Skip to main content

Fujifilm X-T2 Fast Start

Lesson 3 of 37

Photo Basics


Fujifilm X-T2 Fast Start

Lesson 3 of 37

Photo Basics


Lesson Info

Photo Basics

This next section is on photo basics, and I know this is far beyond a lot of you out there, but you know what, some of you like it, and it's good to go through some of the basics if you're new to photography, so that's what we're gonna do in this little section. All right, so this is a mirrorless camera. We have interchangeable lenses, we'll talk about lenses here in a little bit. In each of the lenses is an aperture that can open and close, that helps control the amount of light coming into the camera. Now, the aperture has many different openings, and so these are the f/stops, f/1.4 is a wide opening, f/22 is a very small opening. As we go from one of these settings to the next, we're letting in either twice as much light, or half the light. That's the increments we like to work in photography. Now, by changing the size of the aperture, we are also going to be changing the depth of field, or how much is in focus. And so, very shallow depth of field at 1.4, and as we stop our aperture...

down, the depth of field grows with each aperture setting. Now, each of these aperture settings is also letting in half as much light, so we're needing to compensate with either shutter speeds or ISOs to let in the correct amount of light, until we get down to 22, where we get the greatest depth of field available in this theoretical lens at least. Some lenses will stop down beyond that. So, light comes in, and go straight to the image sensor. No mirror in this, which is why it's a mirrorless camera. So, it sends the information to the LCD on the back of the camera, which can be handy to see, but it also has a great, one of the best electronic viewfinders out on the market, and so that's what you're gonna be looking at through the viewfinder. Now, at the sensor level, taking a closer look at the light coming in, there is two shutter curtains that are gonna control your shutter speed. When it's time to take a photo, what happens is the first curtain needs to close so that the sensor can prep for actually taking an image, as opposed to just viewing it, and then it opens, this is your shutter speed, or your exposure time, and then the second curtain closes, and it does so in this manner so that each pixel is exposed for exactly the same amount of time. And then it opens again so that you can see what's going on again. And so, there's a lot of shutter movement going back and forth to get the image taken. And so, your shutter speeds are gonna range from 8000th of a second, down to 30 seconds. Before you call me out and say I'm wrong, I'm gonna talk more about this in a moment, but this is kinda the general range. And so, those thousandths are for super fast action, your normal is gonna be around a 60th to 125th of a second, and you'll use different shutter speeds for obviously different types of photography. All right, so that's what's going on in your mirrorless camera, to kinda give you a brief overview of what the main operations are in there. Now, there's a lot of different cameras out on the market, and one of the most important differences is the size of the sensor in the camera itself. Now, the largest of the common sizes is based off of 35mm film, but in order to save money, and to have smaller sized cameras, the manufacturers have developed a number of smaller sized sensors, and this one uses one that's just a step down from what is known as a full frame sensor, or one that's based on the 35mm film. And so, for those of us who used 35mm film, it was a nice transition just getting a full frame camera, but we ended up with sensors that were large, and cameras and lenses that were somewhat large for some uses. And so, the APS-C sensor in this is a nice compact, it's a very efficient sized sensor, as far as the size of the camera and the lens, and what you get out of it, so it's a very popular size. It's probably the most popular among people with interchangeable lenses out there. So, it's a good happy medium you might say. When attaching the strap to the camera, I see a number of people who have the strap attached wrong. This is the correct system. The main thing that you wanna have is you want to have that tail going under, on the underside. It is less likely to slip out, there's a little bit more pressure on it, and so it's not likely to come undone on its own. As far as holding the camera, kinda the key thing that you wanna do to do this properly is in your left hand, kinda cradle the bottom of the lens. You're gonna be able to support the weight a little bit easier, not that it's that heavy, but it keeps your elbows in tighter to your body, and so it's a more stable position for holding the camera, and so that's just a good technique to have going forward. If you look at professional photographers, that's how they hold the camera. Now, this camera has a lot of different features, and a lot of them can be turned back and forth between auto and manual. We're gonna be talking about all of these. You want to know how to work with then manually, so that if you have the time, and you're willing to put out the effort, and you know how to do it, you can set your camera up to do exactly what you want it to do. It's perfectly okay to use this camera in as many auto settings as you want to use, but I think it's good for you to know how is it working manually. That way, if you have it in automatic, and it's not doing exactly what you want, you can get in there and manually control it. I tend to be a little bit biased, and I prefer to using the manual modes as often as possible, but feel free to use as many automatic modes as works for you. But, I think if you know things manually, it's good for you in the long run. Now, if you'd like to know more about general photography, my top class is the Fundamentals of Photography. You can take a look at that at the Creative Live website, and we owe much more into lighting, and composition, working with images on the computer, and then of course, taking images with shutter speeds, apertures, ISOs, dealing with focus, depth of field, and all of those sorts of things. And so, that's something to take a look at if you want something beyond just knowing how this particular camera works.

