ISO Shooting Menu
Alright, scrolling down in the shooting menu. Next up comes ISO sensitivity settings. So first up here is just simply choosing which ISO your camera is at. There's a button on the top of the camera your ISO button which is gonna give you a little bit of easier access to it but you can do it here as well. We can go anywhere from a low down to 50. 100 is your native sensitivity. All the way up to 1.6 million if you really need it. But from my testing, ISO 6400 and below is probably where you're gonna want to be for most of your shooting. One of the options is you can have the camera automatically control ISO and so the camera will automatically raise and lower your ISO according to the light levels and what your shutter speed is doing. If you want to turn that on, this is where you would turn that on and off. Here is where you get to choose what the maximum sensitivity is when you're in auto ISO and so as I said before 6400 seems to be like a reasonable number to have. You can have it ab...
ove this if you don't mind the loss of image quality. You can also have a maximum sensitivity. Something slightly different when you are using flash. And so if you're gonna have a flash firing you may not need as high an ISO and so you can put in a different number here if you thought it necessary. The minimum shutter speed is an interesting option because this is what dictates when the camera will go to a higher ISO. If you were shooting a particular type of action, like a bird in flight, that needed a thousandth of a second, you could type you could put in enter at one thousandth of a second. And any time your camera needed to go below that it would just simply raise the ISO. But a lot of times it has to do with what lens we have on and what focal length and what shutter speed is appropriate for the focal length of the lens that we're using. If we're shooting static subjects and we have a 28mm lens we can hand hold it down to a thirtieth of a second. If it's a 100mm lens we might need a hundred twenty-fifth of a second. So in here we do have an auto option which will give us some interesting possibilities. So let's say we have our camera in Aperture Priority and the camera is in control of shutter speeds and the ISO. How does it decide which one to choose depending on where the light level is. Alright, so let's bring up our shutter speeds. Let's bring up our Auto ISO. And in a normal lighting situation, let's say that the camera is recommending a sixtieth of a second at 100 ISO. Now, if it gets brighter, what the camera is gonna do is, it's gonna use faster shutter speeds to balance the increase in brightness of light. If the light gets dimmer, well the camera's just gonna lower those shutter speeds but there's gonna be a point at which it's going to stop with the shutter speeds and it's going to move over and start making changes with the ISO. And so, the key point here is that what shutter speed do you want the camera to start switching over and changing the ISO. And so you wanna pick the lowest shutter speed that you're happy using. And so once it gets brighter it'll kick back in and it'll start adjusting shutter speeds faster then. And so what you can do with the auto setting auto looks at the lens you're using and uses that to determine what that shutter speed is that it transitioned from shutter speeds to ISO changes. And so let's take the example of a 60 mm lens. So in this case you would normally want a sixtieth of a second and so you could set this a little bit slower if you feel like you're good at hand holding the camera at one, two, or three stops or one or two stops slower or one or two stops faster so that you're having on average a faster or a slower shutter speed. If you're really good at hand holding the camera you could really set this to an auto slower. For most people just leaving it straight in the middle at auto would probably be completely fine. Next up is our white balance. We do have a white balance button on the back of the camera. But we can also dive into the camera and do it here as well. And so look for any sort of arrows to the right that's gonna give you an opportunity to change additional features. So in the auto option you can change it to auto one or auto two. Auto one is your normal, automatic white balance. Auto two is it's gonna allow a little bit of warmth from the light to stay in which means it's not going to overly correct in tungsten situations and other light where it may be a little bit warmer than normal. You will also have the option to go in and tweak the colors using this color chart here. And so there's a good chance that you will never need to use this but if you need to, it is available. Set picture control. So on this one, you are able to go in and choose different options for how your pictures are going to look. So let's go ahead and take a look at some examples in here. And while these at first may look identical they are slightly different especially in their contrast and saturation. If you look at where the black point is if you look at where the highlight is it's a little bit different depending on which mode you choose. And that's because the camera has these preset standards for portrait, standard, neutral, vivid, flat, all these different options which is kinda like the old days where we had different films that were good for different types of photography and so most of the time the standard option is going to be perfectly fine. If you know you're doing something else and you want your images tweaked, just a little bit, for that need you can do that here in the JPEG settings. Now you can manage this picture control a little bit of a sub menu that you're gonna dive into here and you can create and save your own versions of these options. So if you don't like the landscape or portrait option you think it's too much of this or too much of that you can go in and totally adjust it in here. And so I want to show you how to do it a little bit more with the camera here. So let's go ahead and get our camera set up in order to do this. So I am gonna dive in to the menu system. Dive down to the shooting menu and look for manage picture control. Come to the right in here and let's say we want to create a new profile for the camera to shoot in. We can choose one of the ones to start with right here and I'm gonna go ahead and just choose standard and you'll notice the instructions down here at the bottom. We're gonna go to the right to adjust. And so now once we're in here we can start going up and down and adjusting these various factors of how the image is going to be processed. And so if we want to increase the sharpness we can increase it all the way up here to Where does it go? It goes up to nine. Let's set it back at seven. We can set the clarity from minus to plus anywhere we want. And any of these other different options in here. And so this is gonna affect how we get our JPEGS out of the camera. This does not affect the raws but only the JPEGS. And if you shoot JPEGS you may find that how you're using them if you don't go in and Photoshop or do any other changes you would like to improve those JPEGS straight out of the camera. And that's when you would want to adjust this. It's not something that most people normally do. Now be aware that if you press the plus button you can have this set to automatic and so there's a number of these options that there'll be an automatic option way on the far left. This is completely unimportant to anyone who is doing a lot of work in Photoshop because this is basically Photoshop in the camera. It's tweaking your settings so that you get exactly what you want out of the camera. And so once we are done we're gonna press the OK button and now this is gonna be kind of custom number one and we can go in and we can name this if we want a particular name and so let's just uh call it a well I guess I've got a bunch of other letters in there A one. And so we're gonna hit the plus button to exit out of this and so it's saved in here. And so now I can save/edit I can rename em I can load em up and so we can copy from camera to camera we can delete from the card and so if we wanna copy these well I don't have a any of them on the memory card right now. And so you can transfer these from one camera to the next. And so you can set your JPEGS up to really get em tweaked exactly the way you want em. And so if you're not happy with the JPEGS, get in there, start playing around, find out what works well for you and get that set as your favorite.