Adding & Manipulating Type in Illustrator®
So, speaking of type and text, we can do a lot of text manipulation in here. I'm just gonna turn off my graphic layer, go to my type layer here, and type in Illustrator works great, it's not meant to do lots and lots and lots of type. I'm not gonna do a brochure with 30 paragraphs in here. It's not really what Illustrator is used for. If I wanna do some type manipulation, do an infographic, you know, with two, three, four lines of copy, or a headline, that's what it's used for. Now, text in Illustrator is quite easy, but unlike other applications, the type tool works a little differently in Illustrator, and with Type Tool, we've got tons of different type tools, because each type tool does something different. Standard type tool shortcut is simply t, and I can grab my type tool. There's two different ways I can set type. I can take my type tool and I can simply click and set some type, right there. And that's what's called point type. I can then select all my type, go to my control bar...
, choose a point size. I can go and choose a font if I want to, as well. There's my type. When I take my type tool and I click on the page, it's called point type because I click on that page, point right there, and I go from that point on. If I keep typing, it will type forever and ever and ever, all the way off the end of application, into never-never land. And a lot of times, when I'm building an infographic, I just wanna click and type some type. If I would like to go in and do anything with this type, I can take my type tool, I can double click or highlight the type, and edit that type. If I wanna do more than a simple headline, or a few words, I can use my type tool, and instead of just clicking, I can actually click and drag and create a text container in which I can type copy in. There's advantages to this, and there's advantages to point type. So this is what's called paragraph type. I took my type tool, I clicked and dragged, and I actually defined an area in which my type went in, so there's my copy. Here it is. So, this actually has a container in which the type exists. This just sits in its own little world. The advantage of using paragraph type is if I take it with my, and I select it with my selection tool, and I change my bounding box or my container, my type reflows, which is what I would expect. This is great, if I'm doing a paragraph's worth of copy, and I wanna make it wider or narrower to fit my layout, I can use this. If I use point type, it looks like it has a box around it, and you're like, "Yay, it's all good," you grab a hold of it, and then you get squishy type. People are like, "Why does it do that?" Because point type, you literally click and you go. Don't have to draw a container, it's fast and easy, but there's a trade-off. The trade-off is, it's not in a container, so if I try to resize it, that's what I get. Trick to this, if you ever wanna resize something and keep everything in proportion, I can resize this. The trick is, hold down your shift key when you do it. When you hold down your shift key, shift constrains. When we're drawing, it constrains to draw perfect circles, square, straight line, but it also works when I'm scaling or resizing anything, holding the shift key will also allow me to keep everything constrained. So, point type, that's great, but the drawback is, if I resize it, it can definitely squish it out of proportion. Don't like that. But, it's a trade-off. If I have a lot of copy, then I can go in here, and I can reflow this any way that I want to. It's great. There you have it. I'm sure some people are like, "I never knew why it did that." Well, that's what it is. If you wanna convert one to another, it's quite easy. If I have my paragraph, and I would like to turn it into point type, this little lollipop sticking off the side, if I double click on that lollipop, it's now point type, which means when I scale the container, everything gets all squishy. If I would like to turn this point type into paragraph type, so it reflows with my container, I double click on the lollipop on the side there, and now, when I do my container, it's going to allow me to resize my copy. I know, amazing, right? Yes, I did it just for you. So, with type, one of the great features is, I can go in and select my type, and I'm not sure of all the fonts that I have in my document. So, I go to my font drop down menu, and it shows me all these great fonts here, but you know, I don't wanna keep clicking on something and saying, "Oh, that's not what I want." So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to go, and I'm gonna put my cursor up in my font menu. I've got my type selected with my type tool, and instead of going through each and every one and clicking on the drop down menu, put my cursor up in there, and I'm gonna use my up or down arrow, and I'm gonna walk through my entire font list. And, because I have my type selected, using my up or down arrow, I can go through and I can see what type I like, what I have, and it's like, "Oh, okay, "that's the type that I want." It's a really great feature, doesn't matter if it's point type or paragraph type, as long as you go in, select your copy, put your cursor in there, up or down arrows, walks you right through super fast, because, like every good client, I'll know it when I see it. Can't tell you what it is, and this is a great way to do it. So there it is, you can set your type face. That's true in Photoshop and InDesign, as well as Illustrator, great stuff. Other basic type setting features that we have in Illustrator, I can go and select all my copy here, with my type tool, I have my character formatting control up in the control bar, I can click on that. Size, font, style, leading, kerning, tracking, stretchy type, don't stretch type. All caps, lowercase, caps, such, everything right there for me. I also have my paragraph formatting right off to the right here, which allows me to do centered, right justified, text as well, be able to go in and do first line indent for paragraph formatting, as well, left indent, right indent, as well. Basic stuff. If I'd like to go in, and I'd like to change the color of my type, simple. I can select my type, go over to my fill, or my stroke, and I can go in, and I can add a fill to my type right there. If I wanna make it look interesting, I can go in and I can add a stroke to it, as well, and I can put a stroke around that, and that allows me to put a stroke on my type, as well. Yeah, doesn't always look good, but just wanna let you know that's an option right there. So, fill and stroke around a shape, I can also do the same thing around type, as well. Not picky with it. Got a question over there?
Yeah, Jason, we have some questions about shapes and type coming in. So, first one was, "Will Jason show us how to type around an object?" Were you gonna do that at some point?
I figured you would be.
And the other one was, "I'm still learning a lot about Illustrator, but is there a way to cut text or a shape out of another shape?"
Absolutely, and we're gonna show you the pathfinder tool, because that is of the utmost importance.