Class Description


  • Capture images on the Fujifilm X-T2 with confidence
  • Set custom controls and menus
  • Master exposure and autofocus with the X-T2
  • Easily set up the camera's Wi-Fi


The Fujifilm X-T2 is one of the best travel cameras on the market, with a large X-Trans CMOS APS-C sensor packed inside a mirrorless compact camera. But that first date with the X-T2 doesn't always go well. Skip the 356-page instruction manual and explore the X-T2's features with expert photographer John Greengo at your side.

Start with basics like setting up the camera and taking the first shot, then dive into advanced topics like using a battery grip and customizing the electronic viewfinder. Learn how to capture an accurate exposure and how to work with the X-T2's AF system. Finally, in an update to the class, find out how to update the firmware and what new features Fujifilm has added since the mirrorless digital camera's launch.

This fast start course gives you everything you need to successfully shoot with the X-T2. Whether you are just picking up the X-T2 for the first time or are self-taught, learn the X-T2 inside and out, including more than a dozen "secret" shortcuts.


  • Photographers just picking up the X-T2 for the first time
  • Self-taught photographers that want to find what they're missing
  • Photographers considering investing in the X-T2

MATERIALS USED: Fujifilm X-T2, lenses and accessories


John Greengo is an award-winning travel and outdoor photographer. Along with his creative work, he's lead dozens of classes on photography basics. He's taught Fast Start classes for dozens of different cameras, including Canon, Nikon, Sony, and Olympus digital cameras as well as Fujifilm cameras. He's lead several classes on X-Series cameras, including the Fujifilm X-T20, Fujifilm X-H1, Fujifilm X-Pro2, Fujifilm X-T1, Fujifilm X-E2, and Fujifilm X-T10. John's straightforward teaching style makes it easy to ditch the boring instruction manual to learn the ins and outs of your camera.


  1. Class Introduction

    Get started with the Fujifilm X-T2 in this short intro lesson. Learn what to expect in the class, and why the X-T2 is such a great little camera.

  2. Camera Overview

    Start exploring the X-T2 in this lesson. Get a quick overview of the Fuji camera history influencing the Fujifilm X series. Learn what the weather-sealed camera can handle, what requires rain gear and how to check for new firmware. Set up the camera to take your first, simple photo.

  3. Photo Basics

    Learn the basics of how the Fujifilm X-T2 works. Understand basics like aperture and shutter speed, as well as essentials like how to hold the camera and why you should understand manual mode.

  4. Top Deck: Overview

    Gain an essential overview of the camera's most essential controls, from powering the camera on and off to navigation through the menu and using the new focus stick.

  5. Top Deck: Exposure Control

    Start deciphering all those controls at the top of the camera, beginning with the exposure adjustments. Learn how to use the ISO, shutter speed and exposure compensation wheels. Without a mode dial, learn how to switch from automated modes to manual modes.

  6. Top Deck: Metering

    Learn how to use the first of several function buttons on the camera with the button set by default to face detection. Gain recommendations for Fujifilm flashes that best pair with the camera, from the bundled flash to more advanced options to slide into that hot shoe slot. Underneath the shutter speed dial, learn how to use the metering controls on the camera and what each setting entails.

