Transitions: Effect Controls
Now, let's take the same dissolve, and look at it a little deeper. If I go ahead and select it, if I double click I can change the duration real easily, but if I select it and I go over here to my source panel, and right up here there's something called effects control. Normally if a clip is selected, you see modifications to the clip. We saw that earlier with audio. But if I select a transition, it brings up this kind of an interface. And what this allows me to do is a lot of the same controls I could do in the timeline, I could grab the edge, make it longer, but you'll notice here I can actually start rolling and shifting it. I can have the dissolve start slower and end faster on the next clip. I have a lot more control. If I want I can actually see the sources. It's a little small here, and I can change my duration here, either with a virtual slider or clicking it and typing in a number. So this is nice. It's kind of redundant, but it's not redundant in that this will give me more i...
nformation as I start working with different clips and different transitions. Here it's good, I had plenty of handles. I can position it, it updates in the timeline, and I can go ahead and play. But let's go ahead and put a transition at the very beginning where we have a situation where we don't have all the media. So if I try to drag on that cross-dissolve, it puts it on but it tells me insufficient media. The transition will contain repeated frames. So Premiere is trying to help you. It's saying okay I don't want to make it shorter. They want to put a transition on. So what it actually does is it creates a freeze frame on the last frame as it dissolves through. And in some cases, if you're holding still on an image, you can get away with it. In other cases you'll actually feel and see the dissolve. We're gonna say okay, now visually you know it's done that because you see cross hatching in the dissolve. So that's another warning and if I click this, you can see over in this little area here, I actually really have run out of media. There's my triangles and it's creating new media in those two spots. And visually, not bad on the going out because of the time lapse, but this is something else that weird happened. You know, I had this kind of shake in the camera, so I'm gonna go ahead, I'm gonna cut this, delete this a second, and I might have cut this and said, oh, look, I have this awful shake in the camera. I'm gonna take it right there. Then we have the Q key, we learned about that before. So, you know, I'm cutting my show, and I'm saying that looks okay. Now I want to put that transition in. Shift D, if I use the shift D, it's smart enough to say, you know something, I'm gonna not have enough media. They probably don't want to freeze it. So what it does is there's plenty of space at the beginning of this clip, because you know, I have room, there's nothing at the end. I'm gonna just end the transition. There's something called starting the transition on the cut or ending on the cut. I'm gonna end it on the cut, but this is gonna get me into trouble. It's trying to be nice because that silly camera shake is there. Now, you might not have the silly camera shake, but this is something that will probably happen if you're doing anything with photography. You might make a cut right after or right before a strobe pops and then you put the dissolve in and halfway through the dissolve there's this flash of light that's distracting. So that's where you have the gotcha. And that's where being able to roll the transition or modify the transition will really help out. So in this case, you could move it if you needed to beyond that. Now it's freezing that last frame. And as a matter of fact, while we're in here, I can hit the plus and minus to zoom in and zoom out, and adjust my interface if I want to see more, and so I can go ahead and it kind of freezes. Maybe I want it even a little more over. I'm doing as much cheating as I can. And I can kinda get away with it. So being able to manipulate your transitions, not only in your timeline, but also inside your effects control panel, can be very valuable. And it's simple. Now, let's suppose I wanted to apply transitions to multiple clips. I'm gonna go ahead and look at our whole timeline. I've got a bunch of video here, but this is something that you may want to do. I have some still images, and I brought these in and we'll work with these a little more under the filters. These are all five seconds long. They're pretty (mumbles), I'll probably do a move on them. But I want to go ahead and maybe I want to put dissolves on all of them, okay? So I can lasso them or select them all, shift D and right now it just put 15 frame dissolves on all the clips in one fell swoop. And now if I go ahead I can hit play, and I can see these and they're a little quick for my taste. I'm gonna go ahead and hit undo. But let's suppose that I do this. I go, you know wouldn't it be kinda cool if I had something that appears to be like a camera flash, like a flash to white. So let's go ahead and make that the default transition. And to do that, I go over here to my transitions. I have my dip to white. If I right click on it, if you right click on any of these transitions, you can say that is your default transition. So I right click on it. The blue box now moves to dip to white. I'm gonna go up here to my preferences, and under preferences, under general, I'm going to change the duration to something really short, to let's say six frames, a fifth of a second. Hit okay, and now when I go back here and select all these and say shift D for my default transition, you'll see that I now have flash to white, a whole different vibe, but I can do it really quickly. So being able to choose your default transition, being able to manipulate your transitions, and also your default duration can be very powerful. And you can switch this as you go, you know, say okay, I just did this montage, I wanted short ones. Now I'm gonna change my default to two seconds for this next set. It's really easy to do. Now I just want to step into the fact that not all transitions are dissolves or dips to white. Some are more complicated, are fancier, and they have more controls to work with. So if we go down here, and we'll step away from dissolve. We'll go into say a slide, and again, there's much better ones out there. But we're gonna use the center split. I can go ahead and I'm gonna drag that on this clip right here. Zoom in, and when I play it, did I put that on the right clip? I put it on the right clip, I didn't go to the right clip. There we go. Not the prettiest transition in the world, but if I go ahead and select it, I now can see my controls. First of all, it was the default of six frames, which wasn't very long, so I can go ahead and stretch that out, or I'm gonna just go in and type in 200, make it two seconds long. And now there are parameters that I can modify, okay? I can sit there and I can say, do I want a border? I do want a border so now I have a little bit of an edge. Because we can take an ugly transition and actually make it uglier. (laughter) I could also reverse the order in which, whether which comes in and which goes out. And then sit there and play that. So that's brilliant, and I can even change my border color with the eyedropper to be purple. Okay, so let's see how ugly that- There we go, that's, that's something I'm never gonna be proud of. Okay, but this is how easy they are to modify. And that's the point is that they all have parameters. Some of the nicer ones have situations where, you know, you can control the way things flare and blend and whatnot. And there are some beautiful ones out there. The nice thing is is that if I really did love this transition, and I wanted to put it in other clips, I could go ahead select it and copy it, and I could paste it on another transition. Let's say go here, so I'm gonna go ahead and paste it there, command V, you can let me paste it, can't you? Didn't copy. Yeah, command copy, command C, put it somewhere else. At the end here. There we go. Now it's gonna go to black on a beautiful- There we go. I obviously copied the dissolve. But you can copy and paste them, so the idea with transitions, very easy to put on. The key thing is to make sure you have enough handles. If you don't it'll advise you and give you a nice little freeze frame. You can get away with that. Sometimes you just may want to start it or end it on the cut so that you can use the area where there already is media, and just be careful that once you put the transition on, watch it to make sure you don't have any flash frames of like a bulb going off, or maybe the scene changed underneath, to make sure it's smooth, and if you do have the problem, go ahead and just roll that edit a little to the left or a little to the right, and you're good to go.