode. So program mode is basically, it's still auto, meaning you can just point and shoot. You don't have to think. Point and shoot. But, if you want to tell the camera, you can like whisper some things to it, like, hey, shut the flash off. You can say that in program mode. Some cameras won't even let you do that in auto. So, some will, but some will not. Like in auto mode you are like handcuffed, there's nothing you can do. But program mode will let you turn the flash off. It might let you tell the camera you want a brighter or darker exposure. We'll talk about that in the next segment when we talk about exposure compensation. It might let you change the white balance. We'll talk about that in the next segment too. We'll talk about all the cool functions that you can do when you're not in auto mode. So program mode is like auto mode but it lets you do cool stuff. So, people like that. So sometime...
s I joke that the P stand for paradise because its automated, so if you're still like biting your nails and a little bit scared, it's not so scary but it still lets you try out all the cool things we're going to be talking about. So here's just some random examples that I shot on a camera in program mode. There's really nothing special about the way that I took it. I just had the camera in program mode and I canceled the flash, which is pretty much how I would always operate. With a point and shoot, it's still always have the flash off, unless I really need it. But, this was in New York. I had just bought this camera. I was literally walking from the camera store to the show we were going to go see and I was like oh let me see how this camera works. And it's a little point and shoot so I had it in program mode and just canceled the flash and got this shot. Got a great shot of Rockefella Center. You know, and these were night time environments so those can be pretty tricky and they were great. But the key was being able to cancel that flash and you can't do that in auto mode. So, program mode is a great place to be if you're really just freaked out but you're like I want to be able to use all these cool functions I paid for with my camera. If you are in auto mode, you are not getting your money's worth out of your camera. I'll just tell you that right now. So, get your money's worth and get out of auto mode. Okay. So you have a little more control in program mode. So I put that to the right a little bit. And then just lets just pause on the modes for a minute and we're going to jump down and talk about what I call scenes, what a lot of cameras call scenes, even though on some cameras these scenes appear on your mode dial. So, go figure, right. But you'll find them. They're there somewhere. So, the first one here is portrait mode. So we're going to focus on that first. Knowing what we know, what we talked about in the previous segment, about exposure and how we can control shutter speed and aperture and ISO and make a creative use of a photo. If you're shooting portraits, what type of settings might you generally be interested in? Shutter or aperture wise to achieve a traditional portrait look. Jose.
I think if I remember right, if it's a group I want lower f-stop. And, I guess for shutter speed I probably don't want it too slow cause it might move.
Then you'd need a tripod.
Yeah, a tripod.
So generally, when it comes to portraits, your focus would generally like you said be on the aperture. Often. So the shutter speed, eh, as long as we're not needing a tripod and you know people aren't blurred because they moved or something then we don't have to worry too much about shutter speed as long as it balances the equation. So our priority in that situation would be on getting an aperture that's going to give us whatever kind of blurred background or not that we need. So if we're taking a portrait of just one person generally you would want a more open aperture. So that would be the lower numbers, right? So like an f/4, f/2.8, f, depending on your camera lens what you can get away with. So you'd want a wider aperture is basically the goal.