Understanding Fabric Anatomy
So I finished cutting out all my pattern pieces and now it's time to take a look at our fabric anatomy, these air some terms that you're going to need to know to work with any commercial sewing pattern on the inside of our pattern envelope I've got a little chart here and a list of terms and right in front of me, I've got this fabric that has these terms written on it, so I'm going to explain them one by one. So first of all we have are length of green, these air, all of the threads that go from one end of the fabric to the other along the whole bolt of fabric when fabric is woven in the mill these air, the threats that we they start out with their pulled really, really tightly on the loom, and then the cross grain threads are what goes back and forth and back and forth to create the fabric so in fabric is woven that's actually quite wide and they take these two edges and fold them together just like this this edge here on this edge here these air called the selvage engines or the wove...
n edges these edges air created as the cross grain threads go in one direction, then wrap around and go in the other direction so the threads air actually wrapping around the edge of the fabric and going off that way when they fold the fabric in half that creates the fold edge this is really great for us and a time saver as sewers because a lot of the times we have to cut things up against this full dench we pin it on we cut around three sides of it to open it up to make something that symmetrical. Sometimes we have to cut two of something so we lay that in the middle of our pattern and cut around it and we end up with two with just one set of cutting so the length of grain and the cross grain are the main terms you need to know there's the fold edge over here in these selva judges we can tell what the cut edges because it phrased like this so when fabric is woven they weave it they folded in half, they roll it up on a bolt and they send it to a fabric shop and you say I would like a yard and seven eights of that fabric they unroll it and they cut it that edge is the heads that's going to fray so you can see here I've got some threads coming off my fabric on the cut edge here but on the selma judge nothing's coming off the reason why it's important to know these terms is because this is how we're going to lay the pattern pieces out on the fabric