  7. Top Deck: Drive Mode

    The drive mode controls, underneath the ISO dial, contains several settings. Learn how to use burst shooting on the X-T2, the perks of the low shooting mode and high shooting mode, and how to shoot at 14 fps. Find the settings for bracketing options, video capture, multiple exposure, advanced filters, and panoramas.

  8. Camera Controls: Viewfinder Display

    The X-T2 has one of the best electronic viewfinders on the market. Find out how to adjust what the viewfinder displays and whether the eye sensor automatically switches between the LCD and viewfinder. Learn how to adjust the back LCD tilt screen horizontally as well as the hidden vertical adjustment.

  9. Backside: Playback

    Take a tour of the X-T2's playback settings. Learn how to view your images with multiple control options, as well as a shortcut to switch from one SD card to the other SD card. Discover how to quickly check the focus right at the focal point.

  10. Backside: Auto Exposure Lock and Focus

    Learn how to use the autoexposure lock -- or how to reprogram the button for an entirely new purpose. See how Fujifilm recognizes two different types of button presses. Discover the many adjustments possible using just the rear control dial -- which doubles as a button.

  11. Backside: Quick Menu Custom Settings

    Fujifilm knows that you're not going to want to dig through the full menu for every adjustment -- and that's where the quick menu or Q menu comes in. Learn how to adjust the 16 different options in the quick menu to your shooting style.

  12. Quick Menu: AF Mode

    Continue exploring the quick menu options with the different settings for the Fujifilm X-T2's autofocus system. Learn how to work with different autofocus modes, as well as essentials like the difference between phase detection and contrast detection autofocus.

  13. Quick Menu: Dynamic Range & White Balance

    If you shoot JPEG, you can adjust the dynamic range of the image to prevent blowing out the highlights. Learn how to adjust the dynamic range, as well as how to quickly access different white balance settings on the X-T2.

  14. Quick Menu: Noise, Image Size, Film Sim & Color

    The X-T2 can automatically adjust noise in JPEGs --- learn how to adjust this feature, and how much noise reduction is too much. Then, work with different image sizes and file types, as well as the film simulation and colors the Fujifilm X Series is known for.

  15. Quick Menu: Self Timer, Face Detection & Flash

    Finish going through the quick menu by going through the settings for the self-timer, face detection, and flash options.

  16. Function Button of Fuji X-T2

    Learn several hidden shortcuts in the X-T2's physical controls in this lesson on the camera's custom function buttons. Discover shortcuts using that new focus stick, and the re-programmable arrow keys, which double as function buttons.

  17. Left & Right Side of Fuji X-T2

    Continue the tour around the X-T2 and take a look at the right and left sides, which houses the camera's ports. Learn what accessories are compatible, as well as essential tips like the fastest way to charge the batteries.

  18. Bottom of Fuji X-T2

    The bottom of the camera houses essentials like the battery compartment and serial number. Gain some tips on getting the most out of the X-T2 battery in this lesson.

  19. Front of Fuji X-T2

    Finish off the tour of the X-T2 body with the front of the camera body, which includes the PC sync port and focus mode switch. Learn about the APS-C X-Trans CMOS sensor and how it works.

  20. Fuji Lenses

    With Fujifilm, some of the camera's controls live on the lens and not the camera body. Learn how to use these controls, like the aperture and image stabilization switch, well as what Fuji lenses pair best with this mirrorless camera body, including both prime and zoom lens options. Gain an understanding of what all those lens abbreviations mean, like XC and WR.

  21. Q&A

    Gain additional insight into the camera with common questions from students like you.

  22. Camera Menu Overview

    In the second half of the class, dive into the menu system and learn how to customize your X-T2. Start with an overview of the menu (and the hidden playback menu) to get a jump start on properly setting up the X-T2.

  23. Image Quality Settings

    Dive into the first subcategory in the menu with the image quality settings. Learn the best file settings for the X-T2. Learn what the difference is between lossless compressed and uncompressed RAW files and more image quality settings in this lesson.

  24. Auto Focus and Manual Focus Menus

    Next up, head into the autofocus and manual focus menu. While there are shortcuts and quick menu options for these controls, understanding this menu is helpful for setting up custom control schemes. Dive into Fujifilm's new custom AF-C options, what they are, and where to set them.

  25. Shooting Settings

    The image-related controls that aren't about focus and image quality live inside this menu. Here, follow along with the different options, from bracketing to burst speed. Learn why the fastest burst speed isn't always best because of that electronic shutter.

  26. Flash Mode

    If you have a flash mounted to the X-T2, adjust the different settings inside this menu, from choosing to shoot TTL or manual, to adjusting flash compensation.

  27. Movie Mode

    Find the options for shooting video with the X-T2 inside this menu. Learn video shooting basics like resolution and frame rate, and dive into the X-T2's different video shooting options.

  28. Camera Menu Q&A

    Find answers to the most commonly asked questions about the X-T2 menu, including questions on using the digital camera's Wi-Fi and other features.

  29. Set-Up Menu: Basics

    Dive into a quick overview of how the Set-Up Menu works, from formatting the SD cards to setting the time zone.

  30. Demo: Add Items to My Menu

    Personalizing the X-T2 allows you to set your camera up to your shooting style. In this live demo, see how to set up the My Menu so your most frequently accessed controls are easy to find.

  31. User Setting: Sensor Cleaning and Sounds

    Finish exploring the user setting menu with options for cleaning the sensor. Then, dig into the sound settings.

  32. Screen Set-Up

    Learn how to customize the viewfinder and LCD displays in this menu, from brightness and color to what's displayed on-screen.

  33. Button Dial Setting & Power Management

    In the button and dial settings, learn how to customize the way the physical controls on the camera work, along with customizing the quick menu.

  34. Save Data Set-Up & Connection Setting

    Choose how the images are saved to the SD card in this menu, from adjusting the file names to backing up your photos to the second SD card. Then, head into the Wi-Fi settings menu to adjust the X-T2's connectivity settings.

  35. Playback Menu

    Inside the playback menu, learn how to convert RAW files in camera, delete files, and more tricks for images that you've already shot.

  36. Camera Operation Overview

    Gain some final tips on camera operation in this lesson, including a pre-shot checklist as well as how to check for dust on the sensor. John shares advice on a hierarchy of custom controls and final thoughts for getting the most out of the Fujifilm X-T2.

  37. Firmware Addendum

    In this update to the class, learn how to use the new features made possible by the version 3.21 firmware. Dive into the process for updating the firmware, the firmware history of the camera, and how to use the new features.


John Simpson

I highly recommend this class! Been shooting Nikon for 40+ years and decided to give my Nikon gear to my daughter and go the smaller and lighter Fuji X-T2 for travel. Excellent camera and this course was outstanding in helping me learn how to use the camera. I have watched a number of Nikon oriented instructional videos. This video by John Greengo is the best organized and informative presentation I have ever watched.

Monroe Nevels

We all learn from different methods. I, for one, learn best by watching you while teaching, and being able to work along side you, with my camera in hand, and then follow you. I highly recommend this class if you really want to know how to use your camera. Thank you John for helping me to relive my film days, and integrating into Digital. I now have my Fujo X-T2 programmed and I LOVE IT!

a Creativelive Student

Really appreciate John putting these Fast Start Series together. Went through part of the training waiting on my Fujifilm X-T20 to arrive, which did today. That allowed me to dive into the menu settings and get the camera ready to use. I found that we are on Firmware 3.0, so, I have some updates to get installed. The training was great and informative as always. Don't hesitate to look for his Fast Start for your particular camera, and the in-depth training on Photography Fundamentals. It is well worth your time and money to get this training, especially if you are an amateur like myself, but, thanks to John Greengo I am quickly learning to use my camera in Manual Mode, most of the time.